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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

A Novel Tool To Improve Shared Decision Making And Adherence In Multiple Sclerosis: Development And Preliminary Testing, Nananda Col, Enrique Alvarez, Vicky Springmann, Carolina Ionete, Idanis Berrios Morales, Andrew Solomon, Christen Kutz, Carolyn Griffin, Brenda Tierman, Terrie Livingston, Michelle Patel, Danny Van Leeuwen, Long Ngo, Lori Pbert Oct 2019

A Novel Tool To Improve Shared Decision Making And Adherence In Multiple Sclerosis: Development And Preliminary Testing, Nananda Col, Enrique Alvarez, Vicky Springmann, Carolina Ionete, Idanis Berrios Morales, Andrew Solomon, Christen Kutz, Carolyn Griffin, Brenda Tierman, Terrie Livingston, Michelle Patel, Danny Van Leeuwen, Long Ngo, Lori Pbert

Open Access Articles

Background. Most people with multiple sclerosis (MS) want to be involved in medical decision making about disease-modifying therapies (DMTs), but new approaches are needed to overcome barriers to participation.

Objectives. We sought to develop a shared decision-making (SDM) tool for MS DMTs, evaluate patient and provider responses to the tool, and address challenges encountered during development to guide a future trial.

Methods. We created a patient-centered design process informed by image theory to develop the MS-SUPPORT SDM tool. Development included semistructured interviews and alpha and beta testing with MS patients and providers. Beta testing assessed dissemination and clinical integration strategies ...


Social Media Use And Hiv Screening Uptake Among Deaf Adults In The United States: Cross-Sectional Survey Study, Michael Argenyi, Poorna Kushalnagar Oct 2019

Social Media Use And Hiv Screening Uptake Among Deaf Adults In The United States: Cross-Sectional Survey Study, Michael Argenyi, Poorna Kushalnagar

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: About 46% of US adults obtain recommended HIV screening at least once during their lifetime. There is little knowledge of screening rates among deaf and hard-of-hearing adults who primarily use American Sign Language (ASL), or of social media as a potentially efficacious route for HIV prevention outreach, despite lower HIV/AIDS-specific health literacy and potentially higher HIV seropositivity rates than hearing peers.

OBJECTIVE: We investigated both the likelihood of HIV screening uptake among deaf adults in the past year and over one year ago, and the relationship between social media use and HIV screening uptake among deaf adult ASL ...


Mhealth Technologies For Osteoarthritis Self-Management And Treatment: A Systematic Review, Wonchan Choi, Hua Zheng, Patricia D. Franklin, Bengisu Tulu Sep 2019

Mhealth Technologies For Osteoarthritis Self-Management And Treatment: A Systematic Review, Wonchan Choi, Hua Zheng, Patricia D. Franklin, Bengisu Tulu

Open Access Articles

Osteoarthritis is a common chronic disease that can be better treated with the help of self-management interventions. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies are becoming a popular means to deliver such interventions. We reviewed the current state of research and development of mHealth technologies for osteoarthritis self-management to determine gaps future research could address. We conducted a systematic review of English articles and a survey of apps available in the marketplace as of 2016. Among 117 unique articles identified, 25 articles that met our inclusion criteria were reviewed in-depth. The app search identified 23 relevant apps for osteoarthritis self-management. Through the synthesis ...


Outcomes And Outcome Measures Used In Evaluation Of Communication Training In Oncology - A Systematic Literature Review, An Expert Workshop, And Recommendations For Future Research, F. Fischer, S. Helmer, A. Rogge, J. I. Arraras, A. Buchholz, A. Hannawa, M. Horneber, A. Kiss, Matthias S. F. Rose, W. Sollner, B. Stein, J. Weis, P. Schofield, C. M. Witt Aug 2019

Outcomes And Outcome Measures Used In Evaluation Of Communication Training In Oncology - A Systematic Literature Review, An Expert Workshop, And Recommendations For Future Research, F. Fischer, S. Helmer, A. Rogge, J. I. Arraras, A. Buchholz, A. Hannawa, M. Horneber, A. Kiss, Matthias S. F. Rose, W. Sollner, B. Stein, J. Weis, P. Schofield, C. M. Witt

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Communication between health care provider and patients in oncology presents challenges. Communication skills training have been frequently developed to address those. Given the complexity of communication training, the choice of outcomes and outcome measures to assess its effectiveness is important. The aim of this paper is to 1) perform a systematic review on outcomes and outcome measures used in evaluations of communication training, 2) discuss specific challenges and 3) provide recommendations for the selection of outcomes in future studies.

METHODS: To identify studies and reviews reporting on the evaluation of communication training for health care professionals in oncology, we ...


Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi Nov 2018

Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi

Open Access Articles

Approximately 23% of Americans over age 12 have some level of hearing loss.1 Emergency departments can reduce healthcare barriers for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHoH) patients through improved patient-physician communication. DHoH students, once they become physicians, may provide one mechanism for reducing existing healthcare disparities and communication barriers for DHoH patients, and may be more adept with patients facing other communication barriers. A renewed interest in disability access and a commitment to social justice has increased efforts toward the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in medical education and training. Despite this increased interest and a growing number of DHoH students ...


Development And Validation Of A Weight Literacy Scale In English And Spanish, Monica L. Wang, Tariana V. Little, Christine F. Frisard, Amy Borg, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal Oct 2018

Development And Validation Of A Weight Literacy Scale In English And Spanish, Monica L. Wang, Tariana V. Little, Christine F. Frisard, Amy Borg, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a Weight Literacy Scale in English and Spanish for adults.

METHODS: The two-phase study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods. Phase 1 of the study consisted of developing an initial survey (English and Spanish versions) assessing weight literacy based on a review of the literature; conducting semi-structured interviews with content experts (N = 9) to refine survey items; and conducting in-person cognitive interviews with 20 study participants (N = 10 English-speaking and N = 10 Spanish-speaking adults) for survey pre-testing. Survey items were modified based on Phase 1 findings. Phase 2 consisted of a psychometric study of the Weight ...


Teens, Tweets, And Tanning Beds: Rethinking The Use Of Social Media For Skin Cancer Prevention, Ashley E. Falzone, Claire D. Brindis, Mary-Margaret Chren, Alexandra Junn, Sherry L. Pagoto, Mackenzie Wehner, Eleni Linos Sep 2017

Teens, Tweets, And Tanning Beds: Rethinking The Use Of Social Media For Skin Cancer Prevention, Ashley E. Falzone, Claire D. Brindis, Mary-Margaret Chren, Alexandra Junn, Sherry L. Pagoto, Mackenzie Wehner, Eleni Linos

Open Access Articles

The incidence of skin cancer is rising in the U.S., and melanoma, the deadliest form, is increasing disproportionately among young white women. Indoor tanning is a modifiable risk factor for all skin cancers and continues to be used at the highest rates in young white women. Adolescents and young adults report personal appearance-based reasons for using indoor tanning. Previous research has explored the influences on tanning bed use, including individual factors as well as relationships with peers, family, schools, media influences, legislation, and societal beauty norms. Adolescents and young adults also have high rates of social media usage, and ...


Improving Patient Notification Of Solid Abdominal Viscera Incidental Findings With A Standardized Protocol, Courtney E. Collins, Nicole Cherng, Theodore P. Mcdade, Babak Movahedi, Timothy A. Emhoff, Giles F. Whalen, Jennifer Lafemina, Jon D. Dorfman Feb 2015

Improving Patient Notification Of Solid Abdominal Viscera Incidental Findings With A Standardized Protocol, Courtney E. Collins, Nicole Cherng, Theodore P. Mcdade, Babak Movahedi, Timothy A. Emhoff, Giles F. Whalen, Jennifer Lafemina, Jon D. Dorfman

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The increasing use of computed tomography (CT) scans in the evaluation of trauma patients has led to increased detection of incidental radiologic findings. Incidental findings (IFs) of the abdominal viscera are among the most commonly discovered lesions and can carry a risk of malignancy. Despite this, patient notification regarding these findings is often inadequate.

METHODS: We identified patients who underwent abdominopelvic CTs as part of their trauma evaluation during a recent 1-year period (9/2011-8/2012). Patients with IFs of the kidneys, liver, adrenal glands, pancreas and/or ovaries had their charts reviewed for documentation of the lesion in ...


The National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey [Hints]: A National Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Talking To Your Doctor And Other Healthcare Providers For Health Information, Julie E. Volkman, Tana M. Luger, Kimberly L.L. Harvey, Timothy P. Hogan, Stephanie L. Shimada, Daniel J. Amante, D. Keith Mcinnes, Hua Feng, Thomas K. Houston Jun 2014

The National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey [Hints]: A National Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Talking To Your Doctor And Other Healthcare Providers For Health Information, Julie E. Volkman, Tana M. Luger, Kimberly L.L. Harvey, Timothy P. Hogan, Stephanie L. Shimada, Daniel J. Amante, D. Keith Mcinnes, Hua Feng, Thomas K. Houston

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: The need to understand preferred sources of health information remains important to providing patient-centered care. The Internet remains a popular resource for health information, but more traditional sources may still be valid for patients during a recent health need. This study sought to understand the characteristics of patients that turn to their doctor or healthcare provider first for a recent health or medical information need.

METHODS: Using the national cross-sectional survey, Health Information National Trend Study [HINTS], characteristics of those who sought a doctor or healthcare provider for a recent health information need were compared to other sources. Weighted ...