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Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Blacklegged Tick (Ixodes Scapularis) Distribution In Maine, Usa, As Related To Climate Change, White-Tailed Deer, And The Landscape, Susan P. Elias May 2019

Blacklegged Tick (Ixodes Scapularis) Distribution In Maine, Usa, As Related To Climate Change, White-Tailed Deer, And The Landscape, Susan P. Elias

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lyme disease is caused by the bacterial spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted through the bite of an infected blacklegged (deer) tick (Ixodes scapularis). Geographic invasion of I. scapularis in North America has been attributed to causes including 20th century reforestation and suburbanization, burgeoning populations of the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) which is the primary reproductive host of I. scapularis, tick-associated non-native plant invasions, and climate change. Maine, USA, is a high Lyme disease incidence state, with a history of increasing I. scapularis abundance and northward range expansion. This thesis addresses the question: “To what extent has the range expansion ...


Factors That Influence Maternal Feeding Decisions For Toddlers: Extending The Theory Of Planned Behavior, Elizabeth Lucas Combs Jan 2019

Factors That Influence Maternal Feeding Decisions For Toddlers: Extending The Theory Of Planned Behavior, Elizabeth Lucas Combs

Theses and Dissertations--Kinesiology and Health Promotion

Establishing healthy eating behaviors is vital in the early years to help combat the development of obesity and other chronic diseases. Mothers play an invaluable role in shaping their children's eating habits through controlling what and when children eat as well as the overall food environment, which is why a better understanding of what influences mothers’ decisions about these behaviors is important.

The purpose of the dissertation was to gain a better understanding of what impacts maternal feeding decisions regarding toddler nutrition behaviors. This was a two-phased mixed methods study. The aim of the initial study was to explore ...


Perceptions Of Risk Of Health Disparities Amid Previously Identified Political Corruption And Ageism In Slovakia, Marta N. Lukacovic, Deborah D. Sellnow-Richmond, Monika Durechova Jan 2019

Perceptions Of Risk Of Health Disparities Amid Previously Identified Political Corruption And Ageism In Slovakia, Marta N. Lukacovic, Deborah D. Sellnow-Richmond, Monika Durechova

International Crisis and Risk Communication Conference

This study examines the role of traditional versus new media’s impact on citizens’ perceptions of risk within elder care. We analyzed survey data from 112 Slovak citizens regarding their social network activity and perceptions of corruption, ageism, and health disparities in the Slovak elder care system. Previous research (Lukacovic, Sellnow-Richmond, & Durechova, under contract) identified three prominent sociopolitical issues present in the Slovak medical system among Slovak UGC discourse regarding Slovak healthcare inequity: corruption, threats to dignity, and discrimination. Here, we examined the extent to which social media users perceive the prevalence and subsequent risk of experiencing health disparities within ...


Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph Nov 2018

Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Here we offer an open exchange / evaluation of our experience as facilitator and editor (Bianca) and writer and collaborator (Sara) during the inaugural Women of Color Sexual Health Network Curriculum Lab which took place November 2017 in New Orleans, LA. In two months, 7 women and femmes of color who are sexuality educators wrote a robust curriculum for our communities that centers pleasure, social emotional learning competencies as early Freedom Schools implemented, sex and pleasure positive, using an intersectional framework and praxis, disability justice framework, inclusive of LGBTQ communities, and does not assume HIV negative status. This is one of ...


Perceptions Of Heart-Healthy Behaviors Among African American Adults: A Mixed Methods Study, Cheryl Der Ananian, Donna M. Winham, Sharon V. Thompson, Megan E. Tisue Nov 2018

Perceptions Of Heart-Healthy Behaviors Among African American Adults: A Mixed Methods Study, Cheryl Der Ananian, Donna M. Winham, Sharon V. Thompson, Megan E. Tisue

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

African Americans have a disproportionately higher risk of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and hypertension than other ethnic or racial groups. Data regarding CVD-related perceptions and beliefs among African Americans are limited, particularly in the Southwest US. Assessment of current views regarding health and health behaviors is needed to tailor interventions to meet the unique needs of specific populations. We sought to examine knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of African Americans living in Arizona toward CVD and etiological factors associated with health behaviors and chronic disease development to inform state health agency program development. Transcripts from ...


Politically Unhealthy: Flint’S Fight Against Poverty, Environmental Racism, And Dirty Water, Tomeka M. Robinson, Garrett Shum, Sabrina Singh Oct 2018

Politically Unhealthy: Flint’S Fight Against Poverty, Environmental Racism, And Dirty Water, Tomeka M. Robinson, Garrett Shum, Sabrina Singh

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

The social force of race in relation to natural resources plays a prominent role in which communities are disproportionately affected by pollution. Scholars have described how people of color are disproportionately victims of environmental discrimination and disparities because they lack the necessary social capital to bring attention to their plight, as demonstrated by the case of the Flint, Michigan, Water Crisis. In this article, we use a critical race theory lens to explore how the Flint Water Crisis constitutes a case study of environmental racism. More specifically, we discuss the public health implications of environmental racism on the residents of ...


The Truth About Red Wine, Cassandra Poulos Sep 2018

The Truth About Red Wine, Cassandra Poulos

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

My dual passions for science and writing co-mingled as I managed and wrote for Stemosphere (stem-o-sphere.org), a science communication blog. I wanted to break down science publications into easy-to-understand pieces that are accurate but easily digested. In this piece, originally written for Stemosphere, I broke down the complicated relationship between researchers, journalists, and the public consumer in the consumption of science in the media. Quite often, publications can be disconnected from their public portrayals, and I attempt to ascertain where these inconsistencies stem from. While it may be easy to place blame with the content creators, each of us ...


Stem-O-Sphere: Creating An Immersive Blogging Experience, Steven Huang Sep 2018

Stem-O-Sphere: Creating An Immersive Blogging Experience, Steven Huang

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

The goal of this project was to provide individuals an immersive experience of what research looks like in a University laboratory setting. Blogs are an inexpensive way to convey an individual’s thoughts and experiences to the public. With the traditional blog, most experiences are presented in written form. However, some experiences can have bigger impacts if they can be seen rather than read. I created a more in-depth and detailed blogging experience for my viewers through virtual reality and a video log (vlog). I documented my process for producing the virtual reality videos and vlog and two of my ...


Ghostly Glia, Maria Noterman Sep 2018

Ghostly Glia, Maria Noterman

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

This article uses intriguing visuals of glial cells in the brain as an invitation for readers to consider the many crucial functions of these lesser-known partners of neurons.


Editors' Note, Matthew Gilchrist, Lori Adams, Brinda Shetty Sep 2018

Editors' Note, Matthew Gilchrist, Lori Adams, Brinda Shetty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

No abstract provided.


Medicine And Humanity, Mason Lamarche Aug 2018

Medicine And Humanity, Mason Lamarche

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

Science is becoming increasingly more complicated as our understanding of the world increases. While the practice of science continues to yield new technology and information, its findings are not the only thing that matters. Science struggles to explain why certain human experiences and connections are powerful, but the value of their occurrence cannot be dismissed. Sometimes, it takes a challenging personal situation to pull those who fixate on the answers science provides back to the world we share, back to the humanity which is central to our being.


Sophie's Low Blood Sugar, Kelsey Willardson Aug 2018

Sophie's Low Blood Sugar, Kelsey Willardson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

Having been a type 1 diabetic nearly my entire life, I was inspired to write and illustrate a children’s book for diabetics age six and under called ‘Sophie’s Low Blood Sugar’. This age group is seeing the largest rise in type 1 diagnoses but most of the related education materials are focused on parents. My goal is to engage type 1 diabetic children in their own diabetes care, help them identify tools they can use to manage their diabetes, as well as provide them a protagonist with whom they can relate.


Understanding Regenerative Medicine And Its Position In Healthcare, Tyler F. Ward Jun 2018

Understanding Regenerative Medicine And Its Position In Healthcare, Tyler F. Ward

Kentucky Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Abstract: Regenerative medicine is an emerging field of the healthcare industry that has the potential to treat a myriad of health conditions. Induced pluripotent stem cells, human embryonic stem cells, and tissue engineering are a few of the treatment methods that may be delivered by healthcare professionals in personalized medicine. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval is necessary within the United States before any of these treatment options are available. Specific cellular therapies are currently undergoing clinical trials and it may be years before approval is acquired. The National Institute of Health is proactively working to ensure that healthcare policies ...


Efficacy Of Technology-Based And In-Person Health Education For Behavior Change In College-Aged Women, Madeline Bremel May 2018

Efficacy Of Technology-Based And In-Person Health Education For Behavior Change In College-Aged Women, Madeline Bremel

All College Thesis Program, 2016-present

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an in-person or technology based bone health intervention improved bone health knowledge and behaviors in college-aged women. Methods: 30 college-aged women were randomly divided into three groups: personal intervention (n = 10), technological intervention (n = 10), and control (n = 10). Both intervention groups received identical information regarding the importance of bone health and the appropriate behaviors for maintaining strong bones including weight-bearing exercise, calcium consumption, and vitamin D consumption. The technology group received the information via an online video, and the personal group via a one-on-one health intervention. Changes in bone ...


Herpes Zoster Patient Education: A Coloring Book Approach, Sophia Charuhas Apr 2018

Herpes Zoster Patient Education: A Coloring Book Approach, Sophia Charuhas

Senior Honors Theses

Shingles, the disease caused by the herpes zoster virus, is a widespread and widely misunderstood illness in the United States. It is preventable, but many at-risk patients do not know what measures they may take to prevent it. Clear communication from physician to patient is crucial for patient understanding of diseases. Many patient education materials on herpes zoster currently available are often unused. It is therefore beneficial to public health to disseminate new mediums of medical communication, and one way of accomplishing this is through adult coloring books. The pathophysiology of herpes zoster virus is here explored and the idea ...


Autism And Vaccines: Exploring Misperceptions In Science, Arsenio Menendez Apr 2018

Autism And Vaccines: Exploring Misperceptions In Science, Arsenio Menendez

Student Writing

This paper will be exploring the supposed link between vaccines and autism which is a hot button topic as of late. Starting at the roots of where this myth began with the infamous and long since disproved initial paper penned by Andrew Wakefield. As of late with the ever-rising numbers of parents deciding to forego the vaccination of their children there is an increasing risk of herd immunity failing leading to old diseases that had been wiped out making a massive resurgence. Detailed in my research findings will be data driven explorations of psychology and human nature changing perception of ...


The Link Between Vaccination And Autism, Erika Tellez Apr 2018

The Link Between Vaccination And Autism, Erika Tellez

Student Writing

Vaccination provides individuals with protection against many preventable diseases, yet many claims against vaccination have causes vaccination rates to drop. Vaccination rates have dropped after a claim that vaccines offset autism was published. Although vaccination is necessary in order to prevent the spread of diseases throughout the population and in order to protect individuals who cannot be vaccinated. The claim that there is a link between vaccines and autism has been disproven based on lack of communication between the scientific community and public, discovery of falsified evidence, and further studies which demonstrate there is no link.


Under The Needle: Understanding The Benefits And Misconceptions Of Vaccinations, Desmond Davis Apr 2018

Under The Needle: Understanding The Benefits And Misconceptions Of Vaccinations, Desmond Davis

Student Writing

By and large, medical and government institutions such as the CDC have been primarily responsible for educating the public on the necessities of vaccinations, and quelling fears regarding them. As the world becomes more connected, proponents of the anti-vaccination movement find common ground via social media platforms and other outlets from which to confirm preexisting notions that vaccines are detrimental to recipients. This places a burden on both the aforementioned institutions as well as the general public to deal with potential outbreaks before they either resurge from previously low infectivity rates, or before they reach epidemic proportions.


Associations Between Coherent Neural Activity, Nicole Cooper, Steven Tompson, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Jean M. Vettel, Danielle S. Bassett, Emily B. Falk Apr 2018

Associations Between Coherent Neural Activity, Nicole Cooper, Steven Tompson, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Jean M. Vettel, Danielle S. Bassett, Emily B. Falk

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Objective: Worldwide, tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and illness. One common strategy for reducing the prevalence of cigarette smoking and other health risk behaviors is the use of graphic warning labels (GWLs). This has led to widespread interest from the perspective of health psychology in understanding the mechanisms of GWL effectiveness. Here we investigated differences in how the brain responds to negative, graphic warning label-inspired antismoking ads and neutral control ads, and we probed how this response related to future behavior.

Method: A group of smokers (N = 45) viewed GWL-inspired and control antismoking ads while undergoing ...


Community Perception Of The Hiv Vaccine In Western Kenya: Acceptability, Potential Behavior Changes, And Views On Compulsory Vaccination, Deborah Keen Oct 2017

Community Perception Of The Hiv Vaccine In Western Kenya: Acceptability, Potential Behavior Changes, And Views On Compulsory Vaccination, Deborah Keen

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) suppresses the immune system by attacking T cells, leading to the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV affects over 30 million people around the world and 1.6 million people in Kenya. On August 18, 1987, the FDA sanctioned the first human testing of a candidate vaccine for HIV. Currently, multiple HIV vaccines—projected to be on the market in five to ten years—are being tested for efficacy and safety. The goal of this study was to explore opinions related to the HIV vaccine so that there is a guide for future policy development ...


Brains!: A Neuroscience Comic Book For Kids, Anya Kim May 2017

Brains!: A Neuroscience Comic Book For Kids, Anya Kim

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

When I was growing up, comic books served as a medium for me to let my imagination grow, explore new worlds, and have fun while reading. The goal of Brains!: A Neuroscience Comic Book for Kids is to provide that same experience for elementary school students while teaching them a little bit about neurobiology along the way. I worked with Professor Michael Dailey, Professor Renita Schmidt, and Professor Kevin Ripka at the University of Iowa to create a short comic book that was accurate, accessible to elementary school students, and fun to read. I then did a reading with the ...


A New Class Of Antibiotics Could Stop Drug-Resistant Bacteria In Their Tracks, Nicholas Mccarty May 2017

A New Class Of Antibiotics Could Stop Drug-Resistant Bacteria In Their Tracks, Nicholas Mccarty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

Bonnie Bassler, PhD is a world-renowned microbiologist and professor at Princeton University. She rose to fame, at least outside of the scientific community, after her 2009 TED talk entitled “How bacteria ‘talk’”. A stunning success, this 18-minute exposé into molecular biology is widely touted as one of the best general audience interpretations of research in the natural sciences. Bassler discusses the ways that bacteria communicate with one another, called quorum sensing, and explains its rather intricate mechanisms in clear and relatable terms. Quorum sensing relies upon small chemical messengers to transmit information between bacteria. The Bassler lab played a sizable ...


Art As A Tool In Science Communication, Brittany Todd Apr 2017

Art As A Tool In Science Communication, Brittany Todd

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

This piece explores the value of engaging the public in conversations about science and diversity. While painting a park bench with images that reflect diversity in science, strangers of all ages and walks of life approached to discuss the art and the meaning behind the design. Each conversation took on a life of its own, each one added a different colorful shade. The objective of this project was to create a public piece of art that would hopefully connect to passersby the importance of diversity in science. But by the end of the project it was clear that the process ...


Diabetes: A History, Nicholas Mccarty Apr 2017

Diabetes: A History, Nicholas Mccarty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

About 9% of Americans have diabetes, yet the tales behind research in endocrinology (the study of hormones) are largely undiscussed. Diseases are rooted in a sort of temporal interest – little attention is paid to the illness until it affects us or a loved one. Many of the great advancements in diabetes research stem from a greater understanding of insulin, a small hormone produced in the pancreas that tells cells to take in sugar from the bloodstream, particularly after a starch-filled meal. Diabetic patients either do not produce enough insulin or their cells cannot respond appropriately to insulin. Research in the ...


Promoting Benefits Of Physical Activity Through Persuasive Communication, Priynka Patil Apr 2017

Promoting Benefits Of Physical Activity Through Persuasive Communication, Priynka Patil

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Inactivity early in life can lead to inactively later in life, which can result in negative outcomes. The primary purpose was to determine if gain- or loss-framed messages about physical activity would change the attitudes, intentions, and behaviours of students in the contemplation or preparation stage of the Transtheoretical model. The secondary purpose was to determine if framing the message in terms of the physical health benefits, appearance/social benefits, or mental health benefits (benefit condition) would change attitude, intention and behaviour. Undergraduate female students (N=60) between the ages of 18 and 36 were recruited from the university. The ...


Editors' Note, Lori Adams, Matthew J. Gilchrist, Brinda Shetty Apr 2017

Editors' Note, Lori Adams, Matthew J. Gilchrist, Brinda Shetty

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

A welcome from the editors and a summary of the first issue of Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication


Experimentation And Quantitative Feedback Applied To The Growth Of Stemosphere: A Student Managed Blog And Social Media Platform., George Murray Jan 2017

Experimentation And Quantitative Feedback Applied To The Growth Of Stemosphere: A Student Managed Blog And Social Media Platform., George Murray

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

The Latham Science Engagement Initiative at the University of Iowa gives students an opportunity to explore science communication. As part of a project sponsored by this program, I designed and managed a blog-based science publication called Stemosphere. Running Stemosphere was an opportunity to study the reception of scientific content in a digital space and think about systematically improving that reception. The following article, podcast, and video include both a case study of Stemosphere and a narrative about my experiences working on the project.


Exercise Is Medicine: The Exercise Habits And Attitudes Towards Exercise Counseling Of Medical Practitioners, Zoë Roberts Jan 2017

Exercise Is Medicine: The Exercise Habits And Attitudes Towards Exercise Counseling Of Medical Practitioners, Zoë Roberts

Masters Theses

The purpose of this research was to examine the exercise habits of practicing physicians, physician assistants (PA), and nurse practitioners (NP) in Illinois to better understand their attitudes towards counseling their patients on exercise, and to analyze the frequency that these health care providers incorporate exercise counseling into their practices. Current data has revealed the exercise habits of physicians and how it has influenced the physicians' exercise counseling behaviors. But PAs and NPs have not been included in research collectively as a medical team on the topic using exercise counseling and prescription for patient care and treatment. The research was ...


An Examination Of Factors Associated With Self-Efficacy For Food Choice And Healthy Eating Among Low-Income Adolescents In Three Us States, Nancy W. Muturi, Tandalayo Kidd, Tazrin Khan, Kendra Kattelmann, Susan Zies, Erika Lindshield, Koushik Adhikari Sep 2016

An Examination Of Factors Associated With Self-Efficacy For Food Choice And Healthy Eating Among Low-Income Adolescents In Three Us States, Nancy W. Muturi, Tandalayo Kidd, Tazrin Khan, Kendra Kattelmann, Susan Zies, Erika Lindshield, Koushik Adhikari

Health and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Self-efficacy is a crucial component in effective health communication and health promotion interventions and serves as a moderator for behavior change. Although awareness and risk perception are important in the behavior change process, self-efficacy gives people the necessary confidence in their ability to engage in advocated health behaviors. In addressing childhood obesity, self-efficacy plays a crucial role in dietary decisions. Informed by the social cognitive theory, this study examines the personal and environmental factors that determine self-efficacy for healthy food choices and healthy eating among adolescents in low-income communities.
Methods: A survey was administered among adolescents in sixth to ...


Jumpin’ Jacks: Social Marketing Campaign Aimed To Increase Awareness Of Healthful Behavior In South Dakota Fourth Grade Students, Megan N. Olesen, Kendra Kattelmann, Jessica Meendering, Suzanne Stluka Jun 2016

Jumpin’ Jacks: Social Marketing Campaign Aimed To Increase Awareness Of Healthful Behavior In South Dakota Fourth Grade Students, Megan N. Olesen, Kendra Kattelmann, Jessica Meendering, Suzanne Stluka

Health and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

This study investigated the influence of utilizing a collegiate mascot as a marketing tool for the promotion of fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity among 4th grade students. The program utilized service learning and formative research for the development of a social marketing campaign comprised of nutrition education and brand marketing. A pre-test/post-test design was used to measure fruit and vegetable intake and physical activity in participants in intervention and control schools. Awareness and understanding of the campaign was assessed post-intervention. There were no changes in fruit and vegetable intake or physical activity. However, 91% of the intervention ...