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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in International Economics

The Shochu Conundrum: Economics And Gatt Article Iii, Alex Davis May 2016

The Shochu Conundrum: Economics And Gatt Article Iii, Alex Davis

Undergraduate Economic Review

This paper will discuss the National Treatment (NT) obligation contained in Article III of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994 as applied in precedential tax discrimination cases. Case law has not taken a firm stance on the economic versus legal interpretation of the likeness/directly competitive or substitutable (DCS) criterion or the principle of “so as to afford protection” (SATAP) captured in Article III.2. After examining the case law on discriminatory taxation, I conclude that the NT obligation in trade agreements is imperfect. Nonetheless, NT is a critical component of these agreements, and the international trade ...


Environmental Trade Measures, The Shrimp-Turtle Rulings, And The Ordinary Meaning Of The Text Of The Gatt, Howard F. Chang Jan 2005

Environmental Trade Measures, The Shrimp-Turtle Rulings, And The Ordinary Meaning Of The Text Of The Gatt, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Toward A Greener Gatt: Environmental Trade Measures And The Shrimp-Turtle Case, Howard F. Chang Jan 2000

Toward A Greener Gatt: Environmental Trade Measures And The Shrimp-Turtle Case, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


An Economic Analysis Of Trade Measures To Protect The Global Environment, Howard F. Chang Jan 1995

An Economic Analysis Of Trade Measures To Protect The Global Environment, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this article, Professor Howard Chang addresses the role of trade restrictions in supporting policies to protect the global environment and proposes a more liberal treatment of these environmental trade measures than that adopted by dispute-settlement panels of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The GATT Secretariat has recommended that countries like the United States rely on "carrots" rather than "sticks" in order to induce the participation of other countries in multilateral environmental agreements. Professor Chang defends the use of sticks on the ground that they encourage more restrained exploitation of the environment pending a multilateral agreement. First ...


Perchance To Dream: The Global Economy And The American Dream, Michael S. Knoll Jan 1993

Perchance To Dream: The Global Economy And The American Dream, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch Jan 1993

Imprudent Power: Reconsidering U.S. Regulation Of Foreign Tender Offers, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Gray-Market Imports: Causes, Consequences And Responses, Michael S. Knoll Jan 1986

Gray-Market Imports: Causes, Consequences And Responses, Michael S. Knoll

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article explores the issue of gray-market imports. The author explains the four causes of gray-market imports and explores the possibility of private remedies in order to stem the flow of these imports. The article then turns to the possibility of protection in the public sector by discussing pertinent statutory provisions and the development of the case law in this area.