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Public Deliberation

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Full-Text Articles in Interpersonal and Small Group Communication

Review Of The Origins Of Collective Decision Making By Andy Blunden (Boston: Brill, 2016)., Timothy J. Shaffer Apr 2019

Review Of The Origins Of Collective Decision Making By Andy Blunden (Boston: Brill, 2016)., Timothy J. Shaffer

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of The Origins of Collective Decision Making by Andy Blunden (Boston: Brill, 2016).


Public Spheres For Deliberation On Nature? Democratic Qualities Of Visitor Centres In Sweden, Elvira Caselunghe, Hanna Bergeå, Erica Von Essen Apr 2019

Public Spheres For Deliberation On Nature? Democratic Qualities Of Visitor Centres In Sweden, Elvira Caselunghe, Hanna Bergeå, Erica Von Essen

Journal of Public Deliberation

In this paper we explore in which ways and to what extent Swedish visitor centres in protected sites work as forums for public deliberation on environmental issues, such as nature conservation and natural resource management. By hosting deliberations on nature in nature the deliberation process is connected to its materiality. Nature interpretation sessions at three such centres, called naturum, were analysed to achieve a picture that displays the range of content and formats of these guided tours. To explore their deliberative democratic potential, we also examine how these nature interpretation sessions relate to societal and democratic issues in different ways ...


Looking Back, Thinking Ahead: Reflections On Our Five Years As Editors Of The Journal Of Public Deliberation, Laura W. Black, Timothy J. Shaffer, Nancy Thomas Apr 2019

Looking Back, Thinking Ahead: Reflections On Our Five Years As Editors Of The Journal Of Public Deliberation, Laura W. Black, Timothy J. Shaffer, Nancy Thomas

Journal of Public Deliberation

For the last five years, we have had the honor of serving as editors of the Journal of Public Deliberation. This issue marks the end of our editorial tenure, and we take this opportunity to both look back and think ahead. In this brief essay, we reflect on what we’ve seen during our time as editors. We begin by describing three important special issues that reflect the state of our field, then provide some details about how we have facilitated JPD’s growth over the past five years, including publication statistics and article download rates. We conclude by discussing ...


Dialogue And Deliberation As Agonistic Resistance: Designing Interactional Processes To Reconstitute Collective Identities, Anna Wiederhold Wolfe Dec 2018

Dialogue And Deliberation As Agonistic Resistance: Designing Interactional Processes To Reconstitute Collective Identities, Anna Wiederhold Wolfe

Journal of Public Deliberation

This essay develops a theory of public dialogue and deliberation as agonistic resistance to authoritarian governance.Where authoritarian regimes value strict obedience to authority at the expense of freedom, deliberative democracy is predicated on the decentralization of power and the exercise of personal and political freedoms. As such, practices of dialogue and deliberation stand in direct contradiction to the values of authoritarian governance and hold the potential to constitute collective identities in ways that undermine the very conditions needed for authoritarianism to gain traction. Specifically, this essay argues that authoritarianism flourishes when particular in-group/out-group boundaries can be reified, thereby ...


Political Deliberation, Interest Conflict, And The Common Knowledge Effect, C. Daniel Myers Jun 2018

Political Deliberation, Interest Conflict, And The Common Knowledge Effect, C. Daniel Myers

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberation depends on the ability of deliberators to learn from each other through the exchange of information. However, the Common Knowledge Effect (CKE) finding, a well-established phenomenon affecting small-group discussion, shows that when people talk in groups they tend to ignore novel information and instead discuss commonly known information; things that everyone knew before discussion started. Some theorists have worried that the CKE makes small group discussion - one of the most common features of recent democratic innovations - a poor tool for making deliberative democracy a reality. However, most research on the CKE is limited to situations where group members share ...


Authority And Deliberative Moments: Assessing Equality And Inequality In Deeply Divided Groups, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Danila Cal, Janine K. R. Bargas, Vanessa V. Oliveira, Patrícia G. C. Rossini, Rafael C. Sampaio Nov 2017

Authority And Deliberative Moments: Assessing Equality And Inequality In Deeply Divided Groups, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Danila Cal, Janine K. R. Bargas, Vanessa V. Oliveira, Patrícia G. C. Rossini, Rafael C. Sampaio

Journal of Public Deliberation

The notion of equality is central to public deliberation, but few researches have examined how participants construct interactions in face-to-face group discussion involving unequal conditions of authority. This study analyses discussion between slum residents and police officers in Brazil, focusing on both reciprocal and hierarchical relationships in the flow of deliberation. It contributes to explain that the expression of authority is far from straightforward. Looking at a range of authority sources (expertise, functional position, tradition, life experience) that serve to situate and re-situate participants in relation to each other in discussion dynamics helps clarifying what goes on in deliberative moments ...


The Influence Of Communication- And Organization-Related Factors On Interest In Participation In Campus Dialogic Deliberation, Gregory D. Paul Nov 2017

The Influence Of Communication- And Organization-Related Factors On Interest In Participation In Campus Dialogic Deliberation, Gregory D. Paul

Journal of Public Deliberation

Grounded in participatory democracy principles, deliberation is designed to foster collaborative and thoughtful decision-making communication. On college campuses, deliberation can lead to a number of individual and organizational consequences, particularly for students, who may not believe that they have a significant voice in decision-making. Although deliberation ostensibly enables students to make their voices heard, the factors that shape students’ interest in participation in such deliberation remain unclear. This study explored how communication and campus factors influence students’ interest in and perceived helpfulness of dialogic deliberation participation. This manuscript concludes with recommendations for the development of campus-based and community-oriented deliberation programs.


Deliberative Technology: A Holistic Lens For Interpreting Resources And Dynamics In Deliberation, Jodi Sandfort, Kathryn Quick Apr 2017

Deliberative Technology: A Holistic Lens For Interpreting Resources And Dynamics In Deliberation, Jodi Sandfort, Kathryn Quick

Journal of Public Deliberation

We introduce the concept of deliberative technology as an integrative framework to encapsulate how facilitators and participants bring different resources into use in deliberative processes. It serves as a holistic lens to observe, explain, and intervene constructively in the unpredictable, emergent dynamics of deliberative processes. We developed the concept of deliberative technology inductively through ethnographic analysis of three deliberative processes. In the three cases, the deliberative processes and their results were quite different, despite common resources, policy contexts, and purposes. We articulate a typology of general types of potential resources for deliberation – methodological techniques, material objects, and conceptual frameworks – and ...


Equity Through Learning To Listen: The Case Of Public Discussion On Body-Worn Cameras In Madison, Wisconsin, Katherine J. Cramer Oct 2016

Equity Through Learning To Listen: The Case Of Public Discussion On Body-Worn Cameras In Madison, Wisconsin, Katherine J. Cramer

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article analyzes practitioners’ attempt to achieve equity in a public input process on a local racial justice issue: whether or not the police department should implement body-worn video cameras. The insights of the two practitioners who led the public input process reveal 4 main lessons. First, equity in public deliberation is achieved sometimes by intentionally excluding some voices. Second, members of marginalized groups are motivated at times by the potential to be heard. Third, the case suggests that for some people public talk is not about achieving democracy; it is instead about life and survival. Finally, the case suggests ...


Ideals Of Inclusion In Deliberation, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael Oct 2016

Ideals Of Inclusion In Deliberation, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael

Journal of Public Deliberation

Building on prior thinking about political representation in democratic deliberation, we argue for four ideals of inclusion, each of which is most appropriate to a different situation. These principles of inclusion depend not only on the goals of a deliberation, but also on its level of empowerment in the political system, and its openness to all who want to participate. Holistic and open deliberations can most legitimately incorporate and decide for the people as a whole if they are open to all who want to participate and affirmatively recruit perspectives that would be underrepresented otherwise. Chicago Community Policing beat meetings ...


Review Of Do-It-Yourself Democracy By Caroline Lee (Oxford University Press, 2015), Christopher Beem Jun 2016

Review Of Do-It-Yourself Democracy By Caroline Lee (Oxford University Press, 2015), Christopher Beem

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Do-It-Yourself Democracy by Caroline Lee (Oxford University Press, 2015)


Review Of Scientists, Experts, And Civic Engagement: Walking A Fine Line Edited By Amy E. Lesen (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015), Jennifer G. Williams Jun 2016

Review Of Scientists, Experts, And Civic Engagement: Walking A Fine Line Edited By Amy E. Lesen (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015), Jennifer G. Williams

Journal of Public Deliberation

Book Review: Scientists, Experts, and Civic Engagement: Walking a Fine Line edited by Amy E. Lesen (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015)


Public Deliberation As A Tool For Managing The Commons: A Case Study Of The Bloomington Community Orchard, Lisa-Marie Napoli Dec 2015

Public Deliberation As A Tool For Managing The Commons: A Case Study Of The Bloomington Community Orchard, Lisa-Marie Napoli

Journal of Public Deliberation

This essay focuses on how public deliberation is used as a tool for managing the commons. Through the lens of Elinor Ostrom's research of managing the commons, the Bloomington Community Orchard is analyzed as a case study to better understand the value of the process of public deliberation as a tool for managing the commons and the importance of timing for implementation.


Review Of The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, And Institutions By Christopher F. Karpowitz And Tali Mendelberg (Princeton, Nj: Princeton University Press, 2014)., Nicholas A. Felts May 2015

Review Of The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, And Institutions By Christopher F. Karpowitz And Tali Mendelberg (Princeton, Nj: Princeton University Press, 2014)., Nicholas A. Felts

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions by Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014).


Review Of Everyone Counts: Could Participatory Budgeting Change Democracy By Josh Lerner (Ithaca, Ny: Cornell University Press, 2014) And Making Democracy Fun: How Game Design Can Empower Citizens And Transform Politics By Josh Lerner (Cambridge, Ma: Mit Press, 2014)., Stephanie Mcnulty May 2015

Review Of Everyone Counts: Could Participatory Budgeting Change Democracy By Josh Lerner (Ithaca, Ny: Cornell University Press, 2014) And Making Democracy Fun: How Game Design Can Empower Citizens And Transform Politics By Josh Lerner (Cambridge, Ma: Mit Press, 2014)., Stephanie Mcnulty

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Everyone Counts: Could Participatory Budgeting Change Democracy by Josh Lerner (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2014) and Making Democracy Fun: How Game Design Can Empower Citizens and Transform Politics by Josh Lerner (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2014).


Inclusion, Equality, And Discourse Quality In Citizen Deliberations On Broadband, Soo-Hye Han, William Schenck-Hamlin, Donna Schenck-Hamlin May 2015

Inclusion, Equality, And Discourse Quality In Citizen Deliberations On Broadband, Soo-Hye Han, William Schenck-Hamlin, Donna Schenck-Hamlin

Journal of Public Deliberation

Proponents of deliberative democracy have theorized that in order to contribute to improved decision-making, citizens should aim for high levels of inclusion, participation equality, and reciprocal, rational reasoning when they convene to discuss policy issues. To measure the extent to which these goals are achieved in actual practice, the authors analyzed transcripts from 13 public forums on the topic of broadband access in rural communities. Demographic attributes of participants were compared with their utterances during deliberation, coded by five quality variables: justification rationality, common good orientation, constructive politics, interactivity, and consideration of trade-offs. Analysis showed that turnout, quantity and quality ...


Boosting The Local Economy Of Ashland Ohio, Louise C. Fleming-Dufala Ph.D., Kimberly Field-Springer Ph.D. Dec 2014

Boosting The Local Economy Of Ashland Ohio, Louise C. Fleming-Dufala Ph.D., Kimberly Field-Springer Ph.D.

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article summarizes an initiative to engage citizens in issues of building and supporting a local economy. It includes reasons for engaging the public; steps that were taken; and results of deliberative efforts.


The Design Of Online Deliberation: Implications For Practice, Theory And Democratic Citizenship, Idit Manosevitch Jul 2014

The Design Of Online Deliberation: Implications For Practice, Theory And Democratic Citizenship, Idit Manosevitch

Journal of Public Deliberation

The essay focuses on the role of design in online deliberation, and outlines three directions for future research. First, research must embed the study of the technical and organizational architecture of online discussion spaces, as an ongoing area of inquiry. Scholars need to take stock of varying available design choices and their potential effects on the deliberative quality of online public discourse. Second, looking more broadly, research must examine the design of deliberative processes as they manifest themselves via digital technologies. The author discusses the importance of surveying the broad array of processes that are currently employed, and the varying ...


Repairing The Breach: The Power Of Dialogue To Heal Relationships And Communities, Robert R. Stains Jr. Jul 2014

Repairing The Breach: The Power Of Dialogue To Heal Relationships And Communities, Robert R. Stains Jr.

Journal of Public Deliberation

Dialogue can be a powerful force for healing communities and relationships broken by divisions of identity, values, religion and world-views. This article explores the reparative effects of dialogue and the elements that make them possible: re-authoring stories, communicating from the heart and witnessing others’ identities in constructive ways.


Framing Democracy And Conflict Through Storytelling In Deliberative Groups, Laura W. Black Apr 2013

Framing Democracy And Conflict Through Storytelling In Deliberative Groups, Laura W. Black

Journal of Public Deliberation

Disagreement is a fundamental part of deliberative discussion, but how group members understand their disagreement can profoundly influence their actions. These conflict frames have implications for members’ perception of both the issue and as their relationships. Drawing on Putnam’s (1990, Brummans et al., 2008) work on conflict frames, this study examines how members of an online deliberative group framed and reframed their conflicts through personal storytelling. Members drew on different models of democracy in their stories. Some managed their disagreements through reframing their conflicts and relationships as collaborative, even in response to adversarially-framed stories. This study advances research in ...