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International Economics Commons

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1995

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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Some New Ethanol Technology: Cost Competition And Adoption Effects In The Petroleum Market, Paul Gallagher, Donald L. Johnson Dec 1995

Some New Ethanol Technology: Cost Competition And Adoption Effects In The Petroleum Market, Paul Gallagher, Donald L. Johnson

Economic Staff Paper Series

Growing dependence on imported oil has been a source of concern in the United States, despite potential consumer benefits from low cost imports. Much attention has focused on exposure to the instability of the world petroleum markets. Disadvantages that are associated with an embargo include incomplete adjustment with asset-fixity and unemployment (Tolly and Wilman, Broadman and Bruce). Offsetting use of policy instruments, such as import tax increases that reduce demand while acquiring strategic petroleum reserve (SPR), are effective at improving consumer welfare when embargo uncertainty is present (Teisburg, T.J.). Similarly, Yucell demonstrated the effectiveness of a combined gasoline tax ...


Meat Exports Or Soybean Exports? An Iowa Perspective, Dermot J. Hayes Aug 1995

Meat Exports Or Soybean Exports? An Iowa Perspective, Dermot J. Hayes

CARD Briefing Papers

How would a representative Iowa soybean producer optimally allocate promotional dollars? Hayes suggests in this study that producers will accrue more positive economic results from funding meat exports rather than soybean exports. Meat exports that originate in Iowa cause local and national prices to rise, and promotional dollars spent to increase markets are best spent on markets with growth potential (in this case, the pork export market is particularly critical).


Competition Law And International Trade: The European Union And The Neo-Liberal Factor, David J. Gerber Jul 1995

Competition Law And International Trade: The European Union And The Neo-Liberal Factor, David J. Gerber

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xiii, No. 2, Wku Latin American Studies May 1995

Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xiii, No. 2, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Is The Transition Of The National Currencies Into A Single European Currency Under The Conditions Of The Maastricht Treaty Realistic?, Delphine Contoz Apr 1995

Is The Transition Of The National Currencies Into A Single European Currency Under The Conditions Of The Maastricht Treaty Realistic?, Delphine Contoz

Student Theses, Dissertations, Portfolios and Projects

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China: Financial Reform: 1979-1994, Bobby Bao Apr 1995

China: Financial Reform: 1979-1994, Bobby Bao

Business, Accounting and Economics Undergraduate Theses

A new world power is emerging. China, the land of 1.2 billion "descendants of the Dragon," is impressing the whole world with its expedient growth in recent years. Media all over the globe attribute this to the economic reforms that have been taking place since 1978. The reforms have brought a variety of new, market-oriented constituents into the previously sluggish economy. Private firms, collective enterprises, joint-stock enterprises, non-bank financial institutions, ( i.e. urban/rural credit unions, mutual funds, insurance companies, stock exchange markets) and many other non-traditional economic entities have proliferated during this period. These new economic forms, along ...


Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On The World Rice Market, Karen Oerter Feb 1995

Impacts Of The Uruguay Round On The World Rice Market, Karen Oerter

GATT Research Papers

How will the world rice market be affected by the reductions in agricultural trade barriers produced by the Uruguay Round GATT agreement? A CARD/ FAPRI study projects that by 2002 the world rice market will be substantially affected, not only because of greater access commitments by Japan and the Republic of Korea, but also from expected increases in world consumption that will be stimulated by rising incomes, especially in the developing world.


Agreement On Agriculture In The Uruguay Round Of Gatt: From Punta Del Este To Marrakesh, Zuhair A. Hassan Feb 1995

Agreement On Agriculture In The Uruguay Round Of Gatt: From Punta Del Este To Marrakesh, Zuhair A. Hassan

GATT Research Papers

This paper provides an overview of the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations, along with a discussion of the key elements of the final Agreement on Agriculture (market access, domestic support, and export competition), the nature of the exemptions available to developing countries, and exemption from the general rules. World price impacts of implementing the agreement are also considered.


L'Entreprise En Droit, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 1995

L'Entreprise En Droit, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


La Economía Política Del Tlc, La Crisis Global Y México, Melvin Burke Jan 1995

La Economía Política Del Tlc, La Crisis Global Y México, Melvin Burke

School of Economics Faculty Scholarship

El Tratado de Libre Comercio (TLC)1 acordado entre Canadá, Estados Unidos y México es una extensión lógica y probablemente inevitable del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos y Canadá. Ambos acuerdos son controvertidos y, con buena razón, existe una oposición pública masiva a ellos. Nunca se ha podido dar una explicación creíble sobre la necesidad del acuerdo a la población de estas tres democracias. Contrariamente a las afirma-ciones de los propulsores y de los gobiernos responsables de estos acuerdos, no existen garantías de que se consigan los beneficios netos señalados por ellos. Tampoco está claro quiénes saldrán beneficiados ...


Monopoly Power In Domestic Production, Smuggling, And The Non-Equivalence Between Tariffs And Quotas, Harvey E. Lapan, Bruno Larue Jan 1995

Monopoly Power In Domestic Production, Smuggling, And The Non-Equivalence Between Tariffs And Quotas, Harvey E. Lapan, Bruno Larue

Economic Staff Paper Series

During the last thirty years, one of the most popular research topics in international trade has been the non-equivalence among policy instruments such as specific and ad valorem import tariffs, voluntary export restraints and import quotas. The non-equivalence principle was shown to hold under revenue/rent seeking behavior (Vousden, 1990), under uncertainty (Young and Anderson, 1982), and in the presence of retaliation (Melvin, 1986; Syropoulos, 1994). Furthermore, it has been shown that different policy instruments have different effects on the stability of world prices (Zwart and Blandford, 1989) in addition to having different effects on the quality/composition of imports ...


The Role Of The Republic Of China In The World Economy, Chu-Yuan Cheng Jan 1995

The Role Of The Republic Of China In The World Economy, Chu-Yuan Cheng

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Assisting Workers Displaced By Structural Change: An International Perspective, Duane E. Leigh Jan 1995

Assisting Workers Displaced By Structural Change: An International Perspective, Duane E. Leigh

Upjohn Press

Leigh begins by providing a summary of the evolution of labor market programs in seven industrialized countries: Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the U.S. He points out that a number of these nations are dealing with long-term unemployment by linking unemployment insurance benefits to participation in labor market programs, and that this is a requirement U.S. policy makers should examine closely. Leigh also performs informal cross-country evaluations of these countries' programs,focusing on policies he feels merit attention. A three-level active labor market program is then proposed for the U.S.


An Economic Analysis Of Trade Measures To Protect The Global Environment, Howard F. Chang Jan 1995

An Economic Analysis Of Trade Measures To Protect The Global Environment, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this article, Professor Howard Chang addresses the role of trade restrictions in supporting policies to protect the global environment and proposes a more liberal treatment of these environmental trade measures than that adopted by dispute-settlement panels of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The GATT Secretariat has recommended that countries like the United States rely on "carrots" rather than "sticks" in order to induce the participation of other countries in multilateral environmental agreements. Professor Chang defends the use of sticks on the ground that they encourage more restrained exploitation of the environment pending a multilateral agreement. First ...


Cross-Cultural Commerce In Shakespeare's The Merchant Of Venice, Anita L. Allen, Michael R. Seidl Jan 1995

Cross-Cultural Commerce In Shakespeare's The Merchant Of Venice, Anita L. Allen, Michael R. Seidl

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Stabilization And Structural Adjustment Procedures Of The International Monetary Fund And The World Bank, Douglas A. Reznick Jan 1995

The Stabilization And Structural Adjustment Procedures Of The International Monetary Fund And The World Bank, Douglas A. Reznick

Masters Theses

The IMF and the World Bank began to attach structural adjustment restrictions to many of their loans to developing countries in the early 1980s. Some of these restrictions are not based on solid economic ground and are, in many cases not effective in improving the economic standing of the countries that receive loans. In addition, there was also a misdiagnosis of the problems that occurred in the underdeveloped countries of the world. Under the IMF/World Bank paradigm, the difficulties that most underdeveloped countries experienced were due to internal distortions and non-effective development strategies. Evidence to the contrary shows that ...


Bæredygtig Udnyttelse Af Fornybare Ressourcer: Torskefiskeriet Ved Færøerne, Niels Vestergaard Dec 1994

Bæredygtig Udnyttelse Af Fornybare Ressourcer: Torskefiskeriet Ved Færøerne, Niels Vestergaard

Niels Vestergaard

The Faroe Islands cod fishery is analyzed for the period 1985-1992. It is shown that an approximately optimal and implementable fishery policy based on sustainability have increased the gross national income in the fishery by about 20%. This loss is due to an inoptimal organization of the fishery during that period combined with a very low cod stock at the end of 1992, which means reduced future catch possibilities. that the fishing capacity could have been reduced by about 1/3. The policy of sustainability is applied to the current situation in the fishery, and it is shown that the ...