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Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Notes On The Policy Seminar On Inequality And Development, Held On The 26th Of September 2014 At The Ministry Of Foreign Affairs Of Finland, J. G. A. Saviranta Sep 2014

Notes On The Policy Seminar On Inequality And Development, Held On The 26th Of September 2014 At The Ministry Of Foreign Affairs Of Finland, J. G. A. Saviranta

Akseli Saviranta

The following document presents summarised key notes from the United Nations University – World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) policy seminar titled “Inequality and Development – Trends and Policies”. This policy seminar represented a follow-up to a prior two-day conference organised earlier in the same month by the same institute, in which the author has participated as well.


Reducing Global Carbon: Creating An American Policy, Cameron Otsuka Aug 2014

Reducing Global Carbon: Creating An American Policy, Cameron Otsuka

Economics Theses

The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) first assessment report, released in 1990, calculated that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions had been responsible for more than half of the greenhouse gas effect. As of 2006, the United States, China, and European Union (EU) consume 56% of global CO2 emissions (Brinkley & Less, 2010). Figure 1, below, shows that CO2 levels have continued to rise at basically the same rate since before the 1960s (Tans & Keeling). 23 years later, on September 27, 2013, the IPCC released its fifth assessment report, concluding that climate change is the result of human activity ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


China's Unbalanced Development, And What We Can Learn From It, Manfredo F. Camperio Ciani Apr 2014

China's Unbalanced Development, And What We Can Learn From It, Manfredo F. Camperio Ciani

Senior Theses and Projects

This paper argues that China’s development is unbalanced, and to see the unbalance we must divide the concept of development into different categories representing its different aspects, such as economic, urban, social, and sustainable. By looking at the different characteristics of development through time, it is possible to see where the unbalance lies. Furthermore, we learn that by categorizing the nature of development, we can gain a more comprehensive insight into the development of individual countries. In conclusion, this paper proposes the creation of a possible Development Index, as it can provide greater understanding of each country’s development.


China-U.S. Trade Issues, Wayne M. Morrison Aug 2011

China-U.S. Trade Issues, Wayne M. Morrison

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] Opinions differ as to the most effective way of dealing with China on major economic issues. Some support a policy of engagement with China using various forums, such as the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED). Others support a somewhat mixed policy of using engagement when possible, coupled with a more aggressive use of WTO dispute settlement procedures to address China’s unfair trade policies. Still others, who see China as a growing threat to the U.S. economy and the global trading system, advocate a policy of trying to contain China’s economic power and ...


Fapri-Isu 2011 World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R.F. Dumortier, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Juan Francisco Rosas Apr 2011

Fapri-Isu 2011 World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Jerome R.F. Dumortier, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Juan Francisco Rosas

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI-ISU 2011 World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. These projections are intended for use by farmers, U.S. Congress, government agencies and officials, agribusinesses, and others who do medium-range and long-term planning. This outlook introduces a fertilizer model and a cellulosic ethanol model and presents an improved greenhouse gas emission accounting model. This allows FAPRI-ISU to include in its outlook projections of world fertilizer use by nutrient, by country, by commodity, and by year, and projections ...


Fapri 2010 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Marcelo Moreira, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack Jan 2010

Fapri 2010 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Kranti Mulik, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Marcelo Moreira, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2010 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by IHS Global Insight.


Fapri 2009 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Browhn, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack Jan 2009

Fapri 2009 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Xiaodong Du, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Browhn, Scott Gerlt, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2009 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by IHS Global Insight.


Fapri 2008 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Jun Ruan, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack Jan 2008

Fapri 2008 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Miguel Carriquiry, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Chad Hart, Dermot J. Hayes, Karen Kovarik, Jun Ruan, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, William H. Meyers, Wyatt Thompson, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox, Abner W. Womack

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2008 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by Global Insight.


Oil. The Geopolitics Of Oil And Natural Gas, Alan Larson Jul 2007

Oil. The Geopolitics Of Oil And Natural Gas, Alan Larson

New England Journal of Public Policy

Ensuring the reliability of global energy supplies will call for policies that both encourage the use of newer, cleaner energy technologies and address the political challenges posed by the world’s growing demand for oil and natural gas. U.S. policy seeks to encourage expansion and diversification of world energy supplies and to promote the transparency and democratic institutions that help energy-producing countries make the most productive use of their resources.


Fapri 2007 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox Jan 2007

Fapri 2007 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2007 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. The outlook uses a macroeconomic forecast developed by Global Insight.


U.S. Sugar Policy Options And Their Consequences Under Nafta And Doha, David Abler, John C. Beghin, David Blandford, Amani E. Elobeid Jun 2006

U.S. Sugar Policy Options And Their Consequences Under Nafta And Doha, David Abler, John C. Beghin, David Blandford, Amani E. Elobeid

CARD Working Papers

We analyze the potential impact of continuing the existing U.S. sugar program, replacing it with a standard program, and implementing the standard program with multilateral trade liberalization. Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), duty-free sugar imports from Mexico will undermine the program’s ability to operate on a “no-cost” basis to U.S. taxpayers. As the Mexican beverage industry is likely to expand considerably its highfructose corn syrup use, the sugar thereby displaced will seek a market in the United States. Under these conditions, marketing allotments could not be utilized under current legislation and prices would likely ...


Fapri 2006 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse Jan 2006

Fapri 2006 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Simla Tokgoz, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Eric Wailes, Ed Chavez, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2006 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade under average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. Despite continued high energy prices, world economic growth is expected to remain strong in the coming decade, above 3% per annum. Other major drivers of the 2006 baseline include new bio-energy policies in several large countries, EU sugar policy reform, sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) shocks in livestock and poultry markets, and movements in the exchange rate.


Fapri 2005 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Holger Matthey, Alexander E. Saak, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox Jan 2005

Fapri 2005 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Holger Matthey, Alexander E. Saak, Simla Tokgoz, Eric Wailes, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Patrick C. Westhoff, Lori Wilcox

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2005 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents final projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade. The projections assume average weather patterns, existing farm policy, and policy commitments under current trade agreements and custom unions. Major drivers of the 2005 baseline include continuing strong economic growth worldwide, recovery from past weather shocks in key producing countries, recent SPS shocks, and the U.S. dollar’s weakness in industrialized countries and its strength in Latin America.


Fapri 2004 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Holger Matthey, Alexander E. Saak, Simla Tokgoz, Ed Chavez, Eric Wailes, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Patrick C. Westhoff Jan 2004

Fapri 2004 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, John C. Beghin, Fengxia Dong, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Holger Matthey, Alexander E. Saak, Simla Tokgoz, Ed Chavez, Eric Wailes, Abner W. Womack, William H. Meyers, Julian Binfield, D. Scott Brown, John Kruse, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Patrick C. Westhoff

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2004 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents final projections of world agricultural production, consumption, and trade. Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) projections assume average weather patterns worldwide, existing policy, policy commitments under current trade agreements, and new policy changes such as the enlargement of the European Union and Common Agricultural Policy reforms. FAPRI projections do not include conjectures on potential policy changes. The major macroeconomic drivers of the 2004 FAPRI baseline are the continuing solid economic growth worldwide, and currency movements against the U.S. dollar.


Fapri 2003 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Holger Matthey, Murat Isik, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Chad Hart, Alexander E. Saak, Frank Fuller, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Patrick C. Westhoff, D. Scott Brown, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse, Julian Binfield Jan 2003

Fapri 2003 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Holger Matthey, Murat Isik, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Chad Hart, Alexander E. Saak, Frank Fuller, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Patrick C. Westhoff, D. Scott Brown, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse, Julian Binfield

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2003 World Agriculture Outlook presents final projections of FAPRI's agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade. FAPRI projections assume average weather patterns worldwide, existing policy, policy commitments under current trade agreements, and recent policy changes such as the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002. FAPRI projections do not include conjectures on potential policy changes such as the various proposals under consideration in the WTO Doha Round negotiations. The major macroeconomic drivers of the 2003 FAPRI baseline are the deepening crisis in Latin America,; full economic recovery in many countries in the next two ...


Fapri 2002 World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Stéphane De Cara, Amani E. Elobeid, Cheng Fang, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Murat Isik, Holger Matthey, Alexander E. Saak, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse, Julian Binfield Jan 2002

Fapri 2002 World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Stéphane De Cara, Amani E. Elobeid, Cheng Fang, Frank Fuller, Chad Hart, Murat Isik, Holger Matthey, Alexander E. Saak, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse, Julian Binfield

FAPRI Staff Reports

The FAPRI 2002 World Agricultural Outlook presents final projections of FAPRI’s agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade. FAPRI projections assume average weather patterns worldwide, existing policy, policy commitments under current trade agreements, and recent policy changes such as the accession of China and Taiwan to the WTO. FAPRI projections do not include conjectures on potential policy changes. The major macroeconomic drivers of the 2002 FAPRI baseline are the deepening crisis in Argentina, the U.S. dollar’s continuing strength relative to most other currencies, and the progressive recovery of economic activities in most OECD countries over ...


Quantification Of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, And Technical Barriers To Trade For Trade Policy Analysis, John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau Dec 2001

Quantification Of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, And Technical Barriers To Trade For Trade Policy Analysis, John C. Beghin, Jean-Christophe Bureau

CARD Working Papers

This paper presents promising methodologies for modeling and quantifying non-tariff barriers (NTB) to trade in the agricultural and food sectors. We limit the analysis to sanitary, phytosanitary, and technical regulations that can have an impact on trade and to methods that provide some quantitative estimates of the impact of such barriers on market equilibrium, trade flows, economic efficiency, and welfare. Given the heterogeneous nature of these regulations, a unifying methodology does not exist. Quantification of the effects of such measures has focused on a particular product and has relied on methods that belong to different fields of the economic literature ...


Fapri 2001 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Frank Fuller, Samarendu Mohanty, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Philip Kaus, Cheng Fang, Holger Matthey, Stéphane De Cara, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse Jan 2001

Fapri 2001 U.S. And World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Frank Fuller, Samarendu Mohanty, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Philip Kaus, Cheng Fang, Holger Matthey, Stéphane De Cara, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse

FAPRI Staff Reports

The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares a preliminary agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade every fall. This is followed by an outside review, re-evaluation of projections, and completion of the final baseline. The FAPRI 2001 U.S. and World Agricultural Outlook presents these final projections for domestic and world agricultural markets.


Fapri 2000 World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Samarendu Mohanty, Frank Fuller, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Philip Kaus, Cheng Fang, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Gregg Suhler, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse Jan 2000

Fapri 2000 World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Samarendu Mohanty, Frank Fuller, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Philip Kaus, Cheng Fang, Chad Hart, Karen Kovarik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Gregg Suhler, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, John Kruse

FAPRI Staff Reports

The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares a preliminary agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade every fall. This is followed by an outside review, re-evaluation of projections, and completion of the final baseline in January. The FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook presents these final projections for world agricultural markets. A companion volume, the FAPRI 2000 U.S. Agricultural Outlook, presents the U.S. component of the baseline.


Fapri 1999 World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Samarendu Mohanty, Frank Fuller, Sudhir Chaudhary, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Karen Kovarik, Chad Hart, Cheng Fang, Philip Kaus, Manta Naik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Gregg Suhler, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Wyatt Thompson, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Russell C. Mills, Peter T. Zimmel, Vernon Lansford, John Kruse Jan 1999

Fapri 1999 World Agricultural Outlook, Bruce A. Babcock, John C. Beghin, Samarendu Mohanty, Frank Fuller, Sudhir Chaudhary, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Karen Kovarik, Chad Hart, Cheng Fang, Philip Kaus, Manta Naik, Abner W. Womack, Robert E. Young Ii, Gregg Suhler, Patrick C. Westhoff, Joe Trujillo, D. Scott Brown, Gary M. Adams, Brian Willott, Wyatt Thompson, Daniel Madison, Seth Meyer, Russell C. Mills, Peter T. Zimmel, Vernon Lansford, John Kruse

FAPRI Staff Reports

The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares baseline projections each year for the U.S. agricultural sector and international commodity markets. FAPRI projections assume average weather patterns worldwide, existing policy and policy commitments under existing trade agreements, but do not make conjectures on likely reforms such as the European Union’s (EU) “Agenda 2000” or the forthcoming round of the World Trade Organization (WTO).


Theory And Practice In The Career Of Fernando Henrique Cardoso: Part Iii, Editor Jul 1997

Theory And Practice In The Career Of Fernando Henrique Cardoso: Part Iii, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This is the third and final installment of an article which provides an analysis of an individual accomplished as a scholar of politics (through sociology) and a formal politician. The author is Dr. Ted Goertzel of Rutgers University. He can be reached at goertzel@crab.rutgers.edu.


Preparing For Accession To The Eu: Transition Policies For Transition Economies, Natalija Kazlauskiene, William H. Meyers Jul 1996

Preparing For Accession To The Eu: Transition Policies For Transition Economies, Natalija Kazlauskiene, William H. Meyers

BALTIC Reports

All or most of the Central and East European Countries (CEECs), including Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, are waiting for, and are at various stages of preparing for, integration with the European Union (EU). It is no longer a question of whether this will occur, but rather a question of when and how. Today, it is clear that in its enlargement strategy, the EU is likely to treat the associated countries as one or more regional blocks and strongly encourage closer cooperation within and among these regions prior to accession. Agriculture is only one of numerous sectors that have to deal ...


Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On Agricultural Commodity Markets: Implications For Russia, William H. Meyers Apr 1996

Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On Agricultural Commodity Markets: Implications For Russia, William H. Meyers

GATT Research Papers

Meyers uses the FAPRI agricultural commodity models to help analyze how the final passage of the GATT agreement will impact Russia, the Newly Independent States (NIS), and Central and Eastern Europe. While there are benefits from the GATT accord, he notes that the GATT agreement cannot be seen as a substitute for the efforts that are needed on developing more efficient production and processing systems, improved marketing infrastructure, and improved quality and diversity of products.


Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On The World Rice Market, Karen Oerter Feb 1995

Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On The World Rice Market, Karen Oerter

GATT Research Papers

How will the world rice market be affected by the reductions in agricultural trade barriers produced by the Uruguay Round GATT agreement? A CARD/ FAPRI study projects that by 2002 the world rice market will be substantially affected, not only because of greater access commitments by Japan and the Republic of Korea, but also from expected increases in world consumption that will be stimulated by rising incomes, especially in the developing world.


Agreement On Agriculture In The Uruguay Round Of Gatt: From Punta Del Este To Marrakesh, Zuhair A. Hassan Feb 1995

Agreement On Agriculture In The Uruguay Round Of Gatt: From Punta Del Este To Marrakesh, Zuhair A. Hassan

GATT Research Papers

This paper provides an overview of the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations, along with a discussion of the key elements of the final Agreement on Agriculture (market access, domestic support, and export competition), the nature of the exemptions available to developing countries, and exemption from the general rules. World price impacts of implementing the agreement are also considered.


An Analysis Of The Cap Reform, Michael D. Helmar, Deborah L. Stephens, K. Eswaramoorthy, D. Scott Brown, Dermot J. Hayes, Robert Young, William H. Meyers Apr 1994

An Analysis Of The Cap Reform, Michael D. Helmar, Deborah L. Stephens, K. Eswaramoorthy, D. Scott Brown, Dermot J. Hayes, Robert Young, William H. Meyers

GATT Research Papers

The Treaty of Rome, which established the European Economic Community in 1957, defined the objectives of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). These objectives, contained in Article 39, follow: 1) Increase agricultural productivity by promoting technical progress and by ensuring rational development of agricultural production and optimum use of the production factors, particularly labor. 2) Ensure a fair standard of living for the agricultural community, in particular by increasing the individual earning of the persons engaged in agriculture. 3) Stabilize markets. 4) Assure the availability of supplies. 5) Ensure that supplies reach consumers at reasonable prices. The objectives of the CAP ...


Cap Reform Studies: A Comparison, Chad E. Hart, Michael D. Helmar, Dermot J. Hayes, William H. Meyers Apr 1994

Cap Reform Studies: A Comparison, Chad E. Hart, Michael D. Helmar, Dermot J. Hayes, William H. Meyers

GATT Research Papers

Since the convening of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), agricultural trade policies have been a prime issue of these negotiations. The European Union (EU) Agricultural Commission responded to the pressures of such focus on agricultural policies as well as to internal budget pressures by submitting the 1992 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform package, a unilateral move by the EU to answer both internal and external concerns. A number of economic studies have examined the 1992 CAP reform package in order to assess its impacts on the EU and world agriculture. This paper summarizes ...


Indonesian Agriculture And Gatt, Justo Manrique Mar 1994

Indonesian Agriculture And Gatt, Justo Manrique

GATT Research Papers

This paper attempts to determine the possible impacts of a General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) agreement on the Indonesian agricultural sector. The emphasis of the study is analytical. In particular, the study focuses on how eliminating internal price support policies and trade barriers will affect agricultural production, food security, the Indonesian trade position in world agricultural markets, and income distribution among the urban and rural sectors and low- and high-income farmers over the short and long terms. A liberalized trading system is expected to contribute to a stable Indonesian food supply.


The Ec Livestock Sector: Policy, Trade, And Research, Dermot J. Hayes, John Murphy, David A. Hennessy Feb 1994

The Ec Livestock Sector: Policy, Trade, And Research, Dermot J. Hayes, John Murphy, David A. Hennessy

GATT Research Papers

Livestock policies in the European Community (EC) are explained and analyzed. Then we provide a review of the literature on models that attempt to explain livestock production and meat demand in the EC.