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Full-Text Articles in Macroeconomics

Water Borne Diseases And Rural Development In Sudan Study Of Malaria In Gezira Irrigated Agricultural Scheme, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Oct 2008

Water Borne Diseases And Rural Development In Sudan Study Of Malaria In Gezira Irrigated Agricultural Scheme, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Gezira irrigated scheme is globally one of the biggest agricultural productive units administratively managed. It has seen deteriorating productivity for the past two decades. There cries that it should be privatized. That was seriously taken by the government in an economic liquidation of its assets. However, in this study we discuss analyze other aspects than the previously mentioned aspects of production parameters. We focus of health economics and how gradual negligence led to the prevalence of waterborne diseases. That degenerated farmers' abilities to produce. The present study was carried out in the Gezira scheme to measure the impact of water ...


Investment Credit Availability - Bank Enterprise Relations In Poland, Joanna Tyrowicz Jan 2008

Investment Credit Availability - Bank Enterprise Relations In Poland, Joanna Tyrowicz

Joanna Tyrowicz

The complaints about insufficient private investment are frequent in Poland. Equally often do we hear the criticism of the monetary policy pointing to excessively high interest rates. This paper estimates the speed of upward adjustment of loan rates relative to downward adjustment, accounting for dierent market segments and products. The empirical results show that for the investment credit upward adjustment is fast, but downward adjustment essentially does not occur. Consumer credit products demonstrate positive values for the speed of both adjustments although still upward changes occur faster than downwards ones. These ndings suggest that banks may tend to discriminate entrepreneurs ...


Civil War And Political Contractualism Incomplete (Guerra Civil Y Contractualismo Político Incompleto) Spanish, Fernando Estrada Jan 2008

Civil War And Political Contractualism Incomplete (Guerra Civil Y Contractualismo Político Incompleto) Spanish, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This chapter presents an interpretation of armed conflict in Colombia since reading "negative" of the Coase theorem. The relations of the civil war with limited conditions of policy and constitutional order, offer advantages to agents in a society threatened violent.


Sobrecosto De Transporte: ¿Maldición Geográfica O Falla De Política De Infraestructura?, Francisco Carlos Ruiz Diaz, Carlos Ludena Jan 2008

Sobrecosto De Transporte: ¿Maldición Geográfica O Falla De Política De Infraestructura?, Francisco Carlos Ruiz Diaz, Carlos Ludena

Francisco Carlos Ruiz Diaz

En los últimos años ha empezado a desarrollarse una gran cantidad de trabajos que estiman el impacto de la mediterraneidad sobre el crecimiento económico. Esta línea del pensamiento suele afirmar que los países mediterráneos enfrentan costos extras de transporte que restringen su potencial de comercio con el resto del mundo. En el presente estudio se plantea una revisión de esa hipótesis, sugiriendo que el problema real de la gran mayoría de los países mediterráneos es la ausencia de los elementos centrales del crecimiento económico sostenido, a saber: bajo nivel de inversión en infraestructura y capital humano, escasa capacidad de promocionar ...


Economics: An Introduciton To Traditonal And Progressive Views, Howard J. Sherman, E. K. Hunt, Reynold Nesiba, Phillip O'Hara, Barbara Weins-Tours Dec 2007

Economics: An Introduciton To Traditonal And Progressive Views, Howard J. Sherman, E. K. Hunt, Reynold Nesiba, Phillip O'Hara, Barbara Weins-Tours

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Thoroughly revised, expanded, and updated, this classic text offers a broader intellectual foundation than traditional principles textbooks. It introduces students to both traditional economic views and their progressive critique. The text puts the study of microeconomics, macroeconomics, and globalization into historical context. While covering the same topics as a traditional text, it also offers a richer discussion of economic history and the history of economic thought, including the ideas of Karl Marx, Thorstein Veblen, and John Maynard Keynes. This enables students to see economics as a way of understanding the world--a lens for social analysis--rather than as immutable truth or ...


Optimal Public Goods Provision: Implications Of Endogenizing The Labor/Leisure Choice, Nicholas E. Flores, Philip E. Graves Dec 2007

Optimal Public Goods Provision: Implications Of Endogenizing The Labor/Leisure Choice, Nicholas E. Flores, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

Conventional analysis of public goods provision aggregates individual willingness to pay while treating income as exogenous, ignoring the fact that we generate income to allow us to purchase utility-generating goods. We explore the implications of endogenizing the lahor-leisure decision by explicitly considering leisure demand in a model of public goods provision. We consider benefit analysis of public goods provision and find that increments of the public good will generally be under-valued using conventional analysis while decrements to the public good (rare in public good settings) will be overvalued (JELC91,D61,Q5I)


Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani Dec 2007

Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Pakistan showed a healthy growth rate of 5.6 percent during the entire history and faced many ups and downs in economic growth due to dramatic changes in political regimes. The literature shows mixed results regarding the impact of autocracy or democracy on economic growth. The aggregate growth of the economy under autocracy remained better as compared to democratic period. Financial indicators show consistent path through out the history of Pakistan. Different trade policies are designed in different regime to run the external sector and the impact of each policy was different.