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Articles 151 - 179 of 179

Full-Text Articles in Economic History

Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani Dec 2007

Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Pakistan showed a healthy growth rate of 5.6 percent during the entire history and faced many ups and downs in economic growth due to dramatic changes in political regimes. The literature shows mixed results regarding the impact of autocracy or democracy on economic growth. The aggregate growth of the economy under autocracy remained better as compared to democratic period. Financial indicators show consistent path through out the history of Pakistan. Different trade policies are designed in different regime to run the external sector and the impact of each policy was different.


Integracion Profunda En El Mercosur. Un Analisis En La Perspectiva De Paraguay, Francisco Carlos Ruiz Diaz Jul 2007

Integracion Profunda En El Mercosur. Un Analisis En La Perspectiva De Paraguay, Francisco Carlos Ruiz Diaz

Francisco Carlos Ruiz Diaz

No abstract provided.


Introduction To Research Methodologies, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Jun 2007

Introduction To Research Methodologies, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

In this book, I introduce basics of research methodologies in Arabic language which I believe is an unprecedented step. The conceptions, research frameworks, sampling and some detailed methods are given in this text book. Moreover, some analytical statistical methods are introduced to give insights to researchers. Methods of writing the scientific reports and papers in addition to documentation of references and classifying the required logical process of a thesis are detailed in this text. I introduce this book that was published by the Africa International University in Khartoum, Sudan for the purpose of helping sub and post graduate university students ...


Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Aug 2006

Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Financial markets in a country are parts of modern economic systems and have definite impacts of its economic performance. However, in an underdeveloped economic structure there can be other targets o hidden activities for them. Such assumptions are provoked under totalitarian economic systems that impose cartel monopolies in a autocratic compradorism that own most of the companies and their stocks. The institutional structure of the prevailing economic system avails negative cost/benefits dealings to continue unaffected as the main profits have to come from other resources, e.g., money laundry. The private sector has to be monopolized in order to ...


Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Mar 2006

Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Financial markets in a country are parts of modern economic systems and have definite impacts of its economic performance. However, in an underdeveloped economic structure there can be other targets o hidden activities for them. Such assumptions are provoked under totalitarian economic systems that impose cartel monopolies in a autocratic compradorism that own most of the companies and their stocks. The institutional structure of the prevailing economic system avails negative cost/benefits dealings to continue unaffected as the main profits have to come from other resources, e.g., money laundry. The private sector has to be monopolized in order to ...


Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2006

Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

Privatization, recognized as one of the most important economic policy reforms from the 1970s, has attracted significant attention from scholars, and the literature on the topic is now vast. Yet there is little agreement on the reasons why governments privatized. Three dominant paradigms explaining European Union (EU) privatization put forward distinct motivations. The ‘British paradigm’ assumed that market-friendly ideology played a significant role in a path towards a global programme inspired by the UK experience. The ‘multiple logics’ approach observed that the UK was an anomaly, not a leader, and that EU privatization was so diverse that there were few ...


‘Empowering Europe’S Citizens’? Towards A Charter For Services Of General Interest, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2005

‘Empowering Europe’S Citizens’? Towards A Charter For Services Of General Interest, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

This article analyses the development of the European Union (EU) project of a Charter for Services of General Interest (SGI) from the mid-1990s to the publication of the White Paper on Services of General Interest and the draft European Constitution in 2004. Though service charters are often associated with New Public Management (NPM) reforms related to privatization, they are also an integral part of the process of EU institution building, and need to be understood alongside developments such as the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Using a four-stage model of international NPM convergence analysis four phases of the Charter for SGI ...


Enterprises And The Constitution Of The World Economy, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 2003

Enterprises And The Constitution Of The World Economy, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of The Asian Economic Crisis In Thailand, Craig C. Julian Jan 2000

The Impact Of The Asian Economic Crisis In Thailand, Craig C. Julian

Southern Cross Business School

Traces the economic development of Thailand since 1945, referring to relevant research, and analyses the reasons why it was the first Southeast Asian country to collapse in the 1997 economic crisis: large current account deficits, excessive external debt, a collapse in the property sector, exchange rate mismanagement and political instability. Considers its future prospects and shows statistics on economic growth and inflation for the world as a whole and various countries and groups within it.


Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri Jul 1999

Ms-003: The Papers Of Amos E. Taylor, Gettysburg Class Of 1915, Christine M. Ameduri

All Finding Aids

The Amos E. Taylor Collection is divided into eight Series. I. Biographical Information; II. Military Service; III. University of Pennsylvania; IV. U.S. Department of Commerce; V. Inter-American Economic & Social Council/Pan American Union; VI. American University; VII. Personal Memorabilia, and VIII. Publications. It includes materials covering many decades of his life including his extensive education, his military service in World War I, and his career working for federal agencies, presidents, and economic associations.

Special Collections and College Archives Finding Aids are discovery tools used to describe and provide access to our holdings. Finding aids include historical and biographical information about each collection in addition ...


Institutional Changes And Discretionary Value For Property Rights In Drylands’ Farming Of The Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Jun 1999

Institutional Changes And Discretionary Value For Property Rights In Drylands’ Farming Of The Sudan, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Research on land tenure and use control and the socioeconomic sets of regulations in the agricultural rainfed sub sector of Sudan, come to focus for many reasons. Anthropogenic pressure, expanding animal population and migration led to accelerated impacts on both the ecological systems and land yields. Conflicts between governmental regulations and indigenous rules contribute to generate inconsistencies on who have the right to till the land and hence own it. With such transformation logically, more intensive commercial farming took place and land intake exponentially increased. Private or collective property rights of land are procured through traditional tenure, prescription, settlement or ...


The Euro: Ready Or Not? A Retrospective On European Unification: Some Lessons For 1999, Joseph Santos Jan 1998

The Euro: Ready Or Not? A Retrospective On European Unification: Some Lessons For 1999, Joseph Santos

Economics Pamphlet Series

On January 1, 1999, fifteen independent nation-states of Europe are set to relinquish their national currencies in favor of a single European monetary unit, called the euro. While the origins of the European Union (EU) (formerly referred to as the European Community) date back to the Marshall Plan, the inception of the euro occurred in February of 1992 with the passage of the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty. Though the prospect of a European Monetary Union (EMU) has attracted many observers from the economics, finance, and business communities, the history of the EU, and its current plan to ...


The Fischer Black Hypothesis: Some Time-Series Evidence, Tony Caporale, Barbara Mckiernan Jan 1998

The Fischer Black Hypothesis: Some Time-Series Evidence, Tony Caporale, Barbara Mckiernan

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications

We estimate an ARCH-M model to analyze the relationship between the conditional standard deviation of real gross national product (GNP) and its growth rate for the period 1871-1993. We find that variability significantly increases output growth rates. In addition, impulse response functions show that the effect of variability on growth rates is dynamic. These results provide evidence in favor of Black's (1987) business cycle hypothesis.


Multinational Enterprises: The Constitution Of A Pluralistic Legal Order, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 1997

Multinational Enterprises: The Constitution Of A Pluralistic Legal Order, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


Tobin, James, Tony Caporale Jan 1997

Tobin, James, Tony Caporale

Economics and Finance Faculty Publications

James Tobin was born in Champaign, Illinois, in 1918. He received his bachelor's degree in 1939 and his master's degree in 1940, both from Harvard. Following naval service during the years 1942-6, he returned to his graduate studies and received his PhD from Harvard in 1947. In 1950, he joined the economics department at Yale University, and he has largely remained at Yale and has been identified with this institution throughout his career. He twice directed the Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, first from 1955 to 1961, and then from 1964 to 1965. He also served for ...


China: Financial Reform: 1979-1994, Bobby Bao Apr 1995

China: Financial Reform: 1979-1994, Bobby Bao

Business, Accounting and Economics Undergraduate Theses

A new world power is emerging. China, the land of 1.2 billion "descendants of the Dragon," is impressing the whole world with its expedient growth in recent years. Media all over the globe attribute this to the economic reforms that have been taking place since 1978. The reforms have brought a variety of new, market-oriented constituents into the previously sluggish economy. Private firms, collective enterprises, joint-stock enterprises, non-bank financial institutions, ( i.e. urban/rural credit unions, mutual funds, insurance companies, stock exchange markets) and many other non-traditional economic entities have proliferated during this period. These new economic forms, along ...


L'Entreprise En Droit, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 1995

L'Entreprise En Droit, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


Strategic Planning Of Seaport Development In A Global Economy: Observations Of An Executive Port Director, Herman L. Boschken Jan 1986

Strategic Planning Of Seaport Development In A Global Economy: Observations Of An Executive Port Director, Herman L. Boschken

Herman L. Boschken

Seaport management is central both to the use of coastal resources and to the needs of a global economy. As a major point of supply-chain activity along the coast and as a source of pollution, ports need to be administered strategically to provide the greatest benefit according to economic and environmental demands. This article is an annotated conversation that provides a practitioner's insight into the management of change along the coastal zone. To address the problem, we probe organization theory for new insight and attempt to apply concepts to practice.


The Gold Standard And The Transmission Of Business Cycles, 1833-1932, Wallace E. Huffman, James R. Lothian Jan 1984

The Gold Standard And The Transmission Of Business Cycles, 1833-1932, Wallace E. Huffman, James R. Lothian

Economics Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Descriptions of the gold standard have stressed two very different aspects of that monetary system. Modern observers, concerned with high and rising rates of inflation, have written enthusiastically and often nostalgically of the longer-term price stability that existed during the gold standard era. Many other economists during the past century and a half, however, have rendered a less kindly judgment, emphasizing instead the frequent and sometimes severe business contractions that characterized the period as well as the substantial shorter- and intermediate-term swings in the price level.


Stability, Random Disturbances, And The Exchange Rate Regime, Walter Enders, Harvey E. Lapan Jul 1979

Stability, Random Disturbances, And The Exchange Rate Regime, Walter Enders, Harvey E. Lapan

Economic Staff Paper Series

Economists have long debated the relative merits of fixed versus flexible exchange rate systems. One of the major issues in this debate concerns the ability of the exchange rate system to isolate a nation from external disturbances: see for example, papers by Mundell (1960), Stern (1963), Tower and Courtney (1974), and Enders (1977), Fischer , (1977) added another dimension to the controversy by examining the relative stability of real consumption and prices, assuming that the economy is subject to stochastic disturbances. His principle conclusion for the small open economy is that if disturbances are . external, then a flexible exchange rate regime ...


Imports And Import Functions For Brazil, 1953-1970, Richard Weisskoff Feb 1979

Imports And Import Functions For Brazil, 1953-1970, Richard Weisskoff

Economic Staff Paper Series

Throughout the postwar period, the Brazilian economy has swung violently through phases which have been described first as the rise and the decline of import substitution, and then, after even more severe economic contraction and political counter-revolution, an explosion of growth known as the "Brazilian miracle." All during this period, Brazil has relied on its exchange markets and protective structure to ration its constricted import capacity among competing users. While other import-substituting countries have turned more exclusively to discretionary quotas and licensing...


Frank Albert Fetter On The Business Cycle, Gerald P. O'Driscoll Jr. Mar 1978

Frank Albert Fetter On The Business Cycle, Gerald P. O'Driscoll Jr.

Economic Staff Paper Series

Frank Albert Fetter (1863-1949) was one of the most distinguished American economists of his generation. Past president of the A.E.A. (1912), frequent contributor to the major journals and frequent participant at A.E.A. sessions. Fetter was a leader of an American School of economists who were responsible for gaining international recognition for U.S. economists. Fetter and the other major figures in this school, which included, inter alia» J. B. Clark, Henry Davenport, and Irving Fisher, not only advanced the new marginal utility theory but also engaged in frequent debates among themselves. These debates frequently centered on ...


Japan's Economic Success Following Her World War Ii Defeat, Karen E. Davidock Apr 1973

Japan's Economic Success Following Her World War Ii Defeat, Karen E. Davidock

Business and Economics Honors Papers

This 78 page senior thesis examines the rate of Japan's economic growth since World War II.


Economic Contradictions In The Process Of Western European Integration, Marion L. Piotrowski Jan 1963

Economic Contradictions In The Process Of Western European Integration, Marion L. Piotrowski

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


3. The Economic Scene (1919-1939), Robert L. Bloom, Basil L. Crapster, Harold L. Dunkelberger, Charles H. Glatfelter, Richard T. Mara, Norman E. Richardson, W. Richard Schubart Jan 1958

3. The Economic Scene (1919-1939), Robert L. Bloom, Basil L. Crapster, Harold L. Dunkelberger, Charles H. Glatfelter, Richard T. Mara, Norman E. Richardson, W. Richard Schubart

Section XVIII: The Western World in the Twentieth Century: The Historical Setting

Control over the processes of production was made more efficient by the application of the new techniques of scientific management, a concept which first achieved prominence in America. Uneconomic producers were closed down in what was called rationalization of production. In Britain, unprofitable coal mines were abandoned through cooperation between government and business. In some cases, plant efficiency was increased by better layout and labor-saving machines. American coal mining was revolutionized by the conveyor belt and mechanical cutting equipment. Material-saving devices were introduced, such as those which reduced the amount of coal necessary to generate a kilowatt of electricity. Standardization ...


The Marshall Plan: A Critique Of The European Recovery Program, Louis D. Stefan May 1950

The Marshall Plan: A Critique Of The European Recovery Program, Louis D. Stefan

Business and Economics Honors Papers

This 48 page thesis examines the Marshall Plan for European recovery following World War II.


Brazil; Our Economic Partner: A Study Of Brazil And The Future Of Our Trade, Dorothy Kleppinger May 1947

Brazil; Our Economic Partner: A Study Of Brazil And The Future Of Our Trade, Dorothy Kleppinger

Business and Economics Honors Papers

This 62 page thesis examines Brazil's history, resources, industrialization and relations with the United States.


International Cartels, Jane Reifsnyder Jun 1946

International Cartels, Jane Reifsnyder

Business and Economics Honors Papers

This 37 page senior thesis examines government-controlled economic cartels from various countries, especially Germany, following the end of World War II.


The Moral Causes Of The Welfare Of Nations, Bt 96 .A214m 1834x, J. Adams D.D. Dec 1833

The Moral Causes Of The Welfare Of Nations, Bt 96 .A214m 1834x, J. Adams D.D.

Rare Books

The Rev. Jasper Adams, Episcopal minister, President of the College of Charleston, and (ex-officio) Horry Professor of Moral and Political Philosophy delivered this oration on November 1, 1834 before the Society of Graduates of the College of Charleston. Noting that moral causes of the prosperity of nations had been ignored, Rev. Adams reviews and examines the effect of morality on the advancement of nations.