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Health Communication Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Outcomes And Outcome Measures Used In Evaluation Of Communication Training In Oncology - A Systematic Literature Review, An Expert Workshop, And Recommendations For Future Research, F. Fischer, S. Helmer, A. Rogge, J. I. Arraras, A. Buchholz, A. Hannawa, M. Horneber, A. Kiss, Matthias S. F. Rose, W. Sollner, B. Stein, J. Weis, P. Schofield, C. M. Witt Aug 2019

Outcomes And Outcome Measures Used In Evaluation Of Communication Training In Oncology - A Systematic Literature Review, An Expert Workshop, And Recommendations For Future Research, F. Fischer, S. Helmer, A. Rogge, J. I. Arraras, A. Buchholz, A. Hannawa, M. Horneber, A. Kiss, Matthias S. F. Rose, W. Sollner, B. Stein, J. Weis, P. Schofield, C. M. Witt

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Communication between health care provider and patients in oncology presents challenges. Communication skills training have been frequently developed to address those. Given the complexity of communication training, the choice of outcomes and outcome measures to assess its effectiveness is important. The aim of this paper is to 1) perform a systematic review on outcomes and outcome measures used in evaluations of communication training, 2) discuss specific challenges and 3) provide recommendations for the selection of outcomes in future studies.

METHODS: To identify studies and reviews reporting on the evaluation of communication training for health care professionals in oncology, we ...


Socio-Demographic Predictors Associated With Capacity To Engage In Health Care, Ran Sun, Linden Wu, Scott Barnett, Patsy Deyo, Ellen Swartwout Jul 2019

Socio-Demographic Predictors Associated With Capacity To Engage In Health Care, Ran Sun, Linden Wu, Scott Barnett, Patsy Deyo, Ellen Swartwout

Patient Experience Journal

Patient engagement is essential to improve outcomes and reduce healthcare costs. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic factors associated with one’s capacity to engage in their health care. An observational, cross-sectional study was performed including patients from five medical/surgical units of four health systems. Patients’ engagement capacity was assessed using the person engagement index (PEI) instrument which contains four subscales: engagement in health care, technology use in health care, proactive approach to health care, and psychosocial support for health care. Separate general linear models were applied for the PEI total score and each of the four subscale ...


Harnessing Robotic Automation And Web-Based Technologies To Modernize Scientific Outreach, Orna Dahan, Bat-Shahar Dorfman, Serkan Sayin, Brittany Rosener, Tiffany Hua, Anat Yarden, Amir Mitchell Jun 2019

Harnessing Robotic Automation And Web-Based Technologies To Modernize Scientific Outreach, Orna Dahan, Bat-Shahar Dorfman, Serkan Sayin, Brittany Rosener, Tiffany Hua, Anat Yarden, Amir Mitchell

Open Access Articles

Technological breakthroughs in the past two decades have ushered in a new era of biomedical research, turning it into an information-rich and technology-driven science. This scientific revolution, though evident to the research community, remains opaque to nonacademic audiences. Such knowledge gaps are likely to persist without revised strategies for science education and public outreach. To address this challenge, we developed a unique outreach program to actively engage over 100 high-school students in the investigation of multidrug-resistant bacteria. Our program uses robotic automation and interactive web-based tools to bridge geographical distances, scale up the number of participants, and reduce overall cost ...


Health Literacy Challenges And Opportunities: Bringing Children’S Mercy And Kansas City Together, Jennifer A. Lyon, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder, Mamta Reddy Md, Courtney R. Butler May 2019

Health Literacy Challenges And Opportunities: Bringing Children’S Mercy And Kansas City Together, Jennifer A. Lyon, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder, Mamta Reddy Md, Courtney R. Butler

Posters

BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary group at Children's Mercy Kansas City applied for and received the NNLM MCR's Immersive Workshop Grant in December, 2017, and used the funding to organize and host a two-day immersive, interprofessional workshop in April, 2018, that 1) brought together health literacy-invested groups and individuals within the Kansas City community to learn about health literacy including cultural, language, numeracy and digital inclusion factors; and 2) provided specialized training to targeted CM participants to improve the provision of bedside health information to patients and caregivers. Objectives included: increasing community-wide collaboration, sharing resources, encouraging participants to become change ...


American Sign-Language (Asl) For Audiologists, Colette Vossler-Welch May 2019

American Sign-Language (Asl) For Audiologists, Colette Vossler-Welch

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The goal of this project is to provide a means for Audiologists, Speech-Language-pathologists and related personnel to improve their ability to communicate and connect with culturally Deaf individuals through the use of video-animated sign-language interpretations. Arguments for or against the bilingual approach of using ASL and the spoken language with regards to Deaf education will be discussed through both a personal memoir and a review of current literature. This study will also shed light upon the history of the American Deaf population, American Sign-Language (ASL) and will conclude with a training module in ASL. The training module will be available ...


Optimizing Learner Accessibility: Adding American Sign Language (Asl) And Text-To-Speech To Online Trainings, Sarah Rulnick, John Rochford, Derek Chaves, Benjamin Amankwata, Viet Do, Mabelys Rodriguez Mar 2019

Optimizing Learner Accessibility: Adding American Sign Language (Asl) And Text-To-Speech To Online Trainings, Sarah Rulnick, John Rochford, Derek Chaves, Benjamin Amankwata, Viet Do, Mabelys Rodriguez

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS) Training Program is located at the Eunice K. Shriver Center at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, MA. The CANS Training Program provides training and certification services for the Executive Office of Health and Human Services (EOHHS), MassHealth, Children's Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI). Massachusetts behavioral health providers are required to be CANS certified in order to see Medicaid insured children and youth under the age of 21. The CANS Training Program has trained and certified over 26,000 behavioral health providers throughout Massachusetts in the use of the Child ...


The Effects Of Community Size, Control Over Agenda, And Contextual Variables On Zika Virus Preparation Of Public Information Officers At Local Public Health Departments, Elizabeth Johnson Avery Mar 2019

The Effects Of Community Size, Control Over Agenda, And Contextual Variables On Zika Virus Preparation Of Public Information Officers At Local Public Health Departments, Elizabeth Johnson Avery

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

As Zika emerged as a major global health threat, public information officers (PIOs) at local public health departments across the United States prepared for outbreaks of the virus amid great uncertainty. Using the crisis and risk emergency communication (CERC) model to inform this study, PIOs (n = 226) at public health departments were surveyed to assess how community size, perceived control over health agenda, and other considerations such as resources and federal influences affected their satisfaction with Zika preparedness in their departments. These contextual, indirect factors may moderate planning efforts for Zika and other health emergencies and thus should be considered ...


Video-Based Communication Assessment: Development Of An Innovative System For Assessing Clinician-Patient Communication, Kathleen M. Mazor, Ann M. King, Ruth B. Hoppe, Annie O. Kochersberger, Jie Yan, Jesse D. Reim Feb 2019

Video-Based Communication Assessment: Development Of An Innovative System For Assessing Clinician-Patient Communication, Kathleen M. Mazor, Ann M. King, Ruth B. Hoppe, Annie O. Kochersberger, Jie Yan, Jesse D. Reim

Open Access Articles

Good clinician-patient communication is essential to provide quality health care and is key to patient-centered care. However, individuals and organizations seeking to improve in this area face significant challenges. A major barrier is the absence of an efficient system for assessing clinicians' communication skills and providing meaningful, individual-level feedback. The purpose of this paper is to describe the design and creation of the Video-Based Communication Assessment (VCA), an innovative, flexible system for assessing and ultimately enhancing clinicians' communication skills. We began by developing the VCA concept. Specifically, we determined that it should be convenient and efficient, accessible via computer, tablet ...


What Influences Our Decision To Vaccinate? The Social Amplification Of Risk Framework And Vaccination, Laura B. Carper Jan 2019

What Influences Our Decision To Vaccinate? The Social Amplification Of Risk Framework And Vaccination, Laura B. Carper

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

The current study applies the social amplification risk framework to the anti-vaccination movement, specifically to the social factors that influence the likelihood to vaccinate. A total of 264 participants were recruited using Amazon’s Mechanical Turk engine and students from a large southern university. Participants responded to questions about their personal, friend, and family experiences with vaccines, their discussion about vaccines, and trust in vaccine literature (CDC, Facebook, family, etc.). Lastly, participants responded to a modified Duke’s social support scale. Results indicated that the likelihood to vaccinate is impacted by several social factors and that those factors can be ...


Tweeting To Prepare: An Examination Of Government And Organizational Messages During National Preparedness Month, Jenna L. Currie-Mueller Jan 2019

Tweeting To Prepare: An Examination Of Government And Organizational Messages During National Preparedness Month, Jenna L. Currie-Mueller

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

Each year, disasters have devastating consequences in the United States. Consequences are long term and extend beyond the disaster’s immediate impact area. Establishing a culture of preparedness is necessary for the U.S. A prepared populace responds more effectively to disasters and is less stressful on community infrastructure and resources during the response phase. One of the ways government organizations and non-government organizations can encourage preparedness actions is via social media. This study examined preparedness messages existing independently of an emerging event disseminated on Twitter by government and non-government organizations. A total of 6,374 tweets were analyzed from ...


When Bad Genes Ruin A Perfectly Good Outlook: Psychological Implications Of Hereditary Breast And Ovarian Cancer Via Narrative Inquiry Methodology, Cammi Clark Jan 2019

When Bad Genes Ruin A Perfectly Good Outlook: Psychological Implications Of Hereditary Breast And Ovarian Cancer Via Narrative Inquiry Methodology, Cammi Clark

Dissertations & Theses

Scientists debunked the belief that breast cancer is always viral with the mid-90s discovery of the first hereditary genetic mutation linked to a significantly higher-than average chance of breast and ovarian cancer. This genetic condition, called Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC), passes the mutation from generation to generation in a family. Thousands of variations of such mutations exist, and carriers account for 10 to 15% of all breast cancer, and up to 20% of ovarian (Childers et al., 2017). In addition, genetic testing uncovered a rapidly rising number of healthy people (never had breast/ovarian cancer) who are also ...


Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi Nov 2018

Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Learners In Emergency Medicine, Lisa M. Meeks, Alina Engelman, Alicia Booth, Michael Argenyi

Open Access Articles

Approximately 23% of Americans over age 12 have some level of hearing loss.1 Emergency departments can reduce healthcare barriers for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHoH) patients through improved patient-physician communication. DHoH students, once they become physicians, may provide one mechanism for reducing existing healthcare disparities and communication barriers for DHoH patients, and may be more adept with patients facing other communication barriers. A renewed interest in disability access and a commitment to social justice has increased efforts toward the inclusion of individuals with disabilities in medical education and training. Despite this increased interest and a growing number of DHoH students ...


Individualizing Care For Pediatric Patients With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Perioperative Services, Erin Scheller May 2018

Individualizing Care For Pediatric Patients With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Perioperative Services, Erin Scheller

Master's Theses

This research explores solutions for individualizing and improving care for pediatric patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Perioperative Setting of an Outpatient Surgery Center. Specifically, it seeks to determine if providing parent and staff resources on Autism Spectrum Disorder is significantly helpful in increasing confidence in the staff by the parents and the staff themselves. Participants included thirty-five surveyed families who had pediatric patients visiting perioperative services and staff who work on the unit. Methods used include information dissemination with the use of printable and online evidence-based resources, an in-person education event for staff, and a pilot study of ...


Efficacy Of Technology-Based And In-Person Health Education For Behavior Change In College-Aged Women, Madeline Bremel May 2018

Efficacy Of Technology-Based And In-Person Health Education For Behavior Change In College-Aged Women, Madeline Bremel

All College Thesis Program, 2016-present

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an in-person or technology based bone health intervention improved bone health knowledge and behaviors in college-aged women. Methods: 30 college-aged women were randomly divided into three groups: personal intervention (n = 10), technological intervention (n = 10), and control (n = 10). Both intervention groups received identical information regarding the importance of bone health and the appropriate behaviors for maintaining strong bones including weight-bearing exercise, calcium consumption, and vitamin D consumption. The technology group received the information via an online video, and the personal group via a one-on-one health intervention. Changes in bone ...


Small Group Project: Strategic Planning Using The Grow Model (Goals, Reality, Options, And Way Forward), Children's Mercy Hospital, Courtney Butler Mls Apr 2018

Small Group Project: Strategic Planning Using The Grow Model (Goals, Reality, Options, And Way Forward), Children's Mercy Hospital, Courtney Butler Mls

Health Literacy Events

No abstract provided.


Interactive Stations (4), Children's Mercy Hospital, Barbra Rudder Apr 2018

Interactive Stations (4), Children's Mercy Hospital, Barbra Rudder

Health Literacy Events

Participants discussed strategies for employing plain language and other health literacy principles in written communications.


Interactive Stations (3), Children's Mercy Hospital, Angie Knackstedt Apr 2018

Interactive Stations (3), Children's Mercy Hospital, Angie Knackstedt

Health Literacy Events

Participants learned about Teach-Back strategies, practiced the technique, and discussed challenges and opportunities.


Interactive Stations (2), Children's Mercy Hospital Apr 2018

Interactive Stations (2), Children's Mercy Hospital

Health Literacy Events

This activity exposed participants to a variety of consumer health and patient education resources and increased familiarity through a quiz-style game.


Interactive Stations (1), Children's Mercy Hospital, Mamta Reddy Md, Courtney Butler Mls Apr 2018

Interactive Stations (1), Children's Mercy Hospital, Mamta Reddy Md, Courtney Butler Mls

Health Literacy Events

This activity illuminated the wide range of information and communication needs across the spectrum of care via a case-based discussion.


Library Resources For Health Literacy, Jennifer Lyon Apr 2018

Library Resources For Health Literacy, Jennifer Lyon

Health Literacy Events

No abstract provided.


Health Literacy At Children's Mercy, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder Apr 2018

Health Literacy At Children's Mercy, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder

Health Literacy Events

No abstract provided.


Welcome/Introductions, Children's Mercy Hospital Apr 2018

Welcome/Introductions, Children's Mercy Hospital

Health Literacy Events

No abstract provided.


Roundtable Discussions, Children's Mercy Hospital Apr 2018

Roundtable Discussions, Children's Mercy Hospital

Health Literacy Events

Using a World Cafe model, an interactive set of 8 roundtable brainstorming sessions were conducted.

Topics:

  • Numeracy
  • Developing Written Materials
  • Consumer Health
  • Health in the Mass Media
  • Teaching Methods
  • Culture and Language
  • Digital Inclusion
  • Financial Literacy


Digital Inclusion: Bridging The Digital Divide, Wendy Pearson Apr 2018

Digital Inclusion: Bridging The Digital Divide, Wendy Pearson

Health Literacy Events

Speaker Bio:

Wendy Pearson, BA, Kansas City Public Library

After completing her Google Fiber/Nonprofit Technology Network Digital Inclusion Fellowship at the Kansas City Public Library, Wendy Pearson now oversees the Library’s AmeriCorps VISTAs and continues to build new programs and community partnerships to help adult patrons achieve their digital literacy and professional goals. Her passion is to serve marginalized communities through empowerment programs and build the capacity of nonprofit organizations to optimize service to those who need it the most.


Health Literacy Pictionary, Children's Mercy Hospital Apr 2018

Health Literacy Pictionary, Children's Mercy Hospital

Health Literacy Events

An interactive game/exercise in communicating common health concepts using a reverse-Pictionary format.


Health Literacy: Advancing A Social Determinant Of Health, Ruth Parker Apr 2018

Health Literacy: Advancing A Social Determinant Of Health, Ruth Parker

Health Literacy Events

Speaker Bio:

Ruth Parker, MD, Emory University

Dr. Ruth Parker is Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Public Health at Emory University in Atlanta, Ga. For over two decades, her work has focused on research, education and advocacy efforts to advance our nation’s health literacy. She is an author of the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) and of the definition of health literacy used by Healthy People 2010, the IOM, the NIH, and the Affordable Care Act, as well as many scholarly pieces on health literacy. She is a national associate of the National Research Council of ...


Health Literacy: Culture, Language And Engaging Refugees In The Health Care System, Sarah Cirese-Payton, Meaghan Fanning Apr 2018

Health Literacy: Culture, Language And Engaging Refugees In The Health Care System, Sarah Cirese-Payton, Meaghan Fanning

Health Literacy Events

Speaker Bios:

Sarah Cirese Payton, LMSW, Jewish Vocational Services

Sarah Cirese Payton is the Social Work Manager at JVS, which provides intensive family case management and therapy services for immigrant and refugee adults and children/youth. She assists in connecting them with other JVS programs which include immigration services, employment services and cultural orientation.

Meaghan Fanning, LMSW, Jewish Vocational Services

Meaghan Fanning has been a social worker at JVS for six years but has worked with refugees for more than 10. She serves as the team leader and the youth therapist at JVS, working closely with refugee families and youth ...


Health Literacy, Culture And Language, John Cowden Apr 2018

Health Literacy, Culture And Language, John Cowden

Health Literacy Events

Speaker Bio:

John J.C. Cowden, MD, MPH, Children’s Mercy Kansas City

Dr. Cowden is a general pediatrician at Children’s Mercy, where he serves as medial director of the Office of Equity and Diversity. He is the founder and co-director of CHICOS, a Spanish language training program for bilingual pediatric residents, and Enlaces, a resident medical Spanish course. He is also medical director of a series of interpreter education courses in medical Spanish. In his bilingual clinical practice, he serves Spanish-speaking families from throughout the Kansas City metropolitan area.


Health Literacy: Can We Confuse Patients Less?, Ruth Parker Apr 2018

Health Literacy: Can We Confuse Patients Less?, Ruth Parker

Health Literacy Events

Speaker Bio:

Ruth Parker, MD, Emory University

Dr. Parker is Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Public Health at Emory University in Atlanta, Ga. For over two decades, her work has focused on research, education and advocacy efforts to advance our nation’s health literacy. She is an author of the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) and of the definition of health literacy used by Healthy People 2010, the IOM, the NIH, and the Affordable Care Act, as well as many scholarly pieces on health literacy. She is a national associate of the National Research Council of the ...


Literacy: The Kansas City Perspective, Autumn Burton, Rachel Henderson Apr 2018

Literacy: The Kansas City Perspective, Autumn Burton, Rachel Henderson

Health Literacy Events

Speaker Bios:

Autumn Burton, BA, Literacy KC

Autumn is the Director of Programs at Literacy KC and is responsible for their educational programming. She has over 10 years of experience working in schools throughout Kansas City in a variety of positions ranging from teaching to administration. Autumn believes that literacy is a tool for success and is passionate about providing educational opportunities to anyone ready to learn.

Rachel Henderson, BA, Literacy KC

Rachel is the programs support coordinator for Literacy KC. Her current duties include potential and current student affairs as well as overseeing the AmeriCorps VISTA Program, where Literacy ...