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Selected Works

2007

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Other Economics

Some Economic Issues In Indian Textile Sector, Badri Narayanan G. Dec 2007

Some Economic Issues In Indian Textile Sector, Badri Narayanan G.

Badri Narayanan G.

No abstract provided.


Análisis De La Colusión De Empresas En Un Esquema De Teoría De Juegos: Comentarios Y Reflexiones, Vicente German-Soto, José Luis Escobedo Nov 2007

Análisis De La Colusión De Empresas En Un Esquema De Teoría De Juegos: Comentarios Y Reflexiones, Vicente German-Soto, José Luis Escobedo

Vicente German-Soto

The aim of this work is to analyze and reflex about the reputation model in the finitely repeated Prisioners’ Dilemma and its applicability in the dupoly’s market. This work, also considerers the conditions under which each player, in the Cournot Duopoly, have the optimal strategy for cooperation in each stage of the game finitely repeated. Results point out that in spite of its limitations, the cooperation can arise and holding up as a result of three basic conditions: payoffs, strategies and the probability of being rational. We think that diverse modifications can be aggregated at this structure for do ...


Burnout And Perceived Organisational Support Among Frontline Hospitality Employees, Gabrielle Walters, Michael Raybould Jul 2007

Burnout And Perceived Organisational Support Among Frontline Hospitality Employees, Gabrielle Walters, Michael Raybould

Michael Raybould

This article describes research designed to investigate the relationship between burnout and perceived organisational support (POS) among front-line hospitality employees. Three hundred front-line employees of a multisite hospitality firm were surveyed using an instrument comprising the general survey version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the 17-item version of the Survey of Perceived Organisational Support (POS). Significant relationships were found between POS and each of the three burnout dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism and personal efficacy. The findings of this study contribute to the existing academic literature and provide hospitality managers with a better understanding of the factors that contribute to ...


Water Walls: An Effective Option For High Performance Buildings, David A. Bainbridge Jul 2007

Water Walls: An Effective Option For High Performance Buildings, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

Water wall thermal mass has been proven over the last 40 years on a wide range of residential and commercial projects in temperate and cold climates. It provides better thermal comfort and more efficient energy transfer at reasonable cost.


Introduction To Research Methodologies, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Jun 2007

Introduction To Research Methodologies, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

In this book, I introduce basics of research methodologies in Arabic language which I believe is an unprecedented step. The conceptions, research frameworks, sampling and some detailed methods are given in this text book. Moreover, some analytical statistical methods are introduced to give insights to researchers. Methods of writing the scientific reports and papers in addition to documentation of references and classifying the required logical process of a thesis are detailed in this text. I introduce this book that was published by the Africa International University in Khartoum, Sudan for the purpose of helping sub and post graduate university students ...


: Ingresos Y Vivienda Para Todos, Equilibrio General, Ciclo Económico Y Capitalización De Pobres, Alfredo Bateman, Cesara Ferrari, Fabio Giraldo Apr 2007

: Ingresos Y Vivienda Para Todos, Equilibrio General, Ciclo Económico Y Capitalización De Pobres, Alfredo Bateman, Cesara Ferrari, Fabio Giraldo

Alfredo Bateman

No abstract provided.


Further Evidence On Revenue Decentralization And Inflation, John Thornton Mar 2007

Further Evidence On Revenue Decentralization And Inflation, John Thornton

John Thornton

Results from a panel regression study of 19 OECD member countries suggest that when the measure of revenue decentralization is limited to the revenues over which sub-national governments have full autonomy, its impact on inflation is not statistically significant.


Labor Supply Decisions Of Rural Low-Income Mothers, Daniel Lass Jan 2007

Labor Supply Decisions Of Rural Low-Income Mothers, Daniel Lass

Daniel A. Lass

Labor force participation is crucial to the economic well-being of low-income rural families. This study identified the factors that influence two decisions that low-income rural mothers make regarding their employment: labor force entry and number of hours supplied to employment. The sample consisted of 412 rural low-income mothers who participated in a multi-state study. The logistic regression model correctly predicted 80 percent of their work participation decisions. Employed rural mothers appeared to be older, better educated, and less likely to suffer from depression compared to those not working. Additionally, they were more likely to have an employed partner, a driver ...


Teaching With Technology To Engage Students And Enhance Learning, Daniel Lass, Bernard Morzuch, Richard Rogers Jan 2007

Teaching With Technology To Engage Students And Enhance Learning, Daniel Lass, Bernard Morzuch, Richard Rogers

Daniel A. Lass

Teaching technology effects on student learning in a large lecture introductory statistics course were tested. Findings show in-class personal response systems and on-line homework/quizzes significantly improve student exam scores. We infer proven small class techniques, participating in class and doing homework via technologies, can restore sound pedagogy in larger classes. The experiment was conducted using just one class, but factors usually unaccounted for in assessment research were controlled, especially the instructor and other materials. The technologies investigated here can provide learning benefits to students even in larger courses often criticized for their inability to provide students quality learning experiences.


Standards-As-Barriers Versus Standards-As-Catalysts: Assessing The Impact Of Haccp Implementation On U.S. Seafood Imports, Julie Caswell Jan 2007

Standards-As-Barriers Versus Standards-As-Catalysts: Assessing The Impact Of Haccp Implementation On U.S. Seafood Imports, Julie Caswell

Julie Caswell

The United States mandated a Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) food safety standard for seafood in 1997. Panel model results for the period 1990 to 2004 suggest that HACCP introduction had a negative and significant impact on overall seafood imports from the top 33 suppliers. While the effect for developed countries was positive, the negative HACCP effect for developing countries supports the view of “standards-as-barriers” versus ”standards-as-catalysts.” When the effect is analyzed at an individual country level a different perspective emerges. Regardless of development status, leading seafood exporters generally gained sales volume with the U.S., while most other ...


Interaction Between Food Attributes In Markets: The Case Of Environmental Labeling, Gillies Grolleau, Julie Caswell Jan 2007

Interaction Between Food Attributes In Markets: The Case Of Environmental Labeling, Gillies Grolleau, Julie Caswell

Julie Caswell

Some consumers derive utility from using products produced with specific processes, such as environmentally friendly practices. Means of verifying these credence attributes, such as certification, are necessary for the market to function effectively. A substitute or complementary solution may exist when consumers perceive a relationship between a process attribute and other verifiable product attributes. We present a model where the level of search and experience attributes influences the likelihood of production of eco-friendly products. Our results suggest that the market success of eco-friendly food products requires a mix of environmental and other verifiable attributes that together signal credibility.


Introduction: Economic Measures Of Food Safety Interventions, Julie Caswell Jan 2007

Introduction: Economic Measures Of Food Safety Interventions, Julie Caswell

Julie Caswell

EconLit Citations: Q18, I18, L51 © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Agribusiness 23: 153–156, 2007.


True Cost Accounting For A Post-Autistic Economy, David A. Bainbridge Jan 2007

True Cost Accounting For A Post-Autistic Economy, David A. Bainbridge

David A Bainbridge

True cost accounting includes all environmental and social costs. If these are neglected the market fails. The critical link between ecosystem and humanity and the price of goods has been ignored at our peril.


Healthy Competition: What’S Holding Back Health Care And How To Free It, Michael F. Cannon Jan 2007

Healthy Competition: What’S Holding Back Health Care And How To Free It, Michael F. Cannon

Michael F. Cannon

No abstract provided.


What To Do When They Close The Strait Of Hormuz, Harry D. Saunders Jan 2007

What To Do When They Close The Strait Of Hormuz, Harry D. Saunders

Harry D. Saunders

This paper provides a non-mathematical analysis of options available to fiscal and monetary authorities in the event of a major oil supply disruption. It argues for distinguishing between "price" shocks and "quantity" shocks.


Employee Pensions: Policies, Problems And Possibilities, Terea Ghilarducci, Christian Weller Dec 2006

Employee Pensions: Policies, Problems And Possibilities, Terea Ghilarducci, Christian Weller

Christian Weller

No abstract provided.


Labor Supply Decisions Of Rural Low-Income Mothers, Sheila Mammen, Daniel Lass, Sharon B. Seiling Dec 2006

Labor Supply Decisions Of Rural Low-Income Mothers, Sheila Mammen, Daniel Lass, Sharon B. Seiling

Sheila Mammen

Labor force participation is crucial to the economic well-being of low-income rural families. This study identified the factors that influence two decisions that low-income rural mothers make regarding their employment: labor force entry and number of hours supplied to employment. The sample consisted of 412 rural low-income mothers who participated in a multi-state study. The logistic regression model correctly predicted 80 percent of their work participation decisions. Employed rural mothers appeared to be older, better educated, and less likely to suffer from depression compared to those not working. Additionally, they were more likely to have an employed partner, a driver ...


A Multi-Factorial Risk Prioritization Framework For Food-Borne Pathogens, Julie Caswell Dec 2006

A Multi-Factorial Risk Prioritization Framework For Food-Borne Pathogens, Julie Caswell

Julie Caswell

To lower the incidence of human food-borne disease, experts and stakeholders have urged the development of a science- and risk-based management system in which food-borne hazards are analyzed and prioritized. A literature review shows that most approaches to risk prioritization developed to date are based on measures of health outcomes and do not systematically account for other factors that may be important to decision making. The Multi-Factorial Risk Prioritization Framework developed here considers four factors that may be important to risk managers: public health, consumer risk perceptions and acceptance, market-level impacts, and social sensitivity. The framework is based on the ...


Consumer Demand For Quality: Major Determinant For Agricultural And Food Trade In The Future?, Julie Caswell Dec 2006

Consumer Demand For Quality: Major Determinant For Agricultural And Food Trade In The Future?, Julie Caswell

Julie Caswell

The impact of consumer demand for quality on the agricultural and food system is an increased emphasis on quality differentiation but not all in the direction of upgrading quality. The more elite market segments are thriving and reaching growing numbers of consumers but the basic price/quality markets remain strong. Most recent economic studies find that consumers are willing to pay for food safety and other quality attributes, and for information about them. The magnitude of the valuations varies by food product, attribute, country, and study design. This literature and a case study of genetically modified foods suggest that consumer ...


Teaching With Technology To Engage Students And Enhance Learning, Bernard J. Morzuch, Daniel Lass, Richard Rogers Dec 2006

Teaching With Technology To Engage Students And Enhance Learning, Bernard J. Morzuch, Daniel Lass, Richard Rogers

Bernard J. Morzuch

Teaching technology effects on student learning in a large lecture introductory statistics course were tested. Findings show in-class personal response systems and on-line homework/quizzes significantly improve student exam scores. We infer proven small class techniques, participating in class and doing homework via technologies, can restore sound pedagogy in larger classes. The experiment was conducted using just one class, but factors usually unaccounted for in assessment research were controlled, especially the instructor and other materials. The technologies investigated here can provide learning benefits to students even in larger courses often criticized for their inability to provide students quality learning experiences.


Vessel Decommissioning In Danish Fisheries, Erik Lindebo, Niels Vestergaard Dec 2006

Vessel Decommissioning In Danish Fisheries, Erik Lindebo, Niels Vestergaard

Niels Vestergaard

The fishing capacity issue has lately received considerable global attention. The application of an embracing structural policy in the European Union (EU) during the 1980s and 90s has indicated the desire of fisheries managers and administrators to rebalance the level of capacity of fishing fleets with resource availability. A previous study is drawn upon to shed light on the impact of vessel decommissioning on the Danish fleet during 1987-93. The Danish administration has since continued to structurally adjust the national fishing fleet under the guidance of the EU structural policy framework. The official capacity figures corresponding to EU multiannual guidance ...


Revenue-Based Capacity Utilisation Measures And Decomposition: The Case Of Danish North Sea Trawlers, Erik Lindebo, Ayoe Hoff, Niels Vestergaard Dec 2006

Revenue-Based Capacity Utilisation Measures And Decomposition: The Case Of Danish North Sea Trawlers, Erik Lindebo, Ayoe Hoff, Niels Vestergaard

Niels Vestergaard

In fisheries, capacity analysis has largely been limited to measuring physical capacity, defined as the maximum amount of output that can be produced per unit of time, given existing plant and equipment and unrestricted availability of variable inputs. An economic measure of capacity can be defined as the maximum revenue attainable for the given fixed inputs, using relevant outputs and output prices. This paper examines these two approaches to capacity by applying data envelopment analysis to physical and economic input/output data for Danish North Sea trawlers. The economic and physical measures are compared and contrasted using correlation analysis. An ...


Asymmetric Information And Uncertainty: The Usefulness Of Logbooks As A Regulation Measure, Niels Vestergaard, Frank Jensen Dec 2006

Asymmetric Information And Uncertainty: The Usefulness Of Logbooks As A Regulation Measure, Niels Vestergaard, Frank Jensen

Niels Vestergaard

In many fisheries managed by quota systems fishermen are required to keep a logbook containing information about catches. No well functioning enforcement system is set up in connection with the logbooks, since the purpose is to assist biologists in making stock assessments. In this paper we consider a case where three market failures (a stock externality problem, a stock uncertainty problem and problems with measuring individual catches) arise simultaneously. It is shown that a stock tax and a tax on voluntary self- reported catches may solve these three problems. By taxing voluntary self-reported catches wemake use of logbook information. It ...


Saving, Investment And Capital Mobility In African Countries, John Thornton, Olumuyiwa S. Adedeji Dec 2006

Saving, Investment And Capital Mobility In African Countries, John Thornton, Olumuyiwa S. Adedeji

John Thornton

Recently developed panel co-integration techniques are applied to data for six African countries to test the Feldstein–Horioka approach to measuring capital mobility. The results suggest three conclusions: savings and investment in panel data are non-stationary series and they are co-integrated; capital was relatively mobile in the African countries during 1970–2000, with estimated savings–retention ratios of 0.73 (FMOLS), 0.45 (DOLS), 0.51 (DOLS with heterogeneity) and 0.39 (DOLS with cross-sectional dependence effects); and there was a marked drop in the savings–retention ratio from 1970–85 to 1986–2000. The results could be interpreted as ...


The Relationship Between Inflation And Inflation Uncertainty In Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton Dec 2006

The Relationship Between Inflation And Inflation Uncertainty In Emerging Market Economies, John Thornton

John Thornton

A standard Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedastic (q,v) model is employed to construct a measure of monthly intlation uncertainty in 12 emerging market economies, and the relationship between inflation and inflation uncertainty is examined using Granger causality tests. The results suggest that higher inflation rates increased inflation uncertainty in all the economies, providing strong support for the Friedman hypothesis. The evidence on the effect of inflation uncertainty on average monthly inflation is more mixed, with increased inflation uncertainty leading to lower average inflation in Colombia. Israel. Mexico, and Turkey, consistent with the Holland hypothesis, but to higher average intlation in ...


Fiscal Decentralization And Economic Growth Reconsidered, John Thornton Dec 2006

Fiscal Decentralization And Economic Growth Reconsidered, John Thornton

John Thornton

Recent studies examining the relation between fiscal decentralization and economic growth have failed to take account of the extent of the independent taxing powers available to sub-national governments and thus have substantially overstated the degree of effective decentralization. Results from a cross section study of 19 OECD member countries suggest that when the measure of fiscal decentralization is limited to the revenues over which sub-national governments have full autonomy, its impact on economic growth is not statistically significant.