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International Economics Commons

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1986

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Fapri Trade Model For The Soybean Sector: Specification, Estimation, And Validation, William H. Meyers, Michael D. Helmar, S. Devadoss Dec 1986

Fapri Trade Model For The Soybean Sector: Specification, Estimation, And Validation, William H. Meyers, Michael D. Helmar, S. Devadoss

CARD Staff Reports

The international components and the overall structure of this model are based on recent work by Huyser (1983). The U.S. Structure and components of the model are based on recent work by Ash (1984) and earlier work by Baumes and Meyers (1980) and Meyers and Hacklander (1979). The roots of all these models trace back to the seminal work on the soybean industry by Houck, Ryan, and Subotnik (1972). A review of related modeling work in the soybean sector can be found in Huyser and Ash.


Macroeconomic Impacts On The U.S. Agricultural Sector: A Quantitative Analysis For 1980-84, William H. Meyers, Michael D. Helmar, S. Devadoss, Robert E. Young, David Blandford Nov 1986

Macroeconomic Impacts On The U.S. Agricultural Sector: A Quantitative Analysis For 1980-84, William H. Meyers, Michael D. Helmar, S. Devadoss, Robert E. Young, David Blandford

CARD Working Papers

Agricultural trade problems have been receiving increased attention in the United States for the last few years. The reason is obvious. After a decade during which the value of agricultural exports grew from $8 billion annually to a peak of nearly $44 billion in 1981, both quantities and values of exports have fallen substantially. Recent U.S. Department of Agriculture (*SDA) estimates project $32 billion in farm exports in 1985. In the long history of U.S. agriculture, exports have often been a major force in agricultural prosperity and distress. It is a natural tendency, therefore, to look at export ...


Ec Trade Liberalization And World Trade In Feed Grains: A Comparison And A Criticism, Aniss Bahreinian, William H. Meyers Jul 1986

Ec Trade Liberalization And World Trade In Feed Grains: A Comparison And A Criticism, Aniss Bahreinian, William H. Meyers

CARD Working Papers

Agricultural policies in most countries are aimed at protecting agents involved in food production or consumption from a variety of undesirable outcomes, including: price and/or political instability, food shortages, declining agricultural income and the resulting rural-urban migration. The European Community (EC), formed in 1959, is best organized for the purpose of protecting agricultural producers and in recent years has been the target of criticism by the opponents of this protection.


The Succession Of States And The Problem Of State Debts, P. K. Menon Jun 1986

The Succession Of States And The Problem Of State Debts, P. K. Menon

Boston College Third World Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Planning In Thailand, Final Report, Keith D. Rogers, Daniel C. Tucker Jun 1986

Agricultural Planning In Thailand, Final Report, Keith D. Rogers, Daniel C. Tucker

CARD Staff Reports

The primary purpose of the Agricultural Planning Project (APP) was to strengthen the capabilities of Thailand's Office of Agricultural Economics (OAE) to carry out policy advisory, problem identification and analysis, planning, data management, and integrated project preparation functions. The assistance was designed to increase the OAE's capability to assist the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (MOAC) to more effectively plan and administer its resources to achieve specific policy objectives.


Measuring Foreign Supply Response To Changes In U.S. Prices: An Argentine Example, Patrick C. Westhoff May 1986

Measuring Foreign Supply Response To Changes In U.S. Prices: An Argentine Example, Patrick C. Westhoff

CARD Working Papers

The paper proposes a method to measure foreign supply response to changes in U.S. prices and applies the method to Argentine field crops. Argentine export taxes and marketing margins are endogenized, and price transmission elasticities are calculated. Total area harvested is a function of weighted farm prices, and crop shares are a function of relative prices.

One important concern during the course of debate on the 1985 Farm Bill was how farmers in other countries were likely to respond to changes in U.S. Policies. Those arguing for policies which would reduce commodity prices contended that lower prices would ...


A Review Of Consumer Demand Theory And Food Demand Studies On Indonesia, Tesfaye Teklu, Stanley R. Johnson Apr 1986

A Review Of Consumer Demand Theory And Food Demand Studies On Indonesia, Tesfaye Teklu, Stanley R. Johnson

CARD Staff Reports

Food-pricing policy, for rice in particular, is central to the Indonesian development strategy for agriculture. The rice-pricing policy has the dual roles of providing incentive to producers to regulate production and moderating consumer demand. This policy and the effective administration of the associated pricing scheme have important implications for Indonesia, especially since the policy has been extended in recent years to other staple and secondary food crops.


Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. X, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies Apr 1986

Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. X, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Trade Implications Of The Food Security Act Of 1985, William H. Meyers, Michael D. Helmar Feb 1986

Trade Implications Of The Food Security Act Of 1985, William H. Meyers, Michael D. Helmar

CARD Staff Reports

One of the central themes of the Food Security Act of 1985 (FSA85) is to make the United States more competitive in exporting agricultural commodities. The means to achieve this objective include lower loan rates, marketing loan provisions, and export credits and subsidies. The comprehensive analysis of the FSA85 (Womack et. al.) has taken these programs into account in making estimates of U.S. prices, exports and other performance variables. The purpose of this paper is to focus attention on the foreign import demand and competitor supplies that underlie the U.S. export estimates and to evaluate the responsiveness of ...


Emerging Trade Policy Issues: The Hard Choices, William H. Meyers Feb 1986

Emerging Trade Policy Issues: The Hard Choices, William H. Meyers

CARD Working Papers

Agricultural trade policy has been receiving increased attention in the United States for the last few years. The reason is obvious. After a decade during which the value of agricultural exports grew from $8 billion annually to a peak of nearly $44 billion in 1981, both quantities and values of exports have fallen substantially. Recent U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates project $43 billion in farm exports in 1985. In the long history of U.S. Agriculture, exports have often been a major force in agricultural prosperity and distress. It is a natural tendency therefore, to look at export ...


Strategic Planning Of Seaport Development In A Global Economy: Observations Of An Executive Port Director, Herman L. Boschken Jan 1986

Strategic Planning Of Seaport Development In A Global Economy: Observations Of An Executive Port Director, Herman L. Boschken

Herman L. Boschken

Seaport management is central both to the use of coastal resources and to the needs of a global economy. As a major point of supply-chain activity along the coast and as a source of pollution, ports need to be administered strategically to provide the greatest benefit according to economic and environmental demands. This article is an annotated conversation that provides a practitioner's insight into the management of change along the coastal zone. To address the problem, we probe organization theory for new insight and attempt to apply concepts to practice.


Relative Price Changes And Exchange Rate Determination With Slow Price Adjustment: An Empirical Analysis, Clas Wihlborg, Madelyn Antoncic Jan 1986

Relative Price Changes And Exchange Rate Determination With Slow Price Adjustment: An Empirical Analysis, Clas Wihlborg, Madelyn Antoncic

Business Faculty Articles and Research

The general purpose of this paper is to analyze empirically sectoral price adjustment in the exchange rate adjustment process. Relative price changes may occur within a sector between countries, and within a country between sectors. Our main objective is to test the hypothesis that both kinds of relative price changes occur in the adjustment process to disturbances in money demand and supply. In particular, we expect that the relative prices among goods of different "tradedness"--ranging from perfectly traded to non-traded goods--are affected by such disturbances. Our second objective is to test empirically whether the nature of exchange rate adjustment ...


Improving And Strengthening The Trade System, Clayton K. Yeutter Jan 1986

Improving And Strengthening The Trade System, Clayton K. Yeutter

Clayton K. Yeutter, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Papers

The successful launching of a comprehensive round of negotiations will be the single, most important event in international trade this year. I urge our communique contain a vigorous, unequivocal endorsement for launching a new round with a comprehensive agenda, in September. Delegations in Geneva will go over the text of our communique very carefully, and they will judge our determination by both the tone and substance of our statement. We therefore must clearly set forth our desire to begin the new round, without delay.


Foreign Investment: Foreign Economic Contract Law, Jacques Delisle Jan 1986

Foreign Investment: Foreign Economic Contract Law, Jacques Delisle

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Gatt Ministerial Meeting Punta Del Este, Uruguay, Clayton K. Yeutter Jan 1986

Gatt Ministerial Meeting Punta Del Este, Uruguay, Clayton K. Yeutter

Clayton K. Yeutter, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Papers

Mr. Chairman, fellow delegates, this week GATT faces an historic challenge. Our task is more difficult than any that has confronted world trade since the very creation of GATT in 1947. What we do in Punta del Este will determine whether GATT remains a functional, dynamic institution serving the interests of its members or declines into a static and passive association that is irrelevant to the needs of international trade.


Gray-Market Imports: Causes, Consequences And Responses, Michael S. Knoll Jan 1986

Gray-Market Imports: Causes, Consequences And Responses, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article explores the issue of gray-market imports. The author explains the four causes of gray-market imports and explores the possibility of private remedies in order to stem the flow of these imports. The article then turns to the possibility of protection in the public sector by discussing pertinent statutory provisions and the development of the case law in this area.


Duties To Offset Competitive Advantages, Richard B. Dagen, Michael S. Knoll Jan 1986

Duties To Offset Competitive Advantages, Richard B. Dagen, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Critical Wage, Unemployment Duration, And Wage Expectations: The Case Of Chile, A. Studenmund, Sholeh Maani Dec 1985

The Critical Wage, Unemployment Duration, And Wage Expectations: The Case Of Chile, A. Studenmund, Sholeh Maani

A. H. Studenmund

This study tests the relevance of the job search model to understanding unemployment in developing countries by utilizing a 1982 data set describing unemployed men in Chile. The findings indicate that the model is relevant to a developing country: the job seekers studied based their critical wages on their perceptions of their own productivity, economic resources, and search costs, and they reduced their wage requirements as the duration of their unemployment increased. The authors also show, in the first direct test of this question, that the critical wage and the expected wage are determined jointly and that the expected wage ...