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Health Communication Commons

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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 70

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Technology Use In Rural Appalachia: A Pilot Study Of The Implications For Pediatric Behavioral Health, Courtney E. Lilly Dec 2013

Technology Use In Rural Appalachia: A Pilot Study Of The Implications For Pediatric Behavioral Health, Courtney E. Lilly

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Technology is a promising means for increasing rural individuals’ access to behavioral healthcare. However, the range of technology use in rural areas is currently unknown. The aims of this study were to examine the use of technology in rural areas, the relationship between technology use and willingness to access pediatric mental health services via videoconferencing, and this relationship within the context of other critical variables linked to service uptake. Data were collected at 2 pediatric primary care clinics. While no significant relationship was found between technology use and willingness to use videoconferencing, a significant relationship emerged between previous service seeking ...


Health Literacy And Complementary And Alternative Medicine Use Among Underserved Inpatients In A Safety Net Hospital, Paula Gardiner, Suzanne Mitchell, Amanda C. Filippelli, Ekaterina Sadikova, Laura F. White, Michael K. Paasche-Orlow, Brian W. Jack Dec 2013

Health Literacy And Complementary And Alternative Medicine Use Among Underserved Inpatients In A Safety Net Hospital, Paula Gardiner, Suzanne Mitchell, Amanda C. Filippelli, Ekaterina Sadikova, Laura F. White, Michael K. Paasche-Orlow, Brian W. Jack

Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications

Little is known about the relationship between health literacy and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in low-income racially diverse patients. The authors conducted a secondary analysis of baseline data from 581 participants enrolled in the Re-Engineered Discharge clinical trial. The authors assessed sociodemographic characteristics, CAM use, and health literacy. They used bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to test the association of health literacy with four patterns of CAM use. Of the 581 participants, 50% reported using any CAM, 28% used provider-delivered CAM therapies, 27% used relaxation techniques, and 21% used herbal medicine. Of those with higher health literacy, 55 ...


Balancing The Presentation Of Information And Options In Patient Decision Aids: An Updated Review, Purva Abhyankar, Robert J. Volk, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Paulina Bravo, Angela Buchholz, Elissa Ozanne, Dale C. Vidal, Nananda Col, Peep Stalmeier Nov 2013

Balancing The Presentation Of Information And Options In Patient Decision Aids: An Updated Review, Purva Abhyankar, Robert J. Volk, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Paulina Bravo, Angela Buchholz, Elissa Ozanne, Dale C. Vidal, Nananda Col, Peep Stalmeier

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Standards for patient decision aids require that information and options be presented in a balanced manner; this requirement is based on the argument that balanced presentation is essential to foster informed decision making. If information is presented in an incomplete/non-neutral manner, it can stimulate cognitive biases that can unduly affect individuals’ knowledge, perceptions of risks and benefits, and, ultimately, preferences. However, there is little clarity about what constitutes balance, and how it can be determined and enhanced. We conducted a literature review to examine the theoretical and empirical evidence related to balancing the presentation of information and options.


Adult Willingness To Use Email And Social Media For Peer-To-Peer Cancer Screening Communication: Quantitative Interview Study, Sarah L. Cutrona, Douglas W. Roblin, Joann L. Wagner, Bridget Gaglio, Andrew E. Williams, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Terry S. Field, Kathleen M. Mazor Nov 2013

Adult Willingness To Use Email And Social Media For Peer-To-Peer Cancer Screening Communication: Quantitative Interview Study, Sarah L. Cutrona, Douglas W. Roblin, Joann L. Wagner, Bridget Gaglio, Andrew E. Williams, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Terry S. Field, Kathleen M. Mazor

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Adults over age 40 are increasing their use of email and social media, raising interest in use of peer-to-peer Internet-based messaging to promote cancer screening.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess current practices and attitudes toward use of email and other e-communication for peer-to-peer dialogues on cancer screening.

METHODS: We conducted in-person interviews with 438 insured adults ages 42-73 in Georgia, Hawaii, and Massachusetts. Participants reported on use of email and other e-communication including social media to discuss with peers routine health topics including breast and colorectal cancer (CRC). We ascertained willingness to share personal CRC ...


Evaluation Of A Patient Communication Program And Patient Appointment Reminder Calls In A Community Health Center Setting, Deborah Gurewich, Heather Posner, Parag Kunte, Susan Levine, Leah Gallivan Nov 2013

Evaluation Of A Patient Communication Program And Patient Appointment Reminder Calls In A Community Health Center Setting, Deborah Gurewich, Heather Posner, Parag Kunte, Susan Levine, Leah Gallivan

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Community health centers across the country struggle with patients who frequently miss appointments. Missed and unused appointment slots represent lost revenue for health centers and disruption in care continuity. The medical home model recognizes these challenges and establishes patient access as a core element, key components of which include more efficient scheduling functions and capacity for same-day appointments. Identifying effective and feasible strategies to reduce the no-show rate is a critical component of these efforts.

The Massachusetts League of Community Health Centers, the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and the Edward M. Kennedy Community Health Center came together to launch ...


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Smoking Prevention Mass Media Campaign: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Never Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik Nov 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Smoking Prevention Mass Media Campaign: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Never Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Preventing Progression To Daily Tobacco Use: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Non-Daily Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert Hornik Nov 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Preventing Progression To Daily Tobacco Use: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Non-Daily Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Encouraging Smoking Cessation: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Current Cigarette Smokers, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik Nov 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Encouraging Smoking Cessation: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Current Cigarette Smokers, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Oct 2013

The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The important identity of a responsible media is playing an unbiased role in reporting a matter without giving unnecessary hype to attract the attention of the gullible public with the object of making money and money only.After reporting properly the media can educate the public to form their own opinion in the matters of public interest. Throughout the centuries, the world has never existed without information and communication, hence the inexhaustible essence of mass media. The government has the power to either make or reject whatever that will exist within its environment. It also determines how free the mass ...


Building A Foundation For Confidence Thinking In The Acquisition And Development Of New Choices, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D. Oct 2013

Building A Foundation For Confidence Thinking In The Acquisition And Development Of New Choices, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D.

Faculty Scholarship (COE)

No abstract provided.


Sexual Disclosures: Connections To Relational Satisfaction And Closeness, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess Oct 2013

Sexual Disclosures: Connections To Relational Satisfaction And Closeness, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess

English Publications

This study examines sexual communication by describing the content of sexual disclosures within marital relationships and assessing the association between sexual disclosures and relational outcomes, specifically relational satisfaction and closeness. A survey administered to 293 married individuals (58% female) who had an average age of 40 years (range = 20–73), 13.7 years of marriage (range = 1 month to 54 years), and who reported high levels of relational satisfaction assessed the relation between the content of sexual disclosures and satisfaction and closeness. While sexual disclosures are made infrequently, positive affect and sexual preferences are disclosed more than negative topics and ...


From Kids, Through Kids, To Kids: Examining The Social Influence Strategies Used By Adolescents To Promote Prevention Among Peers, Janice L. Krieger, Samantha Coveleski, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day, John W. Graham, Jonathan Pettigrew, Allison Kootsikas Oct 2013

From Kids, Through Kids, To Kids: Examining The Social Influence Strategies Used By Adolescents To Promote Prevention Among Peers, Janice L. Krieger, Samantha Coveleski, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day, John W. Graham, Jonathan Pettigrew, Allison Kootsikas

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Recent technological advances have increased the interest and ability of lay audiences to create messages; however, the feasibility of incorporating lay multimedia messages into health campaigns has seldom been examined. Drawing on the principle of cultural grounding and narrative engagement theory, this article seeks to examine what types of messages adolescents believe are most effective in persuading their peers to resist substance use and to provide empirical data on the extent to which audience-generated intervention messages are consistent with the associated campaign philosophy and branding. Data for the current study are prevention messages created by students as part of a ...


Narrative Means To Preventative Ends: A Narrative Engagement Framework For Designing Prevention Interventions, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L. Hecht Oct 2013

Narrative Means To Preventative Ends: A Narrative Engagement Framework For Designing Prevention Interventions, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L. Hecht

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

This article describes a Narrative Engagement Framework (NEF) for guiding communication-based prevention efforts. This framework suggests that personal narratives have distinctive capabilities in prevention. The article discusses the concept of narrative, links narrative to prevention, and discusses the central role of youth in developing narrative interventions. As illustration, the authors describe how the NEF is applied in the keepin' it REAL adolescent drug prevention curriculum, pose theoretical directions, and offer suggestions for future work in prevention communication.


Share2quit: Web-Based Peer-Driven Referrals For Smoking Cessation, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Erik M. Volz, Rebecca L. Kinney, Sowmya R. Rao, Thomas K. Houston Sep 2013

Share2quit: Web-Based Peer-Driven Referrals For Smoking Cessation, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Erik M. Volz, Rebecca L. Kinney, Sowmya R. Rao, Thomas K. Houston

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Smoking is the number one preventable cause of death in the United States. Effective Web-assisted tobacco interventions are often underutilized and require new and innovative engagement approaches. Web-based peer-driven chain referrals successfully used outside health care have the potential for increasing the reach of Internet interventions.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to describe the protocol for the development and testing of proactive Web-based chain-referral tools for increasing the access to Decide2Quit.org, a Web-assisted tobacco intervention system.

METHODS: We will build and refine proactive chain-referral tools, including email and Facebook referrals. In addition, we will implement respondent-driven ...


The Drug Facts Box: Improving The Communication Of Prescription Drug Information, Lisa M. Schwartz, Steven Woloshin Aug 2013

The Drug Facts Box: Improving The Communication Of Prescription Drug Information, Lisa M. Schwartz, Steven Woloshin

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Communication about prescription drugs ought to be a paragon of public science communication. Unfortunately, it is not. Consumers see $4 billion of direct-to-consumer advertising annually, which typically fails to present data about how well drugs work. The professional label—the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) mechanism to get physicians information needed for appropriate prescribing—may also fail to present benefit data. FDA labeling guidance, in fact, suggests that industry omit bene


Coping With Pediatric Cancer: Conversational Methods Utilized By Parents And Children When Dealing With Pediatric Cancer, Chelsi Morgan Walls Aug 2013

Coping With Pediatric Cancer: Conversational Methods Utilized By Parents And Children When Dealing With Pediatric Cancer, Chelsi Morgan Walls

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study analyzed how people perceived parents should communicate with their child regarding pediatric cancer treatments. When dealing with pediatric cancer, it is vital that parents and their child communicate about the illness in order to effectively cope with the cancer. Using Uncertainty Management Theory, appraisals, inferences, and illusions, are examined in this study to discover how much affect-management and buffering would be used to manage the illness. Under UMT, the coping mechanisms of affect-management (i.e., religious coping and behavioral disengagement), and buffering (avoidance and child distraction) depend upon how individuals appraise the uncertain situation (positive vs. negative), the ...


Exploring Young People’S Beliefs About Menthol Cigarettes, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Ani Momjian, Robert C. Hornik Jul 2013

Exploring Young People’S Beliefs About Menthol Cigarettes, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Ani Momjian, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Metaphor Use In Interpersonal Communication Of Body Perception In The Context Of Breast Cancer, Jennifer Mary Fillion Jul 2013

Metaphor Use In Interpersonal Communication Of Body Perception In The Context Of Breast Cancer, Jennifer Mary Fillion

Dissertations and Theses

Female breast cancer patients are often confused, frustrated, and devastated by changes occurring in their bodies and the treatment process. Many women express frustration and concern with the inability to know what the next phases of their life will bring. Previous research also states that many women struggle to communicate with others about treatment as well as side effects. This research examined how woman are use metaphors to describe their experience with breast cancer, specifically throughout the treatment period related to body image struggles. I qualitatively conducted interviews with women who were either currently in treatment or just finishing. My ...


Stress: Chronic Stress Puts Your Health At Risk, Mayo Clinic Staff Jul 2013

Stress: Chronic Stress Puts Your Health At Risk, Mayo Clinic Staff

Interpersonal Skills

Available here: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/stress/SR00001


Illegal Yet Developmentally Normative: A Descriptive Analysis Of Young, Urban Adolescents' Dating And Sexual Behaviour In Cape Town, South Africa, Aník Gevers, Cathy Mathews, Pam Cupp, Marcia Russell, Rachel Jewkes Jul 2013

Illegal Yet Developmentally Normative: A Descriptive Analysis Of Young, Urban Adolescents' Dating And Sexual Behaviour In Cape Town, South Africa, Aník Gevers, Cathy Mathews, Pam Cupp, Marcia Russell, Rachel Jewkes

Communication Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: In South Africa, it is illegal for adolescents under age 16 years to engage in any sexual behaviour whether kissing, petting, or penetrative sex, regardless of consent. This cross-sectional study investigated the extent to which young adolescents engage in various sexual behaviours and the associations between dating status and sexual behaviours.

METHOD: Grade 8 adolescents (N = 474, ages 12--15 years, mean = 14.14 years) recruited from Cape Town schools completed surveys providing information about their sociodemographic backgrounds, dating experience, sexual behaviour, and substance use.

RESULTS: Lower hierarchy sexual behaviours, such as kissing (71.4% of girls; 88.4% of ...


I'M A Patient, Not A Problem: An Exploration Into The Roles Assigned In The Doctor-Patient Relationship, Monica C. Stewart Jul 2013

I'M A Patient, Not A Problem: An Exploration Into The Roles Assigned In The Doctor-Patient Relationship, Monica C. Stewart

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Psychological Safety As A Mediator Of Relational Coordination In Interdisciplinary Hospital Care Units, Barry C. Henrichs Jul 2013

Psychological Safety As A Mediator Of Relational Coordination In Interdisciplinary Hospital Care Units, Barry C. Henrichs

Master's Theses (2009 -)

This thesis presents an examination of the relationship between psychological safety and relational coordination within interdisciplinary health care teams. Based on previous research, a model is proposed in which psychological safety--the perceived safety of interpersonal interaction--partially mediates the link between the relational dimensions--shared goals, shared knowledge, and mutual respect--and the communication dimensions--frequent, accurate, timely, and solution-oriented communication--of relational coordination. The proposed model was tested using multiple linear regression of survey data from 158 obstetricians, anesthesiologists, and nurses who work in the labor and delivery units at two large teaching hospitals. The findings do not support the proposed model; however, an ...


Persuasive Strategies And Hats Off For Cancer Donations, Janae Masnovi Jun 2013

Persuasive Strategies And Hats Off For Cancer Donations, Janae Masnovi

Pepperdine Journal of Communication Research

This quantitative research project set out to answer the question, “What type of advertising strategy, logos, ethos, or pathos, will be most effective in increasing donations to Hats Off for Cancer, a nonprofit organization?” By administering a survey including manufactured advertisements to potential donors through the Hats Off for Cancer e-newsletter, the Hats Off for Cancer Facebook page, and my own Facebook network, I received 44 responses. These responses indicated the participants’ involvement with the organization as well as their preferred advertising strategies and their reasoning for this. 79 percent of respondents felt that the advertisement using pathos was most ...


Lives Interrupted: A Sibling’S Guide To Cancer, Robin Sweeney Jun 2013

Lives Interrupted: A Sibling’S Guide To Cancer, Robin Sweeney

Communication Studies

For my project I propose to write a handbook for teens to help them cope with the difficult challenges they may experience while having a sibling who has been diagnosed with cancer. I also hope to help them discover the positive that can happen throughout this experience. The purpose of this handbook is to help eliminate some level of uncertainty, to prepare a teen with the feelings they and their sibling will be going through, to prepare them for their different changes in roles and responsibilities in their family and friends, to show them ways to help, how to continue ...


Why Are There Delays In Seeking Treatment For Childhood Diarrhoea In India?, Nisha Malhotra May 2013

Why Are There Delays In Seeking Treatment For Childhood Diarrhoea In India?, Nisha Malhotra

Nisha Malhotra

Abstract Aim To examine the barriers and facilitating factors for seeking treatment for childhood diarrhoea and to determine the main causes for delay in seeking treatment.

Methods Data from Indian Demographic and Health survey 2005–06 (NFHS-III) was used. Mothers were asked if their children (<5-years) had suffered from diarrhoea during the two weeks preceding the survey. Data were collected on the time of seeking treatment after start of the illness, and days waited to seek treatment after the diarrhoea started. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to find the determinants of seeking treatment at the health facility and the factors responsible for the “delay” in seeking advice/treatment.

Results Out of a sample of 41,287 children, 3890 (9.4%) reportedly had diarrhoea. Sixty percent of children with diarrhoea were taken to a health facility. Mother's education till higher secondary and above (OR 1.65; 95% CI, 1.08 – 2.54), richest (OR 1.76; 95% CI, 1.24 – 2.48) wealth ...


From Affordable Care Act To “Obamacare”: Political Party And The Framing Of Health Care In The 2012 Presidential Election, Anna Sours May 2013

From Affordable Care Act To “Obamacare”: Political Party And The Framing Of Health Care In The 2012 Presidential Election, Anna Sours

Senior Theses

In the world of politics, language can be the difference between success and failure. Through language, we are able to communicate and understand one another, and it is important to critically analyze the language used by public figures in order to gain insight into their goals and attitudes. This study examines the language used by Barack Obama and Mitt Romney during the 2012 presidential election. Specifically, the study explores the ways in which Romney and Obama utilized frames, or the mental structures that shape the way they see the world. A sample of each candidate’s rhetoric and language was ...


Pass This Message Along: Self-Edited Email Messages Promoting Colon Cancer Screening Among Friends And Family, Sarah L. Cutrona, Joann L. Wagner, Douglas W. Roblin, Bridget Gaglio, Andrew E. Williams, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Kathleen M. Mazor May 2013

Pass This Message Along: Self-Edited Email Messages Promoting Colon Cancer Screening Among Friends And Family, Sarah L. Cutrona, Joann L. Wagner, Douglas W. Roblin, Bridget Gaglio, Andrew E. Williams, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Kathleen M. Mazor

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Encouraging communication within a social network may promote uptake of desired medical services or health behaviors. Little is known about the use of this approach to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. We conducted in-person interviews with 438 insured adults ages 42-73 in Massachusetts, Hawaii, and Georgia.

Participants were shown a sample message in which the sender shares that he has completed a colonoscopy and urges the recipient to discuss CRC screening with a doctor. We asked participants to edit the message to create one they would be willing to send to friends and family via email or postcard. Changes to ...


Health Information Seeking On Behalf Of Others: Characteristics Of ‘Surrogate Seekers’, Sarah L. Cutrona, Kathleen M. Mazor, Sana Naveed, Tama M. Luger, Julie E. Volkman, Lila J. Rutten May 2013

Health Information Seeking On Behalf Of Others: Characteristics Of ‘Surrogate Seekers’, Sarah L. Cutrona, Kathleen M. Mazor, Sana Naveed, Tama M. Luger, Julie E. Volkman, Lila J. Rutten

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Understanding the health information seeking behaviors of surrogate seekers (those who seek health information for others) may guide efforts to reach disadvantaged populations. We used 2011-2012 data from the Health Information National Trends Survey to describe the behaviors of online surrogate seekers. Respondents were asked about their use of the Internet for surrogate seeking over the prior 12 months. Data were weighted to calculate population estimates. Compared to those who sought health information online for only themselves, surrogate seekers were more likely to live in households with others (weighted percent 89.4% vs. 82.5% of self-seekers; p < 0.05); no significant differences in gender, race, income or education were observed. Surrogate seekers were more likely to report: visits to social networking sites to read and share about medical topics; participation in online health support groups and downloading of health information to electronic devices. On multivariate analysis, those who had looked online for a healthcare provider were more likely to be surrogate seekers (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.08-2.59). Our results offer insight for leveraging health communication efforts to reach populations who rely upon surrogate seekers for health information.


Evaluating Apps, Edwin D. Boudreaux May 2013

Evaluating Apps, Edwin D. Boudreaux

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Reviews principles and guidelines for evaluating mobile phone health applications. This will include components of usability, foundational theory, customer driven ratings, and the empirical evidence. Some specific applications for mood management and tobacco cessation are examined. This presentation was part of the retreat mini-symposium entitled: Smartphones, Sensors, and Social Networks: The New Tools of Health Behavior Change.


Factors Influencing Medical Adherence Of Clients In Aids Project Worcester, Marianne M. Sarkis, Abby Dnahue, Jacqueline Osei-Owusu, Shan Yi Koay, Maya Baum, Anna Shayo, Amanda Major May 2013

Factors Influencing Medical Adherence Of Clients In Aids Project Worcester, Marianne M. Sarkis, Abby Dnahue, Jacqueline Osei-Owusu, Shan Yi Koay, Maya Baum, Anna Shayo, Amanda Major

Local Knowledge: Worcester Area Community-Based Research

What are the factors and barriers that lead to levels of adherence for those receiving treatment for those in the HIV/AIDS community through AIDS Project Worcester?

Over the last few decades, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has undergone a visible shift. In particular, the demographics of HIV/AIDS infected persons have transitioned from mostly gay affluent, white males to women and men of various minority populations with lower resources and socioeconomic statuses. This trend has also been true for the Worcester community. Based in Worcester, Massachusetts, this research project seeks to identify patterns between the recent change in client demographics ...