Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Health Communication Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

2011

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

A Study Of Expressed Emotion In Psychiatric Nurses And Its Relation To The General Role And Effects Of Emotions In Nursing, Lauren A. Buck Dec 2011

A Study Of Expressed Emotion In Psychiatric Nurses And Its Relation To The General Role And Effects Of Emotions In Nursing, Lauren A. Buck

Senior Honors Theses

Nurses play a vital role in the health and care of a patient. Through that care, the nurse has the ability to improve the patient’s experience or ruin it. A vital component influencing the care provided are the emotions the nurse displays toward her coworkers, patients, and patients’ family members. The emotions of a nurse may positively or negatively impact a patient. The studies that examine the impact of the nurse’s emotions on patient’s outcomes are varied and few. The communication and emotion of nurses are likely to impact their care and, from that, the patient’s ...


Behavioral Economics And Health Annual Symposium, Janet Weiner, David A. Asch Sep 2011

Behavioral Economics And Health Annual Symposium, Janet Weiner, David A. Asch

Issue Briefs

The application of behavioral economics to health and health care has captured the imagination of policymakers across the political spectrum. The idea is that many people are irrational in predictable ways, and that this both contributes to unhealthy behaviors like smoking and holds one of the keys to changing those behaviors. Because health care costs continue to increase, and a substantial portion of costs are incurred because of unhealthy behaviors, employers and insurers have great interest in using financial incentives to change behaviors. However, it is in the details that complexity and controversies emerge. Who should the targets be, and ...


Communicating Crisis: How Culture Influences Image Repair In Western And Asian Governments, Yvonne Siew‐Yoong Low, Jeni Varughese, Augustine Pang Aug 2011

Communicating Crisis: How Culture Influences Image Repair In Western And Asian Governments, Yvonne Siew‐Yoong Low, Jeni Varughese, Augustine Pang

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to seek to understand the differences in image repair strategies adopted by two governments that operate in the Western and Asian societies when faced with similar crises. Design/methodology/approach: Textual analyses are presented of communication of Hurricane Katrina and Typhoon Morakot by the Taiwanese and US governments, respectively. Findings: Faced with similar accusations of slow response, the Asian culture, represented by the Taiwanese Government, used predominantly mortification and corrective action strategies. The Western culture, represented by the US Government, used predominantly bolstering and defeasibility and a mixed bag of other strategies such ...


Assessing Medicare Beneficiaries’ Strength‐Of‐Preference Scores For Health Care Options: How Engaging Does The Elicitation Technique Need To Be?, Trafford Crump, Hilary A. Llewellyn-Thomas Jul 2011

Assessing Medicare Beneficiaries’ Strength‐Of‐Preference Scores For Health Care Options: How Engaging Does The Elicitation Technique Need To Be?, Trafford Crump, Hilary A. Llewellyn-Thomas

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The objective was to determine if participants’ strength‐of‐preference scores for elective health care interventions at the end‐of‐life (EOL) elicited using a non‐engaging technique are affected by their prior use of an engaging elicitation technique.


Decision Quality Instrument For Treatment Of Hip And Knee Osteoarthritis: A Psychometric Evaluation, Karen R. Sepucha, Dawn Stacey, Catharine F. Clay, Yuchiao Chang Jul 2011

Decision Quality Instrument For Treatment Of Hip And Knee Osteoarthritis: A Psychometric Evaluation, Karen R. Sepucha, Dawn Stacey, Catharine F. Clay, Yuchiao Chang

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

A high quality decision requires that patients who meet clinical criteria for surgery are informed about the options (including non-surgical alternatives) and receive treatments that match their goals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties and clinical sensibility of a patient self report instrument, to measure the quality of decisions about total joint replacement for knee or hip osteoarthritis.


Different Means To The Same End: A Comparative Contingency Analyses Of Singapore And China’S Management Of The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) Crisis, Yan Jin, Augustine Pang, Glen T. Cameron May 2011

Different Means To The Same End: A Comparative Contingency Analyses Of Singapore And China’S Management Of The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars) Crisis, Yan Jin, Augustine Pang, Glen T. Cameron

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

For months in 2003, the world lay under siege by a strain of virus that masqueraded as pneumonia but inflicted a far more lethal effect. By all accounts, the mystery of how the severe respiratory acute syndrome (SARS) virus came to be has remained largely unsolved (Bradsher & Altman 2003). What began as routine fever and cough in a Chinese physician, later identified as a super-carrier, rapidly spread to people who had cursory contacts with him, spiralling into a worldwide crisis that spanned Asia and the North Americas (Rosenthal 2003).


Trends In Authorship Order In Biomedical Research Publications, Suzetta Burrows Mls, Mary Moore Phd Jan 2011

Trends In Authorship Order In Biomedical Research Publications, Suzetta Burrows Mls, Mary Moore Phd

Faculty Research, Publications, and Presentations

As research teams have grown larger, authorship lists of resulting publications have become longer. Organizations and journals have issued statements about ethical authorship, nature of contribution, and author responsibility, but author order is less frequently addressed. Unless the contribution of a co-author is specified, readers make their own assumptions about author contributions because practices on author order in the byline vary by discipline, journal, editor, publisher, scientific society, institution, country, and the authors themselves. Because contributions are often subject to misinterpretation and publications have become proof of scientific productivity and impact, it is increasingly important that authors themselves specify to ...


Smart Health For Autism In Northwest Ohio Survey Summary [Slides], Louisa Ha, Lynne Elizabeth Hewitt, Linell Weinberg Jan 2011

Smart Health For Autism In Northwest Ohio Survey Summary [Slides], Louisa Ha, Lynne Elizabeth Hewitt, Linell Weinberg

School of Media and Communication Faculty Publications

Slides from a presentation given by Louisa Ha, Lynne Hewitt and Linell Weinberg in 2011.


The Poetics Of Professionalism Among Dialysis Technicians, Laura L. Ellingson Jan 2011

The Poetics Of Professionalism Among Dialysis Technicians, Laura L. Ellingson

Women's and Gender Studies

The vast majority of care for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is provided by skilled (but not formally educated) paraprofessional technicians. Using Goffman's (1959) framing of the performance of self in everyday discourse, this study examines discourse from dialysis technicians and technical aides to explore these paraprofessionals' construction and performance of professional identity and professional communication within the context of an outpatient dialysis clinic. Themes of professionalism—individualized care, vigilance, teamwork, and emotion management—are illustrated via poetic transcription of interviews with technicians. I contend that such representation offers validity equal to that of traditional research accounts while embodying ...


Dr. Kildare’S Strange Case, Joseph Turow Jan 2011

Dr. Kildare’S Strange Case, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This chapter discusses the issue of physicians' authority as seen in the film Dr. Kildare's Strange Case (1940). The film centers on intern Jimmy Kildare (Lew Ayres), who learns the medical ropes in Blair Memorial Hospital, guided by Dr. Leonard Gillespie (Lionel Barrymore). The “strange case” of this film's title begins when Gillespie assigns Kildare to work with Dr. Gregory Lane, a surgeon whose professional self-confidence has been crushed by a string of failed surgeries and resulting patient deaths. The chapter focuses on a scene where Lane confronts a patient with a skull fracture who refuses surgery; he ...


Evaluating Mediated Perception Of Narrative Health Messages: The Perception Of Narrative Performance Scale, Jeong Kyu Lee, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day, Elvira Elek Jan 2011

Evaluating Mediated Perception Of Narrative Health Messages: The Perception Of Narrative Performance Scale, Jeong Kyu Lee, Michael L. Hecht, Michelle Miller-Day, Elvira Elek

Communication Faculty Articles and Research

Narrative media health messages have proven effective in preventing adolescents’ substance use but as yet few measures exist to assess perceptions of them. Without such a measure it is difficult to evaluate the role these messages play in health promotion or to differentiate them from other message forms. In response to this need, a study was conducted to evaluate the Perception of Narrative Performance Scale that assesses perceptions of narrative health messages. A sample of 1185 fifth graders in public schools at Phoenix, Arizona completed a questionnaire rating of two videos presenting narrative substance use prevention messages. Confirmatory factor analyses ...


Physical Activity And Cognitive-Health Content In Top-Circulating Magazines, 2006–2008, Anna E. Greer, Sara J. Corwin, Daniela B. Friedman Jan 2011

Physical Activity And Cognitive-Health Content In Top-Circulating Magazines, 2006–2008, Anna E. Greer, Sara J. Corwin, Daniela B. Friedman

All PTHMS Faculty Publications

Physical activity may promote cognitive health in older adults. Popular media play an important role in preventive health communication. This study examined articles discussing associations between physical activity and cognitive health in top-circulating magazines targeting older adults. 42,753 pages of magazines published from 2006 to 2008 were reviewed; 26 articles met inclusion criteria. Explanations regarding the link between physical activity and cognitive health were provided in 57.7% of articles. These explanations were generally consistent with empirical evidence; however, few articles included empirical evidence. Physical activity recommendations were presented in 80.8% of articles; a wide range was recommended ...


Legal Impediments To The Diffusion Of Telemedicine, Diane E. Hoffmann, Virginia Rowthorn Jan 2011

Legal Impediments To The Diffusion Of Telemedicine, Diane E. Hoffmann, Virginia Rowthorn

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Supporting Children’S Mental Well-Being In Primary Schools: Problem-Solving Through Communication And Action, Shelley Ruth Thornton Jan 2011

Supporting Children’S Mental Well-Being In Primary Schools: Problem-Solving Through Communication And Action, Shelley Ruth Thornton

Theses

Children‟s mental well-being has emerged as a significant priority for education, with increasing numbers of children experiencing family breakdown, anxiety, depression, oppositional disorders and attention difficulties. Australian governments have responded, identifying schools as key sites for intervention. Deficit discourses have gradually been displaced by strengths-based understandings and an emphasis on health promotion. Educational policy has focused on the importance of evidence-based prevention and early intervention in schools, leading to a plethora of programs aimed at preparing children socially and emotionally for the 21st century. Increasingly teachers have been viewed as having an integral role to play in supporting children ...


Labor Pains In The Academy, Lisa M. Tillmann Ph.D. Jan 2011

Labor Pains In The Academy, Lisa M. Tillmann Ph.D.

Faculty Publications

This piece offers autoethnographic reflections on crossroads to which many academics come: whether to seek (or postpone or avoid) parenthood and when. The author deeply explores the personal (her own trajectories from daughter and sister to potential mother and from graduate student to full professor) in order to reflect on structural constraints associated with graduate education, the academic job market, and institutional policies and politics.


From Go To Woe: Family Member’S Stories Of Adolescents And Young People Living With And Dying From Cancer, Janet Anne Barling Jan 2011

From Go To Woe: Family Member’S Stories Of Adolescents And Young People Living With And Dying From Cancer, Janet Anne Barling

Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to uncover, through families telling their stories, the experience of family members following the diagnosis, treatment, dying and death of an adolescent or young adult (AYA) family member. The decision to undertake this research was related to the lack of treatment, support and research for AYAs with cancer (CanTeen, 2005; Ewing, 2005), life stage issues for adolescents and their families (Grinyer, 2002a, 2007a, 2007b, 2008, 2009), and the researcher’s own position as a mother whose adolescent son had died of cancer.

Given the sensitive nature of the research study and the researcher’s ...


Herbal Medicine And Risk Constructions: Representations In Australian Print Media, Monique Renae Lewis Jan 2011

Herbal Medicine And Risk Constructions: Representations In Australian Print Media, Monique Renae Lewis

Theses

This thesis is an exploration of the construction of risk in Australian mainstream and biomedical media representations of herbal medicine (HM). It presents arguments and discussion based on my findings in response to two research questions: What are the dominant topics and frames that occur in media reports about HM? Is there a prevalence of risk references across two printed media forms and all articles?

The construction of risk in media reporting about HM is a specific phenomenon that has received little attention within the discipline that has become known as the sociology of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). As ...


The Scenario-Oriented Method For Recording And Playing-Back Healthcare Information, Yi Ding, Bing Wu, Erqiang Zhou, Jianfeng Wu Jan 2011

The Scenario-Oriented Method For Recording And Playing-Back Healthcare Information, Yi Ding, Bing Wu, Erqiang Zhou, Jianfeng Wu

Conference papers

This paper proposes a new method, called the scenario-oriented method, to support the idea of recording and replaying the healthcare information such that the reporting and decision-support capabilities can be enhanced. In order to play back the changing history of certain information units, the scenario- oriented method attempts to organize related information and knowledge elements as a context so that the history of real medical activity can be recorded, and then be queried as a continuous, on-the-fly, understandable and playing-back information scenario through replay operations.