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Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Complete Issue, Volume 2 Issue 1 Mar 2019

Complete Issue, Volume 2 Issue 1

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the full issue of JICRCR Volume 2, Issue 1.


From Hoax As Crisis To Crisis As Hoax: Fake News And Information Disorder As Disruptions To The Discourse Of Renewal, Timothy L. Sellnow, Adam Parrish, Lauren Semenas Mar 2019

From Hoax As Crisis To Crisis As Hoax: Fake News And Information Disorder As Disruptions To The Discourse Of Renewal, Timothy L. Sellnow, Adam Parrish, Lauren Semenas

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Hoaxes have long been a reputational threat to organizations. For example, false claims that syringes had been found in bottles of Pepsi-Cola products, that a portion of a fi nger had been found in Wendy’s chili, and that Domino’s employees had intentionally served contaminated food to customers have topped the media’s agenda. More recently, the hoax phenomenon has been tactically reversed. Heavily trafficked Internet sites and controversial television personalities frequently argue that well-documented crises themselves are hoaxes. The potential for claims of crisis as hoax to disrupt the discourse of crisis renewal is examined through an analysis ...


The Effects Of Community Size, Control Over Agenda, And Contextual Variables On Zika Virus Preparation Of Public Information Officers At Local Public Health Departments, Elizabeth Johnson Avery Mar 2019

The Effects Of Community Size, Control Over Agenda, And Contextual Variables On Zika Virus Preparation Of Public Information Officers At Local Public Health Departments, Elizabeth Johnson Avery

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

As Zika emerged as a major global health threat, public information officers (PIOs) at local public health departments across the United States prepared for outbreaks of the virus amid great uncertainty. Using the crisis and risk emergency communication (CERC) model to inform this study, PIOs (n = 226) at public health departments were surveyed to assess how community size, perceived control over health agenda, and other considerations such as resources and federal influences affected their satisfaction with Zika preparedness in their departments. These contextual, indirect factors may moderate planning efforts for Zika and other health emergencies and thus should be considered ...


Engaging Communities In Emergency Risk And Crisis Communication: Mixed-Method Systematic Review And Evidence Synthesis, Julie M. Novak, Ashleigh M. Day, Pradeep Sopory, Lee Wilkins, Donyale Renaye Padgett, Stine Eckert, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage Mar 2019

Engaging Communities In Emergency Risk And Crisis Communication: Mixed-Method Systematic Review And Evidence Synthesis, Julie M. Novak, Ashleigh M. Day, Pradeep Sopory, Lee Wilkins, Donyale Renaye Padgett, Stine Eckert, Jane Noyes, Tomas Allen, Nyka Alexander, Marsha Vanderford, Gaya Gamhewage

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

The World Health Organization (WHO) commissioned systematic reviews to assist with the development of new emergency risk communication guidelines that will impact responses and distribution of resources at all levels. This mixed-method evidence synthesis, guided by Cochrane principles and methods, examined the extant research in countries throughout the world, published from 2003 to 2016, related to the best practices to engage communities in preparing for and responding to emergency events with public health implications. Although few studies directly examined which strategies or tactics effectively engage public participation, many studies reinforced the importance of community participation. The findings support the perspective ...


Crisis Information Seeking And Sharing (Ciss): Scale Development For Measuring Publics’ Communicative Behavior In Social-Mediated Public Health Crises, Yen-I Lee, Yan Jin Mar 2019

Crisis Information Seeking And Sharing (Ciss): Scale Development For Measuring Publics’ Communicative Behavior In Social-Mediated Public Health Crises, Yen-I Lee, Yan Jin

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This study first refines the conceptual framework of publics’ communicative behavior in social mediated health crises. Then two multiple-item scales for measuring publics’ health crisis information seeking and sharing (CISS) are developed and tested by employing online survey data sets from a random national sample of 279 adults and 280 adults in the United States, respectively. Results indicate seven types of crisis information seeking behavior and 17 types of crisis information sharing behavior crossing over platforms, channels, and information sources. The CISS scales provide a valid and reliable tool for crisis communication researchers and practitioners to measure publics’ information seeking ...


Editor's Essay: The Critical Need For Crisis And Risk Communication Research, Brooke F. Liu Mar 2019

Editor's Essay: The Critical Need For Crisis And Risk Communication Research, Brooke F. Liu

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Risk and crisis communication are growing areas of scholarship ripe for multidisciplinary contributions. In this essay, the Volume 2 editor reflects on the primary purpose of the Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research and the areas of scholarship the journal promotes. The editor offers advice for researchers and professionals interested in publishing in the journal. Additionally, the editor calls for the community to continue to submit their best research and to support the development of the next generation of risk and crisis communication scholars.


Complete Issue. Volume 1, Issue 2 Oct 2018

Complete Issue. Volume 1, Issue 2

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the full issue of JICRCR Volume 1, Issue 2.


Politically Unhealthy: Flint’S Fight Against Poverty, Environmental Racism, And Dirty Water, Tomeka M. Robinson, Garrett Shum, Sabrina Singh Oct 2018

Politically Unhealthy: Flint’S Fight Against Poverty, Environmental Racism, And Dirty Water, Tomeka M. Robinson, Garrett Shum, Sabrina Singh

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

The social force of race in relation to natural resources plays a prominent role in which communities are disproportionately affected by pollution. Scholars have described how people of color are disproportionately victims of environmental discrimination and disparities because they lack the necessary social capital to bring attention to their plight, as demonstrated by the case of the Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis. In this article, we use a critical race theory lens to explore how the Flint Water Crisis constitutes a case study of environmental racism. More specifically, we discuss the public health implications of environmental racism on the residents of ...


Blurred (Identity) Lines: A Content Analysis Of The #Deleteuber Crisis On Twitter, Katharine E. Miller, Megan C. Kendall Oct 2018

Blurred (Identity) Lines: A Content Analysis Of The #Deleteuber Crisis On Twitter, Katharine E. Miller, Megan C. Kendall

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Social media have established a growing prevalence and influence in social change, in political movements, and as vehicles for messages related to crisis. The movement #deleteuber demonstrated this growing trend. Using quantitative content analysis, 2,000 tweets posted on Twitter were analyzed in the 2 weeks following the incident to measure how media framing may impact organizational identity. Findings reveal that users on Twitter largely framed the crisis as political, opinionated, and episodic in nature. Additionally, users most commonly associated the crisis with the organization as a collective rather than with the CEO as an individual responsible for actions prompting ...


Chaos Theory And Emergent Behavior In The West Virginia Water Crisis, Morgan C. Getchell Oct 2018

Chaos Theory And Emergent Behavior In The West Virginia Water Crisis, Morgan C. Getchell

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Chaos theory holds that systems act in unpredictable, nonlinear ways and that their behavior can only be observed, never predicted. This is an informative model for an organization in crisis. The West Virginia water contamination crisis, which began on January 9, 2014, fits the criteria of a system in chaos. This study employs a close case study method to examine this case through the lens of chaos theory and its tenets: sensitivity to initial conditions, bifurcation, fractals, strange attractors, and self-organization. In particular, close attention is paid to emergent organizations and how their embodiment of strange attractor values spurred the ...


An Idea Model Analysis Of Instructional Risk Communication In The Time Of Ebola, Deborah D. Sellnow-Richmond, Amiso M. George, Deanna D. Sellnow Mar 2018

An Idea Model Analysis Of Instructional Risk Communication In The Time Of Ebola, Deborah D. Sellnow-Richmond, Amiso M. George, Deanna D. Sellnow

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

The Ebola outbreak and its rapid spread throughout West Africa and other countries was a megacrisis that imposed numerous challenges to those communicating to nonscientific publics about the epidemic. This article examines the instructional risk messages offered in the days that followed the 2014 infection and death of Liberian national Thomas Eric Duncan in Dallas, Texas. More specifically, we apply the IDEA model for effective instructional risk and crisis communication embellished by exemplification theory to conduct a thematic analysis of messages offered locally (Dallas news stories and press releases), nationally (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Live Chat Twitter posts ...


Advocating A New Approach To Governing Water, Energy, And Food Security: Testing The Effects Of Message Inoculation And Conclusion Explicitness In The Case Of The Wef Nexus, Qingjiang Yao, Praphul Joshi, Chiung-Fang Chang, Chelsea Mcdonalds, Jason Tran, Willam Wheeler, Shiyue Hou Mar 2018

Advocating A New Approach To Governing Water, Energy, And Food Security: Testing The Effects Of Message Inoculation And Conclusion Explicitness In The Case Of The Wef Nexus, Qingjiang Yao, Praphul Joshi, Chiung-Fang Chang, Chelsea Mcdonalds, Jason Tran, Willam Wheeler, Shiyue Hou

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Message sidedness, including its later format inoculation, and conclusion explicitness have been identified by researchers as two prominent message factors that may influence advocating effects. Two-sided messages, which contain both supporting and opposing information about the issue, particularly those containing inoculation components that refute the negative side, are found to be more effective than one-sided messages. Messages with explicit conclusions are also found to be more persuasive than those that let the audience draw the conclusions themselves. This study tested the persuasion effectiveness of message inoculation and conclusion explicitness on a new scientific concept, the water–energy–food (WEF) nexus ...


The Health Belief Model And Preventive Measures: A Study Of The Ministry Of Health Campaign On Coronavirus In Saudi Arabia, Saud A. Alsulaiman, Terry L. Rentner Mar 2018

The Health Belief Model And Preventive Measures: A Study Of The Ministry Of Health Campaign On Coronavirus In Saudi Arabia, Saud A. Alsulaiman, Terry L. Rentner

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

As of August 2017, approximately 684 people have died in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since the coronavirus Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) outbreak in 2012. Saudi Arabia became the leading country for the number of illnesses and deaths related to MERS-CoV, making this a health megacrisis. Early Ministry of Health (MOH) communication efforts proved ineffective and created anger, confusion, and mistrust. Changes in command, implementation of new guidelines and policies, and a health preventive campaign have been instrumental in the fight. The MOH launched the “We Can Stop It” campaign in 2015. This study shares results from a survey ...


Answering The Call For Scholarship: The Journal Of International Crisis And Risk Communication Research, Matthew W. Seeger Mar 2018

Answering The Call For Scholarship: The Journal Of International Crisis And Risk Communication Research, Matthew W. Seeger

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Crisis events have the potential to create broad impacts across a variety of contexts and require multi-disciplinary approaches to understand the causes and consequences. Communication is instrumental to both the understanding and the management of risks and crises and needs to be systematically examined within these contexts. The Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research is designed to be an outlet for multi-disciplinary inquiry of communication phenomena within a wide range of crises and risks using multiple methods and perspectives.