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2008

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Articles 31 - 43 of 43

Full-Text Articles in Macroeconomics

Target Saving In An Overlapping Generations Model, Ashok S. Guha, Brishti Guha Jan 2008

Target Saving In An Overlapping Generations Model, Ashok S. Guha, Brishti Guha

Research Collection School Of Economics

We examine a model in which the utility function has been engineered so that it is optimal for consumers to aim for a fixed target level of retirement resources. In this case consumption displays excess sensitivity to current income as well as perfect old age insurance. In an overlapping generations model, this leads naturally to multiple and unstable equilibria. Under static expectations, it also leads to a well-defined dynamics, including possible historical traps, implosions involving ever-diminishing capital stock and ever-increasing interest rates, and the feasibility of optimal one-time interventions.


Application Of The Fractal Market Hypothesis For Modelling Macroeconomic Time Series, Jonathan Blackledge Jan 2008

Application Of The Fractal Market Hypothesis For Modelling Macroeconomic Time Series, Jonathan Blackledge

Articles

This paper explores the conceptual background to financial time series analysis and financial signal processing in terms of the Efficient Market Hypothesis. By revisiting the principal conventional approaches to market analysis and the reasoning associated with them, we develop a Fractal Market Hypothesis that is based on the application of non-stationary fractional dynamics using an operator of the type
2 / ∂x2 − σq(t) * ∂ q(t)/ ∂tq(t)

where σ−1 is the fractional diffusivity and q is the Fourier dimension which, for the topology considered, (i.e. the one-dimensional case) is related to the Fractal Dimension 1 ...


Does Volatility In Government Borrowing Leads To Higher Inflation? Evidence From Pakistan, Safdar Khan Dec 2007

Does Volatility In Government Borrowing Leads To Higher Inflation? Evidence From Pakistan, Safdar Khan

Safdar Khan

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Pakistan’S Vulnerability To Crisis, Safdar Khan Dec 2007

An Analysis Of Pakistan’S Vulnerability To Crisis, Safdar Khan

Safdar Khan

No abstract provided.


A Note On Sustained Economic Growth For Pakistan, Safdar Khan Dec 2007

A Note On Sustained Economic Growth For Pakistan, Safdar Khan

Safdar Khan

No abstract provided.


Estimating Output Gap For Pakistan Economy: Structural And Statistical Approaches, Safdar Khan Dec 2007

Estimating Output Gap For Pakistan Economy: Structural And Statistical Approaches, Safdar Khan

Safdar Khan

No abstract provided.


Quarterly Data On The Categories And Causes Of Bank Distress During The Great Depression, Gary Richardson Dec 2007

Quarterly Data On The Categories And Causes Of Bank Distress During The Great Depression, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

No abstract provided.


The Risk Components Of Liquidity, Lorán Chollete, Randi Naes, Johannes Skjeltorp Dec 2007

The Risk Components Of Liquidity, Lorán Chollete, Randi Naes, Johannes Skjeltorp

Lorán Chollete

No abstract provided.


Economics: An Introduciton To Traditonal And Progressive Views, Howard J. Sherman, E. K. Hunt, Reynold Nesiba, Phillip O'Hara, Barbara Weins-Tours Dec 2007

Economics: An Introduciton To Traditonal And Progressive Views, Howard J. Sherman, E. K. Hunt, Reynold Nesiba, Phillip O'Hara, Barbara Weins-Tours

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Thoroughly revised, expanded, and updated, this classic text offers a broader intellectual foundation than traditional principles textbooks. It introduces students to both traditional economic views and their progressive critique. The text puts the study of microeconomics, macroeconomics, and globalization into historical context. While covering the same topics as a traditional text, it also offers a richer discussion of economic history and the history of economic thought, including the ideas of Karl Marx, Thorstein Veblen, and John Maynard Keynes. This enables students to see economics as a way of understanding the world--a lens for social analysis--rather than as immutable truth or ...


Optimal Public Goods Provision: Implications Of Endogenizing The Labor/Leisure Choice, Nicholas E. Flores, Philip E. Graves Dec 2007

Optimal Public Goods Provision: Implications Of Endogenizing The Labor/Leisure Choice, Nicholas E. Flores, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

Conventional analysis of public goods provision aggregates individual willingness to pay while treating income as exogenous, ignoring the fact that we generate income to allow us to purchase utility-generating goods. We explore the implications of endogenizing the lahor-leisure decision by explicitly considering leisure demand in a model of public goods provision. We consider benefit analysis of public goods provision and find that increments of the public good will generally be under-valued using conventional analysis while decrements to the public good (rare in public good settings) will be overvalued (JELC91,D61,Q5I)


Toward A Libertarian Reconstruction Of Neoclassical Welfare Theory, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel Dec 2007

Toward A Libertarian Reconstruction Of Neoclassical Welfare Theory, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Many libertarians, especially those inclined toward the Austrian school of economics, counter the market-failure justification for government intervention by denying any legitimacy whatsoever to the neoclassical concept of efficiency. But properly interpreted, neoclassical efficiency, rather than providing an open-ended justification for all sorts of government intervention, provides one of the most powerful and comprehensive objections to government coercion in general.


Explaining Pro-Cyclical Fiscal Policy In African Countries, John Thornton Dec 2007

Explaining Pro-Cyclical Fiscal Policy In African Countries, John Thornton

John Thornton

Simple time series regressions for 37 low-income African countries during 1960–2004 suggest that government consumption is highly pro-cyclical,with consumption responding more than proportionately to fluctuations in output in many cases. The results from a cross-country specification suggest that government consumption is more procyclical in those African countries that are more reliant on foreign aid inflows and that are less corrupt, and that it is less procyclical in countries with unequal income distribution and that are more democratic. These results contrast with those from recent research using data sets that comprise a more diverse groups of countries in terms ...


Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani Dec 2007

Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Pakistan showed a healthy growth rate of 5.6 percent during the entire history and faced many ups and downs in economic growth due to dramatic changes in political regimes. The literature shows mixed results regarding the impact of autocracy or democracy on economic growth. The aggregate growth of the economy under autocracy remained better as compared to democratic period. Financial indicators show consistent path through out the history of Pakistan. Different trade policies are designed in different regime to run the external sector and the impact of each policy was different.