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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Exploring The Clinical Utility Of Mobile Applications For Promoting Affect Regulation Among Clients With Behavioral Health Problems, Caroline Fenkel Jun 2018

Exploring The Clinical Utility Of Mobile Applications For Promoting Affect Regulation Among Clients With Behavioral Health Problems, Caroline Fenkel

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Nearly 25 percent of adults in the United States are diagnosed with a behavioral health condition, most commonly depression, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders. Each of these diagnoses is associated with significant disruptions in affect regulation which encompasses the capacity to up and down regulate emotions. Best practice treatment for these conditions includes psychotropic medications combined with individual or group-based psychotherapeutic modalities which regardless of the therapist’s theoretical orientation attempt to promote affect regulation through skill transfer and strategies for observing one’s ability to regulate emotions. Similarly, attention to regulatory capacity is central to many emerging self-help ...


Associations Between Coherent Neural Activity, Nicole Cooper, Steven Tompson, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Jean M. Vettel, Danielle S. Bassett, Emily B. Falk Apr 2018

Associations Between Coherent Neural Activity, Nicole Cooper, Steven Tompson, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Jean M. Vettel, Danielle S. Bassett, Emily B. Falk

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Objective: Worldwide, tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and illness. One common strategy for reducing the prevalence of cigarette smoking and other health risk behaviors is the use of graphic warning labels (GWLs). This has led to widespread interest from the perspective of health psychology in understanding the mechanisms of GWL effectiveness. Here we investigated differences in how the brain responds to negative, graphic warning label-inspired antismoking ads and neutral control ads, and we probed how this response related to future behavior.

Method: A group of smokers (N = 45) viewed GWL-inspired and control antismoking ads while undergoing ...


Culturally Antagonistic Memes And The Zika Virus: An Experimental Test, Dan M. Kahan, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Asheley Landrum, Kenneth Winneg Jan 2017

Culturally Antagonistic Memes And The Zika Virus: An Experimental Test, Dan M. Kahan, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Asheley Landrum, Kenneth Winneg

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This paper examines a remedy for a defect in existing accounts of public risk perceptions. The accounts in question feature two dynamics: the affect heuristic, which emphasizes the impact of visceral feelings on information processing; and the cultural cognition thesis, which describes the tendency of individuals to form beliefs that reflect and reinforce their group commitments. The defect is the failure of these two dynamics, when combined, to explain the peculiar selectivity of public risk controversies: despite their intensity and disruptiveness, such controversies occur less frequently than the affect heuristic and the cultural cognition thesis seem to predict. To account ...


Young Adult Smokers' Neural Response To Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels, Adam E. Green, Darren Mays, Emily B. Falk, Donna Vallone, Natalie Gallagher, Amanda Richardson, Kenneth P. Tercyak, David B. Abrams, Raymond S. Niaura Jun 2016

Young Adult Smokers' Neural Response To Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels, Adam E. Green, Darren Mays, Emily B. Falk, Donna Vallone, Natalie Gallagher, Amanda Richardson, Kenneth P. Tercyak, David B. Abrams, Raymond S. Niaura

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Introduction: The study examined young adult smokers' neural response to graphic warning labels (GWLs) on cigarette packs using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Methods: Nineteen young adult smokers (M age 22.9, 52.6% male, 68.4% non-white, M 4.3 cigarettes/day) completed pre-scan, self-report measures of demographics, cigarette smoking behavior, and nicotine dependence, and an fMRI scanning session. During the scanning session participants viewed cigarette pack images (total 64 stimuli, viewed 4 s each) that varied based on the warning label (graphic or visually occluded control) and pack branding (branded or plain packaging) in an event-related experimental design ...


Functional Brain Imaging Predicts Public Health Campaign Success, Emily B. Falk, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Steven Tompson, Richard Gonzalez, Sonya Dal Cin, Victor J. Strecher, Kenneth M. Cummings, Lawrence An Feb 2016

Functional Brain Imaging Predicts Public Health Campaign Success, Emily B. Falk, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Steven Tompson, Richard Gonzalez, Sonya Dal Cin, Victor J. Strecher, Kenneth M. Cummings, Lawrence An

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Mass media can powerfully affect health decision-making. Pre-testing through focus groups or surveys is a standard, though inconsistent, predictor of effectiveness. Converging evidence demonstrates that activity within brain systems associated with self-related processing can predict individual behavior in response to health messages. Preliminary evidence also suggests that neural activity in small groups can forecast population-level campaign outcomes. Less is known about the psychological processes that link neural activity and population-level outcomes, or how these predictions are affected by message content. We exposed 50 smokers to antismoking messages and used their aggregated neural activity within a ‘self-localizer’ defined region of medial ...


Investing In Communication For Nutrition Related To Agriculture In India, Robert Hornik, Danielle Naugle, William Smith, Tanya Trevors Aug 2015

Investing In Communication For Nutrition Related To Agriculture In India, Robert Hornik, Danielle Naugle, William Smith, Tanya Trevors

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Emotional Reaction Facilitates The Brain And Behavioral Impact Of Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels In Smokers, An-Li Wang, Steven B. Lowen, Daniel Romer, Mario Giorno, Daniel D. Langleben May 2015

Emotional Reaction Facilitates The Brain And Behavioral Impact Of Graphic Cigarette Warning Labels In Smokers, An-Li Wang, Steven B. Lowen, Daniel Romer, Mario Giorno, Daniel D. Langleben

Neuroethics Publications

Background—Warning labels on cigarette packages are an important venue for information about the hazards of smoking. The 2009 US Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act mandated replacing the current text-only labels with graphic warning labels. However, labels proposed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) were challenged in court by the tobacco companies, who argued successfully that the proposed labels needlessly encroached on their right to free speech, in part because they included images of high emotional salience that indiscriminately frightened rather than informed consumers.

Methods—We used functional MRI to examine the effects of graphic warning labels ...


Brain Activity In Self- And Value-Related Regions In Response To Online Antismoking Messages Predicts Behavior Change, Nicole Cooper, Steven Tompson, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Emily B. Falk Jan 2015

Brain Activity In Self- And Value-Related Regions In Response To Online Antismoking Messages Predicts Behavior Change, Nicole Cooper, Steven Tompson, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Emily B. Falk

Departmental Papers (ASC)

In this study, we combined approaches from media psychology and neuroscience to ask whether brain activity in response to online antismoking messages can predict smoking behavior change. In particular, we examined activity in subregions of the medial prefrontal cortex linked to self- and value-related processing, to test whether these neurocognitive processes play a role in message-consistent behavior change. We observed significant relationships between activity in both brain regions of interest and behavior change (such that higher activity predicted a larger reduction in smoking). Furthermore, activity in these brain regions predicted variance independent of traditional, theory-driven self-report metrics such as intention ...


Self-Presentation On The Web: Agencies Serving Abused And Assaulted Women, Susan B. Sorenson, Rui Shi, Jingwen Zhang, Jia Xue Apr 2014

Self-Presentation On The Web: Agencies Serving Abused And Assaulted Women, Susan B. Sorenson, Rui Shi, Jingwen Zhang, Jia Xue

Departmental Papers (SPP)

Objectives. We examined the content and usability of the Web sites of agencies serving women victims of violence.

Methods. We entered the names of a systematic 10% sample of 3774 agencies listed in 2 national directories into a search engine. We took (in April 2012) and analyzed screenshots of the 261 resulting home pages and the readability of 193 home and first-level pages.

Results. Victims (94%) and donors (68%) were the primary intended audiences. About one half used social media and one third provided cues to action. Almost all (96.4%) of the Web pages were rated “fairly difficult” to ...


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Smoking Prevention Mass Media Campaign: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Never Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik Nov 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Smoking Prevention Mass Media Campaign: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Never Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Preventing Progression To Daily Tobacco Use: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Non-Daily Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert Hornik Nov 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Preventing Progression To Daily Tobacco Use: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Non-Daily Tobacco Users, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Encouraging Smoking Cessation: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Current Cigarette Smokers, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik Nov 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Mass Media Campaign Aimed At Encouraging Smoking Cessation: Final Findings And Recommendations For 18 – 25 Year Old Current Cigarette Smokers, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Jiaying Liu, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Exploring Young People’S Beliefs About Menthol Cigarettes, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Ani Momjian, Robert C. Hornik Jul 2013

Exploring Young People’S Beliefs About Menthol Cigarettes, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Ani Momjian, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Youth-Focused Smoking Prevention Mass Media Campaign: Final Findings And Recommendations For 13 – 17 Year Old Non-Smokers, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Ani Momjian, Robert C. Hornik Apr 2013

Identifying Potential Target Beliefs For A Youth-Focused Smoking Prevention Mass Media Campaign: Final Findings And Recommendations For 13 – 17 Year Old Non-Smokers, Emily Brennan, Laura Gibson, Ani Momjian, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Mass Media Campaigns To Reduce Smoking Among Youth And Young Adults: Documenting Potential Campaign Targets And Reviewing The Evidence From Previous Campaigns, Emily Brennan, Ani Momjian, Michelle Jeong, Danielle Naugle, Sarah Parvanta, Robert C. Hornik Jun 2012

Mass Media Campaigns To Reduce Smoking Among Youth And Young Adults: Documenting Potential Campaign Targets And Reviewing The Evidence From Previous Campaigns, Emily Brennan, Ani Momjian, Michelle Jeong, Danielle Naugle, Sarah Parvanta, Robert C. Hornik

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Economics And Health Annual Symposium, Janet Weiner, David A. Asch Sep 2011

Behavioral Economics And Health Annual Symposium, Janet Weiner, David A. Asch

Issue Briefs

The application of behavioral economics to health and health care has captured the imagination of policymakers across the political spectrum. The idea is that many people are irrational in predictable ways, and that this both contributes to unhealthy behaviors like smoking and holds one of the keys to changing those behaviors. Because health care costs continue to increase, and a substantial portion of costs are incurred because of unhealthy behaviors, employers and insurers have great interest in using financial incentives to change behaviors. However, it is in the details that complexity and controversies emerge. Who should the targets be, and ...


Dr. Kildare’S Strange Case, Joseph Turow Jan 2011

Dr. Kildare’S Strange Case, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This chapter discusses the issue of physicians' authority as seen in the film Dr. Kildare's Strange Case (1940). The film centers on intern Jimmy Kildare (Lew Ayres), who learns the medical ropes in Blair Memorial Hospital, guided by Dr. Leonard Gillespie (Lionel Barrymore). The “strange case” of this film's title begins when Gillespie assigns Kildare to work with Dr. Gregory Lane, a surgeon whose professional self-confidence has been crushed by a string of failed surgeries and resulting patient deaths. The chapter focuses on a scene where Lane confronts a patient with a skull fracture who refuses surgery; he ...


Keeping Children Healthy - How The Effects Of Normative Messages On Parent Intentions Vary With Social Normative Beliefs And Personality, Nehama Lewis-Persky Dec 2010

Keeping Children Healthy - How The Effects Of Normative Messages On Parent Intentions Vary With Social Normative Beliefs And Personality, Nehama Lewis-Persky

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation describes studies which apply theory from the fields of communication and social psychology to create and test persuasive messages aimed at increasing parental intention to provide healthy nutrition and perform sun protection behaviors for their children. These behaviors have been shown to be significantly associated with the risk of developing cancer later in life. The experiments tested whether the manipulation of the observability of a health behavior and exposure to normative (i.e. stresses injunctive norms) or attitudinally focused messages (i.e. stresses health benefits of the behavior), could influence the normative route to intention to perform preventive ...


Desktop Medicine, Jason Karlawish Nov 2010

Desktop Medicine, Jason Karlawish

Center for Bioethics Papers

No abstract provided.


Narrative “Flow”: A Model Of Narrative Processing And Its Impact On Information Processing, Knowledge Acquisition And Persuasion, Jean M. Brechman Aug 2010

Narrative “Flow”: A Model Of Narrative Processing And Its Impact On Information Processing, Knowledge Acquisition And Persuasion, Jean M. Brechman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The utility of narrative as a powerful communication tool is undisputed. However, within both narrative and media effects literature, there is a general lack of attention afforded to the process through which narrative influences audiences. This dissertation investigates the distinct cognitive and emotional dimensions that comprise one’s narrative flow and comprehension through the development and validation of a process model. In addition to continuous response measurement and stimulated recall interviews, validation efforts included the use of a scaling technique designed to investigate the conditional nature of narrative flow. These efforts provided evidence for the model’s successful characterization of ...


Communicating Cancer Prevention Information To U.S. Latinos: The Moderating Role Of Acculturation, A Susana Ramirez May 2010

Communicating Cancer Prevention Information To U.S. Latinos: The Moderating Role Of Acculturation, A Susana Ramirez

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

COMMUNICATING CANCER PREVENTION INFORMATION TO U.S. LATINOS: THE MODERATING ROLE OF ACCULTURATION.

A. Susana Ramírez

Robert C. Hornik

This dissertation stems from two observations: first, while communication can improve health disparities, important health information often fails to reach U.S. Latinos; second, that research on media, Latinos, and health behaviors is woefully sparse. This project sought to improve the former situation by contributing a body of evidence to the latter. Of specific interest is diversity within the U.S. Latino population relating to media use and health behaviors and outcomes, defined by the concept of acculturation. I sought ...


Internes Can't Take Money, Joseph Turow Jan 2010

Internes Can't Take Money, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Messages About Genetics, Race, And Health On Public Opinion About Personalized Medicine And Health Policy, Jocelyn Landau Jan 2009

Effects Of Messages About Genetics, Race, And Health On Public Opinion About Personalized Medicine And Health Policy, Jocelyn Landau

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, knowledge about the genetic basis of many traits and common diseases has increased substantially (Kessler et al., 2007). As progress in the field of genetics continues to occur at a rapid pace, there is growing concern about the social and ethical consequences of these advances. One area of concern that merits more empirical research is the impact of messages linking genetic traits with racial differences. Research in this area is important because recent studies have shown that casting race as a biological marker can provide justification for a racially inequitable status quo ...


Personalized Marketing Of Health Products The 21st Century Way, Joseph Turow, Robert Gellman, Judith Turow Mar 2007

Personalized Marketing Of Health Products The 21st Century Way, Joseph Turow, Robert Gellman, Judith Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


A Call To Action On Adolescent Mental Health, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Daniel Romer Jan 2005

A Call To Action On Adolescent Mental Health, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Daniel Romer

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Taken To Extremes: Newspapers And Kevorkian’S Televised Euthanasia Incident, Arthur L. Caplan, Joseph Turow Jan 2004

Taken To Extremes: Newspapers And Kevorkian’S Televised Euthanasia Incident, Arthur L. Caplan, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Book Description:

Medicine and the media exist in a unique symbiosis. Increasingly, health-care consumers turn to media sources—from news reports to Web sites to tv shows—for information about diseases, treatments, pharmacology, and important health issues. And just as the media scour the medical terrain for news stories and plot lines, those in the health-care industry use the media to publicize legitimate stories and advance particular agendas. The essays in Cultural Sutures delineate this deeply collaborative process by scrutinizing a broad range of interconnections between medicine and the media in print journalism, advertisements, fiction films, television shows, documentaries, and ...


Public Response To Cost-Quality Tradeoffs In Clinical Decisions., Mary Catherine Beach, David A. Asch, Christopher Jepson, John C. Hershey, Tara Mohr, Stacey Mcmorrow, Peter A. Ubel Sep 2003

Public Response To Cost-Quality Tradeoffs In Clinical Decisions., Mary Catherine Beach, David A. Asch, Christopher Jepson, John C. Hershey, Tara Mohr, Stacey Mcmorrow, Peter A. Ubel

Health Care Management Papers

PURPOSE: To explore public attitudes toward the incorporation of cost-effectiveness analysis into clinical decisions.

METHODS: The authors presented 781 jurors with a survey describing 1 of 6 clinical encounters in which a physician has to choose between cancer screening tests. They provided cost-effectiveness data for all tests, and in each scenario, the most effective test was more expensive. They instructed respondents to imagine that he or she was the physician in the scenario and asked them to choose which test to recommend and then explain their choice in an open-ended manner. The authors then qualitatively analyzed the responses by identifying ...


Domestic ‘Zealotry’ And Press Discourse: Kevorkian’S Euthanasia Incident, Joseph Turow, Arthur L. Caplan, John S. Bracken Aug 2000

Domestic ‘Zealotry’ And Press Discourse: Kevorkian’S Euthanasia Incident, Joseph Turow, Arthur L. Caplan, John S. Bracken

Departmental Papers (ASC)

The manner in which press outlets cover the convergence of the explicitly sensational and the explicitly ideological holds political and social implications. Does a startling or shocking domestic incident that the US press labels as zealotry catalyze the nation's news outlets to explore a wide range of views about the issues involved and their public relevance? This article addresses this matter by examining print media coverage of a videotaped euthanasia that was broadcast by the popular news magazine program 60 Minutes. The findings raise questions about the ability of incidents such as these to push the mainstream press to ...


Doc Shows Give Wrong Health-Care Diagnosis, Joseph Turow Oct 1994

Doc Shows Give Wrong Health-Care Diagnosis, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.