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1999

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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Political Economy

Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri Jul 1999

Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri

All Finding Aids

The Amos E. Taylor Collection is divided into eight Series. I. Biographical Information; II. Military Service; III. University of Pennsylvania; IV. U.S. Department of Commerce; V. Inter-American Economic & Social Council/Pan American Union; VI. American University; VII. Personal Memorabilia, and VIII. Publications. It includes materials covering many decades of his life including his extensive education, his military service in World War I, and his career working for federal agencies, presidents, and economic associations.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition ...


An Alternative Tale Of Two Tax Jurisdictions: A Reply, Robert L. Sexton, Gary Galles Jun 1999

An Alternative Tale Of Two Tax Jurisdictions: A Reply, Robert L. Sexton, Gary Galles

Robert L Sexton

ABSTRACT. Cebula (1999) suggests that the success of California's Proposition 13 and Massachusetts' Proposition 2-1/2 is better judged by their effects on the growth rates of real per capita revenues and expenditures rather than on the te^ek of those variables, which Galles and Sexton (1998) used to evaluate those measures. However, the data shows that virtually all of their effects, relative to the United States as a whole, arose during their implementation periods, and that there is no clear evidence of the "longer term success in terms of reducing the growth rate of real per capita revenues ...


Institutional Changes And Discretionary Value For Property Rights In Drylands’ Farming Of The Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Jun 1999

Institutional Changes And Discretionary Value For Property Rights In Drylands’ Farming Of The Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Research on land tenure and use control and the socioeconomic sets of regulations in the agricultural rainfed sub sector of Sudan, come to focus for many reasons. Anthropogenic pressure, expanding animal population and migration led to accelerated impacts on both the ecological systems and land yields. Conflicts between governmental regulations and indigenous rules contribute to generate inconsistencies on who have the right to till the land and hence own it. With such transformation logically, more intensive commercial farming took place and land intake exponentially increased. Private or collective property rights of land are procured through traditional tenure, prescription, settlement or ...


Matrifocality And Child Shifting Among The Low Income Earners In Jamaica, Velmarie L. Albertini Mar 1999

Matrifocality And Child Shifting Among The Low Income Earners In Jamaica, Velmarie L. Albertini

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Jamaican family structures have long felt the impact of unstable internal economic conditions and high volume of labor demands originating from England, Canada, the United States, and other larger societies. In response to the economic conditions and labor demands, increasing numbers of Jamaican women have migrated away from home, both within Jamaica and to other countries. Subsequently, many Jamaicans' households are restructured using a method called child shifting. This refers to "the relocation of children between households." Using three major theoretical paradigms: cultural diffusion, social pathology, and structural functionalism, this study explores the literature of child shifting to understand how ...


1999 American Incentive System Almanac, Don P. Diffine Ph.D. Jan 1999

1999 American Incentive System Almanac, Don P. Diffine Ph.D.

Belden Center Monographs

No abstract provided.


The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein Jan 1999

The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein

Division II Faculty Publications

The alternating influence of Locke and Bentham in American constitutional law.


Project Appraisal For The Keynesian Investment Planner, Greg Hill Jan 1999

Project Appraisal For The Keynesian Investment Planner, Greg Hill

Greg Hill

This paper outlines a theory of project appraisal wherein the neoclassical premises of conventional cost-benefit analysis are replaced by their Keynesian counterparts. The paper shows how the social rate of return on investment, the private and social rates of discount, and other concepts used in cost-benefit analysis may be modified to take account of the income externalities generated by the multiplier, mark-up pricing, and the causal priority of investment over saving.


Amenities And The Labor Earnings Function, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton Jan 1999

Amenities And The Labor Earnings Function, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton

PHILIP E GRAVES

Desirable locations are, other things equal, expected to be characterized by a mix of higher rents or lower wages. That is, if one area is more attractive than others, inmigration would occur, driving up the demand for land (hence raising rents) and increasing the supply of labor (hence lowering wages). The in-movement will continue until utility is the same across locations in equilibrium. Failing to hold constant amenities in the traditional earnings functions employed by labor economists will result, then, in omitted-variable bias if worker characteristics (years of schooling, union membership, and so on) are correlated with amenities. By way ...


Amenities And Fringe Benefits: Omitted Variable Bias, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton, Michelle M. Arthur Jan 1999

Amenities And Fringe Benefits: Omitted Variable Bias, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton, Michelle M. Arthur

PHILIP E GRAVES

If labor is fairly mobile, as it is in the United States, one would expect that households would move from less desirable areas toward more desirable areas until all areas are equally desirable. The way that areas become equally desirable is through the impact of movers on wages and rents (and possibly "endogenous" disamenities, such as congestion or pollution). That is, as people move to desirable areas, they will increase the demand for land (raising rents) and increase the supply of labor (lowering wages); in equilibrium, the wage and rent "compensation" for the niceness of an area reveals, in dollar ...


The American Experiment: Guaranteed In Writing, 1999, Don P. Diffine Ph.D. Jan 1999

The American Experiment: Guaranteed In Writing, 1999, Don P. Diffine Ph.D.

Belden Center Monographs

No abstract provided.


Extensions Of Power Transition: Applications To Political Economy, Jacek J. Kugler Jan 1999

Extensions Of Power Transition: Applications To Political Economy, Jacek J. Kugler

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This is a paper about theory in political economy terms and political economy in theoretical terms. It unifies power transition theory and applies it to the central questions that now confront political economists. Will trade wars emerge as the security challenge declines? What are the economic effects of integration, trade and growth? How will economic patterns influence international power relationships? This paper offers a preliminary bridge whereon practitioners and theorist may meet to assess the challenges that lie at the intersection between politics and economics. The economic collapse and political dissolution of the Soviet Union left policymakers and scholars searching ...


Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 1999

Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Seattle, November-December 1999: the third meeting of the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization. President Clinton was the host. Political leaders came from around the world. The news media-global, national, and local-were there in full force. As were the protesters. For the political leaders who believed that freer trade would improve their economies this was the place to be. For those who believed that freer trade would have a detrimental impact on people and the environment this was also the place to be. It was the point of resistance. For reporters and camera crews the conflict between leaders and ...


Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein Jan 1999

Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein

Division II Faculty Publications

A brief recasting of the price exaction model.


The Economic Impact Upon Modern U.S. Elections, James Jackson Jan 1999

The Economic Impact Upon Modern U.S. Elections, James Jackson

University Avenue Undergraduate Journal of Economics

Economic voting has been blamed for Bush’s loss in 1992, Carter’s loss in 1980, and attributed to Clinton’s win in 1996. I intend to dispel the myths against economic voting by showing that it does occur, and examining the four different manners in which it occurs: retrospective, prospective, pocketbook and sociotropic voting.

Editor's Note: The bibliography for this article is missing. We apologize for the inconvenience.


George’S Contribution To Political Economy, Vernon M. Briggs Jan 1999

George’S Contribution To Political Economy, Vernon M. Briggs

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] [George’s] views led to the creation of single tax reform movements at the grassroots level in several western states in the United States as well as in Britain, Australia, Canada and continental Europe. Today, several economists and institutes continue to believe in the contemporary relevance of his ideas.


(Review) The Myth Of Adam Smith, Spencer J. Pack Jan 1999

(Review) The Myth Of Adam Smith, Spencer J. Pack

Economics Faculty Publications

The Myth of Adam Smith, By Salim Rashid. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 1998. Pp. X, 227. $80.00


The Genius Of The 1898 Bankruptcy Act, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 1999

The Genius Of The 1898 Bankruptcy Act, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


John Stuart Mill's Method In Principle And In Practice: A Review Of The Evidence, Samuel Hollander, Sandra J. Peart Jan 1999

John Stuart Mill's Method In Principle And In Practice: A Review Of The Evidence, Samuel Hollander, Sandra J. Peart

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

We believe an additional, and contrasting, interpretation of Mill’s method is supported by the evidence. For in our view Mill insisted on the possibility of theory modification in the light of inadequacies revealed by empirical evidence, and also held that the central behavioral axiom is not of universal relevance but is pertinent only to the local circumstances of contemporary Great Britain and America—and, even so, qualified as we shall see—that axiom itself is empirically based. On our reading, there is more in common between his research strategy and that of Milton Friedman than is sometimes granted, at ...


The Myth Of Private Ordering: Rediscovering Legal Realism In Cyberspace, Margaret Jane Radin, R. Polk Wagner Jan 1999

The Myth Of Private Ordering: Rediscovering Legal Realism In Cyberspace, Margaret Jane Radin, R. Polk Wagner

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein Dec 1998

Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A brief recasting of the price exaction model.


Comercio Intraindustrial En Europa: Determinantes Nacionales, Miguel Carrera Troyano Dec 1998

Comercio Intraindustrial En Europa: Determinantes Nacionales, Miguel Carrera Troyano

Miguel Carrera Troyano

En este trabajo se contrasta empíricamente la capacidad de los determinantes propuestos por la teoría para explicar la variación por países de los índices bilaterales de comercio intraindustrial (total, horizontal y vertical) de cinco países europeos (España, Francia, Alemania, Italia y Reino Unido). Tras presentar la metodología empleada para distinguir el comercio intraindustrial vertical y horizontal se presentan los resultados de la aplicación a los cinco países. Asimismo, se proponen y contrastan diferentes hipótesis explicativas, sin seguir un único modelo teórico, de la variabilidad entre países de los índices de comercio intraindustrial. Se concluye, entre otras cosas, que una parte ...


Eliciting Compliance From Warlords: The Ecowas Experience In Liberia, 1990–1997, Emmanuel Aning Dec 1998

Eliciting Compliance From Warlords: The Ecowas Experience In Liberia, 1990–1997, Emmanuel Aning

Emmanuel Kwesi Aning

This article examines the strategies initiated by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to elicit compliance with its disarmament policies from belligerents in Liberia's 1989–96 civil conflict. I propose to tackle the task within a linked and holistic four‐fold approach. First, I situate ECOWAS's intervention in Liberia from 1990 to 1997 within the changing context of international perceptions of multilateral organisation involvement in civil wars. ECOWAS's intervention had different diplomatic phases. The first phase under the Standing Mediation Committee lasted from May 1990‐June 1991, The Committee of Five Process from June 1991 ...


Minority Procurement: Beyond Affirmative Action To Economic Empowerment, Sherri Wallace Dec 1998

Minority Procurement: Beyond Affirmative Action To Economic Empowerment, Sherri Wallace

Sherri L. Wallace

This is an inferential case study of minority procurement activity in Erie County situated in the ambivalent climate regarding the continuation of federal procurement policies to minorities.  


Amenities And Fringe Benefits: Omitted Variable Bias, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton, Michelle M. Arthur Dec 1998

Amenities And Fringe Benefits: Omitted Variable Bias, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton, Michelle M. Arthur

Robert L Sexton

If labor is fairly mobile, as it is in the United States, one would expect that households would move from less desirable areas toward more desirable areas until all areas are equally desirable. The way that areas become equally desirable is through the impact of movers on wages and rents (and possibly "endogenous" disamenities, such as congestion or pollution). That is, as people move to desirable areas, they will increase the demand for land (raising rents) and increase the supply of labor (lowering wages); in equilibrium, the wage and rent "compensation" for the niceness of an area reveals, in dollar ...


The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein Dec 1998

The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

The alternating influence of Locke and Bentham in American constitutional law.