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International Economics Commons

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1996

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Emerging Price Support Systems In Central European Agriculture: Examples From Hungary And Lithuania, William H. Meyers, Natalija Kazlauskiene Dec 1996

Emerging Price Support Systems In Central European Agriculture: Examples From Hungary And Lithuania, William H. Meyers, Natalija Kazlauskiene

BALTIC Reports

The conventional wisdom on agricultural trade has been that trade barriers are primarily determined by domestic agricultural and food price policies. For example, European Union (EU) import levies and export subsidies were determined by intervention and threshold prices, and U.S. sugar import quotas were driven by the domestic price support level. This is why agricultural trade barriers escaped General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) jurisdiction for so long and why even the modest liberalization of the Uruguay Round Agreement with respect to agricultural products was so difficult to achieve. Liberalization of agricultural trade in many countries required changes ...


Exchange Rate Overvaluation Under Hyperinflation : The Case Of Peru, Rafael Amiel-Saenz Nov 1996

Exchange Rate Overvaluation Under Hyperinflation : The Case Of Peru, Rafael Amiel-Saenz

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the behavior of the exchange rate under two different scenarios. The first one is characterized by, relatively, low inflation or a situation where prices adjust sluggishly. The second is a high inflation economy where prices respond very rapidly even to unanticipated shocks. In the first one, following a monetary expansion, the exchange rate overshoots, i.e. the nominal exchange rate depreciates at a faster pace than the price level. Under high levels of inflation, prices change faster than the exchange rate so the exchange rate undershoots its long run equilibrium value.

The standard work in this area ...


A Reexamination Of Price Dynamics In The International Wheat Market, Samarendu Mohanty, William H. Meyers, Darnell B. Smith Nov 1996

A Reexamination Of Price Dynamics In The International Wheat Market, Samarendu Mohanty, William H. Meyers, Darnell B. Smith

CARD Working Papers

The international wheat market has received much attention from researchers because of the perception that noncompetitive elements exist in the market. This study examines price dynamics among the United States, Canada, Australia, the European Union, and Argentina using a cointegration and error correction approach. Unlike some past studies, the results here suggest that there is no distinct price leader in the international wheat market.


Preparing For Accession To The Eu: Transition Policies For Transition Economies, Natalija Kazlauskiene, William H. Meyers Jul 1996

Preparing For Accession To The Eu: Transition Policies For Transition Economies, Natalija Kazlauskiene, William H. Meyers

BALTIC Reports

All or most of the Central and East European Countries (CEECs), including Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, are waiting for, and are at various stages of preparing for, integration with the European Union (EU). It is no longer a question of whether this will occur, but rather a question of when and how. Today, it is clear that in its enlargement strategy, the EU is likely to treat the associated countries as one or more regional blocks and strongly encourage closer cooperation within and among these regions prior to accession. Agriculture is only one of numerous sectors that have to deal ...


The Impact Of Colonialism On African Economic Development, Joshua Dwayne Settles May 1996

The Impact Of Colonialism On African Economic Development, Joshua Dwayne Settles

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On Agricultural Commodity Markets: Implications For Russia, William H. Meyers Apr 1996

Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On Agricultural Commodity Markets: Implications For Russia, William H. Meyers

GATT Research Papers

Meyers uses the FAPRI agricultural commodity models to help analyze how the final passage of the GATT agreement will impact Russia, the Newly Independent States (NIS), and Central and Eastern Europe. While there are benefits from the GATT accord, he notes that the GATT agreement cannot be seen as a substitute for the efforts that are needed on developing more efficient production and processing systems, improved marketing infrastructure, and improved quality and diversity of products.


Deforestation And Rural Poverty In Developing Countries: The Role Of Social Work, Shanta Pandey Mar 1996

Deforestation And Rural Poverty In Developing Countries: The Role Of Social Work, Shanta Pandey

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

To alleviate rural poverty most developing countries have been launching a wide variety of rural development activities. In this paper I discuss the relationship between deforestation and rural poverty, policies governing reforestation initiatives and the role of social workers in these efforts. The paper argues for and illustrates the various roles social workers can play in development programs to alleviate rural poverty in developing countries.


The Impact Of Market Economy Transition On Social Security And Social Welfare In Poland, Morgan A. Tracy, Martin B. Tracy Mar 1996

The Impact Of Market Economy Transition On Social Security And Social Welfare In Poland, Morgan A. Tracy, Martin B. Tracy

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The development of certain facets of Poland's social protection system since the collapse of state socialism in 1989 is analyzed using a comparative policy process analysis model. Particulara ttention is given to the programs of social assistance, child-care and family benefits, and old-age pensions in the Polish context. On the basis of the analysis it is argued that policy makers should give greater consideration to Poland's unique historical and cultural experience relative to addressing social issues.


The Marginalization Of Social Welfare In Developing Countries: The Relevance Of Theories Of Social Policy Development, Kwong-Leung Tang Mar 1996

The Marginalization Of Social Welfare In Developing Countries: The Relevance Of Theories Of Social Policy Development, Kwong-Leung Tang

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Social welfare development has been marginalized in many developing countries. This study examines the social policies of developing countries and refers to four major theories of social policy development (social conscience, modernization, dependency and diffusion) to see if they offer an explanation of the phenomenon. It is argued that dependency theory and diffusion theory provide better interpretations than the other two theories. The paper shows how theories of social policy have international relevance in explaining current trends in social welfare.


Equality And Family Policy In International Perspective: Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State, Patricia Spakes Mar 1996

Equality And Family Policy In International Perspective: Toward A Feminist Theory Of The State, Patricia Spakes

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This three country comparison uses case studies of family policy in Britain, Canada and the US to explain how governments utilize family policies to maintain patriarchal systems and to promote labor force and economic goals. The paper examines how equality/difference theories are applied in family policy. Propositions are developed in order to provide a basis for developing new approaches to family policy based on gender equality.


Technology Transfer And Integrated Social Development: International Issues And Possibilities For Social Work, James O. Billups,, Maria C. Julia, Mar 1996

Technology Transfer And Integrated Social Development: International Issues And Possibilities For Social Work, James O. Billups,, Maria C. Julia,

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Technology transfer and integrated social development are closely linked aspects of social work practice that deserve more serious attention than they have received to date. Social workers need to play more knowledgeable and active roles in utilizing a broad-scale partnership model that will help communities and societies screen and adapt technologies so that they can be appropriately integrated with people's values, culture, concerns and aspirations. Everyone should ultimately benefit if the poor and disempowered peoples of the world in particular become the primary focus and the beneficiaries of less arrogant and more inclusive strategies of technology transfer. The aim ...


Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xiv, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies Mar 1996

Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xiv, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Time Series Evidence Of Relationships Between U.S. And Canadian Wheat Prices, Samarendu Mohanty, Darnell B. Smith, E. Wesley F. Peterson Feb 1996

Time Series Evidence Of Relationships Between U.S. And Canadian Wheat Prices, Samarendu Mohanty, Darnell B. Smith, E. Wesley F. Peterson

CARD Working Papers

U.S. wheat producers contend that Canadian production subsidies and implicit export subsidies have undermined the U.S. price support program. The authors examine this contention and assess the relationships between U.S. and Canadian wheat prices using a cointegration and error approach. The results suggest that both U.S. durum and hard spring wheat prices respond to restore the equilibrium relationship with the corresponding Canadian price while the Canadian price does not respond to restore equilibria.


Law Of One Price In International Commodity Markets: A Fractional Cointegration Analysis, Samarendu Mohanty, Darnell B. Smith, E. Wesley F. Peterson, William H. Meyers Feb 1996

Law Of One Price In International Commodity Markets: A Fractional Cointegration Analysis, Samarendu Mohanty, Darnell B. Smith, E. Wesley F. Peterson, William H. Meyers

CARD Working Papers

The Law of One Price (LOP) is an important component of most, if not all, international trade models because this assumption allows researchers to use a single representative price for all regions. This paper examines the long-run LOP for international commodity prices using a generalized notion of cointegration called fractional cointegration. This analysis is applied to nine pairs of price series, supporting the existence of LOP in eight cases.


Global Technological Integration, Intellectual Property Rights, And Competition Law: Some Introductory Comments, David J. Gerber Jan 1996

Global Technological Integration, Intellectual Property Rights, And Competition Law: Some Introductory Comments, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


International Trade And Competition Law In Japan, David J. Gerber Jan 1996

International Trade And Competition Law In Japan, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Rising Temperatures: Rising Tides, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Jan 1996

Rising Temperatures: Rising Tides, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Transboundary environmental problems do not distinguish between political boundaries. Global warming is expected to cause thermal expansion of water and melt glaciers. Both are predicted to lead to a rise in sea level. We must enlarge our paradigms to encompass a global reality and reliance upon global participation.


Export Competitiveness Of China And Asean In The Us Market, Thomas J. Voon Jan 1996

Export Competitiveness Of China And Asean In The Us Market, Thomas J. Voon

CAPS Working Paper Series

This paper aims to provide a comparison of the changing pattern of export competitiveness among China and the four ASEAN countries comprising Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand (hereafter ASEAN-4) as exporters of primary commodities, labour-intensive goods as well as technology-intensive manufactures in the US market. Competitiveness is defined as country A’s ability to gain market share on a common export destination (such as the US import market). There are many popssible factors contributing to the changing level of competitiveness of a trading country. In this paper, we confine our analyss to evaluating how important relative changes in real exchange ...


Of Chinese Walls, Battering Rams, And Building Permits: Five Lessons About International Economic Law From Sino-U.S. Trade And Investment Relations, Jacques Delisle Jan 1996

Of Chinese Walls, Battering Rams, And Building Permits: Five Lessons About International Economic Law From Sino-U.S. Trade And Investment Relations, Jacques Delisle

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Wage And Employment Effects Of The North American Free Trade Agreement On The U.S. Manufacturing Sector, Abm Ekramul Nasir Jan 1996

Wage And Employment Effects Of The North American Free Trade Agreement On The U.S. Manufacturing Sector, Abm Ekramul Nasir

Masters Theses

According to the conventional theories of international trade, trade liberalization equalizes factor prices across countries involved in trade. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a newer form of regional economic integration between a developing country, Mexico, and two developed countries, the United States and Canada. Complying with proposition of conventional theories, it is rational to expect that NAFTA will lead to equalization of factor prices among theses three countries. On the other hand, the existence of a wide gap in wages between the United States and Mexico may lead to lower wages in the U.S.A. This ...