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Full-Text Articles in Macroeconomics

The Early Phases Of The Financial Crisis: Reflections On The Lender Of Last Resort, Timothy F. Geithner Mar 2019

The Early Phases Of The Financial Crisis: Reflections On The Lender Of Last Resort, Timothy F. Geithner

Journal of Financial Crises

This essay discusses the powers and limitations of the Federal Reserve’s role as Lender of Last Resort and how it deployed those powers during the financial crisis of 2007-2009. It considers the Fed’s authorities and the frameworks that it relied on in utilizing its powers to calm markets in turmoil and to assist specific financial institutions.


Assessing The Effectiveness Of The Federal Reserve’S Quantitative Easing Policy In Lowering Long-Term Interest Rates, Lee Philip Perry Jan 2018

Assessing The Effectiveness Of The Federal Reserve’S Quantitative Easing Policy In Lowering Long-Term Interest Rates, Lee Philip Perry

Senior Projects Spring 2018

This project looks at the effectiveness of Quantitative Easing on lowering long-term interest rates. To come up with an answer I look through three separate channels in which QE works to lower long-term rates: the speculation channel, inflations expectation channel, and portfolio balance channel. In examining these channels and their respective effects, I combine relative channel and general economic theory with data relative to each channel such as long-term yields, inflation expectation data, public holdings of federal debt, and much more in order to understand whether QE was at the forefront of the reduction in yields. Through these channels, we ...


Why The World Needs A Reserve Asset With A Hard Anchor, Warren Coats, Dongsheng Di, Yuxuan Zhao Dec 2017

Why The World Needs A Reserve Asset With A Hard Anchor, Warren Coats, Dongsheng Di, Yuxuan Zhao

Warren Coats

From the 1970s, the global currency system has two features: the use of one or a few sovereign currencies as the global reserve asset and the floating exchange rate regime between major currencies.This paper points out that the costs of the dollar’s use as an international reserve currency exceed the benefits for both the US and the rest of the world. These costs include the exporting of American manufacturing as a byproduct of its current account deficit needed to supply its currency to the rest of the world. In addition to the detriment to trade from unpredictable exchange ...


Lessons From The U.S. Great Depression And The German Hyperinflation, Lester G. Telser Dec 2014

Lessons From The U.S. Great Depression And The German Hyperinflation, Lester G. Telser

Lester G Telser

Abstract. The German hyperinflation and the U.S. Great Depression have in common the effects of an insufficient amount of useful media of exchange. In Germany too much currency was printed and in the U.S. widespread bank failures undermined confidence in all demand deposits so all bank checks were regarded suspiciously. The effects were the same in both countries, very high rates of unemployment coupled with collapse of their economies. The German Hyperinflation gives evidence against the Phillips Curve. JEL E65 Study of Particular Policy Episodes


A Closer Look At The Impact Of Quantitative Easing On The Capital Markets: Garch Analysis Of The Exchange Traded Funds Market, Nicholas R. Duafala Nov 2014

A Closer Look At The Impact Of Quantitative Easing On The Capital Markets: Garch Analysis Of The Exchange Traded Funds Market, Nicholas R. Duafala

Undergraduate Economic Review

This paper analyzes the effects of quantitative easing (QE) on the capital markets by modeling exchange traded funds (ETFs) returns using a generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (GARCH) methodology. The results show that the 10-Year Treasury yields are significant in the returns of some sectors of the economy more so than others, and the Federal Funds Futures trading volume is significant in all ETFs return volatility. The implications of these results not only provide information about the reaction of the ETF market and QE, but also provide insight for developing investment strategies.


Government Versus Market Regulation: The Nanny State Or The Liberal State, Warren Coats Aug 2014

Government Versus Market Regulation: The Nanny State Or The Liberal State, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

The nanny state world is characterized by a growing list of regulations and government supervision of business in an effort to fix the most recently observed problems. The price of such protection is the increased cost of doing business, which tends to crowd out small businesses and favor large ones, which can more easily absorb the compliance costs. The benefit is often difficult to detect. Has Dodd-Frank really made it feasible to fail our largest banks (now larger than they were just before the Great Recession), i.e. are they no longer too big to fail?

The self-governing, liberal state ...


A Simple Treatment Of The Liquidity Trap For Intermediate Macroeconomics Courses, Sebastien Buttet, Udayan Roy Jan 2014

A Simple Treatment Of The Liquidity Trap For Intermediate Macroeconomics Courses, Sebastien Buttet, Udayan Roy

Publications and Research

Several leading undergraduate intermediate macroeconomics textbooks now include a simple reduced-form New Keynesian model of short-run dynamics (alongside the IS-LM model). Unfortunately, there is no accompanying description of how the zero lower bound on nominal interest rates affects the model. In this article, the authors show how the aforementioned model can easily be modified to teach undergraduate students about the significance of the zero lower bound for economic performance and policy. This acquires additional significance because economies such as the United States and Japan have been close to the zero lower bound since 2008 and 1995, respectively. The authors show ...


U.S. Monetary Policy: Qe3, Warren Coats Dec 2012

U.S. Monetary Policy: Qe3, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

The Federal Reserve’s latest round of quantitative easing (QE3) is not likely to help the U.S. economy’s recovery, which is already underway, but increases the risks of new asset bubbles and inflation.


Real Sdr Currency Board, Warren Coats Nov 2011

Real Sdr Currency Board, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

An enhanced special drawing right (SDR), valued by a basket of goods, would provide the global currency and reserve asset the global economy craves. This paper proposes linking the value of the International Monetary Fund’s SDR and national currencies that fix their exchange rates to the SDR to a representative basket of widely traded goods. The new “real SDR” would be issued and redeemed passively according to “Currency Board” rules in exchange for financial assets with the same market value as the basket. National currencies and/or an international reserve currency with the same value (i.e. fixed to ...


Central Banks And Economic Development, Warren Coats, Gary Gegenheimer Feb 2011

Central Banks And Economic Development, Warren Coats, Gary Gegenheimer

Warren Coats

South Sudan is establishing a central bank to issue and regulate a new currency, and to supervise payment systems and financial firms. The provisions of the law that establish and regulate the new central bank are critically important for how well it contributes to the economic development and well being of the new country. This note explores for discussion the key issues covered in a central bank law relating to its objectives for its currency, its independence for pursuing those objectives, and the governance structure under which it operations to maximize its commitments to those objectives.


A Global Currency For A Global Economy: Getting From Here To There, Warren Coats Jan 2011

A Global Currency For A Global Economy: Getting From Here To There, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

In this paper Dr. Warren Coats proposes stabilizing the value of money by linking it to an independently defined unit of account with a relatively constant real value. A common unit of account would lower the cost of trading by reducing transaction and information costs and would increase world trade and improve the efficiency of international resource allocation. The unit he suggests, a commodity basket, would not have the shortcomings that afflict the gold standard-gold's fluctuating relative value. The link between money and this unit that he suggests, fixing the value of a unit of money in terms of ...


Where Should We Go From Here? Inflation, Regulation, And Debt, Warren Coats May 2010

Where Should We Go From Here? Inflation, Regulation, And Debt, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

A review of where the U.S. is and/or should be going over the next few years with regard to monetary policy, financial regulatory reform, and the debt bomb.


Inflations, Hyperinflations, And Will We Have One?, Warren Coats May 2009

Inflations, Hyperinflations, And Will We Have One?, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

Reviews Zimbabwe's recent hyperinflation and contrast it with inflation prospects in the U.S.


A Monetary Policy Framework For Sudan, Warren Coats Oct 2007

A Monetary Policy Framework For Sudan, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

This short overview of the money supply process and the central bank's control of the money supply is tailored to the situation of Southern Sudan, now the independent country of South Sudan.


Role Of The Central Bank Of Iraq In Implimenting Monetary Policy, Warren Coats Jun 2007

Role Of The Central Bank Of Iraq In Implimenting Monetary Policy, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

Outlines the monetary policy regime in place in the Central Bank of Iraq and its operation following the replacement of the Baathist government in 2003


Central Banking In Transition: An Overview Of Main Issues Ten Years After., Warren Coats, Marko Skreb Jan 2002

Central Banking In Transition: An Overview Of Main Issues Ten Years After., Warren Coats, Marko Skreb

Warren Coats

The aim of the paper is to analyze the significant changes Central and Eastern European central banks have undergone in the first decade of transition. In only a couple of years they have been completely transformed from socialist monobanking system to modern, independent central banks with the same functions as any central bank in a developed economy. Today, on average, de iure independence is very high and probably higher than the de facto one. Almost all central banks have price stability as their main mandate. Inflation was reduced significantly in the first couple of years. Monetary policy underwent crucial changes ...


Key Issues In The Reform Of Central Bank Legislation, Warren Coats, Henry Schiffman Dec 1994

Key Issues In The Reform Of Central Bank Legislation, Warren Coats, Henry Schiffman

Warren Coats

In order to improve the performance of central banks, monetary arrangements should be designed to anchor monetary policy to long-run considerations and to establish specific accountability for its implementation. In order to strengthen the long-run view needed for monetary stability against the short-run problem solving perspective more typical of governments and parliaments, there has been a growing movement in recent years in all regions of the world toward increasing central banks' independence from governments and parliaments. In all countries, the responsibility for the monetary system is ultimately the state’s. This responsibility is often explicit in a country's constitution ...


In Search Of A Monetary Anchor: A "New" Monetary Standard, Warren Coats Jan 1994

In Search Of A Monetary Anchor: A "New" Monetary Standard, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

This discussion of monetary rules generalizes "commodity" standard/currency board rules in a new way to target the CPI.