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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Economic History

"Perhaps We Can Hit Upon Some Medium Of Course": Rockefeller Philanthropy, Economic Research, And The Structure Of Social Science--1911-1946, David Lee Seim Jan 2007

"Perhaps We Can Hit Upon Some Medium Of Course": Rockefeller Philanthropy, Economic Research, And The Structure Of Social Science--1911-1946, David Lee Seim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In January 1957, Merle Curti published "The History of American Philanthropy as a Field of Research." Curti believed the time was right for historians to ask: "how important has relatively disinterested benevolence been in giving expression to, and in promoting at home and abroad, a major American value---human welfare?" Historians have done much research over fifty years to answer Curti's question. Some historians argue that philanthropic benevolence has been relatively unbiased when supporting research to solve social and economic problems; these historians interpret philanthropic support of social research as generally "compatible" with unbiased selection of research problems and methods ...


The Ingenuity Of Common Workmen: And The Invention Of The Computer , Byron Paul Mobley Jan 2001

The Ingenuity Of Common Workmen: And The Invention Of The Computer , Byron Paul Mobley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since World War II, state support for scientific research has been assumed crucial to technological and economic progress. Governments accordingly spent tremendous sums to that end. Nothing epitomizes the alleged fruits of that involvement better than the electronic digital computer. The first such computer has been widely reputed to be the ENIAC, financed by the U.S. Army for the war but finished afterwards. Vastly improved computers followed, initially paid for in good share by the Federal Government of the United States, but with the private sector then dominating, both in development and use, and computers are of major significance ...


Historical Alterations Of Surface Hydrology In Iowa's Small Agricultural Watersheds, Katherine Louise Andersen Jan 2000

Historical Alterations Of Surface Hydrology In Iowa's Small Agricultural Watersheds, Katherine Louise Andersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa's headwater prairie streams, once meandering within a landscape of tall grasses, marshes and wooded riparian borders, today exist in direct contact with an agricultural matrix. This study determined historic changes in surface water features of four small agricultural watersheds. Bear Creek watershed was once part of the "wet prairie" region located in the Des Moines Lobe landform of north-central Iowa. Storm Lake watershed, located in the Northwest Iowa Loess Prairies landform, was of a similar original condition with limited stream channel development. The Walnut Creek and Three Mile Creek watersheds are located in the Southern Iowa Rolling Loess ...


The Farm Crisis Of The 1980s In Iowa: Its Roots And Its Inner Workings, Sue Ann Atkinson Jan 1999

The Farm Crisis Of The 1980s In Iowa: Its Roots And Its Inner Workings, Sue Ann Atkinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the farm crisis of the 1980s, by beginning with the ideology underlying the farm policy. At the time of the American Revolution, there was considerable discussion about the nature of governments and the relationship to people. Enlightenment philosophy was influential in this discussion, as well as philosophies from previous ages. As the new American Republic was emerging from the British mercantile system and taking its place in the world capitalist system, there was a difference of opinion as to which policy to adopt for the best development of the resources. For the first 100 years of the ...


A Postcolonial Approach To The Sociology Of Globalization: Some Empirical Evidence , Rehan Mullick Jan 1999

A Postcolonial Approach To The Sociology Of Globalization: Some Empirical Evidence , Rehan Mullick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A new perspective on the sociology of globalization is evaluated. It considers increasing inequality across the world to be a consequence of emerging globalized economy rather than an outcome of underdevelopment. The sample included 126 countries classified as low-income to low-middle-income countries by the World Bank. Regression analysis revealed support for exclusion and irrelevance for peripherized masses in the developing countries. Discussion centers on reconsidering the nature of the globalized capitalism to understand the impasse in development and development studies. The globalization is not seen as a purely economic phenomenon its an intensification of human interaction at all---financial, social, and ...


Make A Living: Agriculture, Industry And Commerce In Eastern Hebei, 1870-1937 , Fuming Wang Jan 1998

Make A Living: Agriculture, Industry And Commerce In Eastern Hebei, 1870-1937 , Fuming Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The existing scholarship on Chinese agricultural history and peasant economy always portrayed Chinese peasants as cultivators and equated agricultural commercialization as cash crop growing. Based on the field surveys made by the Chinese and Japanese investigators in the 1930s, this dissertation tries to correct the over-simplification of the Chinese peasant economy and describe how the peasants in Eastern Hebei made a living by a combination of agriculture, industry and commerce. By examining the ecosystem and calculating the grain production and consumption, it is found that the returns from farming were not even enough for the peasants own consumption. Eastern Hebei ...


"A Green And Permanent Land": Agriculture In The Age Of Ecology, 1935-1985 , Randal Scott Beeman Jan 1995

"A Green And Permanent Land": Agriculture In The Age Of Ecology, 1935-1985 , Randal Scott Beeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is an intellectual history that traces the influence of ecological thought on the theory, practice, and policy of agriculture in the United States since the 1930s. Ecology served as both a scientific and ethical guide for two broad social movements analyzed in this dissertation. The "permanent agriculture" movement of the 1930s through the 1950s emerged from concerns over the destruction of the soil, and the desire to harmonize human technological endeavors with the interconnected biological and social universes in which humans functioned. Champions of permanent agriculture effectively promoted an ideology devoted to long-term land use planning, comprehensive soil conservation ...


The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin Jan 1993

The Labor Movement Of Salt Miners In Wieliczka , Anna Partin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study analyzes various components of the labor movement during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in one of the oldest industrial centers in Poland. The formation and development of the miners' movement are examined with relation to political parties, the labor market, and the mining community. The research also examines the growth of class consciousness with relation to the intellectual ideology of the socialist party and the miners' community. Finally, the study investigates the miners' demands such as wages, better working conditions, and retirement benefits with relation to the changing market. The labor movement is explained in terms of ...


Market Power In The Henequen Industry Of Yucatán, Mexico , Richard Norman Glendening Jan 1993

Market Power In The Henequen Industry Of Yucatán, Mexico , Richard Norman Glendening

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation examines three historical issues of the henequen industry of Yucatan, Mexico, from approximately 1880 to 1987. The first hypothesis is concerned with International Harvester signing agreements with several brokers in Merida, Yucatan, alleging that International Harvester acted as a monopsonist;A supply model of henequen that included the biological features of the henequen plant was developed. The producer's planting decision was modelled with a profit function subject to a vintage production function. Production was shown to be a function of lagged prices. The long run supply elasticity, estimated from regressions using both nominal and real prices, was ...


The Capsid, Black Pod And Swollen Shoot Cacao Diseases In Ghana, 1910-1966 , Francis K. Danquah Jan 1991

The Capsid, Black Pod And Swollen Shoot Cacao Diseases In Ghana, 1910-1966 , Francis K. Danquah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It is the thesis of this study, that the colonial and post-colonial state in Ghana used research results in agronomy, mycology, entomology and the earth sciences to protect the country's cacao economy from plant pathogens. Without such initiatives, the world's largest cacao plantations which evolved in Ghana would have floundered when the Swollen Shoot plant virus epidemic unleashed its destructive force in the mid-1930s and beyond. This thesis has challenged the widely held misconception that Ghana's cacao plantation system developed without technical support from the state. This latter view is held to be simplistic and altogether untenable.


Harry Gunnison Brown: Economist , Christopher Keith Ryan Jan 1985

Harry Gunnison Brown: Economist , Christopher Keith Ryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The sum of Harry Gunnison Brown's contributions as an economist has been neglected in general by later generations of American economists. His persistent advocacy of land value taxation in the tradition of Henry George lent notoriety to his long career in the discipline. As he was the foremost spokesman for this reform among academic economists, his work in a wide variety of topics in economic thought has been overlooked. He was an early student of Irving Fisher who adopted Fisher's monetarist approach while differing with him on several points;In capital and interest rate theory, Brown emphasized a ...


The Conditions Of Entry Into Farming In Iowa: 1959-1960, Thomas Clark Jetton Jan 1963

The Conditions Of Entry Into Farming In Iowa: 1959-1960, Thomas Clark Jetton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Agriculture And Federal Antitrust Activity: An Economic History And Analysis , Scott David Walton Jan 1953

Agriculture And Federal Antitrust Activity: An Economic History And Analysis , Scott David Walton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A History Of Some Early Iowa Farm Journals (Before 1900), Gerald Leroy Seaman Jan 1942

A History Of Some Early Iowa Farm Journals (Before 1900), Gerald Leroy Seaman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


History Of The Iowa Coal Industry, Manzella Groth Stahlman Jan 1938

History Of The Iowa Coal Industry, Manzella Groth Stahlman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Experiments In Iowa During The Civil War Decade, Leila Mae Bassett Jan 1933

Agricultural Experiments In Iowa During The Civil War Decade, Leila Mae Bassett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.