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Health Communication Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2008

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Public Health Informatics, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, David Scott Oct 2011

Public Health Informatics, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, David Scott

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

No abstract provided.


Disease Prevention And Health Promotion, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, William Lang Oct 2011

Disease Prevention And Health Promotion, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, William Lang

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

When people think of public health, they often think of the development of epidemiology and a famous public health story about John Snow in 1854. What he did was to map the cholera cases in London and then talk with the people to look for common links between their behaviors and the disease. ...Ever since John Snow removed the pump handle from the cholera infected well in London, heralding the start of population-based health care, the world has struggled with the realities of health promotion and disease prevention.


Introduction To Public Health In Pharmacy, Bruce Levin, Peter Hurd, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Introduction To Public Health In Pharmacy, Bruce Levin, Peter Hurd, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to public health from a pharmacy perspective. Organized into three main sections, Part I presents concepts and issues that pharmacists need in order to develop a knowledge base in public health. Part II examines the connection between pharmacy and public health services, including an overview of the different health services, evaluation and outcome assessment, financing, managed care pharmacy, and pharmacoeconomics. Part III contains chapters that illustrate key applications of public health concepts to pharmacy practice, including law and ethics, cultural perspectives, informatics, emergency preparedness, and education and training. Each chapter is co-authored by a ...


Public Health Services, David Scott, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Public Health Services, David Scott, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

Unlike clinical care, with its focus on the individual, public health focuses on preventing disease and promoting health in communities based upon a population health analysis. Greater emphasis will be placed upon health promotion and disease prevention, the safety of communities and workers, school-based health programming, and the health of underserved and disadvantaged populations. Public health research has an increased emphasis on behavioral change to prevent risky behaviors and activities that lead to substance abuse, sexually transmitted diseases, and environmental and occupational hazards. These changes have created a broad array of new opportunities for professionals with advanced training in public ...


Behavioral Health, Tawny Bettinger, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Behavioral Health, Tawny Bettinger, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This chapter will present a brief overview of selected topics in behavioral health, emphasizing the history, epidemiology, treatment, medication adherence, and the role of the pharmacist in the delivery of behavioral health (including alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health) services. For a more thorough examination of mental health and substance abuse services delivery in the United States, see Levin, Petrila, and Hennessy (2004).


Introduction And Overview Of Pharmacy And Public Health, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Introduction And Overview Of Pharmacy And Public Health, Peter Hurd, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

While there are many definitions of public health, key components include a community focus, a concern about disease prevention, and a commitment to health promotion. One of the most familiar definitions was first articulated in 1920 by C. E. A. Winslow, and was rearticulated by the Institute of Medicine in 1988: “The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort.” (p. 29). This approach works well for those seeking to apply public health activities to pharmacy settings.


The Sisterhood For Change Project Evaluation, Cory Timmons Dec 2008

The Sisterhood For Change Project Evaluation, Cory Timmons

Theses and Dissertations

The Kisumu Medical and Educational Trust (KMET) has created a peer-to-peer outreach project, Sisterhood for Change (SFC), which has been created to train girls and young women on reproductive health issues and thus become community peer educators. This program is now in its third cycle of students and currently has two groups of young women (age 12-24) who have been through life skills training and learned to be reproductive health peer educators; they have also gained vocational training in order to give them alternatives to commercial sex work or reliance on males for money. The purpose of this evaluation was ...


The Green Acres Effect: The Need For A New Colorectal Cancer Screening Campaign Tailored To Rural Audiences, Michelle Campo, N. Askelson, Tracy Rothsong Nov 2008

The Green Acres Effect: The Need For A New Colorectal Cancer Screening Campaign Tailored To Rural Audiences, Michelle Campo, N. Askelson, Tracy Rothsong

Michelle L. Campo

National health communication campaign developers have ignored rural audiences in campaign development and testing, despite the health disparities that exist for this group. Researchers in a rural Midwestern state tested the appropriateness of CDC's national colorectal cancer screening campaign, Screen for Life. Based on focus groups and a quasiexperimental design evaluation, researchers determined that the national campaign did not adequately address the needs of the rural audience. A new print and radio campaign was developed based on previous findings, grounded in social marketing and the health belief model. New tailored campaign materials were refined in focus groups. Final versions ...


International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed ...


Hiv/Aids: An Opportunistic Infection Of Globalization?, David H. Lee Oct 2008

Hiv/Aids: An Opportunistic Infection Of Globalization?, David H. Lee

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mental Health Services Research & Policy Collection: Arl Collection Initiative, Phyllis Ruscella, Ardis Hanson, John Abresch, Claudia Dold Jul 2008

Mental Health Services Research & Policy Collection: Arl Collection Initiative, Phyllis Ruscella, Ardis Hanson, John Abresch, Claudia Dold

Ardis Hanson

An ARL-level mental health services research and policy collection will support, not only the international and national goals of improving mental health; it also positions USF (USF) within the renowned health services research community, becoming peers with other major university health services research centers. The further development of the mental health services research and policy collections, with the foci on disaster mental health and vulnerable populations and the improved access to related mental health services research grey literature, directly supports USF’s stated goals. It expands the university’s capacity for world-renowned interdisciplinary research. It supports globally competitive undergraduate, graduate ...


The Rhetorical Strategies Of Pregnancy Support Centers Including The Visual Rhetoric Of Fetal Ultrasound Technology, Raymond Kyle Jones May 2008

The Rhetorical Strategies Of Pregnancy Support Centers Including The Visual Rhetoric Of Fetal Ultrasound Technology, Raymond Kyle Jones

Dissertations

This study examined the rhetorical strategies, including verbal and visual rhetoric, of pregnancy support centers that provide clients with fetal ultrasounds to persuade those who may be considering abortion as a means of resolving their unplanned pregnancy to carry to term. Qualitative data were gathered from 12 interviews of directors and ultrasound personnel from 7 states as well as from television advertisements and printed material. Eighteen research questions investigating the rhetorical transactions between centers and clients were answered. Rhetorical analyses were performed on the verbal and visual messages used in client interactions.

The grounded theory approach of inquiry resulted in ...


Fact Or Wishful Thinking? Biased Expectations In I Think I Look Better When I'M Tanned, Michelle Campo, Samita Banerjee, Kathryn Greene Apr 2008

Fact Or Wishful Thinking? Biased Expectations In I Think I Look Better When I'M Tanned, Michelle Campo, Samita Banerjee, Kathryn Greene

Michelle L. Campo

Objective: To examine the impact of tanned female images on respondents' perceptions of attractiveness, healthiness, and height and weight estimations. Method: A 3 (light, medium, or dark tan) by 2 (male or female respondent) experimental design. Results: Only male respondents perceived the dark-tanned woman as more physically attractive and thinner than both light- and medium-tanned women. Men also perceived the dark-tanned woman as more interpersonally attractive and healthier than the medium-tanned woman. Conclusions: Campaigns targeted at males need to reduce the perceptions that tanned females are healthier, thinner, and more attractive. Educational efforts targeting females need to reduce attraction-based motivations.


Indoor Tanning And Problem Behavior, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Smita Banerjee, Kathryn Greene, Michelle Campo Feb 2008

Indoor Tanning And Problem Behavior, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Smita Banerjee, Kathryn Greene, Michelle Campo

Michelle L. Campo

Objective: The authors examined factors predicting college students' use of tanning beds. Participants and Methods: Undergraduate students (N = 745) at a large Northeastern university participated in the study by answering a survey measuring tanning behavior and other psychosocial variables, including sensation seeking, self-esteem, tanning image beliefs, and friends' tanning bed use. Results: All 3 systems from problem behavior theory predicted past tanning bed use and intention to use tanning beds. The authors observed a positive association between sensation seeking and intention to use tanning beds. Tanning image beliefs were positively associated with both past tanning behavior and intention to use ...


Capitalizing On Affect: Viagra (In)Action, Kristin A. Swenson Jan 2008

Capitalizing On Affect: Viagra (In)Action, Kristin A. Swenson

Scholarship and Professional Work - Communication

Recent cultural criticisms of Viagra’s advertisements and promotional materials have argued that rhetorical constructions of Viagra users reestablish a hegemonic masculinity premised on heterosexual standards of traditional gender norms (Baglia, 2005; Bordo, 2000; Loe, 2004). Cultural critics have also noted that Viagra’s promotional materials allow “for alternative readings by potential users who do not fall into the category of the ‘traditional/ideal’ Viagra user” including women and homosexual men (Mamo & Fishman, 2001, p. 14). What most criticisms fail to take into account is that Viagra, like other lifestyle drugs, does not only reestablish cultural constructs of the contemporary ...


Hazardous Chemicals And Your Body: Eating Right For A Healthier You, Lisa Gaetke, Carolyn Hofe, Anna G. Hoover, Stephanie Jenkins, Lindell Ormsbee, Ashley Osbourne Jan 2008

Hazardous Chemicals And Your Body: Eating Right For A Healthier You, Lisa Gaetke, Carolyn Hofe, Anna G. Hoover, Stephanie Jenkins, Lindell Ormsbee, Ashley Osbourne

Anna G. Hoover

No abstract provided.


Cumulating Evidence About The Social Animal: Meta-Analysis In Social-Personality Psychology, Blair T. Johnson Dr., Marcella H. Boynton Dr. Jan 2008

Cumulating Evidence About The Social Animal: Meta-Analysis In Social-Personality Psychology, Blair T. Johnson Dr., Marcella H. Boynton Dr.

CHIP Documents

Like most scientific fields, social-personality psychology has experienced an

explosion of research related to such central topics as aggression, attraction, gender,

group processes, motivation, personality, and persuasion, to name a few. The

proliferation of research can be a monster unless it is tamed with the scientific

review strategy of meta-analysis, literally analyses of past analyses that produce

a quantitative and empirical history of research on a particular phenomenon. The

purpose of this article is to outline the basic process and statistics of meta-analysis,

as they pertain to social-personality psychology. Meta-analysis involves: (i) defining

the problem under review; (ii) gathering qualified ...


Propiciando Cambio Personal Y Social Alrededor Del Género, Sexualidad Y Vih: Evaluación De Impacto De La Estrategia De Comunicación De Puntos De Encuentro En Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, Julie Pulerwitz Jan 2008

Propiciando Cambio Personal Y Social Alrededor Del Género, Sexualidad Y Vih: Evaluación De Impacto De La Estrategia De Comunicación De Puntos De Encuentro En Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, Julie Pulerwitz

HIV and AIDS

Somos Diferentes, Somos Iguales (SDSI) is a communication for social change strategy whose objective is to prevent future HIV infections in Nicaragua, through mass communication actions that include educational entertainment programs, strengthening of local capacity, and the development of alliances within the communities. This report presents the results of an interinstitutional evaluation to explore the impact of SDSI on gender equity, stigma reduction, personalization of risk perception, knowledge and use of services, interpersonal communication, HIV prevention practices, and individual and collective effectiveness for HIV prevention. The impact evaluation showed that the SDSI strategy made a great contribution in key aspects ...


Catalyzing Personal And Social Change Around Gender, Sexuality, And Hiv: Impact Evaluation Of Puntos De Encuentro´S Communication Strategy In Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, Julie Pulerwitz Jan 2008

Catalyzing Personal And Social Change Around Gender, Sexuality, And Hiv: Impact Evaluation Of Puntos De Encuentro´S Communication Strategy In Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, Julie Pulerwitz

HIV and AIDS

Somos Diferentes, Somos Iguales (SDSI) is a communication for social change strategy whose objective is to prevent future HIV infections in Nicaragua, through mass communication actions that include educational entertainment programs, strengthening of local capacity, and the development of alliances within the communities. This report presents the results of an interinstitutional evaluation to explore the impact of SDSI on gender equity, stigma reduction, personalization of risk perception, knowledge and use of services, interpersonal communication, HIV prevention practices, and individual and collective effectiveness for HIV prevention. The impact evaluation showed that the SDSI strategy made a great contribution in key aspects ...


You Are What You Consume: The Role Of Media In Obesity, Michelle Campo, T. Mastin, N. Askelson Dec 2007

You Are What You Consume: The Role Of Media In Obesity, Michelle Campo, T. Mastin, N. Askelson

Michelle L. Campo

No abstract provided.