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Experimental Analysis of Behavior

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Full-Text Articles in Interpersonal and Small Group Communication

Learning Freedom: A Journey In Training, Nick Brzezinski Apr 2019

Learning Freedom: A Journey In Training, Nick Brzezinski

Capstone Collection

This Training Course-linked Capstone (CLC) integrates learning related to experiential learning theory, engaged pedagogy, emergent learning, and the nature of consciousness, with relevant experience gained throughout my reflective practice phases at SIT Graduate Institute, toward my development as a trainer. This CLC is intended to serve as an exploratory window into the fundamental grounding for my approach to training, and the journey of my growth in applying theoretical principles in practice. It is rooted in my personal experiences with self-oppression and liberation, which I investigate in order to better understand the relationship between those two concepts, as well as their ...


Estrategia Pedagógica Fundamentada En La Comunicación Y La Ética Del Cuidado Para La Implementación De La Cátedra De La Paz En La Institución Educativa Distrital Florentino González, Gina Vanessa Medina Rojas, María Camila Ríos Pabón, Iván Andrés Correa Sisa Jan 2019

Estrategia Pedagógica Fundamentada En La Comunicación Y La Ética Del Cuidado Para La Implementación De La Cátedra De La Paz En La Institución Educativa Distrital Florentino González, Gina Vanessa Medina Rojas, María Camila Ríos Pabón, Iván Andrés Correa Sisa

Licenciatura en Español y Lenguas Extranjeras

El presente trabajo de grado, se realiza con el interés de proponer una estrategia pedagógica para el desarrollo de la Cátedra de la Paz en la Institución Educativa Distrital Florentino González, tomando como variables la ética del cuidado, Cátedra de la Paz y conocimiento de documentos como lo son la Ley 1732, el Decreto 1038, conocimiento de cartillas que aportan al desarrollo e implementación de la Cátedra de la Paz. Por consiguiente, se realizaron entrevistas a siete profesores de la jornada de la mañana de las asignaturas de sociales, inglés, matemáticas, la orientadora y la coordinadora académica. En esta investigación ...


Bubble Stream Production By Belugas (Delphinapterus Leucas), Megan Slack Aug 2018

Bubble Stream Production By Belugas (Delphinapterus Leucas), Megan Slack

Theses

Bubble stream production in belugas has been poorly characterized and its function is not well understood. I examined behavioral states when producing bubble streams (“bubbling”), and when bubbling calls, to determine whether bubbling was significantly associated with a particular call category or behavioral state. Using 19 hours of video and audio recordings collected over a two-day period, I quantified bubble streams of a 4-month old calf and an unrelated adult female housed together. Based on the overall activity budgets and pool of vocalizations for both animals, I calculated the expected counts of bubble streams with and without vocalizations, assuming that ...


Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski Apr 2018

Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This study investigated the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI), social media use, interpersonal violence and gender. EI is a relatively new topic of research that has been of interest to many organizations due to the proposition that EI assists in the development of individuals. With the proliferation of social media, interpersonal violence and women in the workforce, a determination of a relationship between EI and those variables was warranted. The study was conducted at a small private Christian university. An online survey was administered to 123 sophomores. This study was a cross-sectional quantitative design, that utilized three established instruments to ...


How Monitoring Influences Trust: A Tale Of Two Faces, Maurice E. Schweitzer, Teck-Hua Ho, Xing Zhang Jan 2018

How Monitoring Influences Trust: A Tale Of Two Faces, Maurice E. Schweitzer, Teck-Hua Ho, Xing Zhang

Management Papers

Monitoring changes the behavior of those who are monitored and those who monitor others. We studied behavior under different monitoring regimes in repeated trust games. We found that trustees behaved opportunistically when they anticipated monitoring—they were compliant when they knew in advance that they would be monitored, but exploited trustors when they knew in advance that they would not be monitored. Interestingly, trustors failed to anticipate how strategically their counterparts would behave. Trustors misattributed the strategic, compliant behavior they observed as signals of trustees’ trustworthiness. As a result, trustors misplaced their trust when they were unable to monitor their ...


Perceptions Of High Integrity Can Persist After Deception: How Implicit Beliefs Moderate Trust Erosion, Michael P. Haselhuhn, Maurice E. Schweitzer, Laura J. Kray, Jessica A. Kennedy Sep 2017

Perceptions Of High Integrity Can Persist After Deception: How Implicit Beliefs Moderate Trust Erosion, Michael P. Haselhuhn, Maurice E. Schweitzer, Laura J. Kray, Jessica A. Kennedy

Management Papers

Scholars have assumed that trust is fragile: difficult to build and easily broken. We demonstrate, however, that in some cases trust is surprisingly robust—even when harmful deception is revealed, some individuals maintain high levels of trust in the deceiver. In this paper, we describe how implicit theories moderate the harmful effects of revealed deception on a key component of trust: perceptions of integrity. In a negotiation context, we show that people who hold incremental theories (beliefs that negotiating abilities are malleable) reduce perceptions of their counterpart’s integrity after they learn that they were deceived, whereas people who hold ...


Giving The Underdog A Leg Up: A Counternarrative Of Nonviolent Resistance Improves Sustained Third-Party Support Of A Disempowered Group, Emile Bruneau, Daniel Lane, Muniba Saleem Sep 2017

Giving The Underdog A Leg Up: A Counternarrative Of Nonviolent Resistance Improves Sustained Third-Party Support Of A Disempowered Group, Emile Bruneau, Daniel Lane, Muniba Saleem

Departmental Papers (ASC)

In the current work, we experimentally examined the effect of exposure to a narrative of nonviolent resistance on third-party attitudes toward and support for a disempowered group involved in asymmetric conflict. Across three experiments, we found that Americans exposed to a brief video about Palestinian nonviolent resistance consistently registered more favorable attitudes toward Palestinians than people who watched a film trailer either unrelated to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict or a trailer to a Palestinian-made film about sympathetic Palestinians violently opposing Israelis. Americans’ attitudes toward Palestinians and behavior supporting Palestinian collective action persisted weeks after exposure to nonviolent resistance and were ...


Improving Planning: Quantitative Evaluation Of The Premortem Technique In Field And Laboratory Settings, Madeline Peabody Jan 2017

Improving Planning: Quantitative Evaluation Of The Premortem Technique In Field And Laboratory Settings, Madeline Peabody

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

This thesis compares different plan evaluation techniques in a series of experiments. The Premortem plan evaluation method can help people reduce overconfidence and generate more reasons a plan might not succeed. This research evaluates the extension of the Premortem to shorter planning time periods, evaluates the effectiveness with team generated and executed plans, and compares the use of this technique among individuals and teams. In Experiment 1, 52 Army Cadets operating in teams completed six time-constrained field exercises that required planning, half using the Premortem and half using a standard Military plan evaluation process. When teams used the Premortem they ...


Psychological Abuse, Mental Health, And Acceptance Of Dating Violence Among Adolescents, Jeff R. Temple, Hye Jeong Choi, Joanna Elmquist, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day, Gregory L. Stuart, Meagan Brem, Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger May 2016

Psychological Abuse, Mental Health, And Acceptance Of Dating Violence Among Adolescents, Jeff R. Temple, Hye Jeong Choi, Joanna Elmquist, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day, Gregory L. Stuart, Meagan Brem, Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Purpose

Existing literature indicates that acceptance of dating violence is a significant and robust risk factor for psychological dating abuse perpetration. Past work also indicates a significant relationship between psychological dating abuse perpetration and poor mental health. However, no known research has examined the relationship between acceptance of dating violence, perpetration of dating abuse, and mental health. In addition to exploring this complex relationship, the present study examines whether psychological abuse perpetration mediates the relationship between acceptance of dating violence and mental health (i.e., internalizing symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hostility).

Methods

Three waves of longitudinal data were obtained ...


Experimental Effects Of Pre-Drive Arousal On Teenage Simulated Driving Performance In The Presence Of A Teenage Passenger, Bruce G. Simons-Morton, C. R. Bingham, Kaigang Li, Jean Slope, Anuj K. Pradhan, Emily B. Falk, Paul S. Albert Jan 2015

Experimental Effects Of Pre-Drive Arousal On Teenage Simulated Driving Performance In The Presence Of A Teenage Passenger, Bruce G. Simons-Morton, C. R. Bingham, Kaigang Li, Jean Slope, Anuj K. Pradhan, Emily B. Falk, Paul S. Albert

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Teenage passengers increase teenage driving risk, but this may be conditional on events and emotions immediately preceding driving. An experimental simulation study evaluated the effect of pre-drive arousal on risky driving in the presence of a confederate teenage passenger. In a two-by-two between-subjects design, participants were randomized to high or low pre-drive arousal and passenger present or not present conditions. Prior to the drive participants played the Nintendo Wii video game, Rock BandTM. In the high-arousal condition participants stood while playing high-energy Beatles songs; in the low arousal condition participants sat while playing low-energy Beatles songs. The manipulation produced ...


The Motivation To Express Prejudice, Patrick S. Forscher, William T.L. Cox, Nicholas Graetz, Patricia G. Devine Jan 2015

The Motivation To Express Prejudice, Patrick S. Forscher, William T.L. Cox, Nicholas Graetz, Patricia G. Devine

Psychological Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Contemporary prejudice research focuses primarily on people who are motivated to respond without prejudice and the ways in which unintentional bias can cause these people to act inconsistent with this motivation. However, some real-world phenomena (e.g., hate speech, hate crimes) and experimental findings (e.g., Plant & Devine, 2001; 2009) suggest that some expressions of prejudice are intentional. These phenomena and findings are difficult to explain solely from the motivations to respond without prejudice. We argue that some people are motivated to express prejudice, and we develop the motivation to express prejudice (MP) scale to measure this motivation. In seven studies involving ...


Stop The Madness! College Faculty And Student Perceptions Of Classroom Incivility, Christina M. Nutt May 2013

Stop The Madness! College Faculty And Student Perceptions Of Classroom Incivility, Christina M. Nutt

Ed.D. Dissertations

Classroom incivility is causing major concern, nation-wide, to college administrators, faculty, and students. The damage caused by student incivility has been associated with a decrease in student learning, the deterioration of the classroom learning environment, lower faculty morale, and reduced student retention rates. The purpose of this quantitative non-experimental fixed research design was to explore and compare college faculty and student perceptions of type and frequency of classroom incivilities at a private college in order to provide a foundation for the development of strategies to reduce uncivil behaviors and increase student success. Study results demonstrated that faculty members and students ...


Self-Disclosure About Cherished Possessions: Effects On Roommate Rapport, Territoriality And Loneliness, Christopher H. Smejkal May 2013

Self-Disclosure About Cherished Possessions: Effects On Roommate Rapport, Territoriality And Loneliness, Christopher H. Smejkal

Ed.D. Dissertations

This study focused on how self-disclosure about cherished possessions between female freshmen college roommates affected their levels of rapport, territoriality, and loneliness. The research was conducted at a Midwestern university during the first two weeks of the Fall 2011 semester with roommates who were previously unacquainted prior to cohabitation. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, participants were administered three pre-tests during the first week of the semester. In the second phase, they were asked to come back a week later and engage in a self-disclosure session with each other. Roommates in the control group self-disclosed ...


The Power Of Being Heard: The Benefits Of 'Perspective-Giving' In The Context Of Intergroup Conflict, Emile Bruneau, Rebecca Saxe Jul 2012

The Power Of Being Heard: The Benefits Of 'Perspective-Giving' In The Context Of Intergroup Conflict, Emile Bruneau, Rebecca Saxe

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Although hundreds of dialogue programs geared towards conflict resolution are offered every year, there have been few scientific studies of their effectiveness. Across 2 studies we examined the effect of controlled, dyadic interactions on attitudes towards the ‘other’ in members of groups involved in ideological conflict. Study 1 involved Mexican immigrants and White Americans in Arizona, and Study 2 involved Israelis and Palestinians in the Middle East. Cross-group dyads interacted via video and text in a brief, structured, face-to-face exchange: one person was assigned to write about the difficulties of life in their society (‘perspective-giving’), and the second person was ...


Implications Of Skinner's Verbal Behavior For Studying Dementia, Jeffrey Buchanan, Daniel Houlihan, Peter J.N. Linnerooth Jan 2010

Implications Of Skinner's Verbal Behavior For Studying Dementia, Jeffrey Buchanan, Daniel Houlihan, Peter J.N. Linnerooth

Psychology Faculty Publications

Persons with dementia experience continual declines in a number of abilities. Language abilities are particularly hard hit and become increasingly impaired as the underlying disease progresses. These language impairments make verbal communication very challenging for family and professional caregivers. As a result, caregivers may inadvertently punish verbal behavior, thereby exacerbating the deterioration of verbal repertoires. Although the topography of language impairments associated with dementia have been well described, less empirical work has been conducted concerning how to minimize these impairments and their deleterious effects. In 1957 B.F. Skinner outlined his conceptualization of language and cognition in his book Verbal ...


Promises And Lies: Restoring Violated Trust, Maurice E. Schweitzer, John C. Hershey, Eric T. Bradlow Sep 2006

Promises And Lies: Restoring Violated Trust, Maurice E. Schweitzer, John C. Hershey, Eric T. Bradlow

Management Papers

Trust is critical for organizations, effective management, and efficient negotiations, yet trust violations are common. Prior work has often assumed trust to be fragile—easily broken and difficult to repair. We investigate this proposition in a laboratory study and find that trust harmed by untrustworthy behavior can be effectively restored when individuals observe a consistent series of trustworthy actions. Trust harmed by the same untrustworthy actions and deception, however, never fully recovers—even when deceived participants receive a promise, an apology, and observe a consistent series of trustworthy actions. We also find that a promise to change behavior can significantly ...


What Makes Negotiators Happy? The Differential Effects Of Internal And External Social Comparisons On Negotiator Satisfaction, Nathan Novemsky, Maurice E. Schweitzer Nov 2004

What Makes Negotiators Happy? The Differential Effects Of Internal And External Social Comparisons On Negotiator Satisfaction, Nathan Novemsky, Maurice E. Schweitzer

Management Papers

This paper examines the role of internal and external social comparisons in negotiator satisfaction. Internal comparisons involve another party to the negotiation (e.g., buyer compared to seller), while external comparisons focus on someone outside of the negotiation (e.g., buyer compared to other buyers). Negotiator satisfaction can influence a range of post-negotiation behavior, but relatively little is known about what makes negotiators more or less satisfied. In many contexts negotiators receive little objective feedback and lack benchmarks against which to judge their outcome. Prior work has modeled negotiator satisfaction as a function of utility maximization, expectancy disconfirmation, and internal ...