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Health Communication Commons

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Public Health Education and Promotion

2017

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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin Aug 2017

Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin

Library Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) die, on average, 25 years earlier than the general population. Higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, obesity, lack of preventive healthcare, and other modifiable risk factors, as well as side effects associated with certain antipsychotic medications, place individuals with SMI at high physical health risk. They are designated a health disparity population by the US National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors and as a vulnerable group worldwide by the World Health Organization. While the Internet provides intriguing opportunities to support person-centered health care, web-based resources ...


Misperceptions And The Misused Language Of Addiction: Words Matter, Richard Saitz Aug 2017

Misperceptions And The Misused Language Of Addiction: Words Matter, Richard Saitz

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Despite recognition of addiction as a health condition, terminology used in both layperson and scientific publications is often inaccurate and stigmatizing. National and international efforts are now afoot to encourage the use of terminology that can improve accuracy, reduce stigma, and even improve care. Dr. Richard Saitz from the Boston University School of Public Health will discuss the rationale for terms that should and should not be preferred.


Health Related Web Site Usage By Persons With Serious Mental Illness: Design And Use Of A Heath Literacy Survey Tool, Len L. Levin, Zlatina Kostova, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin May 2017

Health Related Web Site Usage By Persons With Serious Mental Illness: Design And Use Of A Heath Literacy Survey Tool, Len L. Levin, Zlatina Kostova, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin

Library Publications and Presentations

Objectives: A health literacy focused web site review survey was designed as an initial step in a multi-institutional project to build a website for persons with serious mental illness to help them better understand issues relating to their physical health. This presentation will describe the design, testing, implementation and results of this survey tool.

Methods: The literature shows that persons with serious mental illness (SMI) approach the use of online health information differently than the general population. In 2015, the University of Massachusetts, in collaboration with other academic medical institutions, received a grant to build a new website for persons ...


Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed May 2017

Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed

Master's Theses

What attracts people to buy condoms? HIV/AIDS remain one of the biggest health dangers of the world, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. A lot of efforts have been pursued in the past two decades to drastically reduce prevalence of HIV and increase awareness about preventive mechanisms. In order to prevent relapse of success achieved so far, it is important to recognize transformation of consumer behavior due to growth in social networks, education and awareness over time. There are a lot of behavioral triggers captured by social marketing interventions in the field of public health. In an attempt to investigate the ...


The Use And Efficacy Of Comics In Healthcare: A Scoping Review In Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe, Suzana Makowski, Len L. Levin, Kelly Lund May 2017

The Use And Efficacy Of Comics In Healthcare: A Scoping Review In Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe, Suzana Makowski, Len L. Levin, Kelly Lund

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Background: Graphic medicine is defined as the “interaction between the medium of comics and the discourse of healthcare”. We seek to understand the ways in which comics are currently being employed in healthcare settings and what effects, if any, these practices have on physician, patient, and their experiences and health outcomes.

Methods: Our scoping review is following the six-stage methodology laid out by Arksey and O’Malley (2005) in order to map the field – an appropriate methodology, as graphic medicine is a relatively new field that thus far lacks clear boundaries. We built, tested, and conducted searches in six databases ...


Graphic Medicine In The Library: An Educational Outreach Program, Matthew N. Noe May 2017

Graphic Medicine In The Library: An Educational Outreach Program, Matthew N. Noe

Library Publications and Presentations

Objectives: Graphic medicine refers to the discourse of healthcare by way of the medium of comics and is a growing field with far-reaching impact. The objective of this outreach program was to provide educational opportunity to librarians on building graphic medicine collections and the creation of related programming.

Methods: The outreach program proceeded on several fronts over the course of a six-month period, beginning with a two-part webinar series targeted to librarians both in-and-out of the region. These webinars sought to provide background information on graphic medicine, materials to aid with collection development, including key title lists, and serve as ...


Promoting Benefits Of Physical Activity Through Persuasive Communication, Priynka Patil Apr 2017

Promoting Benefits Of Physical Activity Through Persuasive Communication, Priynka Patil

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Inactivity early in life can lead to inactively later in life, which can result in negative outcomes. The primary purpose was to determine if gain- or loss-framed messages about physical activity would change the attitudes, intentions, and behaviours of students in the contemplation or preparation stage of the Transtheoretical model. The secondary purpose was to determine if framing the message in terms of the physical health benefits, appearance/social benefits, or mental health benefits (benefit condition) would change attitude, intention and behaviour. Undergraduate female students (N=60) between the ages of 18 and 36 were recruited from the university. The ...


A Review Of 57 Zone: A Social Media Network For Tb Consultation And Communication In Kunming, China, India Medaris Apr 2017

A Review Of 57 Zone: A Social Media Network For Tb Consultation And Communication In Kunming, China, India Medaris

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Yunnan, a predominantly agricultural province in southwest China, is a province with a high rate of both tuberculosis (TB) and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB), with nearly 25,000 cases of pulmonary TB reported each year. Former TB/MDR TB patients in Yunnan, with the support of Family Health International 360 NGO (FHI) are trying to combat this problem. They have created a social media network for TB consultation and communication, 57 Zone, where TB patients can talk about their medication, adverse drug effects, and nutrition and psychosocial concerns. The goal of this study was the look at what aspects ...


Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie Mar 2017

Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

This study investigated the oral health beliefs of Alaska Native dental patients via a questionnaire with 4-point Likert scales. Respondents (n = 136) reported high perceived importance of keeping natural teeth. Females viewed oral health as more important than males. Respondents generally did not view dentists as readily available (M = 2.86, SD = 0.66). Perceived availability and efficacy of dentists were positively correlated (r = 0.219, p = 0.021). Beliefs regarding seriousness of dental problems and importance of oral health were strongly correlated (r = 0.547, p < 0.001). Age predicted perceived seriousness of oral health problems, dentist availability, and prevention benefits. Access to dental care is perceived as a barrier among Alaska Natives generally and elders in particular. Oral health education and prevention messages should utilize the existing belief that keeping natural teeth is important. Public information about available services and transportation logistics may decrease perceived availability barriers.


Understanding The Perspectives Of Potential Minority Participants On Clinical Trial Enrollment, Saliha Akhtar Mar 2017

Understanding The Perspectives Of Potential Minority Participants On Clinical Trial Enrollment, Saliha Akhtar

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Research has shown that there continues to be insufficient recruitment of minorities in clinical trials. By eliminating this group from research, not only does it impact the success of clinical trials by making it more difficult to achieve recruitment targets, but it also leads to an inability to identify appropriate treatments and interventions for all individuals, especially as racial/ethnic factors can play a role in the efficacy and safety of a treatment and intervention. The purpose of the study was to understand the perspectives of minority healthcare students/professionals on clinical trial enrollment. Focusing on this population would shed ...


Introduction To Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe Mar 2017

Introduction To Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

This webinar, taught by Matthew Noe from the Lamar Soutter Library at UMass Medical School, will introduce the emerging field of graphic medicine, or, the use of comics in healthcare. We will begin with a brief overview of the field’s emergence, and then switch directions to highlight the role that comics can play in two key areas of librarianship: health literacy and medical education. The webinar will conclude with suggestions for collection development and programming to kickstart graphic medicine in your library.


Comics And Medicine: Building Collections And Raising Awareness, Matthew Noe Mar 2017

Comics And Medicine: Building Collections And Raising Awareness, Matthew Noe

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Graphic medicine, or the use of comics in healthcare, is a growing field within medical humanities that is of particular interest to those concerned with health literacy and medical education. Currently, this field is being explored on several fronts at the Lamar Soutter Library in an effort to provide key resources for study and to build community awareness of the potential uses of comics in medicine. These efforts include a scoping review study funded by the Gold Foundation to determine how comics are currently used in medicine and to what effect; the creation of book club kits on specific medical ...


Understanding Increasing College Anxiety: The Need For Anxiety Awareness Campaigns, Taylor Mosher Mar 2017

Understanding Increasing College Anxiety: The Need For Anxiety Awareness Campaigns, Taylor Mosher

Journalism

The following study investigates national trends toward increasing anxiety among the college student demographic with particular attention paid to the ways in which public awareness campaigns may be implemented as a method for reducing stigma, increasing awareness of anxiety conditions, and connecting students to critical resources.

In order to improve understanding surrounding student anxiety, the following research was conducted in two parts. First, secondary national research was conducted analyzing relevant literature surrounding anxiety trends among college students, the response of universities across the nation, and potential methods by which to relieve student anxiety. Following the conclusion of this research, primary ...


German Translation, Cultural Adaptation, And Validation Of The Health Literacy Questionnaire (Hlq), Sandra Nolte, Richard H. Osborne, Sarah Dwinger, Gerald R. Elsworth, Melanie L. Conrad, Matthias S. F. Rose, Martin Harter, Jorg Dirmaier, Jordis M. Zill Feb 2017

German Translation, Cultural Adaptation, And Validation Of The Health Literacy Questionnaire (Hlq), Sandra Nolte, Richard H. Osborne, Sarah Dwinger, Gerald R. Elsworth, Melanie L. Conrad, Matthias S. F. Rose, Martin Harter, Jorg Dirmaier, Jordis M. Zill

Open Access Articles

The Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ), developed in Australia in 2012 using a 'validity-driven' approach, has been rapidly adopted and is being applied in many countries and languages. It is a multidimensional measure comprising nine distinct domains that may be used for surveys, needs assessment, evaluation and outcomes assessment as well as for informing service improvement and the development of interventions. The aim of this paper is to describe the German translation of the HLQ and to present the results of the validation of the culturally adapted version. The HLQ comprises 44 items, which were translated and culturally adapted to the ...


Child-Mediated Health Communication: A Conceptual Framework For Increasing Stroke Literacy In Hard To Reach Populations, Olajide Williams, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann, Mindy F. Hecht, Alexandra Desorbo, William Gerin, Monique Hedmann, Rachel Shelton, Benjamin Tolchin, James Noble Jan 2017

Child-Mediated Health Communication: A Conceptual Framework For Increasing Stroke Literacy In Hard To Reach Populations, Olajide Williams, Ellyn Leighton-Herrmann, Mindy F. Hecht, Alexandra Desorbo, William Gerin, Monique Hedmann, Rachel Shelton, Benjamin Tolchin, James Noble

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Effectively engaging economically-disadvantaged ethnic minority communities for promoting health has proved to be challenging for a variety of reasons, including factors related to healthcare access, literacy, inadequate or ineffective cultural appropriateness of materials, and the relatively low priority for health due to competing demands related to economic hardship. We have developed a framework of Child-Mediated Health Communication (CMHC), which focuses on children as channels for carrying out health promotion interventions to parents and other caregivers. CMHC is an innovative, alternative strategy for engaging this underserved population, where traditional methods of health promotion have not been successful. We discuss the theoretical ...


Designing Effective Messages To Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake, Jeanine Guidry Jan 2017

Designing Effective Messages To Promote Future Zika Vaccine Uptake, Jeanine Guidry

Theses and Dissertations

The Zika virus is associated with the devastating birth defect microcephaly, and while a vaccine was not yet available in early-2017, several were under development. It is imperative to identify effective communication strategies to promote uptake of a new vaccine, particularly among women of reproductive age. Moreover, though the Zika outbreak has received much social media attention, little is known about these conversations on Instagram. The purpose of this dissertation, therefore, was to understand current Zika-focused communication on Instagram and to inform effective communication strategies to promote future Zika vaccine uptake intent.

The study aims were: (1) explore Zika conversations ...


Understanding And Promoting Parent-Child Sexual Health Communication, Shannon Phelps Jan 2017

Understanding And Promoting Parent-Child Sexual Health Communication, Shannon Phelps

Theses and Dissertations--Education Science

Parent-child sexual health communication (PCSHC) can have a positive impact on adolescents’ sexual health choices, outcomes, and capabilities for communicating with others about sexual health. Many parents are hesitant and feel unprepared for and uncomfortable with communicating about sexual health with their children. Other parental factors as well as child factors can impact the quality, frequency, coverage, and effectiveness of PCSHC. Some adolescent sexual health outcomes have improved, however, teen birth rates in the United States are elevated compared to other developed countries and half of all sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses are made to adolescents and emerging adults. This ...