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Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Aggression In Mixed Martial Arts: An Analysis Of The Likelihood Of Winning A Decision, Trevor Collier, Andrew Johnson, John Ruggiero Mar 2016

Aggression In Mixed Martial Arts: An Analysis Of The Likelihood Of Winning A Decision, Trevor Collier, Andrew Johnson, John Ruggiero

Trevor Collier

Within the last decade, mixed martial arts has become one of the most popular sports worldwide. The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is the largest and most successful organization within the industry. In the USA, however, the sport is not sanctioned in all states because some politicians view the sport as too violent. The sport consists of many fighting forms and, unlike boxing, winning a decision requires judging in multiple facets including wrestling, boxing, kickboxing, and jiu-jitsu. In this study, we estimate the likelihood of winning a decision in the UFC. Using data on individual fights, we estimate the probability of ...


Measuring Technical Efficiency In Sports, Trevor Collier, Andrew Johnson, John Ruggiero Mar 2016

Measuring Technical Efficiency In Sports, Trevor Collier, Andrew Johnson, John Ruggiero

Trevor Collier

Standard economic production theory is the basis for measuring technical efficiency in sports. Using programming or regression models, efficiency is defined as the distance of a given team observation from the technology. In this article, the authors show that the standard measures of efficiency using deterministic models are biased downward due to serial correlation with respect to the efficiency measure. In particular, if the number of observed wins for a given team is affected by the team’s inefficiency, it is necessarily true that another team is able to produce outside of the technology. As a result, the observed frontier ...


Estimation Of Multi-Output Production Functions In Commercial Fisheries, Trevor Collier, Andrew Mamula, John Ruggiero Mar 2016

Estimation Of Multi-Output Production Functions In Commercial Fisheries, Trevor Collier, Andrew Mamula, John Ruggiero

Trevor Collier

Measuring the productivity of vessels in a multi-species fishery can be problematic. Typical regression techniques are not capable of handling multiple outputs while Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) tends to ignore the stochastic nature of production. Applied economists have devoted considerable time to this problem and have developed several methods of dealing with the issue of multiple output technologies in commercial fisheries. Our paper contributes to this literature by providing another method for estimating production functions of vessels operating in multi-species fisheries. We utilize a two-stage model – with data from the West Coast Limited Entry Groundfish Trawl Fishery – using DEA to ...


The Relationship Between Output Variability And Growth: Evidence From Post War U.K. Data, Tony Caporale, Barbara Mckiernan Mar 2016

The Relationship Between Output Variability And Growth: Evidence From Post War U.K. Data, Tony Caporale, Barbara Mckiernan

Tony Caporale

The paper investigates the relationship between output variability and economic growth using a GARCH-M model with industrial production in post-war Great Britain. The data reveals a positive relationship between variability and growth rates.


Responsible International Citizenry In The Asian Century: Why Failure To Meet International Obligations Adversely Affects Australian National Interests, Danielle Ireland-Piper Sep 2015

Responsible International Citizenry In The Asian Century: Why Failure To Meet International Obligations Adversely Affects Australian National Interests, Danielle Ireland-Piper

Danielle Ireland-Piper

If Australia is to secure its financial and security interests in the Asian century, then it must build effective working relationship in the Asia-Pacific. To do so, Australia must build familial and not merely transactional relationship in Asia. In turn, this requires Australia to present as a responsible international citizen. This image of responsible citizenry, however, is difficult to achieve when the Australian Constitution permits race-based laws and Australia’s approach to regional asylum seeker management may violate international law. This is because the hypocrisy inherent in non-compliance impedes Australia's capacity to build meaningful relationship in the Asian region ...


The Power Of The Brics In World Trade And Growth, Analysing The Macroeconomic Impacts Within And Across The Bloc, Ahmed Khalid Apr 2015

The Power Of The Brics In World Trade And Growth, Analysing The Macroeconomic Impacts Within And Across The Bloc, Ahmed Khalid

Ahmed Khalid

Extract: The BRICS is a composition of five emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The five countries together represent about 42 per cent of the world's population, over 24 per cent of all land, and about 20 per cent of the world's total GDP, contributing a combined nominal GDP of more than US$14.9 trillion. Over the past decade trade between the BRICS and other regions such as North America, the EU and Japan has surpassed the US$2 trillion mark. Trade within the BRICS countries is growing at an average of 28 per ...


Corruption, Democracy And Asia-Pacific Countries, Neil Campbell, Shrabani Saha Oct 2013

Corruption, Democracy And Asia-Pacific Countries, Neil Campbell, Shrabani Saha

Neil Campbell

This paper argues that the relationship between democracy and corruption is nonmonotonic. When a country shifts from autocratic rule to highly imperfect democracy (an ‘electoral democracy’) it is frequently perceived that the level of corruption increases. Conversely, when the democracy level is already relatively high (approaching ‘mature democracy’) an increase in the level of democracy is typically expected to decrease the level of corruption. To assist with our discussion of these issues, before going on to the empirical part of the paper, we look specifically at the case of South Korea to illustrate how corruption responded to an increasing level ...


Global Poverty Estimates: A Sensitivity Analysis, Shatakshee Dhongde, Camelia Minoiu Mar 2013

Global Poverty Estimates: A Sensitivity Analysis, Shatakshee Dhongde, Camelia Minoiu

Shatakshee Dhongde

Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. We undertake a sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices by measuring global poverty using different data sources, parametric and nonparametric estimation methods, and multiple poverty lines. Our results indicate that estimates of global poverty vary significantly when they are based alternately on data from household surveys versus national accounts but are relatively consistent across estimation methods. The decline in poverty over the past decade is found to be robust across methodological choices.


Multilateral Development Banks And The International Monetary Fund, Paul Clements Dec 2012

Multilateral Development Banks And The International Monetary Fund, Paul Clements

Paul Clements

No abstract provided.


O¤Shoring, Unemployment, And Welfare With Risk Averse Workers, Priya Ranjan Dec 2012

O¤Shoring, Unemployment, And Welfare With Risk Averse Workers, Priya Ranjan

Priya Ranjan

This paper studies the welfare and policy implications of offshoring when risk averse workers face the risk of unemployment. If offshored inputs can be easily substituted for domestic workers, then offshoring reduces wages and increases unemployment. In this situation, in the absence of any government intervention offshoring not only reduces the welfare of workers but could reduce aggregate welfare as well if workers are highly risk averse and the markets for insurance against unemployment risk are missing. In addition to unemployment insurance, the role of employment protection policies- severance payments and administrative cost of firing -in protecting workers against the ...


Catching Up Or Pulling Away: Intra-Industry Trade, Productivity Gaps And Heterogeneous Firms, Rod Falvey, David Greenaway, Zhihong Yu Oct 2012

Catching Up Or Pulling Away: Intra-Industry Trade, Productivity Gaps And Heterogeneous Firms, Rod Falvey, David Greenaway, Zhihong Yu

Rodney Falvey

In this paper we develop a heterogeneous firm, intra-industry trade model in which countries are asymmetric in both technology and size. In the trading equilibrium, the industry productivity levels countries are jointly determined by the technology gap and trade barriers. We find that the (exogenous) technological gap is a key determinant of the size and direction of the intra-industry resource reallocation introduced by trade. Most importantly, the effect of trade on the (endogenous) productivity gap could be non monotonic over time. In the short-run, where the number of incumbents cannot adjust to trade, the effect of import competition dominates and ...


The Transformation Of China’S Agriculture System And Its Impact On Southeast Asia., Phoebe Luo, John Andrew Donaldson, Qian Forrest Zhang Aug 2012

The Transformation Of China’S Agriculture System And Its Impact On Southeast Asia., Phoebe Luo, John Andrew Donaldson, Qian Forrest Zhang

Qian Forrest ZHANG

The increased role for agribusiness and larger scale production in China’s agricultural system is limited by China’s severe lack of arable land. The Household Responsibility System provides farmers a measure of power, hampering agribusiness from acquiring land needed for expansion. Some Chinese companies have sought cheaper and often more accessible land in nearby regions, including Southeast Asia. While such investments have the potential to deliver benefits, including increased productivity, structural constraints such as weak land ownership and environmental laws, highly unequal distribution of land and underdevelopment of peasant organizations prevent many poorer farmers from benefiting from these investments.


The Value Of Domestic Subsidy Rules In Trade Agreements, Daniel Brou, Edoardo Campanella, Michele Ruta Dec 2011

The Value Of Domestic Subsidy Rules In Trade Agreements, Daniel Brou, Edoardo Campanella, Michele Ruta

Daniel Brou

No abstract provided.


Lapdogs Or Leaders? Small Business' Role In The Globalisation Of The Australian Economy, Damian Hine, Stephen Kelly Feb 2011

Lapdogs Or Leaders? Small Business' Role In The Globalisation Of The Australian Economy, Damian Hine, Stephen Kelly

Adjunct Professor Stephen J Kelly

No abstract provided.


The Investigation Of Foreign Direct Investment Patterns In Russia, Tamilla Curtis, Tom Griffin, Lucyna Kornecki Dec 2009

The Investigation Of Foreign Direct Investment Patterns In Russia, Tamilla Curtis, Tom Griffin, Lucyna Kornecki

Dr. Tamilla Curtis

No abstract provided.


Trade Bans, Imperfect Competition, And Welfare: Bse And The U.S. Beef Industry, Dimitrios Pangiotou, Azzeddine Azzam Dec 2009

Trade Bans, Imperfect Competition, And Welfare: Bse And The U.S. Beef Industry, Dimitrios Pangiotou, Azzeddine Azzam

Azzeddine Azzam

Between May 2003 and July 2005, the U.S. beef industry faced a total ban on Canadian cattle imports following the discovery of BSE in Canada in May 2003 and restrictions on U.S. beef exports following the discovery of BSE in the United States in December 2003. When the United States reopened its border to Canadian cattle in July 2005, shipments were restricted to cattle less than 30 months of age. The total ban on Canadian cattle imports and restrictions on U.S. beef exports overlapped between January 2004 and July 2005. The restrictions on Canadian cattle imports and ...


Was Financial Market Contagion The Source Of Economic Crisis In Asia? Evidence Using A Multivariate Var Model, Ahmed Khalid, Masahiro Kawai Sep 2009

Was Financial Market Contagion The Source Of Economic Crisis In Asia? Evidence Using A Multivariate Var Model, Ahmed Khalid, Masahiro Kawai

Ahmed Khalid

The episodes of financial crises in many parts of the world during the 1990s have sparked interest in identifying channels through which such crises spread from one country to another. Researchers have identified several factors that may have sparked and induced contagion. This study further extends the existing research by identifying and testing three financial market variables to trace the alleged origin and the subsequent path of the contagion during the 1997 Asian Crisis. Foreign exchange rates, stock market prices and interest rates are three main financial market indicators, representing the currency, stock and money markets, respectively. We use a ...


Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre Dec 2008

Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre

Ambrish A Dongre

This paper examines the relation between prevalence of water- borne diseases and gender of the head of the village councils by exploiting a `natural experiment' in local governance in India. A constitutional amendment in early 1990s ensured that only women could be the head in at least one- third of the village councils selected randomly. Utilizing a unique sample survey, we show that having a woman as the council head seems to have no effect on prevalence of water borne diseases. But if we look into the sub- categories of women council heads, we find that women council heads from ...


Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre Dec 2008

Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre

Ambrish A Dongre

This paper examines the relation between prevalence of water- borne diseases and gender of the head of the village councils by exploiting a `natural experiment' in local governance in India. A constitutional amendment in early 1990s ensured that only women could be the head in at least one- third of the village councils selected randomly. Utilizing a unique sample survey, we show that having a woman as the council head seems to have no effect on the prevalence of water borne diseases. But if we look into the sub- categories of the women council heads, we find that the women ...


Female Heads Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre Dec 2008

Female Heads Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre

Ambrish A Dongre

This paper examines the relation between prevalence of water- borne diseases and gender of the head of the village councils by exploiting a `natural experiment' in local governance in India. A constitutional amendment in early 1990s ensured that only women could be the head in at least one- third of the village councils selected randomly. Utilizing a unique sample survey, we show that having a woman as the council head seems to have no effect on the prevalence of water borne diseases. But if we look into the sub- categories of the female council heads, we find that the female ...


Flying Passports Of Convenience, Karl T. Muth Dec 2008

Flying Passports Of Convenience, Karl T. Muth

Karl T Muth

This paper proposes an economic alternative to the legal construct of citizenship that currently dominates international law.


Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre Dec 2008

Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre

Ambrish A Dongre

This paper examines the relation between prevalence of water- borne diseases and gender of the head of the village councils by exploiting a `natural experiment' in local governance in India. A constitutional amendment in early 1990s ensured that only women could be the head in at least one- third of the village councils selected randomly. Utilizing a unique sample survey, we show that having a woman as the council head seems to have no effect on the prevalence of water borne diseases. But if we look into the sub- categories of the women council heads, we find that the women ...


Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre Dec 2008

Women Head Of The Village Councils And Water Borne Diseases, Ambrish A. Dongre

Ambrish A Dongre

This paper examines the relation between prevalence of water- borne diseases and gender of the head of the village councils by exploiting a `natural experiment' in local governance in India. A constitutional amendment in early 1990s ensured that only women could be the head in at least one- third of the village councils selected randomly. Utilizing a unique sample survey, we show that having a woman as the council head seems to have no effect on the prevalence of water borne diseases. But if we look into the sub- categories of the women council heads, we find that the women ...


A Novel Approach In Calculating The Costs Of “Economic Isolation", Omer Gokcekus Dec 2008

A Novel Approach In Calculating The Costs Of “Economic Isolation", Omer Gokcekus

Omer Gokcekus

No abstract provided.


Immigration And Social Justice, David Ingram Dec 2001

Immigration And Social Justice, David Ingram

David Ingram

Examines cosmopolitan and communitarian approaches to immigration policy against the backdrop of North/South economic disparities, the oil crisis of the 1970s; the growth of indebtedness in the developing world; and disparities in population growth between developed and undeveloped countries.


Comercio Intraindustrial En Europa: Determinantes Nacionales, Miguel Carrera Troyano Dec 1998

Comercio Intraindustrial En Europa: Determinantes Nacionales, Miguel Carrera Troyano

Miguel Carrera Troyano

En este trabajo se contrasta empíricamente la capacidad de los determinantes propuestos por la teoría para explicar la variación por países de los índices bilaterales de comercio intraindustrial (total, horizontal y vertical) de cinco países europeos (España, Francia, Alemania, Italia y Reino Unido). Tras presentar la metodología empleada para distinguir el comercio intraindustrial vertical y horizontal se presentan los resultados de la aplicación a los cinco países. Asimismo, se proponen y contrastan diferentes hipótesis explicativas, sin seguir un único modelo teórico, de la variabilidad entre países de los índices de comercio intraindustrial. Se concluye, entre otras cosas, que una parte ...


Regional Economic And Demographic Analysis For Cleveland, Ohio, Thomas Bausch, Lawrence Cima, Joseph Bombelles Dec 1973

Regional Economic And Demographic Analysis For Cleveland, Ohio, Thomas Bausch, Lawrence Cima, Joseph Bombelles

Lawrence R. Cima

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Law Of Declining International Trade, A. Studenmund Dec 1972

A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Law Of Declining International Trade, A. Studenmund

A. H. Studenmund

No abstract provided.