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Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Summary: Designing Successful Carbon Markets, Arthur Van Benthem Sep 2019

Summary: Designing Successful Carbon Markets, Arthur Van Benthem

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

There are a lot of developments happening right now in carbon markets in different parts of the world—from New Zealand to Canada and many points in between. As policymakers continue to explore cap-and-trade in the United States, there is much to learn about what does and doesn’t work from these carbon markets already in place.


Summary: Economic Return Of Nation Brands, David J. Reibstein Sep 2019

Summary: Economic Return Of Nation Brands, David J. Reibstein

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

It is generally considered good business practice for a company to invest in its brand. A positive brand image typically results in a more loyal customer base and an overall increase in profit. Likewise, nations have brands, and the reputation of a country has an economic impact on its gross domestic product (GDP).


Summary: Effects Of The Us Worldwide Tax Regime On Domestic Investment, Jennifer L. Blouin Sep 2019

Summary: Effects Of The Us Worldwide Tax Regime On Domestic Investment, Jennifer L. Blouin

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

There are two basic systems for international corporate taxation. The US operates under a worldwide taxation system, in which the US government asserts its right to tax the global income of US resident corporations, whether that income is earned within the US or outside it. The US is the only G7 nation that maintains such a tax system. The majority of other nations in the world use a territorial taxation regime. A territorial regime embodies a source-based system where countries only tax business activity that happens within their borders. This summary of Professor Jennifer Blouin's B-School Seminar, focuses on ...


Summary: Service Exports And The Us Trade Deficit, Joao F. Gomes Sep 2019

Summary: Service Exports And The Us Trade Deficit, Joao F. Gomes

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

A trade deficit is defined by the amount by which a country’s imports exceeds the value of its exports. The US has consistently held a trade deficit since the 1970s; as of the end of 2016, the deficit had risen to $502 billion. This trade deficit has been a “political hot potato,” particularly with respect to China, on the assumption that a sustained deficit weakens the overall economy. But is that accurate? In this B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summary, Professor Gomes takes a closer look at the economics of boosting service exports as a means of rebalancing the ...


International Debt Impact On The Value Of South Korean Currency, Wonjin Song Apr 2018

International Debt Impact On The Value Of South Korean Currency, Wonjin Song

2018 Awards for Excellence in Student Research and Creative Activity – Documents

Abstract

This paper will analyze how international debt for South Korea affected the value of Korean currency from 1983 to 2014 by using the Ordinary Least Square model. The result is that international debt for South Korea had a clear influence on the value of Korean Won. The exchange rate of Korean currency per US dollar moves the same direction as amounts of international debt. In other words, as the Korean Won depreciates, more Won must be spent to purchase U.S dollars. That is, Korean currency depreciates when amounts of international debt increase. As the result, Korea has not ...


Measuring Globalization: Better Trade Statistics For Better Policy, Susan N. Houseman, Michael J. Mandel Jan 2015

Measuring Globalization: Better Trade Statistics For Better Policy, Susan N. Houseman, Michael J. Mandel

Upjohn Press

Understanding the impacts of globalization requires good data, and national statistical systems were not designed to measure many of the transactions occurring in today’s global economy. The chapters in this volume and its companion volume identify biases and gaps in national statistics, examine the magnitude of the problems they pose, and propose solutions to address significant biases and fill key data gaps.


The Shifting Patterns Of Agricultural Production And Productivity Worldwide, Julian M. Alston, Bruce A. Babcock, Philip G. Pardey Jan 2010

The Shifting Patterns Of Agricultural Production And Productivity Worldwide, Julian M. Alston, Bruce A. Babcock, Philip G. Pardey

CARD Books

In this book we assemble a range of evidence from a range of sources with a view to developing an improved understanding of recent trends in agricultural productivity around the world. The fundamental purpose is to better understand the nature of the long-term growth in the supply of food and its principal determinants. We pursue this purpose from two perspectives. One is from a general interest in the world food situation in the long run. The other is from an interest in the implications of U.S. and global productivity patterns for U.S. agriculture.


The International Law Of Economic Migration: Toward The Fourth Freedom, Joel P. Trachtman Sep 2009

The International Law Of Economic Migration: Toward The Fourth Freedom, Joel P. Trachtman

Upjohn Press

This volume examines the welfare economics, political economy, and legal experience in international economic migration, and on the basis of its analysis, suggests the structure of a multilateral framework agreement on international economic migration.


Who Really Made Your Car?: Restructuring And Geographic Change In The Auto Industry, Thomas H. Klier, James M. Rubenstein Aug 2008

Who Really Made Your Car?: Restructuring And Geographic Change In The Auto Industry, Thomas H. Klier, James M. Rubenstein

Upjohn Press

The authors present the key characteristics of the vast network of auto parts suppliers and describe the changing geography of U.S. motor vehicle production at the local, regional, national, and international levels.


Japan And The World: Japan’S Contemporary Geopolitical Challenges – A Volume In Honor Of The Memory And Intellectual Legacy Of Asakawa Kan’Ichi, Frances Rosenbluth, Masaru Kohno Jan 2008

Japan And The World: Japan’S Contemporary Geopolitical Challenges – A Volume In Honor Of The Memory And Intellectual Legacy Of Asakawa Kan’Ichi, Frances Rosenbluth, Masaru Kohno

CEAS Occasional Publication Series

Yale CEAS Occasional Publication Series - Volume 2


International Trade And Labor Markets: Theory, Evidence, And Policy Implications, Carl Davidson, Steven J. Matusz Jan 2004

International Trade And Labor Markets: Theory, Evidence, And Policy Implications, Carl Davidson, Steven J. Matusz

Upjohn Press

Davidson and Matusz develop simple yet compelling models that allow for documented differences in labor markets across countries in order to investigate the impact of trade and trade policies on society's underclass.


Job Creation, Job Destruction, And International Competition, Michael W. Klein, Scott Schuh, Robert K. Triest Jan 2003

Job Creation, Job Destruction, And International Competition, Michael W. Klein, Scott Schuh, Robert K. Triest

Upjohn Press

The authors present a picture of how the effects of international trade on employment in U.S. manufacturing industries vary widely. They explore the labor-market dynamics and adjustment costs associated with international factors, particularly the way fluctuations in exchange rates, overseas economic activity, and the altering of trade restrictions contribute to churning-the simultaneous job creation among some firms and job destruction among others.


Imports, Exports, And Jobs: What Does Trade Mean For Employment And Job Loss?, Lori G. Kletzer Jan 2002

Imports, Exports, And Jobs: What Does Trade Mean For Employment And Job Loss?, Lori G. Kletzer

Upjohn Press

Kletzer adds to our understanding of the magnitude of the costs and benefits of free trade. She presents a focused examination of the relationship between changes in international trade, employment, and job displacement for a sample of U.S. manufacturing industries. The link between international trade and domestic jobs is also explored through studies of both net and gross employment job change.


Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri Jul 1999

Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri

All Finding Aids

The Amos E. Taylor Collection is divided into eight Series. I. Biographical Information; II. Military Service; III. University of Pennsylvania; IV. U.S. Department of Commerce; V. Inter-American Economic & Social Council/Pan American Union; VI. American University; VII. Personal Memorabilia, and VIII. Publications. It includes materials covering many decades of his life including his extensive education, his military service in World War I, and his career working for federal agencies, presidents, and economic associations.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition ...


When Is Transition Over?, Annette N. Brown Jan 1999

When Is Transition Over?, Annette N. Brown

Upjohn Press

The transition process in which a country moves from a planned economy to a market economy offers a unique opportunity for economists and policymakers to observe and understand the effects of major institutional, legal, and political changes on economic systems. But one feature of the process that has not been considered until now is when is the process over? When has a transition progressed far enough to ensure that a market system will survive and mature? Are there institutional, economic, and political standards that countries reach that measure the level of transition attained or, indeed, show that they have completed ...


Exchange Rate Regimes And International Trade, Reuven Glick, Clas Wihlborg Jan 1997

Exchange Rate Regimes And International Trade, Reuven Glick, Clas Wihlborg

Business Faculty Books and Book Chapters

The existing evidence on the volume effects of exchange rate risk and exchange rate regime choice is examined. The analysis involves estimating the effects of cross-country differences in exchange rate regime on export and import elasticities using a continuous measure of the degree of exchange rate flexibility. It is argued that risk for firms involved in international trade tends to decrease with greater exchange rate flexibility. In formulating our hypotheses we argued that the cross-country variation in U.S. export elasticities with respect to the real exchange rate and foreign GDPs is primarily attributable to the cross- country variation in ...


Assisting Workers Displaced By Structural Change: An International Perspective, Duane E. Leigh Jan 1995

Assisting Workers Displaced By Structural Change: An International Perspective, Duane E. Leigh

Upjohn Press

Leigh begins by providing a summary of the evolution of labor market programs in seven industrialized countries: Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the U.S. He points out that a number of these nations are dealing with long-term unemployment by linking unemployment insurance benefits to participation in labor market programs, and that this is a requirement U.S. policy makers should examine closely. Leigh also performs informal cross-country evaluations of these countries' programs,focusing on policies he feels merit attention. A three-level active labor market program is then proposed for the U.S.


Foreign Direct Investment In The United States: Issues, Magnitudes, And Location Choice Of New Manufacturing Plants, Jan Ondrich, Michael J. Wasylenko Jan 1993

Foreign Direct Investment In The United States: Issues, Magnitudes, And Location Choice Of New Manufacturing Plants, Jan Ondrich, Michael J. Wasylenko

Upjohn Press

What effect does foreign direct investment (FDI) have on job creation, wages, and productivity in the U.S.? How does FDI impact the budget deficit? How do changes in states' fiscal policy affect plant location choices? Ondrych and Wasylenko address these and other politically-charged questions concerning FDI. Provided is empirical evidence drawn from a pooled cross-section and time-series data set that identifies the criteria foreigners use to make location decisions. The authors also develop a model, against which they compare their findings, and review policy options available at the state and federal levels. Information provided will help states shape, focus ...


From Socialism To Market Economy: The Transition Problem, William S. Kern Jan 1992

From Socialism To Market Economy: The Transition Problem, William S. Kern

Upjohn Press

This group of essays examines the ongoing economic struggles experienced by former Soviet-bloc countries as they attempt to establish market-based economies.


Final Report: Agricultural Sector Analysis In Thailand, Division Of Agricultural Economics, Ministry Of Agriculture And Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government, The Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University Jul 1979

Final Report: Agricultural Sector Analysis In Thailand, Division Of Agricultural Economics, Ministry Of Agriculture And Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government, The Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

The Agricultural Sector Analysis project in Thailand was initiated July 1, 1973,as a cooperative program between the Royal Thai Government and the United States Government. Royal Thai Government participation was provided by the Division of Agricultural Economics of the Ministry of Agricultural and Cooperatives with U.S. participation provided by Iowa State University. Funding for the project was furnished by the United States Agency for International Development and by the Royal Thai Government through the Department of Technical and Economic Cooperation. The project was funded initially for two years. It was subsequently extended to six years ending June 30 ...


National Crop Model Of Thailand, Arthur L. Stoecker Mar 1979

National Crop Model Of Thailand, Arthur L. Stoecker

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

The development of the national model of crop production in Thailand is the result of a joint effort by staff members of the Division of Agricultural Economics and by the Iowa State University team. This national model could not have been developed without the prior efforts of many individuals. Those efforts include previous assistance provided by the United States Agency for International Development in Thailand before the current project began. The leadership of Dr. Somnuk Sriplung. Director of the Division of Agricultural Economics in Thailand, has been a crucial element in the sector analysis project. The staff members of the ...


Normative Study Of The Supply Response Of Rice In Thailand, Doeke C. Faber, Earl O. Heady, Wayne D. Ellingson, Arthur L. Stoecker, Kenneth J. Nicol Aug 1978

Normative Study Of The Supply Response Of Rice In Thailand, Doeke C. Faber, Earl O. Heady, Wayne D. Ellingson, Arthur L. Stoecker, Kenneth J. Nicol

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

This study is one of a continuing series of empirical research studies that deals with the future production potential of Thailand's agriculture. Because of the important role rice plays in the nation's economy, the study estimates rice producing capacity for Thailand in 1981. More specifically, estimates are made of: (1) the national rice output at a range of prices, (2) the regional pattern of production of rice and other crops, and (3) the regional distribution of employment and farm income.

The empirical analysis summarized in this report is part of a cooperative research effort being carried out by ...


Structure Of A Recursive Model For Policy Analysis In Thailand, Arthur L. Stoecker, Kenneth J. Nicol, Somnuk Sriplung Aug 1978

Structure Of A Recursive Model For Policy Analysis In Thailand, Arthur L. Stoecker, Kenneth J. Nicol, Somnuk Sriplung

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

This report summarizes initial work involved in constructing a recursive policy model with applications especially to the Thai agricultural sector. The work is conducted in the Division of Agricultural Economics (DAE), the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government. The project under which the work was accomplished is a cooperative one between the Division of Agricultural Economics and the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development and the Economics Department of Iowa State University. It is funded by the Agency for International Development and the Royal Thai Government.

The overall project has several phases including regional, interregional and national programming ...


A Simulation Model Of The World Rice Economy With Special Reference To Thailand, Hiren Sarkar Aug 1978

A Simulation Model Of The World Rice Economy With Special Reference To Thailand, Hiren Sarkar

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

Computer simulation provides a useful tool to investigate alternative economic scenarios. In the present study, an attempt has been made to simulate a rice trade model with special reference to Thailand. An aggregative model is used in which the world is divided into two groups: (a) exporters and (b) importers. It is assumed that the importing group operates under constraints of resource restrictions and population pressure. Hence, there is very little opportunity for production adjustment. The exporting group is considered to have considerable surplus production capacity and is price responsive. Thailand is treated as a member of the exporting group ...


Fourth Annual Report: Agricultural Sector Analysis In Thailand, Arthur L. Stoecker, Earl O. Heady, Randall A. Hoffmann Aug 1978

Fourth Annual Report: Agricultural Sector Analysis In Thailand, Arthur L. Stoecker, Earl O. Heady, Randall A. Hoffmann

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

This Fourth Annual Report summarizes accomplishments of the Agricultural Sector Analysis Project in Thailand during fiscal year 1977 and relates these accomplishments to past work progress as well as to projected work for fiscal year 1978. Accomplishments described in this report are a result of the cooperative research effort being carried out by the Division of Agricultural Economics (DAE) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government, and the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development of Iowa State University. The cooperative research effort is funded by the United States Agency for International Development and the Royal Thai Government ...


Consumer Demand For Food Commodities In Thailand, Bahram Dagostar, Wayne D. Ellingson, Earl O. Heady, Randall A. Hoffmann Mar 1978

Consumer Demand For Food Commodities In Thailand, Bahram Dagostar, Wayne D. Ellingson, Earl O. Heady, Randall A. Hoffmann

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

This report summarizes initial work completed to date on analyzing the interdependent nature of demand among several agricultural products in Thailand. Previous demand studies have focused primarily on a single commodity with little attempt to measure the overall relationships among demand quantities for all commodities. Interdependent demand relationships among 18 agricultural products are analyzed in this study. Direct cross-price and income elasticities are estimated for the individual commodities. An analysis of the farm retail price spread also is analyzed.

Consistent and comprehensive data series are a desirable requisite for implementation of interdependent demand analysis. Although the data available for this ...


Potential Effects Of Changes In Truck Transportation On The Value Of Production And Incomes In Thailand's Rice Agriculture, Dennis M. Conley, Chamnong Vathana, Earl O. Heady Mar 1978

Potential Effects Of Changes In Truck Transportation On The Value Of Production And Incomes In Thailand's Rice Agriculture, Dennis M. Conley, Chamnong Vathana, Earl O. Heady

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

A series of planning and analytical models is being developed and applied to Thailand's agriculture through the Division of Agricultural Economics (DAE) of the Royal Thai Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. This work is assisted by a team of research workers from Iowa State University. This research report estimates the effects of improvements in truck transportation specifically on the rice subsector of agriculture and is just one step in developing a transportation submodel in the national and interregional programming model of Thailand agriculture. This research involved the development of a kingdomwide transportation model and applying it parametrically. Changes in ...


The Sfa Business Review Vol. 3 No. 2, M. Dudley Stewart, Janelle C. Ashley, John D. Whitt, Marlin C. Young, Ralph White Oct 1977

The Sfa Business Review Vol. 3 No. 2, M. Dudley Stewart, Janelle C. Ashley, John D. Whitt, Marlin C. Young, Ralph White

SFA Business Review, 1975-1978

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Supply Response In Northeast Thailand: Production, Resources, Income, And Policy Implications, Keith D. Rogers, Kajonwan Itharattana Oct 1977

Agricultural Supply Response In Northeast Thailand: Production, Resources, Income, And Policy Implications, Keith D. Rogers, Kajonwan Itharattana

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

This study presents the Northeast Regional Model (NEREGON) for northeast Thailand. It is the first in a series of regional models to be constructed and applied for Thailand. For the Northeast, the model is of the "first generation" and further model work will continue. Also, a larger demographic and economic data base is being built up in the region to facilitate improved models and analytical work.

Northeast Thailand was selected as the region for initiating regional studies because income in this agricultural region lags behind that of other regions. This fact has been recognized in the national interregional programming model ...


Singapore Symposium: Agricultural Sector Analysis In Thailand, Division Of Agricultural Economics, Ministry Of Agriculture And Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government, The Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Somnuk Sriplung, Arthur L. Stoecker, Earl O. Heady, Charles F. Framingham, Kanok Khatikarn, Chumlong Sukidee, Prapai Vongmonta, Herbert H. Fullerton Jul 1977

Singapore Symposium: Agricultural Sector Analysis In Thailand, Division Of Agricultural Economics, Ministry Of Agriculture And Cooperatives, Royal Thai Government, The Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Somnuk Sriplung, Arthur L. Stoecker, Earl O. Heady, Charles F. Framingham, Kanok Khatikarn, Chumlong Sukidee, Prapai Vongmonta, Herbert H. Fullerton

DAE-CARD Sector Analysis Series

The papers included in this volume were presented by DAE-CARD staff members involved in sector planning at the Singapore seminar. The seminar on sector planning models was sponsored by the Agricultural Development Council in November, 1976.

The DAE-CARD sector planning activity is conducted in the Division of Agricultural Economics, Royal Thai Ministry of Agriculture. The models and analyses reported here represents a small part of the research work conducted in the Division of Agricultural Economics. Also, those reported represent only part of the model development and application work being conducted under the DAE-CARD program. This program is conducted cooperatively by ...