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2001

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Economic History

A Organização Comum Do Mercado De Açúcar Na União Europeia: Estrutura, Instrumentos Regulatórios E Interesses, Heitor Moura Filho Nov 2001

A Organização Comum Do Mercado De Açúcar Na União Europeia: Estrutura, Instrumentos Regulatórios E Interesses, Heitor Moura Filho

Heitor Moura Filho

The subsidies and protection structure of the sugar sectors in the European Union originated from the individual national protection systems, unified with the creation of the Common Agricultural Policy. The main form of protection for agricultural products in the EU are the Common Organisations of the Market, which fix rules for planting, sale, prices, subsidies, storage and foreign trade. The COM for Sugars is based on an intervention price, at present quite higher than international prices. To determine who benefits from this intervention price, production quotas are established and distributed to each Member-State, producer and raw-material supplier. In parallel, levies ...


The American Militia And The Origin Of Conscription: A Reassessment, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel Oct 2001

The American Militia And The Origin Of Conscription: A Reassessment, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Competitive Market Socialism: A Practical Alternative For Sectors Of The Cuban Economy, Melvin Burke Aug 2001

Competitive Market Socialism: A Practical Alternative For Sectors Of The Cuban Economy, Melvin Burke

School of Economics Faculty Scholarship

The focus of this paper is to test for evidence of technical and scale efficiency in the commercial banking sector in Malaysia. In this context, the study attempts to evaluate if there are any differences between the efficiency of domestic and foreign owned Malaysian banks by applying the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The result indicates that Malaysian commercial banks did not efficiently combine their inputs and that technical inefficiency was attributed to scale inefficiency.


The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jul 2001

The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Division II Faculty Publications

This paper presents a theory of the invisible hand in homogeneous spontaneous orders. It does so by answering three fundamental questions: How do spontaneous orders arise? How are they consolidated? Why do they last? Spontaneous order is conceptualized as a solution to problems of cooperation (i.e., state-of-nature and coordination problems) within variable-sum games in decentralized environments. The processes which solve such cooperation problems must be effective in overcoming various obstacles deriving from limited information, uncertainty, and transaction costs. In the emergence or origin of spontaneous order, certain rules will be selected over others because of social-psychological dispositions (i.e ...


David Brian Robertson. Capital, Labor, And State: The Battle For American Labor Markets From The Civil War To The New Deal. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. Pp. Xxii, 297. $22.95, Paper., Joshua L. Rosenbloom Jun 2001

David Brian Robertson. Capital, Labor, And State: The Battle For American Labor Markets From The Civil War To The New Deal. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. Pp. Xxii, 297. $22.95, Paper., Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Joshua L. Rosenbloom

American employers today enjoy considerably greater latitude in the labor market than do employers in other industrialized economies. Laws protecting unions are weaker, employers can more easily hire and fire workers, minimum-wage laws are less binding, the government plays a smaller role in managing the labor market through public employment offices, and work and unemployment insurance programs are smaller and less costly to employers in the United States than elsewhere. In this book David Brian Robertson, Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Missouri, St. Louis, offers an explanation for the unique pattern of labor-market governance that has ...


A Tale Of Two Theories: Monopolies And Craft Guilds In Medieval England And Modern Imagination, Gary Richardson May 2001

A Tale Of Two Theories: Monopolies And Craft Guilds In Medieval England And Modern Imagination, Gary Richardson

Gary Richardson

No abstract provided.


The Boston Renaissance: Race, Space, And Economic Change In An American Metropolis. By Barry Bluestone And Mary Huff Stevenson, With Contributions From Michael Massagli, Philip Moss, And Chris Tilly. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000. Pp. Xiii, 461. $45.00., Joshua L. Rosenbloom Mar 2001

The Boston Renaissance: Race, Space, And Economic Change In An American Metropolis. By Barry Bluestone And Mary Huff Stevenson, With Contributions From Michael Massagli, Philip Moss, And Chris Tilly. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2000. Pp. Xiii, 461. $45.00., Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Joshua L. Rosenbloom

The greater Boston area has experienced a remarkable economic resurgence in the last two decades. Beginning in the late nineteenth century the declining fortunes of its leading manufacturing industries—textiles and boots and shoes—contributed to a sustained economic slide that was not reversed until the early 1980s. By 1982 a Brookings Institution study citing high and rising unemployment, rising crime rates, poor housing, municipal debt burden and tax disparity ranked the Boston SMSA near the bottom of urban America, below cities such as Detroit, Gary, Newark, and Oakland. These trends were sharply reversed in the 1980s and early 1990s ...


The Economic Impact Of Housing Investment Through The Community Preservation Act In Boston, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 2001

The Economic Impact Of Housing Investment Through The Community Preservation Act In Boston, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report attempts to look at the need for affordable housing and economic impacts of housing in the city of Boston, Massachusetts. Its premise is that the economic impact of housing is significant and involves a multitude of factors, from the monetary effects of the construction process to the impact of personal income on the local economy.


Connecticut River Economic Adjustment Project, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 2001

Connecticut River Economic Adjustment Project, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this study was to inventory various environmental and economic criteria for the region. In the second phase the data was analyzed for implications for development potential. In phase three the Net Available Land Analysis methodology will be allied on the town level to two towns that meet one or more of the three Economic Development Administration criteria. The region chosen was Enfield, Connecticut and Holyoke, Massachusetts.


A Little Adam Smith Is A Dangerous Thing, Jonathan B. Wight Jan 2001

A Little Adam Smith Is A Dangerous Thing, Jonathan B. Wight

Economics Faculty Publications

Adam Smith was trying to counter medieval church theology, which held that any self-interested behavior was sinful and detrimental. Smith countered that self-interest could yield valuable outcomes for society as people pursued specialization and market trade. Much later these quotes would be used to justify the greedy and grasping personae of homo economicus, illustrating how a little Adam Smith can prove to be a dangerous thing. For example, Max Lerner in 1937 would say that Adam Smith "sanctified predatory impulses" and "gave a new dignity to greed." By the 1980s the movie Wall Street has the financial tycoon Gordon Gecco ...


Toward A Comparative Economics Of Plea Bargaining (With Thomas Miceli), Richard Adelstein Jan 2001

Toward A Comparative Economics Of Plea Bargaining (With Thomas Miceli), Richard Adelstein

Division II Faculty Publications

A comparison of adversarial and inquisitorial approaches to criminal adjudication and its implications for plea bargaining.


The Development Of The Neoclassical Tradition In Labor Economics, George R. Boyer, Robert S. Smith Jan 2001

The Development Of The Neoclassical Tradition In Labor Economics, George R. Boyer, Robert S. Smith

Articles and Chapters

This essay on labor economics examines neoclassical theory's rise to ascendancy following the second World War, with a secondary focus on the relative decline but continued influence of institutionalist economic theory. The authors describe the evolution of institutional and neoclassical theory from the late nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries, examine some early intellectual debates between the two camps, briefly describe the work of neoclassical labor economics pioneers, and look at major developments over the past 30 years. They argue that neoclassical economists' increasing intellectual breadth and influence in public policy have led them to pay closer attention to issues that ...


The Ingenuity Of Common Workmen: And The Invention Of The Computer , Byron Paul Mobley Jan 2001

The Ingenuity Of Common Workmen: And The Invention Of The Computer , Byron Paul Mobley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since World War II, state support for scientific research has been assumed crucial to technological and economic progress. Governments accordingly spent tremendous sums to that end. Nothing epitomizes the alleged fruits of that involvement better than the electronic digital computer. The first such computer has been widely reputed to be the ENIAC, financed by the U.S. Army for the war but finished afterwards. Vastly improved computers followed, initially paid for in good share by the Federal Government of the United States, but with the private sector then dominating, both in development and use, and computers are of major significance ...


"Carried On At A Very Great Expense And Never Produced Any Profit": The Albemarle Iron Works (1770-72), James Harvey Brothers Jan 2001

"Carried On At A Very Great Expense And Never Produced Any Profit": The Albemarle Iron Works (1770-72), James Harvey Brothers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Toward A Comparative Economics Of Plea Bargaining (With Thomas Miceli), Richard Adelstein Dec 2000

Toward A Comparative Economics Of Plea Bargaining (With Thomas Miceli), Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A comparison of adversarial and inquisitorial approaches to criminal adjudication and its implications for plea bargaining.


The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti Dec 2000

The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Giulio M Gallarotti

This paper presents a theory of the invisible hand in homogeneous spontaneous orders. It does so by answering three fundamental questions: How do spontaneous orders arise? How are they consolidated? Why do they last? Spontaneous order is conceptualized as a solution to problems of cooperation (i.e., state-of-nature and coordination problems) within variable-sum games in decentralized environments. The processes which solve such cooperation problems must be effective in overcoming various obstacles deriving from limited information, uncertainty, and transaction costs. In the emergence or origin of spontaneous order, certain rules will be selected over others because of social-psychological dispositions (i.e ...


The American Militia And The Origin Of Conscription: A Reassessment, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel Dec 2000

The American Militia And The Origin Of Conscription: A Reassessment, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

No abstract provided.


Unraveling Appalachia's Rural Economy: The Case Of A Flexible Manufacturing Network, Ann M. Oberhauser, Amy Pratt, Ann-Marie Turnage Dec 2000

Unraveling Appalachia's Rural Economy: The Case Of A Flexible Manufacturing Network, Ann M. Oberhauser, Amy Pratt, Ann-Marie Turnage

Ann Oberhauser

 Many households and communities in rural Appalachia engage  in diverse economic strategies that often are ignored in analyses of  economic restructuring in the region (Gaventa, Smith, and Willingham 1990; Obermiller and Philliber 1994). This paper highlights  the complex nature of rural economies and particularly informal
 activities that intersect with kinship and community-based social  networks. Different scales of economic activity are examined as  shifts in global capital impact and are influenced by local strategies  that include formal as well as informal activities. This analysis uses  a case study of a network of home-based machine-knitters to illus-
 trate these social and spatial ...