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Economic History Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Economic History

Clearinghouses As Credit Regulators Before The Fed?, Matthew Jaremski Apr 2014

Clearinghouses As Credit Regulators Before The Fed?, Matthew Jaremski

Economics Faculty Working Papers

Clearinghouses were private organizations that not only had the power to audit member banks’ balance sheets and levy fines, but also provided emergency liquidity during large-scale financial panics. This paper studies how clearinghouses affected bank composition and solvency during stable periods as well as panics. An annual database of all national bank balance sheets from 1865 to 1914 indicates that national banks grew larger after the creation of a clearinghouse. Relative to the rise in assets, banks reduced their cash reserves and individual deposits and increased their loans, circulation, and interbank deposits. The analysis also shows that while clearinghouse members ...


A History Of Financial Regulation In The Usa From The Beginning Until Today: 1789 To 2011, Gary Richardson Dec 2013

A History Of Financial Regulation In The Usa From The Beginning Until Today: 1789 To 2011, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

No abstract provided.