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Articles 1 - 30 of 79

Full-Text Articles in Health Communication

Drill Emergency Simulation As An Increase In Information And Skills Of Midwives In Carrying Out Assistance To Mothers And Newborns A Case Study In Karawang Regional Hospital, Siti Nursanti, Susanne Dida, Irvan Afriandi, Mien Hidayat Nov 2019

Drill Emergency Simulation As An Increase In Information And Skills Of Midwives In Carrying Out Assistance To Mothers And Newborns A Case Study In Karawang Regional Hospital, Siti Nursanti, Susanne Dida, Irvan Afriandi, Mien Hidayat

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Health professional’s skillin helping maternal emergency cases isa critical factor contributing to maternal and sudden infant death. Expanding Maternal and Neonatal Survival programs, therefore,initiateda training so-called emergency drill simulation. This research aims to find the effectivity of midwiferycommunication strategy in the emergency drill simulation forsharpening partnership and expertise of the midwifery in a groupdealing with childbirth emergency. This research uses qualitative methodand a case study as an approach. The informants of this research are the head division of customer care, head of the delivery room, and the paramedic mentor of Expanding Maternal Neonatal Survival in Karawang Regional Hospital ...


Middle East Respiratory Syndrome On Health Information Websites: How Much Credible They Are?, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi, Arefeh Kalavani, Nadereh Fakhimi Sep 2019

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome On Health Information Websites: How Much Credible They Are?, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi, Arefeh Kalavani, Nadereh Fakhimi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Background: The most recent MERS outbreak has raised questions about prevention and symptoms since there is currently no vaccine to prevent MERS. People can help protect themselves from this illness by taking everyday preventive actions. To do so, it is helpful to get medical information on the Internet about this illness. Regarding the importance of ensuring the provision of accurate online information, the aim of this study was to assess the credibility of health websites about MERS by using HONcode tool.

Materials and methods: The term “MERS” was searched in Google, Yahoo, and Bing and the first three pages reported ...


Health Information Literacy On The Risks Of Using Skin Bleaching Products, Olufemi K. Aramide Phd, Olusoji S. Olatunji, Olusola Ayandele Jun 2019

Health Information Literacy On The Risks Of Using Skin Bleaching Products, Olufemi K. Aramide Phd, Olusoji S. Olatunji, Olusola Ayandele

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information enables individuals to develop knowledge which can influence their health behavior and attitude while inadequate literacy about health information is associated with poor understanding of medical advice and negative health outcomes among the population. Skin bleaching is a health practice involving the (mis)use of chemical solutions to change one’s complexion to a lighter tone. This paper investigated the viability of using the concept of health information literacy to reduce skin bleaching by reviewing previous empirical studies on skin bleaching with emphasis on health information. Finding showed that skin bleaching is driven by a self-destructive, unattainable beauty standard ...


Health Literacy Challenges And Opportunities: Bringing Children’S Mercy And Kansas City Together, Jennifer A. Lyon, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder, Mamta Reddy Md, Courtney R. Butler May 2019

Health Literacy Challenges And Opportunities: Bringing Children’S Mercy And Kansas City Together, Jennifer A. Lyon, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder, Mamta Reddy Md, Courtney R. Butler

Posters

BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary group at Children's Mercy Kansas City applied for and received the NNLM MCR's Immersive Workshop Grant in December, 2017, and used the funding to organize and host a two-day immersive, interprofessional workshop in April, 2018, that 1) brought together health literacy-invested groups and individuals within the Kansas City community to learn about health literacy including cultural, language, numeracy and digital inclusion factors; and 2) provided specialized training to targeted CM participants to improve the provision of bedside health information to patients and caregivers. Objectives included: increasing community-wide collaboration, sharing resources, encouraging participants to become change ...


Health Information Behaviour Of Graduate Students On The Internet: Sources, Trust And Reliability Of Information, Setsoafia A. Y. Humphrey-Ackumey, Musah Adams, Michael Ahenkorah-Marfo Jan 2019

Health Information Behaviour Of Graduate Students On The Internet: Sources, Trust And Reliability Of Information, Setsoafia A. Y. Humphrey-Ackumey, Musah Adams, Michael Ahenkorah-Marfo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study sought to investigate the health information behaviour of graduate students on the internet. A quantitative method using a cross-sectional survey was used to solicit information from 256 graduate students studying courses related to health in the Arts, Social, and applied Sciences. The results showed that most of the respondents preferred the Internet because it is timely, fast and provides information from different sources simultaneously. The type(s) of health information mostly sought for were general information on healthy lifestyle, specific disease or treatment, side effects of medications, new development in the medical field among others. Majority (90.9 ...


Development And Validation Of A Weight Literacy Scale In English And Spanish, Monica L. Wang, Tariana V. Little, Christine F. Frisard, Amy Borg, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal Oct 2018

Development And Validation Of A Weight Literacy Scale In English And Spanish, Monica L. Wang, Tariana V. Little, Christine F. Frisard, Amy Borg, Stephenie C. Lemon, Milagros C. Rosal

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a Weight Literacy Scale in English and Spanish for adults.

METHODS: The two-phase study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods. Phase 1 of the study consisted of developing an initial survey (English and Spanish versions) assessing weight literacy based on a review of the literature; conducting semi-structured interviews with content experts (N = 9) to refine survey items; and conducting in-person cognitive interviews with 20 study participants (N = 10 English-speaking and N = 10 Spanish-speaking adults) for survey pre-testing. Survey items were modified based on Phase 1 findings. Phase 2 consisted of a psychometric study of the Weight ...


Health Information Discrepancies Between Internet Media And Scientific Papers Reporting On Omega-3 Supplement Research: Comparative Analysis, Daryl Nault, Ariel Beccia, Haruka Ito, Sarah Kashdan, Angela Senders Oct 2018

Health Information Discrepancies Between Internet Media And Scientific Papers Reporting On Omega-3 Supplement Research: Comparative Analysis, Daryl Nault, Ariel Beccia, Haruka Ito, Sarah Kashdan, Angela Senders

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Dietary supplements are the most used complementary and alternative health modality in the United States, and omega-3 supplements continue to be the most popularly used nonvitamin or nonmineral supplements by adults. Users of dietary supplements report that they obtain health guidance from internet media resources, but there is question as to whether or not these resources provide the necessary evidence to guide health decisions. Current evidence suggests that there is a mistranslation occurring somewhere between researchers and the media.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a comparative cross-sectional analysis to identify areas of discordance created when ...


Facilitating Hiv/Aids And Hiv Testing Literacy For Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized, Controlled, Trial, Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey Jul 2018

Facilitating Hiv/Aids And Hiv Testing Literacy For Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized, Controlled, Trial, Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

BACKGROUND: Although this has not been fully studied, videos and pictorial brochures might be equivalent methods of delivering HIV/AIDS and HIV testing information to emergency departments (ED) patients. It also is not known how well or for how long such knowledge is retained, if this information should be tailored according to patient health literacy, and if retention of this knowledge impacts future HIV testing behavior.

METHODS: We will conduct a multi-site, randomized, controlled, longitudinal trial among 600 English- and 600 Spanish-speaking 18-64-year-old ED patients to investigate these questions. We will stratify our sample within language (English vs. Spanish) by ...


Library Resources For Health Literacy, Jennifer Lyon Apr 2018

Library Resources For Health Literacy, Jennifer Lyon

Health Literacy Events

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Trustworthiness Of Consumer-Oriented Health Websites On Diabetes, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi Apr 2018

Evaluating The Trustworthiness Of Consumer-Oriented Health Websites On Diabetes, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Objective: The patients involvement in disease management can decrease economic burden on diabetic patients and society. Quality health information may help patients to involve in their health management. Thus, individuals need to find the additional information from other information resources such as health websites. Nevertheless, health websites vary in quality and reliability. Therefore, it is of great importance to identify trustable health websites on diabetes. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of health websites concerning diabetes.

Materials and methods: The keyword ‘’diabetes mellitus ‘’ was entered as a search term into the three most used ...


Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness [English And Spanish Versions], Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh Mar 2018

Mental Health Literacy For Children With A Parent With A Mental Illness [English And Spanish Versions], Joanne Riebschleger, Christine Grove, Shane Costello, Daniel Cavanaugh

Journal of Parent and Family Mental Health

Promoting mental health literacy is an effective strategy to protect the wellbeing of parents with mental illness and their children. Mental health literacy is part of health literacy; it is defined as “one’s level of understanding about mental health attitudes and conditions, as well as one’s ability to prevent, recognize, and cope with these conditions” (Jorm et al., 1997 p. 182). Mental health literacy can be developed by mental health providers discussing mental illness, recovery, and coping with parents and family members, including children. Increased mental health literacy leads to engagement in mental health promotion and (for the ...


Using Data To Guide And Evaluate Responses To The Opioid Crisis: Rhode Island's Drug Overdose Dashboard, Brandon Marshall Mar 2018

Using Data To Guide And Evaluate Responses To The Opioid Crisis: Rhode Island's Drug Overdose Dashboard, Brandon Marshall

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

The rapidly evolving nature of the nation’s overdose epidemic necessitates the dissemination of timely information to inform effective public health responses. Unfortunately, many overdose surveillance systems suffer from delays in reporting and other logistical challenges. In this webinar, Dr. Brandon Marshall from the Brown University School of Public Health will discuss Rhode Island’s drug overdose information and surveillance “dashboard”, PreventOverdoseRI.org. Participants will learn how the timely analysis and public dissemination of data being used to guide and evaluate policy and public health response to the overdose crisis in Rhode Island.

Learning Objectives:

Participant will:

  1. Learn about national ...


Promoting Trustworthiness And Discoverability In An S-Town Of Osn Documents, Laurie J. Bonnici Dec 2017

Promoting Trustworthiness And Discoverability In An S-Town Of Osn Documents, Laurie J. Bonnici

Proceedings from the Document Academy

The realm of online social networks (OSN) has evolved rapidly over the last decade. While literature has primarily focused on Twitter, Facebook presents a unique forum for seeking secondhand knowledge on highly specialized topics including life-threatening medical conditions. Cognitive authority expressed through accounts of personal experiences augments authoritative resources that often are inaccessible or non-existent. OSN posts in Facebook groups appear as a plethora of documents thrown upon the virtual floor, disorganized and unsearchable. This paper offers ideas of what could be possible when interaction design (Ixd) is applied to Facebook groups to promote trustworthiness and discoverability for the information ...


How The National Library Of Medicine Can Add Evidence To Your Mhealth App, Susan Halpin, Sherry Pagoto Nov 2017

How The National Library Of Medicine Can Add Evidence To Your Mhealth App, Susan Halpin, Sherry Pagoto

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Numerous systematic reviews of health-related mobile apps reveal they lack evidence based content. A major challenge to including evidence based content in apps is how to efficiently find accurate, credible, and vetted content. The National Library of Medicine houses the largest biomedical library in the world and provides numerous expert-developed online resources on disease and health education. In this webinar, Susan Halpin of the National Library of Medicine will introduce attendees to those resources, give examples of how they can and have been used in mobile apps, and discuss funding opportunities offered by the NLM.


Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin Aug 2017

Implementing An Online Health Information Platform For People With Serious Mental Illness, Zlatina Kostova, Len L. Levin, Mahima Sindhu, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin

Library Publications and Presentations

Introduction: Individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) die, on average, 25 years earlier than the general population. Higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, obesity, lack of preventive healthcare, and other modifiable risk factors, as well as side effects associated with certain antipsychotic medications, place individuals with SMI at high physical health risk. They are designated a health disparity population by the US National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors and as a vulnerable group worldwide by the World Health Organization. While the Internet provides intriguing opportunities to support person-centered health care, web-based resources ...


Misperceptions And The Misused Language Of Addiction: Words Matter, Richard Saitz Aug 2017

Misperceptions And The Misused Language Of Addiction: Words Matter, Richard Saitz

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Despite recognition of addiction as a health condition, terminology used in both layperson and scientific publications is often inaccurate and stigmatizing. National and international efforts are now afoot to encourage the use of terminology that can improve accuracy, reduce stigma, and even improve care. Dr. Richard Saitz from the Boston University School of Public Health will discuss the rationale for terms that should and should not be preferred.


Health Related Web Site Usage By Persons With Serious Mental Illness: Design And Use Of A Heath Literacy Survey Tool, Len L. Levin, Zlatina Kostova, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin May 2017

Health Related Web Site Usage By Persons With Serious Mental Illness: Design And Use Of A Heath Literacy Survey Tool, Len L. Levin, Zlatina Kostova, Joanne Nicholson, Kathleen Biebel, Elaine R. Martin

Library Publications and Presentations

Objectives: A health literacy focused web site review survey was designed as an initial step in a multi-institutional project to build a website for persons with serious mental illness to help them better understand issues relating to their physical health. This presentation will describe the design, testing, implementation and results of this survey tool.

Methods: The literature shows that persons with serious mental illness (SMI) approach the use of online health information differently than the general population. In 2015, the University of Massachusetts, in collaboration with other academic medical institutions, received a grant to build a new website for persons ...


The Use And Efficacy Of Comics In Healthcare: A Scoping Review In Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe, Suzana Makowski, Len L. Levin, Kelly Lund May 2017

The Use And Efficacy Of Comics In Healthcare: A Scoping Review In Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe, Suzana Makowski, Len L. Levin, Kelly Lund

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Background: Graphic medicine is defined as the “interaction between the medium of comics and the discourse of healthcare”. We seek to understand the ways in which comics are currently being employed in healthcare settings and what effects, if any, these practices have on physician, patient, and their experiences and health outcomes.

Methods: Our scoping review is following the six-stage methodology laid out by Arksey and O’Malley (2005) in order to map the field – an appropriate methodology, as graphic medicine is a relatively new field that thus far lacks clear boundaries. We built, tested, and conducted searches in six databases ...


Graphic Medicine In The Library: An Educational Outreach Program, Matthew N. Noe May 2017

Graphic Medicine In The Library: An Educational Outreach Program, Matthew N. Noe

Library Publications and Presentations

Objectives: Graphic medicine refers to the discourse of healthcare by way of the medium of comics and is a growing field with far-reaching impact. The objective of this outreach program was to provide educational opportunity to librarians on building graphic medicine collections and the creation of related programming.

Methods: The outreach program proceeded on several fronts over the course of a six-month period, beginning with a two-part webinar series targeted to librarians both in-and-out of the region. These webinars sought to provide background information on graphic medicine, materials to aid with collection development, including key title lists, and serve as ...


Introduction To Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe Mar 2017

Introduction To Graphic Medicine, Matthew N. Noe

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

This webinar, taught by Matthew Noe from the Lamar Soutter Library at UMass Medical School, will introduce the emerging field of graphic medicine, or, the use of comics in healthcare. We will begin with a brief overview of the field’s emergence, and then switch directions to highlight the role that comics can play in two key areas of librarianship: health literacy and medical education. The webinar will conclude with suggestions for collection development and programming to kickstart graphic medicine in your library.


Comics And Medicine: Building Collections And Raising Awareness, Matthew Noe Mar 2017

Comics And Medicine: Building Collections And Raising Awareness, Matthew Noe

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Graphic medicine, or the use of comics in healthcare, is a growing field within medical humanities that is of particular interest to those concerned with health literacy and medical education. Currently, this field is being explored on several fronts at the Lamar Soutter Library in an effort to provide key resources for study and to build community awareness of the potential uses of comics in medicine. These efforts include a scoping review study funded by the Gold Foundation to determine how comics are currently used in medicine and to what effect; the creation of book club kits on specific medical ...


Readability Formulas And User Perceptions Of Electronic Health Records Difficulty: A Corpus Study, Jiaping Zheng, Hong Yu Mar 2017

Readability Formulas And User Perceptions Of Electronic Health Records Difficulty: A Corpus Study, Jiaping Zheng, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) are a rich resource for developing applications to engage patients and foster patient activation, thus holding a strong potential to enhance patient-centered care. Studies have shown that providing patients with access to their own EHR notes may improve the understanding of their own clinical conditions and treatments, leading to improved health care outcomes. However, the highly technical language in EHR notes impedes patients' comprehension. Numerous studies have evaluated the difficulty of health-related text using readability formulas such as Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), and Gunning-Fog Index (GFI). They conclude that the ...


German Translation, Cultural Adaptation, And Validation Of The Health Literacy Questionnaire (Hlq), Sandra Nolte, Richard H. Osborne, Sarah Dwinger, Gerald R. Elsworth, Melanie L. Conrad, Matthias S. F. Rose, Martin Harter, Jorg Dirmaier, Jordis M. Zill Feb 2017

German Translation, Cultural Adaptation, And Validation Of The Health Literacy Questionnaire (Hlq), Sandra Nolte, Richard H. Osborne, Sarah Dwinger, Gerald R. Elsworth, Melanie L. Conrad, Matthias S. F. Rose, Martin Harter, Jorg Dirmaier, Jordis M. Zill

Open Access Articles

The Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ), developed in Australia in 2012 using a 'validity-driven' approach, has been rapidly adopted and is being applied in many countries and languages. It is a multidimensional measure comprising nine distinct domains that may be used for surveys, needs assessment, evaluation and outcomes assessment as well as for informing service improvement and the development of interventions. The aim of this paper is to describe the German translation of the HLQ and to present the results of the validation of the culturally adapted version. The HLQ comprises 44 items, which were translated and culturally adapted to the ...


Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner Aug 2016

Health Literacy-Listening Skill And Patient Questions Following Cancer Prevention And Screening Discussions, Kathleen M. Mazor, Donald L. Rubin, Douglas W. Roblin, Andrew E. Williams, Paul K. J. Han, Bridget Gaglio, Sarah L. Cutrona, Mary E. Costanza, Joann L. Wagner

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVE: Patient question-asking is essential to shared decision making. We sought to describe patients' questions when faced with cancer prevention and screening decisions, and to explore differences in question-asking as a function of health literacy with respect to spoken information (health literacy-listening).

METHODS: Four-hundred and thirty-three (433) adults listened to simulated physician-patient interactions discussing (i) prophylactic tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention, (ii) PSA testing for prostate cancer and (iii) colorectal cancer screening, and identified questions they would have. Health literacy-listening was assessed using the Cancer Message Literacy Test-Listening (CMLT-Listening). Two authors developed a coding scheme, which was applied to all ...


Health Literacy: A Natural Role For Librarians, Theresa S. Arndt Jul 2016

Health Literacy: A Natural Role For Librarians, Theresa S. Arndt

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to introduce the articles in the special theme issue.
Design/methodology/approach - This paper provides some background and context on health literacy.
Findings - Health literacy is a critical constellation of skills. Librarians’ abilities and expertise are well-suited to contributing to the improvement of health literacy for various populations in various settings. Librarians are actively engaging in a wide variety of health literacy initiatives in collaboration with other professionals and organizations.
Practical implications - Specific examples of how librarians are contributing to health literacy are described.
Social implications - Lack of health literacy is associated with ...


Glu: An Online Type 1 Diabetes Information Community, Stefanie Witt Jun 2016

Glu: An Online Type 1 Diabetes Information Community, Stefanie Witt

School of Information Student Research Journal

This research paper examines the online health community Glu (MyGlu.org), a type 1 diabetes social media site. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic medical condition that requires constant and specialized medical attention. Online health communities like Glu, are an important part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle for many of its members. This study discusses the composition of this information community, the motivations of its members, and the benefits members gain through their participation. It describes the major characteristics of the community and focuses on the information needs of type 1 diabetics. It concludes with reflections on how libraries and ...


A Collaborative Approach To Addressing Health Information Literacy Among High School Students, Sharon A. Weiner, Lalatendu Acharya, Kathryn Dilworth, Laura Henzl, Lisa Kirkham, Clare Lutgen, Bethany Mcgowan, David R. Walker May 2016

A Collaborative Approach To Addressing Health Information Literacy Among High School Students, Sharon A. Weiner, Lalatendu Acharya, Kathryn Dilworth, Laura Henzl, Lisa Kirkham, Clare Lutgen, Bethany Mcgowan, David R. Walker

Purdue P-12 Networking Summit & Poster Session

No abstract provided.


Health Literacy Promotion: Contemporary Conceptualizations And Current Implementations In Canadian Health Librarianship, Nicole Dalmer Nov 2015

Health Literacy Promotion: Contemporary Conceptualizations And Current Implementations In Canadian Health Librarianship, Nicole Dalmer

Nicole K Dalmer

Research questions: What are the current conceptualizations of health literacy, and what strategies are Canadian health librarians in public, academic, and hospital libraries enacting to put health literacy promotion into practice? Data sources: Serving as the basis of this scoping review, library and information science, health sciences, and interdisciplinary databases were searched using key terms relating to health literacy promotion as it relates to services, programming, or resources used in a variety of library settings. A web searched allowed for the inclusion of grey literature sources. Study selection: Data sources were searched using a combination of subject headings and keywords ...


Developing A Web-Based Training Directory For Children’S Mental Health Professionals, Ardis Hanson, William Kearns, Tanya Thomas Jul 2015

Developing A Web-Based Training Directory For Children’S Mental Health Professionals, Ardis Hanson, William Kearns, Tanya Thomas

William D. Kearns, PhD

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Physical Activity: A Study Of Self-Revelation In An Online Community., Tammy R. Toscos, Sunny Consolvo, David W. Mcdonald Jul 2014

Barriers To Physical Activity: A Study Of Self-Revelation In An Online Community., Tammy R. Toscos, Sunny Consolvo, David W. Mcdonald

Tammy R Toscos

The importance of regular physical activity to overall health has been well established, yet adults in the United States are leading increasingly sedentary lives. Research suggests that lowering perceived barriers to exercise is an effective strategy for encouraging physical activity. This article describes the top barriers that emerged from a qualitative analysis of message board traffic from a three-month healthy lifestyle intervention that promoted physical activity and healthy eating. The findings further elaborate known barriers to physical activity-two of which are not reported as key barriers in prior research-and illustrate the value of a grounded approach to studying health and ...