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International Economics Commons

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Research Collection School Of Economics

Economic Theory

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Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Is Ricardo's Essay On Profits A Precursor Of The New Trade Theory?, Hian Teck Hoon Dec 2002

Is Ricardo's Essay On Profits A Precursor Of The New Trade Theory?, Hian Teck Hoon

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper carefully analyzes a passage of Ricardo’s Essay on Profits ([1815] 1923), which suggests that he clearly understood the effects of both interindustry as well as intraindustry trade. In the context of the Essay model, Ricardo argues that free interindustry trade involving an exchange of manufactures for agricultural good (from England’s point of view) raises the rate of profit through lowering the relative price of the agricultural good. On the other hand, where trade involves simply an exchange of manufactures for manufactures, these being produced under conditions of economies of scale (division of labour in manufactures (pg ...


Differential Tariffs, Negative Value-Added And The Theory Of Effective Protection, Augustine H. H. Tan Mar 1970

Differential Tariffs, Negative Value-Added And The Theory Of Effective Protection, Augustine H. H. Tan

Research Collection School Of Economics

This article examines the implications for effective protection(EP) theory of allowing variable factor proportions and general equilibrium repercussions. The first claim of EP theory, is that it provides a measure of the maximum proportionate increase in factor rewards permitted by a tariff structure, as compared to a free trade regime. EP rates predict only a particular direction of resource flows whereas general equilibrium analysis, with variable input coefficients, indicates that flows contrary to EP prediction are possible. Two examples are provided, first, where there is a uniform tariff on final goods; and second, where one final sector has a ...