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Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Meat Traceability And Consumer Assurance In Japan, Roxanne L. B. Clemens Sep 2003

Meat Traceability And Consumer Assurance In Japan, Roxanne L. B. Clemens

MATRIC Briefing Papers

Japanese consumers are sophisticated, highly conscious of food quality and safety, and willing to pay for attributes they believe define a high-quality, safe product. A recent series of domestic and international food safety crises have elevated the importance of meat safety among Japanese consumers. The Japanese government and food industry are implementing new policies and systems intended to assure consumers that the food supply is safe and wholesome. Given that these systems tend to focus heavily on consumer assurance programs and traceability, this paper examines the demand for such programs from the perspective of Japanese meat importers, processors, and retailers ...


Emerging Forms Of Competitive Advantage: Implications For Agricultural Producers, Michael J. Barone, Thomas E. Decarlo Mar 2003

Emerging Forms Of Competitive Advantage: Implications For Agricultural Producers, Michael J. Barone, Thomas E. Decarlo

MATRIC Research Papers

Traditional recommendations for building sustainable competitive advantages revolve around differentiating a product from the competition along attributes that are important and relevant to customers. However, strategic approaches based on such notions do not represent viable options for companies competing in commodity markets characterized by a lack of physical product differentiation. The objective of this paper is to conduct a literature review with the aim of identifying alternative approaches to creating competitive advantage that can be used even under conditions in which no differences in actual quality exist across products. This review of the literature uncovered three non-traditional strategies that provide ...


Aquaculture, Michael Rice Dec 2002

Aquaculture, Michael Rice

Michael A Rice

This is the chapter on small-scale aquaculture within a volume intended as a guide for practitioners engaged in sustainable rural livelihood and food production projects in the developing world. Included in this chapter on aquaculture are fundamentals of aquaculture water quality, selection of sites and construction methods for fish ponds, and management techniques for carp and tilapia which are nutritious and easy to grow in artisanal ponds. The fundamentals of cage culture of fish is also covered, along with the fundamentals of culturing oysters and other molluscan shellfish in coastal waters.