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1997

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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Economic History

Migration And Labour Market Integration In Late Nineteenth-Century England And Wales, George R. Boyer Nov 1997

Migration And Labour Market Integration In Late Nineteenth-Century England And Wales, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] There is a long and well established tradition of studies analysing the pattern and causes of internal migration and assessing the degree of labour market integration in late nineteenth-century Britain. Some studies document the flows of migrants from one area to another and describe migrant characteristics and the directions of the predominant streams of migration. Others analyse the determinants of gross or net migration flows at the region or county level. The questions implicit in these studies are: How mobile was the labour force? What were the major factors which determined individual decisions to migrate? How are these factors ...


Labour Migration In Southern And Eastern England, 1861-1901, George R. Boyer Aug 1997

Labour Migration In Southern And Eastern England, 1861-1901, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

This paper examines the determinants of migration from 19 southern counties to six major destinations in England and Wales from 1861-70 to 1891-1900. I find that, while the size of origin-destination wage gaps and the distance between origin and destination areas were important determinants of migration flows, as expected, migration was also strongly influenced by the number of previous migrants from an origin county living in a destination. The assistance provided by previous migrants to friends and relatives contemplating migration led to a perpetuation of earlier migration patterns, and helps to explain the continued dominance of London as a destination ...


Active Intermediation In Overlapping Generations Economies With Production And Unsecured Debt, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion Apr 1997

Active Intermediation In Overlapping Generations Economies With Production And Unsecured Debt, Mark Pingle, Leigh Tesfatsion

ISU Economic Report Series

It is well known that the first welfare theorem fails for the pure exchange^overlapping generations economy studied by Samuelson (1958) and for the private production overlapping generations economy studied by Diamond (1965). Tirole (1985) combines and extends the Samuelson and Diamond frameworks by permitting both unsecured debt and private pro duction and shows that the first welfare theorem stillfails to hold. This paper shows that the reason for this failure is that intermediation is niodelled as a purely passive coordination ac tivity implemented by a Walrasian Auctioneer.


Multinational Enterprises: The Constitution Of A Pluralistic Legal Order, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 1997

Multinational Enterprises: The Constitution Of A Pluralistic Legal Order, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz Jan 1997

Relativism, Reflective Equilibrium, And Justice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

THIS PAPER IS THE CO-WINNER OF THE FRED BERGER PRIZE IN PHILOSOPHY OF LAW FOR THE 1999 AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE BEST PUBLISHED PAPER IN THE PREVIOUS TWO YEARS.

The conflict between liberal legal theory and critical legal studies (CLS) is often framed as a matter of whether there is a theory of justice that the law should embody which all rational people could or must accept. In a divided society, the CLS critique of this view is overwhelming: there is no such justice that can command universal assent. But the liberal critique of CLS, that it degenerates into ...


Bringing A Focus To The Community, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1997

Bringing A Focus To The Community, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This master plan addressed issues that were identified through a community workshop, planning board input, and the goals of previous plans. These issues included the desire for economic diversity, a town center, protection from unlimited growth and maintaining rural character to the town of Pelham, Massachusetts.


Economic Development Plan For The Town Of Acton, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1997

Economic Development Plan For The Town Of Acton, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The goal of this report was to conduct a thorough analysis of the business climate within the town of Acton, Massachusetts and to produce a set of recommendations to be taken by the town to retain, promote, and expand business activity.


Assessing The Labor Needs Of Industries - Assessing The Labor Needs Of Regions: A Strategy For Collecting Regional Labor Market Information For The North Central Massachusetts Regional Employment Board, Center For Economic Development Jan 1997

Assessing The Labor Needs Of Industries - Assessing The Labor Needs Of Regions: A Strategy For Collecting Regional Labor Market Information For The North Central Massachusetts Regional Employment Board, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The North Central Massachusetts Regional Planning Board (NCMREB) is a not-for- profit agency that serves the cities of Fitchburg, Gardner, Leominster, and the surrounding 20 towns. It is one of 16 regional employment boards in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and is "responsible for ' the oversight, coordination, and policy making' of publicly funded employment and training programs that serve all age groups." (Courtesy of NCMREB)

The challenge that the NCMREB faces is in keeping abreast of the rapidly changing labor needs of industries in the region. The more the NCMREB knows about the needs and qualities of the peoples and industries ...


The Implications And Development Of Telecommunications, Center For Economic Development Jan 1997

The Implications And Development Of Telecommunications, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) mandates that personal wireless companies develop their systems so that adequate service is provided to the public. Section 704 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 governs federal, state and local government oversight of siting of "personal wireless service" facilities (Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, 1996). The FCC published a Fact Sheet in April of 1996 which summarizes the key provisions of section 704. The summary is as follows:

Local zoning authority over the placement, construction., and modification of personal wireless service facilities is maintained by the Act. However, zoning may not:

1. discriminate between different personal wireless ...


Tobin, James, Tony Caporale Jan 1997

Tobin, James, Tony Caporale

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications

James Tobin was born in Champaign, Illinois, in 1918. He received his bachelor's degree in 1939 and his master's degree in 1940, both from Harvard. Following naval service during the years 1942-6, he returned to his graduate studies and received his PhD from Harvard in 1947. In 1950, he joined the economics department at Yale University, and he has largely remained at Yale and has been identified with this institution throughout his career. He twice directed the Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, first from 1955 to 1961, and then from 1964 to 1965. He also served for ...


Poor Relief, Informal Assistance, And Short Time During The Lancashire Cotton Famine, George R. Boyer Jan 1997

Poor Relief, Informal Assistance, And Short Time During The Lancashire Cotton Famine, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper presents new evidence concerning the importance of poor relief as a source of income assistance for unemployed operatives during the Lancashire cotton famine. My comparison of weekly data on the number of relief recipients in 23 distressed poor law unions with estimates of weekly cotton consumption for the period November 1861 to December 1862 suggests that the average length of time between becoming unemployed and receiving poor relief was less than 2 months. This result is shown to be consistent with available evidence on working class saving. Given the meager amount of informal assistance available to them ...