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Inflation And Unemployment: Is The Trade-Off Dead Or Alive In Pakistan?, Najid Ahmad, Kausar Yasmeen, Arsalan Ahmad Jan 2013

Inflation And Unemployment: Is The Trade-Off Dead Or Alive In Pakistan?, Najid Ahmad, Kausar Yasmeen, Arsalan Ahmad

Najid Ahmad

The aim of this paper is to identify the relationship betweeninflation and unemployment in Pakistan perspective of Phillips curve. A time series data is used for the period of 1984- 2012. Inflation rate is taken as dependent variable while unemployment rate, exchange rate, trade (percentage of GDP) is taken as independent variables. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) is used after assuring the stationary of the variables with the help of Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) test. The paper has found significant results: there is an inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment rate in Pakistan. Concept of Phillips curve holdtrue in case of ...


Gender Inequality And Economic Growth: A Time Series Analysis For Pakistan, Zahid Pervaiz, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Amatul R. Chaudhary Jan 2011

Gender Inequality And Economic Growth: A Time Series Analysis For Pakistan, Zahid Pervaiz, Muhammad Irfan Chani, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Amatul R. Chaudhary

Muhammad Irfan Chani

This paper attempts to analyze the impact of gender inequality on economic growth of Pakistan. An annual time series data for the period of 1972-2009 has been used in this study. We have regressed growth rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita on labour force growth, investment, trade openness and a composite index of gender inequality. The results reveal that labour force growth, investment and trade openness have statistically significant and positive impact whereas gender inequality has a significant and negative effect on economic growth of Pakistan.


Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani Jan 2008

Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Pakistan showed a healthy growth rate of 5.6 percent during the entire history and faced many ups and downs in economic growth due to dramatic changes in political regimes. The literature shows mixed results regarding the impact of autocracy or democracy on economic growth. The aggregate growth of the economy under autocracy remained better as compared to democratic period. Financial indicators show consistent path through out the history of Pakistan. Different trade policies are designed in different regime to run the external sector and the impact of each policy was different.