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Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Effects Of Social Media On Patient Perceptions And Compliance, Annmarie Butare, Adarsh Gupta May 2019

Effects Of Social Media On Patient Perceptions And Compliance, Annmarie Butare, Adarsh Gupta

Stratford Campus Research Day

It is the physician’s responsibility to ensure that their patients are collecting credible and accurate information. Considering the significant proportion of patients using social media to assist with medical decision making, physicians should incorporate this into their patient education in order to ensure patient understanding of the information gathered both outside and inside the medical office, thereby improving compliance and outcomes.

The goals of this study were to examine the influence of social media on patient perceptions of healthcare and use this infomration to improve physician understanding of patient health information-seeking behaviors to improve patient compliance. The three-part survey ...


Optimizing Learner Accessibility: Adding American Sign Language (Asl) And Text-To-Speech To Online Trainings, Sarah Rulnick, John Rochford, Derek Chaves, Benjamin Amankwata, Viet Do, Mabelys Rodriguez Mar 2019

Optimizing Learner Accessibility: Adding American Sign Language (Asl) And Text-To-Speech To Online Trainings, Sarah Rulnick, John Rochford, Derek Chaves, Benjamin Amankwata, Viet Do, Mabelys Rodriguez

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS) Training Program is located at the Eunice K. Shriver Center at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, MA. The CANS Training Program provides training and certification services for the Executive Office of Health and Human Services (EOHHS), MassHealth, Children's Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI). Massachusetts behavioral health providers are required to be CANS certified in order to see Medicaid insured children and youth under the age of 21. The CANS Training Program has trained and certified over 26,000 behavioral health providers throughout Massachusetts in the use of the Child ...


Engaging African Immigrants In Addressing Hiv Disparities Within The Population, Lorraine Anyango, Mbita Mbao, Dara Oloyede Mar 2019

Engaging African Immigrants In Addressing Hiv Disparities Within The Population, Lorraine Anyango, Mbita Mbao, Dara Oloyede

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Tulumbe! Partnership was created with funds from the Pipeline to Proposal (P2P) awards established by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). The P2P awards were designed to develop partnerships; promote patient engagement; and build patient-led research proposals. Tulumbe! has spent the last two years working to engage the African immigrant community in addressing issues related to HIV, specifically focusing on identifying research topics and questions 3 that are important to community members. There are currently 10 core members representing health providers, African immigrants living with HIV, advocates, researchers and community leaders.

Tulumbe! has utilized various approaches to engage African ...


What Influences Our Decision To Vaccinate? The Social Amplification Of Risk Framework And Vaccination, Laura B. Carper Jan 2019

What Influences Our Decision To Vaccinate? The Social Amplification Of Risk Framework And Vaccination, Laura B. Carper

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

The current study applies the social amplification risk framework to the anti-vaccination movement, specifically to the social factors that influence the likelihood to vaccinate. A total of 264 participants were recruited using Amazon’s Mechanical Turk engine and students from a large southern university. Participants responded to questions about their personal, friend, and family experiences with vaccines, their discussion about vaccines, and trust in vaccine literature (CDC, Facebook, family, etc.). Lastly, participants responded to a modified Duke’s social support scale. Results indicated that the likelihood to vaccinate is impacted by several social factors and that those factors can be ...


Deaf Mis-Interpretation During Hurricane Irma: A Case Study And Evaluation, Sherilyn D. Burris Jan 2019

Deaf Mis-Interpretation During Hurricane Irma: A Case Study And Evaluation, Sherilyn D. Burris

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

In 2017, Manatee County Government (Florida, USA) used an untrained sign language interpreter during a media briefing on Hurricane Irma evacuation orders. The individual signed incorrectly, resulting in confusion for the community and embarrassment for the organization. This case study presents the background of accessible information in crisis management -- why and how disaster preparedness information is interpreted for the deaf community; provides the event's consequences, as well as local and global implications; and discusses ways to incorporate deaf and hard-of-hearing stakeholders and groups into existing structures and programs.


Health Risk Tolerance As A Key Determinant Of (Un)Willingness To Behavior Change: Conceptualization And Scale Development, Hyoyeun Jun, Yan Jin Jan 2019

Health Risk Tolerance As A Key Determinant Of (Un)Willingness To Behavior Change: Conceptualization And Scale Development, Hyoyeun Jun, Yan Jin

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

After the study of testing determinants of risk tolerance affecting information sharing, this study was conducted as a second step to actually develop the scale for risk tolerance. Firstly, this study followed qualitative steps, such as in-depth interview and focus group, to capture how public describes the situation when they are tolerating the risk, when they knew what the recommended behavior is to relieve the risk. Secondly, this study collected 1000 U.S. public sample for the survey questionnaire that are the items generated from the qualitative steps.


Tweeting To Prepare: An Examination Of Government And Organizational Messages During National Preparedness Month, Jenna L. Currie-Mueller Jan 2019

Tweeting To Prepare: An Examination Of Government And Organizational Messages During National Preparedness Month, Jenna L. Currie-Mueller

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

Each year, disasters have devastating consequences in the United States. Consequences are long term and extend beyond the disaster’s immediate impact area. Establishing a culture of preparedness is necessary for the U.S. A prepared populace responds more effectively to disasters and is less stressful on community infrastructure and resources during the response phase. One of the ways government organizations and non-government organizations can encourage preparedness actions is via social media. This study examined preparedness messages existing independently of an emerging event disseminated on Twitter by government and non-government organizations. A total of 6,374 tweets were analyzed from ...


The Role Of Risk Tolerance In Publics’ Health Risk Perception And Responses, Hyoyeun Jun, Yen-I Lee Jan 2019

The Role Of Risk Tolerance In Publics’ Health Risk Perception And Responses, Hyoyeun Jun, Yen-I Lee

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

To better understand how uncertainty influences publics’ risk perception and responses, this study introduced risk tolerance as a new concept to public relations literature and then investigated how publics react to health risks with different temporal distances: climate change and foodborne illness. Through an online survey, this study found out that uncertainty, induced by risk temporal distance, leads to varied risk tolerance, which subsequently influences where and how people seek and share risk information.


Understanding Flu Vaccination Acceptance Among U.S. Adults: The Health Belief Model And Media Sources, Tong Xie, Connor Grady, Michael Cacciatore, Glen Nowak Jan 2019

Understanding Flu Vaccination Acceptance Among U.S. Adults: The Health Belief Model And Media Sources, Tong Xie, Connor Grady, Michael Cacciatore, Glen Nowak

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

Based on previous studies about the Health Belief Model (HBM) and the reinforcing relationship between media selectivity or preference and individual’s behavior, this study used a national representative adult sample to assess flu vaccination as the result of an appraisal of relevant health beliefs, trust towards the authoritative entities (e.g. CDC & FDA) and vaccine-related media information, in addition to one’s existing behavior pattern. Results showed that not-vaccinated individuals differ significantly in their vaccine-related health believes and the trust towards the authoritative information sources. This group acquired less recommendation from health care providers and more negative sentiments about ...


Targeting Internal Publics During The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: An Analysis Of Kaiser Permanente’S Crisis Communication Strategy, Ingrid S. Greene, Denise P. Ferguson Jan 2018

Targeting Internal Publics During The 2014 Ebola Outbreak: An Analysis Of Kaiser Permanente’S Crisis Communication Strategy, Ingrid S. Greene, Denise P. Ferguson

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

Issues management in today’s quickly changing world can be complex and unpredictable, and in the case of the spread of Ebola, carry lethal implications. Kaiser Permanente (KP) faced a potential internal crisis due to the involvement of medical staff during the spread of the disease in the United States. In addition, KP needed to ensure the safety of the patients the healthcare provider serves. This case study examines how the corporate communications team at KP in Southern California communicated the necessary messages during this crisis in the U.S. in the fall of 2014. The methodology of this case ...


Recruiting Low Income Post-Partum Women Into A Weight Loss Trial: In-Person Versus Facebook Delivery, Valerie J. Silfee, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal May 2017

Recruiting Low Income Post-Partum Women Into A Weight Loss Trial: In-Person Versus Facebook Delivery, Valerie J. Silfee, Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Several studies, such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), have provided foundational evidence for the effect of lifestyle modification interventions on diabetes prevention and weight loss. However, translating these programs to the real-world has proven difficult. There remains a need to increase the feasibility and reach of translational weight loss interventions.

PURPOSE: To compare the recruitment rates of overweight low income postpartum women into a DPP-adapted behavioral weight loss program delivered in-person versus delivered via Facebook.

METHODS: We compared two 8-week pilot behavioral weight loss trials; one delivered via weekly in-person group sessions and the other delivered entirely via Facebook ...


Testing A Novel Manual Communication System For Mechanically Ventilated Icu Patients, Miriam A. Goldberg, Leigh R. Hochberg, Dawn Carpenter, Johnny L. Isenberger, Stephen O. Heard, J. Matthias Walz May 2017

Testing A Novel Manual Communication System For Mechanically Ventilated Icu Patients, Miriam A. Goldberg, Leigh R. Hochberg, Dawn Carpenter, Johnny L. Isenberger, Stephen O. Heard, J. Matthias Walz

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: Available communication methods for intubated patients in the ICU are insufficient to meet patient needs. Both ICU patients and their care providers report broadly unsuccessful communication attempts, resulting in less effective medical care and undue stress1,2. Use of existing methods - including letter boards, writing, and mouthing words - for mechanically ventilated (MV) patients has led to a consensus that new methods are required3. We report on the testing of a new system designed to address the communication needs of MV patients that is currently being tested in a low- to medium- acuity surgical ICU4.

Methods: We ...


Principles Of Augmentative And Alternative Communication System Design In The Icu Setting, Miriam A. Goldberg, Leigh R. Hochberg, Dawn Carpenter, Johnny L. Isenberger, Stephen O. Heard, J. Matthias Walz May 2017

Principles Of Augmentative And Alternative Communication System Design In The Icu Setting, Miriam A. Goldberg, Leigh R. Hochberg, Dawn Carpenter, Johnny L. Isenberger, Stephen O. Heard, J. Matthias Walz

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Introduction: The ICU as a technology design setting requires specific and thoughtful awareness of patient-, caregiver-, and environment-related constraints. Designing an ICU-specific communication system involves an even deeper understanding of patient needs and desires, building on existing work exploring available technologies for use in this setting1,2. We report our initial experience from a pilot study with a novel communication device engineered specifically to allow mechanically ventilated ICU patients to communicate with caregivers3.

Methods: We used a validated survey for nurses about communication purposes to explore relevant beliefs, attitudes, and desires of nurses4. Existing technologies available for ...


“Can’T You Just Say?” – Contrasting Communication Preferences Between Surrogate Decision-Makers And Physicians During Outcome Prognostication In Critically-Ill Traumatic Brain Injury Patients, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Muhammad Khan, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Nananda Col, Kathleen M. Mazor, Susanne Muehlschlegel May 2017

“Can’T You Just Say?” – Contrasting Communication Preferences Between Surrogate Decision-Makers And Physicians During Outcome Prognostication In Critically-Ill Traumatic Brain Injury Patients, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Muhammad Khan, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Nananda Col, Kathleen M. Mazor, Susanne Muehlschlegel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objective: Surrogate decision-makers (“surrogates”) and physicians of incapacitated patients have different views of prognosis and how it should be communicated, but this has not been investigated in neurocritically-ill patients. We examined communication preferences in surrogates and physician practices during the outcome prognostication for critically-ill traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) patients in neuroICUs.

Design: Qualitative study using in-person semi-structured interviews with surrogates of ciTBI patients and physicians with expertise in TBI.

Setting: Two neuroICUs at two level-1 trauma centers (surrogates); seven academic U.S. medical centers (physicians).

Subjects: Sixteen surrogates for 15 ciTBI patients and 20 attending physicians from neurocritical care, neurosurgery ...


Comics And Medicine: Building Collections And Raising Awareness, Matthew Noe Mar 2017

Comics And Medicine: Building Collections And Raising Awareness, Matthew Noe

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Graphic medicine, or the use of comics in healthcare, is a growing field within medical humanities that is of particular interest to those concerned with health literacy and medical education. Currently, this field is being explored on several fronts at the Lamar Soutter Library in an effort to provide key resources for study and to build community awareness of the potential uses of comics in medicine. These efforts include a scoping review study funded by the Gold Foundation to determine how comics are currently used in medicine and to what effect; the creation of book club kits on specific medical ...


A Public Health-Based Approach To German Gaming Regulation, Knut Walter, Gerhard Buehringer Jun 2016

A Public Health-Based Approach To German Gaming Regulation, Knut Walter, Gerhard Buehringer

International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking

The current situation of the German gambling market can be characterized by an unrelated framework of different legal systems, different regulatory authorities and different control principles, and has led to (1) an increasing number of court decisions and information requests by European Commission questioning parts of that regulatory system, (2) public tolerance of illicit gambling, and consequently (3) a lack of consumer protection.

Taking RENO Model 1.0 and 2.0 seriously, a new and comprehensive regulatory framework based on common consumer protection standards for all types of gambling – land-based and online, state-owned and private operated – has been developed and ...


A Collaborative Approach To Addressing Health Information Literacy Among High School Students, Sharon A. Weiner, Lalatendu Acharya, Kathryn Dilworth, Laura Henzl, Lisa Kirkham, Clare Lutgen, Bethany Mcgowan, David R. Walker May 2016

A Collaborative Approach To Addressing Health Information Literacy Among High School Students, Sharon A. Weiner, Lalatendu Acharya, Kathryn Dilworth, Laura Henzl, Lisa Kirkham, Clare Lutgen, Bethany Mcgowan, David R. Walker

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

No abstract provided.


Sexual Risk Communication Between African American Fathers And Their Teen Sons, Jillian L. Baker Drph, Ed.M. Feb 2015

Sexual Risk Communication Between African American Fathers And Their Teen Sons, Jillian L. Baker Drph, Ed.M.

La Salle University Relationship Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of A Patient Communication Program And Patient Appointment Reminder Calls In A Community Health Center Setting, Deborah Gurewich, Heather Posner, Parag Kunte, Susan Levine, Leah Gallivan Nov 2013

Evaluation Of A Patient Communication Program And Patient Appointment Reminder Calls In A Community Health Center Setting, Deborah Gurewich, Heather Posner, Parag Kunte, Susan Levine, Leah Gallivan

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Community health centers across the country struggle with patients who frequently miss appointments. Missed and unused appointment slots represent lost revenue for health centers and disruption in care continuity. The medical home model recognizes these challenges and establishes patient access as a core element, key components of which include more efficient scheduling functions and capacity for same-day appointments. Identifying effective and feasible strategies to reduce the no-show rate is a critical component of these efforts.

The Massachusetts League of Community Health Centers, the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and the Edward M. Kennedy Community Health Center came together to launch ...


Health Information Seeking On Behalf Of Others: Characteristics Of ‘Surrogate Seekers’, Sarah L. Cutrona, Kathleen M. Mazor, Sana Naveed, Tama M. Luger, Julie E. Volkman, Lila J. Rutten May 2013

Health Information Seeking On Behalf Of Others: Characteristics Of ‘Surrogate Seekers’, Sarah L. Cutrona, Kathleen M. Mazor, Sana Naveed, Tama M. Luger, Julie E. Volkman, Lila J. Rutten

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Understanding the health information seeking behaviors of surrogate seekers (those who seek health information for others) may guide efforts to reach disadvantaged populations. We used 2011-2012 data from the Health Information National Trends Survey to describe the behaviors of online surrogate seekers. Respondents were asked about their use of the Internet for surrogate seeking over the prior 12 months. Data were weighted to calculate population estimates. Compared to those who sought health information online for only themselves, surrogate seekers were more likely to live in households with others (weighted percent 89.4% vs. 82.5% of self-seekers; p < 0.05); no significant differences in gender, race, income or education were observed. Surrogate seekers were more likely to report: visits to social networking sites to read and share about medical topics; participation in online health support groups and downloading of health information to electronic devices. On multivariate analysis, those who had looked online for a healthcare provider were more likely to be surrogate seekers (OR 1.67, 95% CI 1.08-2.59). Our results offer insight for leveraging health communication efforts to reach populations who rely upon surrogate seekers for health information.


Pass This Message Along: Self-Edited Email Messages Promoting Colon Cancer Screening Among Friends And Family, Sarah L. Cutrona, Joann L. Wagner, Douglas W. Roblin, Bridget Gaglio, Andrew E. Williams, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Kathleen M. Mazor May 2013

Pass This Message Along: Self-Edited Email Messages Promoting Colon Cancer Screening Among Friends And Family, Sarah L. Cutrona, Joann L. Wagner, Douglas W. Roblin, Bridget Gaglio, Andrew E. Williams, Rosalie A. Torres Stone, Kathleen M. Mazor

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Encouraging communication within a social network may promote uptake of desired medical services or health behaviors. Little is known about the use of this approach to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. We conducted in-person interviews with 438 insured adults ages 42-73 in Massachusetts, Hawaii, and Georgia.

Participants were shown a sample message in which the sender shares that he has completed a colonoscopy and urges the recipient to discuss CRC screening with a doctor. We asked participants to edit the message to create one they would be willing to send to friends and family via email or postcard. Changes to ...


Evaluating Apps, Edwin D. Boudreaux May 2013

Evaluating Apps, Edwin D. Boudreaux

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Reviews principles and guidelines for evaluating mobile phone health applications. This will include components of usability, foundational theory, customer driven ratings, and the empirical evidence. Some specific applications for mood management and tobacco cessation are examined. This presentation was part of the retreat mini-symposium entitled: Smartphones, Sensors, and Social Networks: The New Tools of Health Behavior Change.


Sick With Fear: Popular Challenges To Scientific Authority In The Vaccine Controversies Of The 21st Century, Ellen Watkins Mar 2012

Sick With Fear: Popular Challenges To Scientific Authority In The Vaccine Controversies Of The 21st Century, Ellen Watkins

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

In the 20th century, vaccines were heralded as one of the greatest medical inventions in history. In the late 1990’s, however, the myth of vaccine-caused autism caught fire. Despite mountains of evidence disproving the link, panicking Americans eschewed vaccines and turned against their physicians. Why did Americans turn their backs on doctors, scientists, and the health industry? This paper follows the vaccine controversy of the last thirty years, looking in particular at the relationship between science and the media. This paper analyzes the contrast between discussion of the hypothesized link in scientific circles and in popular news sources, seeking ...


Using Concept Mapping To Quickly Move A Group From Ideas To Action To Results, James Ryan Nov 2011

Using Concept Mapping To Quickly Move A Group From Ideas To Action To Results, James Ryan

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Concept Mapping Defined

The ability to collect ideas and opinions on a topic from any number of independent stakeholders and quickly integrate the ideas into a series of easy-to-read graphics.

Why Concept Mapping?

  • Blends the best of qualitative and quantitative methods
  • Seeks and organizes variation in stakeholder knowledge, opinion
  • Gives flexible design and participation options
  • Creates a framework that is multi-purpose, taking you from planning to implementation through evaluation

Concept Mapping Process

  • Planning for concept mapping
  • Generate ideas
  • Structure the ideas
  • Analyze the "maps"
  • Interpret the "maps"
  • Put the "maps" into action

This poster shows how concept mapping was used ...