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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Dynamic Market Selection In Eu Business Services, Henk Lm Kox, George Van Leeuwen Jul 2012

Dynamic Market Selection In Eu Business Services, Henk Lm Kox, George Van Leeuwen

Henk LM Kox

European business services has witnessed about two decades of virtual productivity stagnation. The paper investigates whether this is caused by weak dynamic market selection. The time pattern of scale-related inefficiencies is used as an indicator for the effectiveness of market selection. We use a DEA method to construct the productivity frontier by sub-sector and size class, for business services in 13 EU countries. From this we derive scale economies and their development over time. Between 1999 and 2005 we observe a persistence of scale inefficiencies and X-inefficiencies , with scale efficiency falling rather than growing over time. This indicates malfunctioning competitive ...


A Retrospective Evaluation Of Elements Of The Eu Vat System - Final Report, Stuart Adam, David Philips, Stephen Smith, Leon Bettendorp, Stefan Boeters, Henk Lm Kox, Bas Straathof, Kasper Stuut Nov 2011

A Retrospective Evaluation Of Elements Of The Eu Vat System - Final Report, Stuart Adam, David Philips, Stephen Smith, Leon Bettendorp, Stefan Boeters, Henk Lm Kox, Bas Straathof, Kasper Stuut

Henk LM Kox

This is the final report of a project on “The retrospective evaluation of elements of the VAT system.” This project has been led by researchers at the Institute for Fiscal
Studies, in co-operation with other members of a consortium of organisations (led by CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis) carrying out a programme of economic analysis of taxation for the European Commission, and with additional contributions to this project from researchers outside the consortium. The full report addresses the following 12 evaluation elements:
(1) To what extent do the current VAT arrangements for cross border supplies of goods and ...


Europe's Welfare - The Lisbon Agenda In A Broad Welfare Perspective (European Outlook). In Dutch: Europa's Welvaart -De Lissabon Agenda In Een Breder Welvaartsperspectief, Henk Lm Kox, Harold Creusen, Herman Stolwijk Apr 2010

Europe's Welfare - The Lisbon Agenda In A Broad Welfare Perspective (European Outlook). In Dutch: Europa's Welvaart -De Lissabon Agenda In Een Breder Welvaartsperspectief, Henk Lm Kox, Harold Creusen, Herman Stolwijk

Henk LM Kox

This European Outlook evaluates the results of EU's Lisbon Agenda. The study provides a quantitative analysis of changes in welfare and wellbeing of European citizens over the period 2000-2010. The study not only evaluates the changes in Europe's market sector (production, investment, GDP), but also indicators that measure changes with respect to non-market parts of welfare like natural environment and social-cohesion.


Determinantes Estructurales De La Productividad De Los Servicios A Empresas En Eu, Henk Lm Kox, George Van Leeuwen Dec 2008

Determinantes Estructurales De La Productividad De Los Servicios A Empresas En Eu, Henk Lm Kox, George Van Leeuwen

Henk LM Kox

The paper investigates the structural factors that affect labour productivity performance in European business services. We estimate the productivity frontier for eight business services sectors and five size classes. Subsequently, we explain the distance of firms to the productivity frontier (X-inefficiencies) and scale efficiency by market structure characteristics, entry- and exit intensity, and national regulatory features. The frontier is assessed both by parametric and by nonparametric methods on a data panel for 13 EU countries. We find that scale effects are important in business services; firms with less than 20 employees experience substantial scale-related productivity disadvantages. Productivity performance of firms ...


Challenges For Business Services In European Economic Growth, Henk Lm Kox May 2007

Challenges For Business Services In European Economic Growth, Henk Lm Kox

Henk LM Kox

#1; Stylised facts on growth of EU business services #1; Problem: dynamic, but weak productivity growth #1; Direct and indirect growth contributions #1; Challenges and opportunities


Market Place Europe - 50 Years Of Market Integration In The European Union (European Outlook), Albert Van Der Horst, Henk Kox, Arjan Lejour, Bas Straathof Mar 2007

Market Place Europe - 50 Years Of Market Integration In The European Union (European Outlook), Albert Van Der Horst, Henk Kox, Arjan Lejour, Bas Straathof

Henk LM Kox

European countries have been working for fifty years to establish a single market. In at least one respect they have succeeded spectacularly: the number of participating countries has grown enormously since 1957. This 5th European Outlook examines the question whether the internal market has also succeeded in another respect, that is, in improving free trade, free investments and free migration between the participating countries. Looking back, the common market has clearly contributed to prosperity in Europe over the past fifty years. Looking ahead, there is scope for further market integration in Europe.


Economic Impacts Of The 2004 Services Directive, Henk Lm Kox Feb 2006

Economic Impacts Of The 2004 Services Directive, Henk Lm Kox

Henk LM Kox

#1; About CPB #1; Our research on Services Directive #1; Policy differences as market-entry barrier #1; Effects of Services Directive on trade and FDI #1; Macroeconomic effects #1; Role country-of-origin principle #1; The way ahead


The Trade-Induced Effects Of The Services Directive And The Country-Of-Origin Principle, Roland De Bruijn, Henk Lm Kox, Arjan Lejour Dec 2005

The Trade-Induced Effects Of The Services Directive And The Country-Of-Origin Principle, Roland De Bruijn, Henk Lm Kox, Arjan Lejour

Henk LM Kox

The proposed Services Directive by the European Commission could increase intra European trade in commercial services by 30 to 60 percent. This paper analyses the welfare effects of the trade growth using an applied general equilibrium model WorldScan. It shows that GDP could be raised by 0.3 to 0.7 percent and consumption by 0.5 to 1.2 percent in the European Union as a whole. These results could only be realised if the Services Directive is implemented including the country of origin principle. If this principle is excluded from the directive, trade increases only by 20 to ...


The Contribution Of Business Services To Aggregate Productivity Growth, Henk Lm Kox Dec 2003

The Contribution Of Business Services To Aggregate Productivity Growth, Henk Lm Kox

Henk LM Kox

As in most OECD countries, the business services industry in the Netherlands has grown much faster than the market sector as a whole. It has, however, displayed stagnating productivity growth, in some periods even a fall in productivity. Does this fast-growing industry with a bad productivity record present a threat to aggregate productivity growth and, hence, to future economic growth? Reviewing existing empirical evidence, the paper argues that this concern need not be valid. The business services industry has an important role in the national innovation system and in knowledge spillovers to other industries. The innovation contribution of business services ...