Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Economics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
File Type

Articles 91 - 120 of 424

Full-Text Articles in Other Economics

Human Capital Formation And Economic Development In Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Mahboob Ul Hassan, Muhammad Shahid May 2012

Human Capital Formation And Economic Development In Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Mahboob Ul Hassan, Muhammad Shahid

Muhammad Irfan Chani

This study investigates the casual relationship between economic development and formation of human capital in Pakistan. Based on endogenous growth theory, this study empirically tests the standard growth model consisting of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita as a dependent variable and human capital formation, investment in physical capital and labor force as independent variables. Autoregressive distributive lag (ARDL) bound testing approach to cointegration is used to check the long-run equilibrium relationship between the variables included in the model. For checking the causal relationship between economic development and human capital formation, pair-wise Granger causality test is used for time series ...


Some Socio Economic Determinants Of Fertility In Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Muhammad Shahid, Mahboob Ul Hassan Apr 2012

Some Socio Economic Determinants Of Fertility In Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Muhammad Shahid, Mahboob Ul Hassan

Muhammad Irfan Chani

This study aims to investigate the role that various socioeconomic factors like female education, urbanization and female labour force participation play in determining fertility of women in Pakistan. ARDL bound test approach to cointegration is used to analyze the long-run relationship of the variables by using the data for the period from 1980 to 2009. The empirical results show that there exists a long-run as well as short-run relationship between fertility and urbanization, female labour force participation and female education in Pakistan. The analysis indicates there is a negative relationship between all 3 determinants with fertility. Female education and urbanization ...


Procedural Paper Draft. Asset Inequality Conceptual Framework And Measurement Methodology, Luis A. Villasenor Apr 2012

Procedural Paper Draft. Asset Inequality Conceptual Framework And Measurement Methodology, Luis A. Villasenor

Adrián Villaseñor

No abstract provided.


La Demostración Jurídica Y Económica: Similitudes Interdisciplinarias Entre Hipótesis, Causas, Efectos Y Normas. La Norma Económica., José Manuel Martin Coronado Feb 2012

La Demostración Jurídica Y Económica: Similitudes Interdisciplinarias Entre Hipótesis, Causas, Efectos Y Normas. La Norma Económica., José Manuel Martin Coronado

José-Manuel Martin Coronado

Hace unos días leí una entrada de blog de un joven abogado de una conocida universidad y (aparentemente) funcionario público, la cual trataba de una aparente metodología para la resolución de casos. Dado el especial interés del autor por el tema metodológico, bastante ausente entre los profesionales del derecho, creí conveniente felicitar su iniciativa. No obstante, también había un elemento de crítica, el relativo a la metodología bastante antigua y poco práctica en términos modernos (actualización, adaptabilidad, amparo informático, etc.). 1.2. Al parecer la crítica fue interpretada como algo más fuerte que la felicitación, aun cuando reitero, el citado ...


Using Multiple Forest Plots To Present Multiple Regressions Results, Luca De Benedictis Jan 2012

Using Multiple Forest Plots To Present Multiple Regressions Results, Luca De Benedictis

Luca De Benedictis

This is figure 2 of a paper with Michele Di Maio, Schools of Thought and Economists' Opinions on Economic Policy. It uses Multiple Plots to present Multiple Regressions Results (as suggested by Kastellec and Leoni, Perspectives on Politics, 2007). R code will follow.


Formułowanie Strategii Rozwoju Województw – Wnioski Z Badań Eksploracyjnych, Piotr Czarnecki, Dariusz Woźniak Jan 2012

Formułowanie Strategii Rozwoju Województw – Wnioski Z Badań Eksploracyjnych, Piotr Czarnecki, Dariusz Woźniak

Dariusz Woźniak

The use of regional analysis tools to diagnose regional economy and to desing regional policy is a subject of presented article. On the basis of own survey (regions of Poland, NUTS2 level) conclusions on the programming process in voivodships are drawn.


Wick Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge Jan 2012

Wick Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

Wick irrigation offers the potential for very low cost, robust microirrigation in difficult environments. Wick irrigation was first used in India in combination with buried clay pot irrigation. It has proven itself in the most severe desert conditions.


Straw Bale Building, David A. Bainbridge Jan 2012

Straw Bale Building, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

Straw bale building offers many advantages, high insulation value, thermal mass of interior plaster, resistance to fire, and low embodied resource cost. Super-insulation becomes possible at affordable prices with straw bales. Used with great success for both residential and commercial building projects.


Super Efficient Irrigation With Buried Clay Pots, David A. Bainbridge Jan 2012

Super Efficient Irrigation With Buried Clay Pots, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

Buried clay pot irrigation was first described in an agricultural extension bulletin in China more than 2000 years ago. The clay pot provides demand responsive irrigation at very high efficiency. Clay pot irrigation can be 5-10 times more efficient than conventional irrigation. It is being used more widely in Asia, Africa, Latin American and the US.


Coöperaties In België. Profielschets 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal Jan 2012

Coöperaties In België. Profielschets 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Coöperaties kennen de jongste jaren een groeiende aandacht binnen de academische wereld, het bedrijfsleven, het maatschappelijke middenveld en het beleid. Coöperaties worden tijdens een groeiend aantal studiedagen gewikt en gewogen als mogelijk instrument voor diverse uitdagingen die we vandaag kennen op economisch, sociaal en ecologisch vlak. Cijfers over coöperaties in ons land zijn echter schaars. In deze publicatie presenteren we een profielschets van de coöperatieve vennootschappen in België met daarin enkele kerngegevens die de lezer wegwijs maken in het Belgische coöperatieve landschap. We bestrijken daarmee de periode 2005-2010 en baseren ons hiervoor op administratieve gegevens, afkomstig uit de Balanscentrale van ...


Les Co-Opératives En Belgique. Profil 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal Jan 2012

Les Co-Opératives En Belgique. Profil 2005-2010, Wim Van Opstal

Wim Van Opstal

Cette publication présente le profil des sociétés coopératives en Belgique, principaux chiffres à la clef, afin de faire découvrir au lecteur le paysage coopératif en Belgique. La période concernée est 2005-2010 et nous nous basons sur les données fournies par la Centrale des bilans de la Banque Nationale de Belgique (BNB), la Banque- Carrefour des entreprises (BCE) et l’Office National de Sécurité Sociale (ONSS). Grâce à la collaboration du Département Emploi et Economie Sociale du gouvernement flamand, ces données ont pu être obtenues auprès de la cellule de coordination Vlaams e-Government (CORVE), qui rassemble les données dans la Verrijkte ...


Market Access And Information Technology Adoption: Historical Evidence From The Telephone In Bavaria, Florian Ploeckl Jan 2012

Market Access And Information Technology Adoption: Historical Evidence From The Telephone In Bavaria, Florian Ploeckl

Florian Ploeckl

Information technology, like the telephone, influences market access; this paper answers the question about a reverse effect, does market access affect information technology, in particular its adoption? Using the historical case of the introduction of the telephone in Bavaria, I demonstrate with a rank, order and stock effects diffusion model how market access affects the diffusion of local telephone exchanges over towns as well as the rate of adoption of telephone lines within towns. The results of a duration analysis show that market access speeds up the diffusion, a spatial correlation specification demonstrates that this is not just a geographic ...


Space, Settlements, Towns: The Influence Of Geography And Market Access On Settlement Distribution And Urbanization, Florian Ploeckl Jan 2012

Space, Settlements, Towns: The Influence Of Geography And Market Access On Settlement Distribution And Urbanization, Florian Ploeckl

Florian Ploeckl

The spatial distribution of economic activity is strongly linked to the structure of the urban system. The origin and development of the spatial pattern of this system is separated into two stages, the diffusion of settlements and their potential transition to urban status. The theoretical framework incor porates the influence of geographic characteristics and location interdependence as central mechanisms in both stages. Their relative importance for both is tested empirically with the historical settlement pattern in Saxony as a case study. After investigating with a spatial point process approach how geographic endowments and location interdependence shape the spatial distribution of ...


Endowments And Market Access; The Size Of Towns In Historical Perspective: Saxony 1550-1834, Florian Ploeckl Jan 2012

Endowments And Market Access; The Size Of Towns In Historical Perspective: Saxony 1550-1834, Florian Ploeckl

Florian Ploeckl

The spatial concentration of people into towns shapes the population distribution, the factors explaining town size are therefore important determinants on the spatial distribution of people. This paper uses a historical case study, Saxony in 1834, to analyze empirically the relative impact of endowments and agglomeration based on the application of a New Economic Geography model. The model and data allow the analysis of the complete population distribution, from large cities down to the smallest village. The results suggest that location characteristics explain the relative size of settlements, but only 9% of absolute town and 2% of absolute village population ...


The Dynamics Of Economic And Environmental Efficiency, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Valeria Costantini Jan 2012

The Dynamics Of Economic And Environmental Efficiency, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Valeria Costantini

Massimiliano Mazzanti

http://0-www.springer.com.library.simmons.edu/economics/environmental/book/978-94-007-5088-3


Aggregation Biases In Environmental Extended Input Output: Evidence From Italy And Spain, Massimiliano Mazzanti Jan 2012

Aggregation Biases In Environmental Extended Input Output: Evidence From Italy And Spain, Massimiliano Mazzanti

Massimiliano Mazzanti

No abstract provided.


On The Green Side Of Trade Competitiveness, Massimiliano Mazzanti Jan 2012

On The Green Side Of Trade Competitiveness, Massimiliano Mazzanti

Massimiliano Mazzanti

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The Law In The Availability Of Public Transit And Affordable Housing In Atlanta’S West End, Elliott Lipinsky Jan 2012

The Role Of The Law In The Availability Of Public Transit And Affordable Housing In Atlanta’S West End, Elliott Lipinsky

ELLIOTT LIPINSKY

The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) is a branch of the U.S. Department of Transportation that administers federal funds and provides technical assistance for the support of locally operated public transit systems. MARTA / Atlanta metro area are part of FTA Region IV (the Southeast). FTA would be involved, for instance, in financing the federal grant monies discussed above. But actual regulation of operations (i.e., what MARTA does each day, or what MARTA will plan to do regionally) is more closely regulated by Georgia agencies.

Until recently, the Atlanta metropolitan area had no powerful central agency to coordinate regional transit ...


Benefit-Cost Analysis Of Enviromental Projects: A Plethora Of Biases Understating Net Benefits, Philip E. Graves Jan 2012

Benefit-Cost Analysis Of Enviromental Projects: A Plethora Of Biases Understating Net Benefits, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

There are many reasons to suspect that benefit-cost analysis applied to environmental policies will result in policy decisions that will reject those environmental policies. The important question, of course, is whether those rejections are based on proper science. The present paper explores sources of bias in the methods used to evaluate environmental policy in the United States, although most of the arguments translate immediately to decision-making in other countries. There are some “big picture” considerations that have gone unrecognized, and there are numerous more minor, yet cumulatively important, technical details that point to potentially large biases against acceptance on benefit-cost ...


Teatro Valle Occupato: La Rivolta Culturale Per I Beni Comuni, Ugo Mattei Dec 2011

Teatro Valle Occupato: La Rivolta Culturale Per I Beni Comuni, Ugo Mattei

Ugo Mattei

No abstract provided.


Can Propitious Selection Prevent Unravelling In Insurance Markets?, Tsvetanka Karagyozova, Peter Siegelman Dec 2011

Can Propitious Selection Prevent Unravelling In Insurance Markets?, Tsvetanka Karagyozova, Peter Siegelman

Peter Siegelman

The theory of adverse selection in insurance markets has been enormously influential among scholars, regulators, and the judiciary. But empirical support for adverse selection has been much less persuasive, and several recent studies have found little or no evidence of such selection in insurance markets. “Propitious” (advantageous) selection offers an alternative mechanism that is consistent with these empirical findings. Like adverse selection, the theory assumes that insureds have an informational advantage over insurers. However, propitious selection relies on the plausible assumption that risk aversion is negatively correlated with the riskiness or probability of looss across insureds—the more risk-averse are ...


Waste Delinking, Convergence And Spatial Effects, Massimiliano Mazzanti Dec 2011

Waste Delinking, Convergence And Spatial Effects, Massimiliano Mazzanti

Massimiliano Mazzanti

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Capital And Its Discontents: Conversations With Radical Thinkers In A Time Of Tumult By Sasha Lilly (Pm Press, 2011), Nick J. Sciullo Dec 2011

Book Review: Capital And Its Discontents: Conversations With Radical Thinkers In A Time Of Tumult By Sasha Lilly (Pm Press, 2011), Nick J. Sciullo

Nick J. Sciullo

No abstract provided.


Energy Consumption-Economic Growth Nexus: Does The Level Of Aggregation Matter?, Maamar Sebri, Mehdi Abid Dec 2011

Energy Consumption-Economic Growth Nexus: Does The Level Of Aggregation Matter?, Maamar Sebri, Mehdi Abid

Maamar Sebri

This study investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic performance for the total economy as well as for industry, transport, and residential sectors for Tunisia during the period 1980-2007. The application of Vector error correction model (VECM) for non-stationary and cointegrated series suggests that causality directions at aggregated and disaggregated levels are mixed. However, the findings have important policy implications. While at the level of the total economy, energy plays an important role in development of Tunisian economy, it seems not to have an impact on economic performance at sectoral level. We conclude that results appear to be ...


Crecimiento Económico Y Política Industrial En México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Cuauhtémoc Calderón Dec 2011

Crecimiento Económico Y Política Industrial En México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Cuauhtémoc Calderón

Isaac Sánchez-Juárez

En este artículo se analiza un problema que resulta crucial para el desarrollo económico de México: el bajo crecimiento económico y la consecuente imposibilidad para generar los empleos necesarios. Se supone, en base a la teoría del crecimiento kaldoriana, que dicha problemática es resultado de errores de política económica, básicamente el abandono de la política industrial activa orientada al cambio estructural y desarrollo económico. Se proporciona evidencia que da cuenta de la alta correlación entre el bajo crecimiento económico y el bajo crecimiento del producto manufacturero, resultado que es compatible con los hallazgos de otros investigadores. De haberse implementado una ...


Ralentización Del Crecimiento Y Manufacturas En México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez Dec 2011

Ralentización Del Crecimiento Y Manufacturas En México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez

Isaac Sánchez-Juárez

En este artículo se demuestra la existencia de un proceso de ralentización del crecimiento de la economía mexicana durante los últimos veintiocho años, lo que ha tenido como principal consecuencia un déficit en la creación de empleo. De acuerdo con la teoría kaldoriana del crecimiento, uno de los factores que explica esta situación, es la insuficiencia dinámica del sector industrial-manufacturero. Lo anterior se demuestra a través del uso de un modelo de mínimos cuadrados ordinarios y un test de causalidad de Granger. Los resultados sugieren que el crecimiento depende, entre otras cosas, de una nueva política industrial que fomente el ...


Porous Capsule Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge Dec 2011

Porous Capsule Irrigation, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

Porous capsule irrigation is a modern adaptation of buried clay pot irrigation. Research in Brazil and Mexico has demonstrated its value in improving water use efficiency. Porous capsules are more easily integrated in an irrigation network than buried clay pots.


Fiscal Decentralization And Governance, John Thornton Dec 2011

Fiscal Decentralization And Governance, John Thornton

John Thornton

The literature on the economics of fiscal decentralization stresses the potential for both positive and negative effects on governance in a country. Using a data set comprising sixty-four developed and developing economies and several different measures of fiscal decentralization, the authors find that countries in which a larger share of fiscal revenues and expenditures are located at the level of subnational governments appear to be less corrupt. The authors also find that the beneficial impact of fiscal decentralization on corruption is mitigated in the presence of mechanisms enforcing vertical administrative decentralization. The results indicate that fiscal decentraliza- tion appears to ...


Knowledge Spillovers And The Growth Of British Cities, John Thornton, Yener Altunbas Dec 2011

Knowledge Spillovers And The Growth Of British Cities, John Thornton, Yener Altunbas

John Thornton

The relative importance of intra-industry or inter-industry knowledge spillovers for the growth of cities remains an open question. Using a unique data set on the growth of 109 British cities during 1951–1991, we find evidence suggesting that the most important knowledge spillovers occur between rather than within industries, which is consistent with Jacobs (1969, 1985).


An Analysis Of Different Approaches To Women Empowerment: A Case Study Of Pakistan, Amatul R. Chaudhary, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Zahid Pervaiz Dec 2011

An Analysis Of Different Approaches To Women Empowerment: A Case Study Of Pakistan, Amatul R. Chaudhary, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Zahid Pervaiz

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Women empowerment has attracted the attention of researchers as an active area of research since 1980s. It can be viewed as an ultimate end as well as a mean to achieve other development goals. The present study is an attempt to investigate how consciousness /sensitization of women about their rights, economic empowerment of women and women’s overall development can be helpful in achieving the goal of women’s empowerment. The study uses data for the period of 1996 to 2009 for Pakistan. Empirical results reveal that consciousness of women about their rights, economic empowerment of women and women’s ...