Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Economy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Massachusetts Boston

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Political Economy

Corporate Civic Responsibility And The Ownership Agenda: Investing In The Public Good (1994), Marcy Murninghan Mar 2018

Corporate Civic Responsibility And The Ownership Agenda: Investing In The Public Good (1994), Marcy Murninghan

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article seeks to provoke broader public discussion about ways in which human and ecologic dignity, prosperity, and the civic ideal can be advanced through a revitalized and principled ownership agenda that features greater levels of corporate accountability and civic virtue. It draws from portions of what then was called an “Occasional Paper,” part of a series emanating from the early days of the University of Massachusetts Boston’s McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies. Written in 1994, it introduces a new paradigm for corporate governance called the “corporate covenant,” which casts ownership within the framework of citizenship ...


Equity Culture And Decent Work: The Case Of Amazon (2017), Marcy Murninghan Mar 2018

Equity Culture And Decent Work: The Case Of Amazon (2017), Marcy Murninghan

New England Journal of Public Policy

Every year, publicly traded companies hold annual meetings at which management presents a summary of the year’s accomplishments and shareholders vote on a slate of ballot issues, referred to as “proxy resolutions,” that are placed there by either management or shareholders. As in public life, in theory this form of corporate governance relies on a division of authority and checks and balances among shareholders, the board of directors, and company management. In theory, shareholders function much like registered voters, boards serve as their elected representatives, and management operates much like the executive branch to carry out the mandates accorded ...


Money And Morality: Pathways Toward A Civic Stewardship Ethic (2012), Marcy Murninghan Mar 2018

Money And Morality: Pathways Toward A Civic Stewardship Ethic (2012), Marcy Murninghan

New England Journal of Public Policy

Based on a plenary presentation made at the Ninth Harvard University Forum on Islamic Finance, held at Harvard Law School in 2010, less than two years after the 2008 financial crisis, this article argues for the restoration of ethical values and civic commitments in capitalism and economic enterprise, drawing on traditional religious, theological, and philosophical principles regarding the civic moral obligations associated with building and managing wealth. The article is divided into three main parts. It begins with an overview of reform measures emanating from the financial debacle, including the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, and an ...


Introduction: Enrique Dussel’S Multiple Decolonial Contributions, George Ciccariello-Maher, Ramón Grosfoguel Sep 2013

Introduction: Enrique Dussel’S Multiple Decolonial Contributions, George Ciccariello-Maher, Ramón Grosfoguel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a brief introduction by the co-editors of the vol. XI, no. 1 (Fall 2013) issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, titled "Towards a Decolonial Transmodern World: A Conversation with Enrique Dussel."


Editor’S Note: I Think; Therefore, I Don’T—Tackling The Enormity Of Intellectual Inadvertency, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi Sep 2013

Editor’S Note: I Think; Therefore, I Don’T—Tackling The Enormity Of Intellectual Inadvertency, Mohammad H. Tamdgidi

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is the journal editor’s note to the Fall 2013 issue of Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, entitled "Conversations with Enrique Dussel on Anti-Cartesian Decoloniality and Pluriversal Transmodernity." In his invitation for a South-South philosophical dialogue as a prelude to a broader global philosophical conversation to advance anti-Cartesian decoloniality and pluriversal transmodernity, Dussel aptly forewarns those from the South embarking on such a conversation to become aware of and avoid what he calls "inadvertent Eurocentricity." This cautious, self-critical reflexivity not only is indicative of the depth of the project being advanced by Dussel and how he ...


Agenda For A South-South Philosophical Dialogue, Enrique Dussel Sep 2013

Agenda For A South-South Philosophical Dialogue, Enrique Dussel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

The intercultural dialogue that has been developing since the beginning of the 21st century as a cultural and political priority should have an inter-philosophical global dialogue as its epistemological and ontological foundation. However, given the asymmetric relation between the Global North and the Global South, it is necessary that this global dialogue begin with an interphilosophical dialogue among the world’s post-colonial communities. This essay argues that it is imperative for philosophers of the South to come together to define and claim for themselves a philosophical practice—generating its topics and methods from its own historical, socioeconomic-political realities and traditions ...


Thoughts On Dussel’S "Anti-Cartesian Meditations", Lewis R. Gordon Sep 2013

Thoughts On Dussel’S "Anti-Cartesian Meditations", Lewis R. Gordon

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a commentary on the article "Anti-Cartesian Meditations: On the Origins of the Philosophical Anti-Discourse of Modernity" by Enrique Dussel published in this issue of the journal. The author argues that Dussel’s argument raises several important considerations in the study of the epistemic and normative presuppositions of European modernity.


Philosophy, The Conquest, And The Meaning Of Modernity A Commentary On "Anti-Cartesian Meditations: On The Origin Of The Philosophical Anti-Discourse Of Modernity" By Enrique Dussel, Linda Martín Alcoff Sep 2013

Philosophy, The Conquest, And The Meaning Of Modernity A Commentary On "Anti-Cartesian Meditations: On The Origin Of The Philosophical Anti-Discourse Of Modernity" By Enrique Dussel, Linda Martín Alcoff

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a commentary on the article "Anti-Cartesian Meditations: On the Origins of the Philosophical Anti-Discourse of Modernity" by Enrique Dussel published in this issue of the journal. According to the author, Dussel’s Anti-Cartesian Meditations suggest the following conclusions for a revisioning of the discipline of philosophy: (1) If, as Rorty suggests, the meaning of philosophy is simply the history of philosophy or whatever philosophers discuss, then European philosophy does not understand what philosophy is because it does not understand its own history of philosophy; (2) Given that Descartes’ skeptical, reasoning "I" is produced through conquest, and the claim ...


The Structure Of Knowledge In Westernized Universities: Epistemic Racism/Sexism And The Four Genocides/Epistemicides Of The Long 16th Century, Ramón Grosfoguel Sep 2013

The Structure Of Knowledge In Westernized Universities: Epistemic Racism/Sexism And The Four Genocides/Epistemicides Of The Long 16th Century, Ramón Grosfoguel

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This article is inspired by Enrique Dussel's historical and philosophical work on Cartesian philosophy and the conquest of the Americas. It discusses the epistemic racism/sexism that is foundational to the knowledge structures of the Westernized University. The article proposes that the epistemic privilege of Western Man in Westernized Universities' structures of knowledge, is the result of four genocides/epistemicides in the long 16th century (against Jewish and Muslim origin population in the conquest of Al-Andalus, against indigenous people in the conquest of the Americas, against Africans kidnapped and enslaved in the Americas and against women burned alive, accused ...


Law, Globalisation, And Second Coming, Oscar Guardiola-Rivera Sep 2013

Law, Globalisation, And Second Coming, Oscar Guardiola-Rivera

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In the wake of the "war on terror" and the emergence of a global surveillance regime shrouded in secrecy during the first part of the 21st century, notions of "empire" and the "white man’s burden" (including "saving" the global economy, or behaving as global protector) are in the process of being rehabilitated in social theory, public law, human rights and global economics. Meanwhile, such principles as universal access to justice and equality are relegated to the dustbin of history, as if they were dangerous remnants of a previous period of history in which genuine aspirations to global justice resulted ...


Lisa Suhair Majaj’S Geographies Of Light: The Lighted Landscape Of Hope (Book Review), Rehnuma Sazzad Sep 2013

Lisa Suhair Majaj’S Geographies Of Light: The Lighted Landscape Of Hope (Book Review), Rehnuma Sazzad

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a review of the book, Geographies of Light: the Lighted Landscape of Hope, a collection of poetry by the Palestinian-American poet Lisa Suhair Majaj, published by Del Sol Press, Washington, D.C, 2009. “Reading Majaj,” the reviewer Rehnuma Sazzad states, “we surely realize that whatever differences of skin, colour, or map we may have, we are the neighbours of the stars by dint of inhabiting a tiny planet that has not yet stopped its orbit round its own star.” In her view, “The book presents a wonderful landscape, which is filled with the presence of light. The landscape ...


The Voice Of A Country Of Called 'Forgetfulness': Mahmoud Darwish As Edward Said's "Amateur", Rehnuma Sazzad Sep 2013

The Voice Of A Country Of Called 'Forgetfulness': Mahmoud Darwish As Edward Said's "Amateur", Rehnuma Sazzad

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a study of two close friends: Edward Said and Mahmoud Darwish—cosmopolitan and humane Palestinians who were fellow compatriots in the fight for the Palestinian cause. Both resigned from the PLO in the wake of the Oslo Accord as a sign of protest to the agreement. However, this was mostly true on Said’s part. Darwish said he was a poet; of what use was politics to him? This paper tries to answer this question by exploring the dynamic interplay of poetry and politics in what Said would call Darwish’s ‘amateurism.’ Said’s ‘amateur’ is an intellectual ...


Exploring Pluriversal Paths Toward Transmodernity: From The Mind-Centered Egolatry Of Colonial Modernity To Islam’S Epistemic Decolonization Through The Heart, Dustin Craun Sep 2013

Exploring Pluriversal Paths Toward Transmodernity: From The Mind-Centered Egolatry Of Colonial Modernity To Islam’S Epistemic Decolonization Through The Heart, Dustin Craun

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper explores the intersections between the decoloniality/transmodernity school of thought and Islamic spirituality, popularly known as Sufism. Beginning with an in depth study of the egolatry of Western epistemology which places white Western man and the mind on a false god like pedestal, this work explores two modes of being. One that is centered in coloniality/modernity what is called here the pyramidal construction of man, versus a decolonial process centered in the seat of human perception/consciousness centered in the heart as understood in Islamic/Sufi epistemology, called here the pyramidal construction of the human. As these ...


Deep Learning In The Sociological Classroom: Understanding Craving And Understanding Self, Linda R. Weber Sep 2013

Deep Learning In The Sociological Classroom: Understanding Craving And Understanding Self, Linda R. Weber

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Deep learning is a dialectical process; the tension between the intellectual understanding and the emotional experience of a subject matter can result in self-insight that has transformative potential. Insight into the self in relationship to the subject matter is the hallmark of this symbolic interactionist understanding of deep learning. Students in two iterations of a senior-level seminar on symbolic interaction abstained from an object of desire for a two-week period; during this time, they blogged about their experiences abstaining, craving, and relapsing. At the end of the two-week period, these blogs were combined to form a qualitative database that was ...


Justice After The Law: Paul Of Tarsus And The People Of Come, Eduardo Mendieta Sep 2013

Justice After The Law: Paul Of Tarsus And The People Of Come, Eduardo Mendieta

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This is a commentary on "The Liberatory Event of Paul Tarsus" by Enrique Dussel (2009), a part of the third volume of Dussel’s Politics of Liberation. The article’s author seeks to show how Dussel reads Paul in a dialectical way, in what we can call a prismatic hermeneutical way, namely, first by attending to the Sitz im Leben, the historical-interpretative, context in which Paul produced his own texts, and how that existential and historical situation continues to disrupt the Pauline texts; second, by attending to ways in which this Sitz im Leben, has been excluded, concealed and negated ...


The Universal Savings Credit, Christian Weller, Sam Ungar Jul 2013

The Universal Savings Credit, Christian Weller, Sam Ungar

Public Policy and Public Affairs Faculty Publication Series

The financial crisis of 2007 to 2009 took a tremendous toll on household wealth and shattered the sense of financial security for millions of American families. American households lost more than $20 trillion in wealth (in 2012 dollars) in the Great Recession, and households still had $10 trillion less in wealth at the end of 2012 than they had before the crisis. This massive wealth decline contributed to a widespread loss of economic security, particularly among lower-income and moderate-income families, single women, and communities of color.

This economic insecurity can have long-ranging adverse effects on U.S. economic growth as ...


Ethics And The Economist: What Climate Change Demands Of Us, Julie A. Nelson Jan 2013

Ethics And The Economist: What Climate Change Demands Of Us, Julie A. Nelson

Economics Faculty Publication Series

Climate change is changing not only our physical world, but also our intellectual, social, and moral worlds. We are realizing that our situation is profoundly unsafe, interdependent, and uncertain. What, then, does climate change demand of economists, as human beings and as professionals? A discipline of economics based on Enlightenment notions of mechanism and disembodied rationality is not suited to present problems. This essay suggests three major requirements: first, that we take action; second, that we work together; and third, that we focus on avoiding the worst, rather than obtaining the optimal. The essay concludes with suggestions of specific steps ...


New Silicon Valleys Or A New Species? Commoditization Of Knowledge Work And The Rise Of Knowledge Services Clusters, Stephan Manning Jan 2013

New Silicon Valleys Or A New Species? Commoditization Of Knowledge Work And The Rise Of Knowledge Services Clusters, Stephan Manning

Management and Marketing Faculty Publication Series

This paper explores knowledge services clusters (KSCs) as a distinct and increasingly important form of geographic cluster, in particular in emerging economies: KSCs are defined as geographic concentrations of lower-cost skills serving global demand for increasingly commoditized knowledge services. Based on prior research on clusters and services offshoring, and data from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN), major properties and contingencies of KSC growth are discussed and compared with both high-tech clusters and low-cost manufacturing clusters. Special emphasis is put on the ambivalent effect of commoditization of knowledge work on KSC growth: It is proposed that KSCs attract most projects if ...


National Contexts Matter: The Co-Evolution Of Sustainability Standards In Global Value Chains, Stephan Manning, Frank Boons, Oliver Von Hagen, Juliane Reinecke Jan 2012

National Contexts Matter: The Co-Evolution Of Sustainability Standards In Global Value Chains, Stephan Manning, Frank Boons, Oliver Von Hagen, Juliane Reinecke

Management and Marketing Faculty Publication Series

In this paper, we investigate the role of key industry and other stakeholders and their embeddedness in particular national contexts in driving the proliferation and co-evolution of sustainability standards, based on the case of the global coffee industry. We find that institutional conditions and market opportunity structures in consuming countries have been important sources of standards variation, for example in the cases of Fairtrade, UTZ Certified and the Common Code for the Coffee Community (4C). In turn, supplier structures in producing countries as well as their linkages with traders and buyers targeting particular consuming countries have been key mechanisms of ...


Securing Access To Lower-Cost Talent Globally: The Dynamics Of Active Embedding And Field Structuration, Stephan Manning, Joerg Sydow, Arnold Windeler Jan 2012

Securing Access To Lower-Cost Talent Globally: The Dynamics Of Active Embedding And Field Structuration, Stephan Manning, Joerg Sydow, Arnold Windeler

Management and Marketing Faculty Publication Series

This article examines how multinational corporations (MNCs) shape institutional conditions in emerging economies to secure access to high-skilled, yet lower-cost science and engineering talent. Based on two in-depth case studies of engineering offshoring projects of German automotive suppliers in Romania and China we analyze how MNCs engage in ‘active embedding’ by aligning local institutional conditions with global offshoring strategies and operational needs. MNCs thereby contribute to the structuration of field relations and practices of sourcing knowledge-intensive work from globally dispersed locations.Our findings stress the importance of institutional processes across geographic boundaries that regulate and get shaped by MNC activities.


The Boom Not The Slump: The Right Time For Austerity, Arjun Jayadev, Mike Konczal Aug 2010

The Boom Not The Slump: The Right Time For Austerity, Arjun Jayadev, Mike Konczal

Economics Faculty Publication Series

Should the United States cut its deficit in the short term? This has been the subject of intense debate among politicians, policy analysts and thinkers over the past year. What are the consequences of cutting the deficit with interest rates low, unemployment high and growth uncertain?


The Class Content Of Preferences Towards Anti-Inflation And Anti Unemployment Policies, Arjun Jayadev Jan 2007

The Class Content Of Preferences Towards Anti-Inflation And Anti Unemployment Policies, Arjun Jayadev

Economics Faculty Publication Series

This paper assesses class based preferences towards anti-inflationary and anti-unemployment policy. Using a consistent cross-country social survey, I find that the working class broadly defined, and those with lower occupational skill and status are more likely to prioritize combating unemployment rather than inflation. The result is robust to the inclusion of several plausible controls. The idea that the working class is less ‘relatively inflation averse’ is consistent with earlier predictions coming from large body of political economy research in the 1970s. The finding that inflation and unemployment aversion have a distinct class character has implications for current debates on the ...


Estimating Guard Labor, Arjun Jayadev Jan 2007

Estimating Guard Labor, Arjun Jayadev

Economics Faculty Publication Series

As a background paper to Jayadev and Bowles (2006), this paper provides details on our measure of guard labor as we measure these in labor units. Data from the United States indicate a significant increase in its extent in the U.S. over the period 1890 to the present. Cross-national comparisons show a significant statistical association between income inequality and the fraction of the labor force that is constituted by guard labor, as well as with measures of political legitimacy (inversely) and political conflict.


Banana Or Bridge? How Capitalism Impacts My Racial Identity, Yuhtyng Tsuei Mar 2002

Banana Or Bridge? How Capitalism Impacts My Racial Identity, Yuhtyng Tsuei

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In this paper I will try to answer the questions: Why have I not embraced my Chinese heritage and chosen to have a Caucasian racial identity, even though I am of 100% Chinese blood and descent? Why am I more comfortable befriending people of another race than those of my own?

In order to answer these questions, I will explore issues of race and racism, status groups, exhibitions of deviance, and how the capitalist world-system has affected my unconscious choice of adopting a Caucasian racial identity.


Missing Links In The Study Of Puerto Rican Poverty In The United States, James Jennings Jan 1995

Missing Links In The Study Of Puerto Rican Poverty In The United States, James Jennings

William Monroe Trotter Institute Publications

This Occasional Paper, based on a presentation to the National Puerto Rican Coalition in Washington, DC, in 1992, proposes some limitations in "quantitative-only" research focusing on Puerto Rican poverty in the United States. An overreliance on quantitative-based analysis, as well as overlooking historical and comparative data, may not allow for a full understanding and awareness of the nature and maintenance of poverty in Puerto Rican communities in the United States. While the presentation acknowledges the importance of sophisticated quantitative research, it implies that joined together with historical and comparative analysis, investigations of Puerto Rican poverty would be vastly improved. An ...


Budget Policy And Fiscal Crisis: A Political Matrix, Francis J. Leazes Jr., Robert Sieczkiewicz Sep 1994

Budget Policy And Fiscal Crisis: A Political Matrix, Francis J. Leazes Jr., Robert Sieczkiewicz

New England Journal of Public Policy

A study of 134 Rhode Island programs, administered during the state's budget crisis in the fiscal years 1987 to 1991, yielded a number of important lessons. The more mandated formula spending there was in a budget, the more uncontrollable was the budget. There is a spending bias ingrained in the political culture. Some nonentitlement spending can be difficult to curtail. Cutback management strategies are inadequate to address significant revenue shortfalls. The authors present a political budget matrix designed to assist budget policymakers and staff in making educated assumptions about the way categories of programs may be treated during times ...


Book Review: The Poor And The Powerless: Economic Policy And Change In The Caribbean, By Clive Y. Thomas, Winston Langley Mar 1989

Book Review: The Poor And The Powerless: Economic Policy And Change In The Caribbean, By Clive Y. Thomas, Winston Langley

Trotter Review

With only brief interludes, the Caribbean area has for the past five centuries been a center of global power struggles and internal sociopolitical upheavals of the first order. Those struggles and upheavals show no signs of abating as we move into the twenty-first century. Indeed, there appears to be a consensus among scholars and political leaders in the region that the area now faces problems of crisis proportions.