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Economic History Commons

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1995

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Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Economic History

Bank Entry During The Antebellum Period, Andrew J. Economopoulos, Heather M. O'Neill Nov 1995

Bank Entry During The Antebellum Period, Andrew J. Economopoulos, Heather M. O'Neill

Business and Economics Faculty Publications

A recent study by Kenneth Ng (1988) challenges the view that free banking laws lowered barriers to entry. The authors' study examines bank entry and capital formation in free and nonfree banking states during the free banking period. A competitive model is developed and used to test if barriers were lowered in free banking states. The evidence indicates that entry significantly increased after the enactment of the free banking laws and that entry policy in nonfree banking states appeared to have been 'liberalized' when the free banking laws were enacted in other states.


China: Financial Reform: 1979-1994, Bobby Bao Apr 1995

China: Financial Reform: 1979-1994, Bobby Bao

Business, Accounting and Economics Undergraduate Theses

A new world power is emerging. China, the land of 1.2 billion "descendants of the Dragon," is impressing the whole world with its expedient growth in recent years. Media all over the globe attribute this to the economic reforms that have been taking place since 1978. The reforms have brought a variety of new, market-oriented constituents into the previously sluggish economy. Private firms, collective enterprises, joint-stock enterprises, non-bank financial institutions, ( i.e. urban/rural credit unions, mutual funds, insurance companies, stock exchange markets) and many other non-traditional economic entities have proliferated during this period. These new economic forms, along ...


The Evolution Of A Revolution The Industrial Revolution And The Arts And Crafts Movement Then And Now, Michele Bazzanella Apr 1995

The Evolution Of A Revolution The Industrial Revolution And The Arts And Crafts Movement Then And Now, Michele Bazzanella

History Undergraduate Theses

The following thesis contains both historical and theoretical information. The historical portion deals with the emergence and effects of the Industrial Revolution in England and the movement that opposed it. The theoretical portion centers on four changes that are presently occurring in relation to changes that happened during the Industrial Revolution. These changes link with the original opposition to the Industrial Revolution known as the Arts and Crafts Movement. First, controversial ideas that were raised during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries by those opposed to industrialization are currently showing their renewed validity through the movement away from the standards that ...


Industrial Change, Immigration, And Community Development: An Overview Of Europeans And Latinos, Ramón F. Borges-Méndez Mar 1995

Industrial Change, Immigration, And Community Development: An Overview Of Europeans And Latinos, Ramón F. Borges-Méndez

New England Journal of Public Policy

The industrial forces and conditions of Massachusetts that awaited and attracted European immigrants were vastly different from those encountered by the more recent wave of Latino immigrants. This study seeks to compare and clarify what those forces and conditions were at three different times, especially in the small mill towns of Lowell, Lawrence, and Holyoke. The objective is to delineate a historical backdrop to allow an understanding of the present situation of Latinos in those cities and, to some extent, within the commonwealth of Massachusetts.


Compatriots Or Competitors? Job Competition Between Foreign- And U.S.-Born Angelenos, Abel Valenzuela Jr. Mar 1995

Compatriots Or Competitors? Job Competition Between Foreign- And U.S.-Born Angelenos, Abel Valenzuela Jr.

New England Journal of Public Policy

The debate concerning job competition between immigrant and nonimmigrant groups has intensified owing to the large increase in the 1970s and 1980s in immigration and the simultaneous growth in urban poverty rates for African-American and other minority groups. It focuses on the possible wage and displacement effects an increase in immigration would cause for the U.S.-born population. Using 1970 and 1980 industrial and occupational census data and shift-share methodology for Los Angeles, the author shows that immigrants do not simply function as either competitive or complementary sources of labor. Instead, he argues, job competition between groups of workers ...


Latinos Need Not Apply: The Effects Of Industrial Change And Workplace Discrimination On Latino Employment, Edwin Meléndez, Françoise Carré, Evangelina Holvino Mar 1995

Latinos Need Not Apply: The Effects Of Industrial Change And Workplace Discrimination On Latino Employment, Edwin Meléndez, Françoise Carré, Evangelina Holvino

New England Journal of Public Policy

The objective of the research described here is to assess how recent changes in the organization of industry and discrimination in the workplace affect the employment of Latinos. One of the most important developments in labor markets during the past two decades is the erosion of internal labor markets. Employers are responding to intensified competitive conditions that developed during the 1980s: increased international competition in domestic markets and deregulation in telecommunications, banking, insurance, and other industries. The development of information technologies and the diffusion of secondary and postsecondary education have enabled organizations to cut labor costs. In particular, firms are ...


Persistence Of Poverty Across Generations: A Comparison Of Anglos, Blacks, And Latinos, Anna M. Santiago, Yolanda C. Padilla Mar 1995

Persistence Of Poverty Across Generations: A Comparison Of Anglos, Blacks, And Latinos, Anna M. Santiago, Yolanda C. Padilla

New England Journal of Public Policy

Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, this study examines the impact of children's growing up in poverty on the probability of their remaining in poverty during young adulthood. The primary goals of the research are to examine racial, ethnic, and gender differences in patterns of persistent poverty and to identify predictors of poverty status in young adulthood. The results suggest that both women, regardless of their race, ethnicity, or adolescent poverty status, and black men who grew up in poverty are more likely to be poor as young adults than Anglo men. Logistic regression analyses reveal ...


Latinos And Labor: Challenges And Opportunities, Andrés Torres Mar 1995

Latinos And Labor: Challenges And Opportunities, Andrés Torres

New England Journal of Public Policy

The growing presence of Latino workers in the Massachusetts labor force presents opportunities as well as challenges for the labor movement. An overview of occupational, industrial, and unionization patterns helps to describe the potential for Hispanic contribution to renewed union strength in the region. But revitalizing the house of labor in the twenty-first century requires an innovative interplay of workplace and community strategies. As labor comes to terms with its multiracial/multicultural constituency, the relationship between class and race/ethnicity is being revisited, as is the very definition of "labor movement."


Walter Piazza En El Mef: Recuento De Una Frustración Costosa, José Luis Sardón Jan 1995

Walter Piazza En El Mef: Recuento De Una Frustración Costosa, José Luis Sardón

Jose Luis Sardon

Este libro contiene un breve ensayo de historia económica. El mismo relata e interpreta la gestión que realizó Walter Piazza Tangüis como ministro de Economía y Finanzas en 1977. Cronológicamente, esta gestión se ubica al medio de los cerca de treinta años de populismo económico por los que atravesó el Perú en la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Ella representó uno de los más serios intentos por corregir el rumbo que estaba llevando el país hacia el despeñadero. Así, tanto por el programa de acción que se propuso como por la combinación de factores que la llevaron a un abrupto ...


L'Entreprise En Droit, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 1995

L'Entreprise En Droit, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


What's Wrong With Exploitation?, Justin Schwartz Jan 1995

What's Wrong With Exploitation?, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Abstract: Marx thinks that capitalism is exploitative, and that is a major basis for his objections to it. But what's wrong with exploitation, as Marx sees it? (The paper is exegetical in character: my object is to understand what Marx believed,) The received view, held by Norman Geras, G.A. Cohen, and others, is that Marx thought that capitalism was unjust, because in the crudest sense, capitalists robbed labor of property that was rightfully the workers' because the workers and not the capitalists produced it. This view depends on a Labor Theory of Property (LTP), that property rights are ...


Shaping Our Common Destiny Town-Gown Relations And The Physical Implications Of Economic Development, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Shaping Our Common Destiny Town-Gown Relations And The Physical Implications Of Economic Development, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

A conference was purposed entitled “Shaping Our Common Destiny: Town/Gown Relations and Physical Implication of Economic Development,” in the town of Amherst, Massachusetts. The framework for the conference will focus on the mutual interest, concerns, and responsibilities of the community officials and the university officials.

The purpose of this survey was two-fold: to determine interest among university and town planners in participating in the proposed conference and to assess the nature of current relationships between the two entities.


Downtown Master Plan For Lee, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Downtown Master Plan For Lee, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The graduate studio in Regional Planning at the Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst had contracted with The Lee Economic Action for the Downtown to prepare a Master Plan for the downtown area of Lee, Massachusetts. The goals of this Master Plan were to preserve and enhance the character of the Downtown, and to prepare the downtown for change.


Build Out Analysis And Fiscal Assessment For Mansfield, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Build Out Analysis And Fiscal Assessment For Mansfield, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report is a summary of the ideas and strategies that emerged as a result of the Charrette held in Mansfield, Massachusetts on February 18, 1995. Charrette participants were a broad representation of interests ranging from public officials and various public/private associations to merchants and residents.


Pittsfield Conference Center A Preliminary Feasibility Review, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Pittsfield Conference Center A Preliminary Feasibility Review, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this report is to determine the feasibility of a conference center/business meeting center and hotel concept to be located in downtown Pittsfield, Massachusetts. The key word in the above is “concept.” The study team, via interviews, examination of industry data and review of city plans, developed a snapshot at a moment in time.


Space Inventory And Preliminary Marketing Recommendations, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Space Inventory And Preliminary Marketing Recommendations, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report was designed to assist further economic development of Gloucester, Massachusetts’s working waterfront and downtown commercial district. This market and economic development plan was meant to provide the Gloucester Community Development Office with some key ingredients for the success of their overall economic revitalization plan that was being prepared for the entire city.


Georgetown Planning Analysis And Alternatives Georgetown Master Plan Commitee, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Georgetown Planning Analysis And Alternatives Georgetown Master Plan Commitee, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report is a study that prepares and presents background reports and preliminary growth management scenarios for the town of Georgetown, Massachusetts for the Georgetown Master Plan Committee. Georgetown’s character is described in terms of historical, cultural, and natural resources.


Amherst Research Park A Study Of Design Standards For Amherst, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1995

Amherst Research Park A Study Of Design Standards For Amherst, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The focus of this studio project was the potential development of a professional research park in Amherst, Massachusetts. The project consisted of two distinct phases: data collection and analysis of physical conditions of the site, and data collection and analysis for the purpose of creating design guidelines that could be applied to future development at the site and to other research parks in town. The client for this project was the town of Amherst.


"A Green And Permanent Land": Agriculture In The Age Of Ecology, 1935-1985 , Randal Scott Beeman Jan 1995

"A Green And Permanent Land": Agriculture In The Age Of Ecology, 1935-1985 , Randal Scott Beeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is an intellectual history that traces the influence of ecological thought on the theory, practice, and policy of agriculture in the United States since the 1930s. Ecology served as both a scientific and ethical guide for two broad social movements analyzed in this dissertation. The "permanent agriculture" movement of the 1930s through the 1950s emerged from concerns over the destruction of the soil, and the desire to harmonize human technological endeavors with the interconnected biological and social universes in which humans functioned. Champions of permanent agriculture effectively promoted an ideology devoted to long-term land use planning, comprehensive soil conservation ...


Virginia Embargoed: The Economic And Political Effects Of The 1807-1809 Embargo On Virginia, John George Kinzie Jan 1995

Virginia Embargoed: The Economic And Political Effects Of The 1807-1809 Embargo On Virginia, John George Kinzie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Price Of Empire: Anglo-French Rivalry For The Great Lakes Fur Trades, 1700-1760, Matthew R. Laird Jan 1995

The Price Of Empire: Anglo-French Rivalry For The Great Lakes Fur Trades, 1700-1760, Matthew R. Laird

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

As the English and French grappled for North American hegemony in the first half of the eighteenth century, trade with the Indian groups of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley transcended mere financial calculations and assumed a broader imperial significance. to the native peoples who exchanged their peltry for European manufactured goods, trade was the material manifestation of mutual obligation, political dialogue, and military alliance. If the contest for empire inevitably became a battle for the hearts and minds of potential Indian allies, the spoils of victory were most visibly reckoned in furs and skins.;Yet, despite the outspoken criticism ...


Restricting Taxation: The Impact Of Proposition 13 On California Tax And Expenditure Trends, Robert L. Sexton, Gary M. Galles, James E. Long Dec 1994

Restricting Taxation: The Impact Of Proposition 13 On California Tax And Expenditure Trends, Robert L. Sexton, Gary M. Galles, James E. Long

Robert L Sexton

Abstract: This paper examines trends in California taxes and expenditures at the state and local level. In particular, it considers whether Proposition 13, which has been blamed by politicians and the press for virtually every ensuing fiscal problem facing state and local governments in California, deserves such criticism, or whether the roots of those problems lie elsewhere.