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Economic History Commons

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1999

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Economic History

Health, Binge Drinking, And Labor Market Success: A Longitudinal Study On Young People, Shao Hsun Keng, Wallace E. Huffman Nov 1999

Health, Binge Drinking, And Labor Market Success: A Longitudinal Study On Young People, Shao Hsun Keng, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

Health, like schooling, is a form of human capital and can be expected to be positively related to labor productivity and labor supply. The production of good health and labor productivity, however, sometimes competes with an individual's lifestyle, e.g., binge drinking. In this study, an individual's health has three dimensions: current health status, binge drinking which is an unhealthy lifestyle, and stature or mature height which is a young adult's health endowment. This study presents and fits a dynamic model of an individual's demand for health, demand for binge drinking, labor supply, and wage or ...


Estimation Of The Trend Model With Autoregressive Errors, Anindya Roy, Barry Falk, Wayne A. Fuller Jul 1999

Estimation Of The Trend Model With Autoregressive Errors, Anindya Roy, Barry Falk, Wayne A. Fuller

Economic Staff Paper Series

This paper is concerned with estimation and inference in a univariate p-th order autoregressive model with a time trend and, possibly, a unit root. Econometric interest in uni variate autoregressions is partly due to the direct benefits that are attainable from a better understanding of the time series structures of individual economic variables. In addition, developments in the study of univariate time series typically lead the way to developments in the study of multivariate time series models. There are two fundamental problems that complicate estimation and inference in autoregressive models with a possible unit root (i.e., AR/UR models ...


Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri Jul 1999

Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri

All Finding Aids

The Amos E. Taylor Collection is divided into eight Series. I. Biographical Information; II. Military Service; III. University of Pennsylvania; IV. U.S. Department of Commerce; V. Inter-American Economic & Social Council/Pan American Union; VI. American University; VII. Personal Memorabilia, and VIII. Publications. It includes materials covering many decades of his life including his extensive education, his military service in World War I, and his career working for federal agencies, presidents, and economic associations.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition ...


An Alternative Tale Of Two Tax Jurisdictions: A Reply, Robert L. Sexton, Gary Galles Jun 1999

An Alternative Tale Of Two Tax Jurisdictions: A Reply, Robert L. Sexton, Gary Galles

Robert L Sexton

ABSTRACT. Cebula (1999) suggests that the success of California's Proposition 13 and Massachusetts' Proposition 2-1/2 is better judged by their effects on the growth rates of real per capita revenues and expenditures rather than on the te^ek of those variables, which Galles and Sexton (1998) used to evaluate those measures. However, the data shows that virtually all of their effects, relative to the United States as a whole, arose during their implementation periods, and that there is no clear evidence of the "longer term success in terms of reducing the growth rate of real per capita revenues ...


Institutional Changes And Discretionary Value For Property Rights In Drylands’ Farming Of The Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Jun 1999

Institutional Changes And Discretionary Value For Property Rights In Drylands’ Farming Of The Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Research on land tenure and use control and the socioeconomic sets of regulations in the agricultural rainfed sub sector of Sudan, come to focus for many reasons. Anthropogenic pressure, expanding animal population and migration led to accelerated impacts on both the ecological systems and land yields. Conflicts between governmental regulations and indigenous rules contribute to generate inconsistencies on who have the right to till the land and hence own it. With such transformation logically, more intensive commercial farming took place and land intake exponentially increased. Private or collective property rights of land are procured through traditional tenure, prescription, settlement or ...


The Great Transition: The Dynamics Of Market Transitions And The Case Of Russia, 1991-1995, Jeffrey K. Hass Jun 1999

The Great Transition: The Dynamics Of Market Transitions And The Case Of Russia, 1991-1995, Jeffrey K. Hass

Sociology and Anthropology Faculty Publications

The market transition in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union brings us back to essential issues that Marx and Weber addressed: the genesis of capitalism and the process of economic change. What is the transition and what does it involve - restructuring incentives, creating new laws, learning new culture, or creating new power structures? The answer partially depends on the particular transition (initial conditions, targets, actors' perceptions); but necessary general frameworks remain elusive, and current economic policies and analyses reveal that we understand little more about economic change than a century ago. Recent works on market transitions have furthered our ...


William The Liberator, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel May 1999

William The Liberator, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


William The Liberator, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel Apr 1999

William The Liberator, Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

Jeffrey Rogers Hummel

No abstract provided.


The Challenges Of Economic Maturity: New England, 1880-1940, Joshua L. Rosenbloom Feb 1999

The Challenges Of Economic Maturity: New England, 1880-1940, Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Joshua L. Rosenbloom

This paper provides an account of the complex changes taking place within New England in the years from 1880 to 1940. After 1880, technological changes and market shifts undermined the sources of comparative advantage that had promoted the concentration of textile and footwear production within the region and propelled regional economic growth. Despite the decline of these industries after 1880, New England's history after 1880 can hardly be characterized as one of economic decline. Regional economic growth did slow in the wake of these events, but the impact of this slowdown on living standards was moderated, by market driven ...


The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein Jan 1999

The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein

Division II Faculty Publications

The alternating influence of Locke and Bentham in American constitutional law.


Town Of Boxford, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Boxford, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report explores the town of Boxford, Massachusetts. Boxford is a unique rural community in the Merrimack Valley and the Boston metropolitan area. It has no traffic lights, sidewalks or signs, and very few streetlights, or commercial or industrial activity. Because of its 50-year old 2-acre zoning and close proximity to Boston, which contribute to its high housing costs, this community is out of reach for most Massachusetts residents.


Town Of Georgetown, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Georgetown, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report focuses on the town of Georgetown, Massachusetts. While it was still widely forested, with many acres of open and recreation land, the town also had a walkable village core as well as industrial and commercial development. The town was renowned for its thriving antique industry and also boasted an organ manufacturing company, a supermarket and an expanding public golf and country club.


Town Of Lawrence, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Lawrence, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report takes a look at the town of Lawrence, Massachusetts. Lawrence, originally a rural farming town, was transformed into a major industrial center when Boston Entrepreneurs developed huge textile mills on the Merrimack River to use the power of its water falls. The mill owners built canals, a dam and reservoir, boarding houses and a machine shop for locomotives, creating one of the first industrial complexes in the country.


Town Of North Andover, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of North Andover, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

North Andover, Massachusetts lies along the banks of the Merrimack River and is surrounded by the Towns of Methuen, Haverhill, Boxford, Andover, Middleton, North Reading, and the City of Lawrence. The settlement of the town began in 1640 and was incorporated as Andover in 1646. North Andover is governed by an open Town Meeting form of government, a five-member Board of Selectmen and a Town Manager pursuant to a Home Rule Charter that went into effect in 1986.


Town Of Amesbury, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Amesbury, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report explored the town of Amesbury, Massachusetts. Amesbury’s municipal government was supported by diverse citizen groups and business organizations. The town was a suburban community with abundant natural resources and a delightful village core.


Town Of Andover, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Andover, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

Andover is a suburban community of 32 square miles with a population of 29,000. The town is located just 20 miles south of Boston at the intersection of I-93 and I-495. With easy access to the city and Logan Airport, Andover is home to many of the largest high-technology firms such as Hewlett-Packard, Raytheon, Digital, Gillette, and Genetics Institute.


Town Of Groveland, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Groveland, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report takes a look at Groveland, Massachusetts. Groveland is a small residential community that retains all of the characteristics of a friendly rural town in the setting of a convenient suburb. The town was incorporated in 1850, and changed gradually from an agricultural community to one that is almost wholly residential.


Town Of Newburyport, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Newburyport, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

Newburyport is a diverse and thriving city that harmonizes commercial, residential and industrial needs. Nestled on the shores where the Merrimack River meets the Atlantic Ocean Newburyport is among the smallest cities in the state.


Town Of Salisbury, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Town Of Salisbury, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

Salisbury, Massachusetts has the history and the skeleton of a typical New England village, but has lost much of the identifiable character to post 1950 regulated development. (Town of Salisbury Local Partnership Committee Economic Development Plan, 1996) Today Salisbury has two identifiable centers. The historic town center, known as Salisbury Square, and the Salisbury Beach…


Merrimack Valley Planning Commission Regional Assets Study, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1999

Merrimack Valley Planning Commission Regional Assets Study, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report is intended to illuminate the region of the Merrimack River and its assets. The motivation for the study is simply this: The assets of the region have never been comprehensively compiled and, in an age of tremendous economic competition it is essential that this information be publicly distributed. The Merrimack River is located in the Merrimack Valley in Massachusetts.


Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jan 1999

Resisting The Globalizing Economy In Seattle, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Seattle, November-December 1999: the third meeting of the Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization. President Clinton was the host. Political leaders came from around the world. The news media-global, national, and local-were there in full force. As were the protesters. For the political leaders who believed that freer trade would improve their economies this was the place to be. For those who believed that freer trade would have a detrimental impact on people and the environment this was also the place to be. It was the point of resistance. For reporters and camera crews the conflict between leaders and ...


The Farm Crisis Of The 1980s In Iowa: Its Roots And Its Inner Workings, Sue Ann Atkinson Jan 1999

The Farm Crisis Of The 1980s In Iowa: Its Roots And Its Inner Workings, Sue Ann Atkinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the farm crisis of the 1980s, by beginning with the ideology underlying the farm policy. At the time of the American Revolution, there was considerable discussion about the nature of governments and the relationship to people. Enlightenment philosophy was influential in this discussion, as well as philosophies from previous ages. As the new American Republic was emerging from the British mercantile system and taking its place in the world capitalist system, there was a difference of opinion as to which policy to adopt for the best development of the resources. For the first 100 years of the ...


Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein Jan 1999

Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein

Division II Faculty Publications

A brief recasting of the price exaction model.


A Postcolonial Approach To The Sociology Of Globalization: Some Empirical Evidence , Rehan Mullick Jan 1999

A Postcolonial Approach To The Sociology Of Globalization: Some Empirical Evidence , Rehan Mullick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A new perspective on the sociology of globalization is evaluated. It considers increasing inequality across the world to be a consequence of emerging globalized economy rather than an outcome of underdevelopment. The sample included 126 countries classified as low-income to low-middle-income countries by the World Bank. Regression analysis revealed support for exclusion and irrelevance for peripherized masses in the developing countries. Discussion centers on reconsidering the nature of the globalized capitalism to understand the impasse in development and development studies. The globalization is not seen as a purely economic phenomenon its an intensification of human interaction at all---financial, social, and ...


The Genius Of The 1898 Bankruptcy Act, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 1999

The Genius Of The 1898 Bankruptcy Act, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Three Generations Of Planter -Businessmen: The Tayloes, Slave Labor, And Entrepreneurialism In Virginia, 1710-1830, Laura Croghan Kamoie Jan 1999

Three Generations Of Planter -Businessmen: The Tayloes, Slave Labor, And Entrepreneurialism In Virginia, 1710-1830, Laura Croghan Kamoie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study analyzes the entrepreneurial estate-building activities of three generations of the Tayloe family of Virginia from the 1710s to the 1820s. The three John Tayloes were model planter-businessmen---that is, they combined mixed commercial agriculture with a variety of business enterprises in an effort to secure long-term financial security and social status for themselves and their heirs. This diversified approach to plantation management characterized early Virginia's "culture of progress"---an early American business culture interpreted in many different ways throughout the colonies (and later the states) that had the pursuit of a better life as its organizing premise.;The ...


Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein Dec 1998

Victims As Cost Bearers, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A brief recasting of the price exaction model.


The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein Dec 1998

The Origins Of Property And The Powers Of Government, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

The alternating influence of Locke and Bentham in American constitutional law.