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International Economics Commons

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Operations and Supply Chain Management

Iowa State University

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in International Economics

Comparing Grain Transportation In The United States And Argentina, Thomas J. Goldsby Aug 2015

Comparing Grain Transportation In The United States And Argentina, Thomas J. Goldsby

Iowa Ag Review

Whether an individual or nation can compete in the global marketplace hinges on the ability not only to produce materials and goods demanded by customers but also to deliver those materials and goods in an efficient, timely, and safe manner. The transportation and logistics systems that serve a market are critical given that transportation costs typically represent more than one-half of a commodity’s total landed cost. The agricultural sector of the United States enjoys considerable advantages in grain movement and storage, helping to explain the overall trade advantage of the United States over Argentina in common export markets. It ...


Japanese Beef Policy And Gatt Negotiations: Analysis Of Reducing Assistance To Beef Producers, Thomas I. Wahl, Dermot J. Hayes, Gary W. Williams Oct 1987

Japanese Beef Policy And Gatt Negotiations: Analysis Of Reducing Assistance To Beef Producers, Thomas I. Wahl, Dermot J. Hayes, Gary W. Williams

Economic Staff Paper Series

Since at least the mid-1970s, Japan and its beef import suppliers, the U.S. and Australia in particular, have engaged in heated negotiations on the level of the Japanese beef import quota. U.S. negotiators have demanded that Japan completely liberalize beef imports. The Japanese have responded in a piecemeal fashion, increasing the quota by comparatively small amounts in an apparent attempt both to appease U.S. interests and to minimize the opposition of the politically powerful domestic cattle producers. The most recent Japanese concession was an agreement in the fall of 1984 to expand the total beef import quota ...


The Exchange Regime, Resource Allocation, And Uncertainty, Walter Enders, Harvey E. Lapan Apr 1981

The Exchange Regime, Resource Allocation, And Uncertainty, Walter Enders, Harvey E. Lapan

Economic Staff Paper Series

The role of nontraded goods has received considerable attention from economists attempting to assess the relative merits of fixed versus flexible exchange rate regimes. The traditional view is summarized in McKinnon's [10, 719] statement: "...if we move across the spectrum from closed to open economies, flexible exchange rates become both less effective as a control device for external balance and more damaging to internal price stability. Yet, as is widely recognized, the classification of goods into traded or nontraded depends upon the exchange rate. If an economy is not in long—run equilibrium, its position on the spectrum from ...


Trade, Protection And Import Elasticities For Brazil, Richard Weisskoff Oct 1977

Trade, Protection And Import Elasticities For Brazil, Richard Weisskoff

Economic Staff Paper Series

Quantitative models of import demand have revolved around numerical estimates of demand elasticities for a number of theoretical and practical reasons. Especially in Latin America, much of stimulus and direction of post war development is said to have originated out of reaction to the trade constraint.


International Trade, Factor Market Distortions And The Optimal Dynamic Subsidy, Harvey E. Lapan Jun 1976

International Trade, Factor Market Distortions And The Optimal Dynamic Subsidy, Harvey E. Lapan

Economic Staff Paper Series

International trade theorists have long favored free trade, arguing that the only proper basis for a tariff is in response to some monopoly power in international trade. Pragmatic politicians, on the other hand, wary of the wrath of their constituents, have often resorted to the use of tariffs, arguing that the protection afforded by tariffs was necessary to prevent unemployment...