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International Political Economy Theses

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Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Public Authority And Private Prisons: How Private Prison Labor Contributes To National Employment Precarity, Kaitlyn Oder May 2019

Public Authority And Private Prisons: How Private Prison Labor Contributes To National Employment Precarity, Kaitlyn Oder

International Political Economy Theses

Private uses of prison labor are illegal internationally, and not without reason. A lack of public oversight and regulations of wages mean that prison labor is often exploited in exchange for increased profitability for private prisons and sometimes the private companies they contract with. This paper will explicate the ways in which private uses of prison labor contribute to wage and employment precarity and ultimately cost numerous non incarcerated low wage individuals in the United States their jobs and livelihoods. It offers potential policy solutions and paths forward for new research to better link the sociological and economic considerations of ...


Demystifying Poverty In Tourism: Looking Into Pro-Poor Tourism In India, Sara Burke May 2019

Demystifying Poverty In Tourism: Looking Into Pro-Poor Tourism In India, Sara Burke

International Political Economy Theses

Poverty and tourism have a unique relationship; poverty can serve as a form of tourism or poverty can create barriers that hinder the development of the tourism sector. There is no better example of the complicated interplay between poverty and tourism than India. The use of Pro-Poor Tourism (PPT) as a methodological lense that can be applied to any form of tourism shows howthe poor can benefit from the sector. This International Political Economy thesis is broken into three parts: a context section, a case study, and a policy proposal. The first part will focus on Pro-Poor Tourism in an ...


Strategic Puzzle In The South China Sea: Perception, Power, And Money. Chinese Plans For Hegemony?, Robert Kelly Stewart Nov 2018

Strategic Puzzle In The South China Sea: Perception, Power, And Money. Chinese Plans For Hegemony?, Robert Kelly Stewart

International Political Economy Theses

The South China Sea is home to one of the world’s most contentious territorial disputes. Sovereignty of overlapping parts of the Sea is contested by seven littoral states, and the United States maintains an influential naval presence. Rich in fish and hydrocarbons and militarily valuable for power projection, the South China Sea is strategically important. One-third of global trade passes through the South China Sea annually. This paper looks to uncover what the South China Sea conflict indicates about Chinese strategic outlook and approaches the topic through three theoretical lenses: constructivism, realism, and disaggregation. This paper concludes with an ...


Chinese Government’S Inability To Use Film – One Of The Most Powerful Cultural Tools Of Soft Power Expansion – To Achieve Its Soft Power Expansion Goals: Lessons For China To Tackle Its Soft Power-Deficit Problem, Kyungin Kim Nov 2018

Chinese Government’S Inability To Use Film – One Of The Most Powerful Cultural Tools Of Soft Power Expansion – To Achieve Its Soft Power Expansion Goals: Lessons For China To Tackle Its Soft Power-Deficit Problem, Kyungin Kim

International Political Economy Theses

Many scholars of Chinese soft power commonly believe that despite the fact that China has been working hard to achieve successful soft power expansion, one of the biggest factors that leads to Chinese soft power deficit or failure of the Chinese government to effectively trump “China threat” is its inability to use its cultural industries as a tool to fulfill its soft power expansion goals. This is a major obstacle to China in achieving its goal of successful Chinese soft power expansion, as it is said that culture is the most traditional and powerful source of soft power expansion. This ...


Behind Germany’S Willkommenskultur And Hungary’S Xenophobic Sentiments: Responses To The Syrian Refugee Crisis Within The European Union, Mia Kelliher Jan 2017

Behind Germany’S Willkommenskultur And Hungary’S Xenophobic Sentiments: Responses To The Syrian Refugee Crisis Within The European Union, Mia Kelliher

International Political Economy Theses

The movement of over 4.5 million Syrian refugees and other migrants fleeing the Syrian civil war has put significant strain on the European Union’s (EU) member states both politically, socially, and economically. This tests a state’s ability and willingness to continue to accept refugees. This paper aims to answer the question of what determines the willingness and the ability of certain EU member states, specifically Germany and Hungary, to accept refugees. While there are many factors that vary from state to state, there are factors that dominate and heavily influence a state’s willingness and ability to ...


Winning The Virtuous Battle, But Losing The War? The Tradeoffs Of Humanitarian Aid And Its Impact On Human Development, Sierra Miller Jan 2017

Winning The Virtuous Battle, But Losing The War? The Tradeoffs Of Humanitarian Aid And Its Impact On Human Development, Sierra Miller

International Political Economy Theses

This paper addresses the question of what conditions best enable recipient countries to harness humanitarian aid to create long term human development. In an examination of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Sri Lanka, it becomes clear that the conditions that limit humanitarian aid’s potential for human development are more apparent than those that enable it. Political conflict, instability, inequalities, and social divisions in the recipient countries contribute to the limited effect of humanitarian aid on development, but institutional weakness, inconsistency, and competition within the international humanitarian aid community have a larger impact ...


Avoiding Turmoil: A Comparative Exploration Of The ‘Resource Curse’, Ian Latimer Apr 2016

Avoiding Turmoil: A Comparative Exploration Of The ‘Resource Curse’, Ian Latimer

International Political Economy Theses

As petroleum extraction and consumption has steadily increased in recent decades, economists and development researchers have been puzzled by discrepancies in the growth, development, and governance of oil-dependent countries around the world. The divergent development outcomes of oil states beg the following question: what are the political and economic conditions that determine the consequences of oil wealth management in petrol-dependent states? Hypotheses in the literature (including the ‘resource curse,’ ‘poverty trap,’ and ‘rentier state’ models) argue that resource abundance fosters harmful economic practices and poor governance. Rather, I argue that resource abundance and dependence merely exacerbates existing poor political and ...


Moral Sanctions With Immoral Impacts, Camille Sachs Apr 2015

Moral Sanctions With Immoral Impacts, Camille Sachs

International Political Economy Theses

This paper looks at whether or not economic sanctions employed to reduce human rights abuses and regime change able to effectively achieve their stated goals. The 1990s saw a large increase in the utilization of sanctions as a less violent method of diplomatic force, alternative to warfare. However, scholars have debated whether or not economic sanctions are an improvement from warfare given the humanitarian suffering that they create and their relatively low success rate. Due to the low success rate of economic sanctions overall, it is often argued that sanctions are used to generate a diplomatic stance in the international ...


“There Is No Difference:” Neoliberalism And Latin American (Police) State Legitimacy, Max Estevao Mar 2015

“There Is No Difference:” Neoliberalism And Latin American (Police) State Legitimacy, Max Estevao

International Political Economy Theses

This paper examines the relationship between neoliberalism and patterns of violence in Latin American cities. I argue that those neoliberal policies which have so impacted key agricultural and manufacturing sectors in Latin America also disrupt economically-driven social relations, making that the region’s transition to democracy a violent one. Although transitions from authoritarianism to democracy as a whole remove old relations between the government and the public, the criminalization of poverty as created and perpetuated by neoliberal ideology leads to higher rates of incarceration while colluding with criminal organizations in order to avoid lengthy and expensive urban renewal programs. When ...


Intervention And Sectarian Conflict: Fear And Loathing In The Levant, Jacob Karson Jan 2015

Intervention And Sectarian Conflict: Fear And Loathing In The Levant, Jacob Karson

International Political Economy Theses

The purpose of this paper is to determine under what circumstances foreign intervention exacerbates sectarian conflict. Since the vast majority of academics do not pay heed to the argument that sectarian conflict is simply the result of ancient hatreds, economic, political, and social factors that result in sectarian conflict must be analyzed. To determine what these factors are and how they interplay with intervention and its associated outcomes, this paper will first review the appropriate literature on foreign intervention and sectarian conflict and then apply relevant theories to three case studies in the Levant covering 1990 to 2014. This paper ...


Limited Trade And The Cites Ivory Trade Ban: Sustainable Use As A Viable Means Of Conservation, Nina Forbes Feb 2014

Limited Trade And The Cites Ivory Trade Ban: Sustainable Use As A Viable Means Of Conservation, Nina Forbes

International Political Economy Theses

The over-exploitation of African elephants for their ivory has led to a dangerous decline in their overall population. As a result, they were granted protection under the CITES international trade agreement and given an Appendix I listing, which completely bans their international trade. I investigate the following question: under what circumstances is the limited trade allowed under the CITES ivory trade ban an effective strategy to stall the illicit trafficking of elephant ivory? Using Kenya and Zimbabwe as case studies, the feasibility of the preservationist and utilitarian viewpoints on elephant conservation are explored. This paper argues that the CITES ban ...


The Persistence Of The Drug Trade In Colombia: The Political, Social, And Economic Dimensions Of New Illicit Business Paradigms In Colombia, Tess Davis Jan 2014

The Persistence Of The Drug Trade In Colombia: The Political, Social, And Economic Dimensions Of New Illicit Business Paradigms In Colombia, Tess Davis

International Political Economy Theses

With the demise of the Colombian cartels in the late 1980s, a new business paradigm has emerged in Colombia and other Latin American countries. Throughout the last several decades, numerous political, social, and economic factors have aided in the emergence and growth of this new illicit venture. Internally, illicit ventures are shaped by the state’s increased dependence on the illicit drug trade, a shift in societal acceptance of the ventures, the nature of Colombian culture, and a lack of opportunity in the legal economy. Externally, these ventures are shaped by increased foreign political pressure from the United States as ...


Compatibility Between Business And The Environment: Examples From A Case Study Of Patagonia, Ellesha Gasperini Jan 2014

Compatibility Between Business And The Environment: Examples From A Case Study Of Patagonia, Ellesha Gasperini

International Political Economy Theses

A relatively new concept, corporate environmentalism refers to the action corporations are taking to become more conscience of their environmental impacts. Using a case study of the company Patagonia, the dual motivations that exist for it and other companies to adopt more environmentally friendly policies are used to argue that environmental responsibility in business is possible. These motivations are values and beliefs held by those inside a company and financial gains found in corporate sustainability. Although there still exist many barriers, such as financial markets, lacking consumer education, and global complexity, businesses are taking steps to overcome these obstacles. The ...


The Impact Of Authoritarian Rule On The Success Of Global City Branding Efforts: Dubai, Singapore, And Mumbai, Abigail Struxness Jun 2013

The Impact Of Authoritarian Rule On The Success Of Global City Branding Efforts: Dubai, Singapore, And Mumbai, Abigail Struxness

International Political Economy Theses

With forces of globalization and a neoliberal commitment to open markets, cities in the developing world face increased competition with each other and implement branding to differentiate themselves from their competitors. City brands must appeal to tourists, investors, and residents alike, simultaneously demonstrating that the city is modern enough to be integrated into the global economy, but culturally unique enough to stand apart from rival cities. This thesis investigates how city governments use branding to communicate their commitment to neoliberal principles and their desire to become a respected global city. Using the case studies of Dubai, Singapore, and Mumbai, I ...


Imperfect Yet Indispensible Financial Integration, Jacob R. Snider B.A. Jun 2013

Imperfect Yet Indispensible Financial Integration, Jacob R. Snider B.A.

International Political Economy Theses

Financial integration defines European political economy. Though financial integration was crucial in establishing a common currency for the EU and a relatively shared EU political economy, it was partly responsible for the current EU financial crisis. The major question addressed in this paper is: What lessons can we learn about financial integration from the EU financial crisis? Although the EU crisis has exposed some of the glaring weaknesses of financial integration, it is essential for the EU not to financially and politically disintegrate because of the heavy political-economic interconnectedness and interdependency that constrains member states’ political institutions and economies. Though ...


Cause-Related Marketing: A Fantastic Fundraising Tool Or A Corrupter Of Philanthropy?, Taylor Beard Jun 2013

Cause-Related Marketing: A Fantastic Fundraising Tool Or A Corrupter Of Philanthropy?, Taylor Beard

International Political Economy Theses

Nonprofit forays into the for-profit sector are increasing in frequency but remain a contentious issue. As charities struggle to bring in adequate funding to work toward their goals, many are choosing to risk criticism and form partnerships with businesses in order to sell products that raise money for their causes. This is called cause-related marketing (CRM). Critics of CRM condemn it for encouraging the consumerism and capitalism that they believe causes social problems in the first place. They worry that it promotes the idea that purchases alone can change the world. These fears are not entirely unfounded, but when nonprofits ...


Power In Networks: Considering Castells’ Network Society In Egypt’S January 25th Movement And America’S Occupy Wall Street Movement, Marina Balleria Aug 2012

Power In Networks: Considering Castells’ Network Society In Egypt’S January 25th Movement And America’S Occupy Wall Street Movement, Marina Balleria

International Political Economy Theses

This article interogates Manuel Castell's Network society using the Egyptian Revolution and Occupy Wall Street as case studies. It looks at key shared characteristics: the call for transformational change, using a network structure and creating a self-conscious identity all of which nearly reflect the social theorist Manuel Castells’ definition of a social movement in a network society. Using the Egyptian revolution’s January 25th movement (the Jan 25 movement) and Occupy Wall Street (OWS) as case studies, I argue that Castells’ theory of a network society successfully describes how social movements are empowered by the network structure to ...


Un-Obtainium: The Quest For Rare Earth Elements, Brahm Heyman Jul 2012

Un-Obtainium: The Quest For Rare Earth Elements, Brahm Heyman

International Political Economy Theses

The 17 "rare earth elements" are essential for the development of new technologies. Over the last several decades, China has established a virtual monopoly on the rare earth industry, producing over 97% of the world's current demand. This was achieved by effectively undercutting other producers who stopped competing in this market. In 2010, in an effort to bolster its domestic market, China decided to reduce the amount of rare earth elements that it would export. This situation can be used to consider China's relations with the rest of the world from two perspectives. (1) The realist perspective views ...


Globalization, Health And The Nutrition Transition: How Global Tncs Are Changing Local Food Consumption Patterns, Morgan Mccloskey Jun 2012

Globalization, Health And The Nutrition Transition: How Global Tncs Are Changing Local Food Consumption Patterns, Morgan Mccloskey

International Political Economy Theses

Food consumption patterns around the world are changing. In general, individuals around the globe are consuming more edible oils and sugars than they were twenty years ago. What has lead to this nutrition transition? Scholars have identified a range of mechanisms associated with the transition, but nearly all are related to the growing influence of transnational corporations on the global food system. These TNCs are the lead actors in most global food production systems, dictating what is produced, how it is processed, where it is sold and the desirability of food products to global consumers. Looking at these TNCs through ...


Public And Private Firms In Natural Resource Industry: Comparing The Development Of The Lithium Industry In South America, Mike Knape Feb 2012

Public And Private Firms In Natural Resource Industry: Comparing The Development Of The Lithium Industry In South America, Mike Knape

International Political Economy Theses

Literature on public and private firms has traditionally focused on the efficiency effects of differing firm ownership, although the literature has been largely dormant since the 1980s. State-led development models in Asia and Latin America warrant continued analysis of this fundamental issue in International Political Economy. This paper attempts to frame debate on natural resource governance by identifying the factors that affect the mix of public and private firms in extractive industry. Historical institutionalism is used as a framework for analyzing policy change, and political economy theory of governance institutions is compared to the traditional economic theory of the firm ...


China To The Rescue? The Implications Of China’S Engagement With Resource-Rich Countries, Sean Rice Jan 2012

China To The Rescue? The Implications Of China’S Engagement With Resource-Rich Countries, Sean Rice

International Political Economy Theses

China’s interest in developing countries has exploded in the past decade as it continues to search for resources to fuel high growth rates. This paper examines China’s activity in various resource-rich countries through the lens of the resource curse. What are the implications of China’s involvement in developing countries in terms of the resource curse, and what factors or circumstances determine whether a country will benefit from these strategic relations with China? By viewing the resource curse in terms of specific challenges associated with resource wealth rather than an overarching curse, I analyze how China’s involvement ...