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Economic History Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Economic History

Transmission Of Banking Crises Using A Proximity Based Learning Model, Steven Yee Apr 2016

Transmission Of Banking Crises Using A Proximity Based Learning Model, Steven Yee

Senior Theses and Projects

In financial markets, banks play a key role in transforming illiquid assets into more liquid assets. However, their ability to spread the risk of liquidity shocks over a body of agents generates a positive probability for non-efficient bank runs. Building off of the classic Diamond-Dybvig framework, this paper uses an agent based model to observe the two equilibria, efficient risk sharing and the bank run. While previous literature has looked at under what conditions could a bank run equilibrium occur, this proximity based learning model (PBLM) focuses on the development of a panic driven bank run in light of limited ...


Clearinghouses As Credit Regulators Before The Fed?, Matthew Jaremski Apr 2014

Clearinghouses As Credit Regulators Before The Fed?, Matthew Jaremski

Economics Faculty Working Papers

Clearinghouses were private organizations that not only had the power to audit member banks’ balance sheets and levy fines, but also provided emergency liquidity during large-scale financial panics. This paper studies how clearinghouses affected bank composition and solvency during stable periods as well as panics. An annual database of all national bank balance sheets from 1865 to 1914 indicates that national banks grew larger after the creation of a clearinghouse. Relative to the rise in assets, banks reduced their cash reserves and individual deposits and increased their loans, circulation, and interbank deposits. The analysis also shows that while clearinghouse members ...