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Articles 1 - 16 of 16

Full-Text Articles in Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Ethnicity in Communication

Interventions Highlighting Hypocrisy Reduce Collective Blame Of Muslims For Individual Acts Of Violence And Assuage Anti-Muslim Hostility, Emile Bruneau, Nour Kteily, Emily B. Falk Mar 2018

Interventions Highlighting Hypocrisy Reduce Collective Blame Of Muslims For Individual Acts Of Violence And Assuage Anti-Muslim Hostility, Emile Bruneau, Nour Kteily, Emily B. Falk

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Collectively blaming groups for the actions of individuals can license vicarious retribution. Acts of terrorism by Muslim extremists against innocents, and the spikes in anti-Muslim hate crimes against innocent Muslims that follow, suggest that reciprocal bouts of collective blame can spark cycles of violence. How can this cycle be short-circuited? After establishing a link between collective blame of Muslims and anti-Muslim attitudes and behavior, we used an “interventions tournament” to identify a successful intervention (among many that failed). The “winning” intervention reduced collective blame of Muslims by highlighting hypocrisy in the ways individuals collectively blame Muslims—but not other groups ...


Backlash: The Politics And Real-World Consequences Of Minority Group Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau Jan 2017

Backlash: The Politics And Real-World Consequences Of Minority Group Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Research suggests that members of advantaged groups who feel dehumanized by other groups respond aggressively. But little is known about how meta-dehumanization affects disadvantaged minority group members, historically the primary targets of dehumanization. We examine this important question in the context of the 2016 U.S. Republican Primaries, which have witnessed the widespread derogation and dehumanization of Mexican immigrants and Muslims. Two initial studies document that Americans blatantly dehumanize Mexican immigrants and Muslims; this dehumanization uniquely predicts support for aggressive policies proposed by Republican nominees, and dehumanization is highly associated with supporting Republican candidates (especially Donald Trump). Two further studies ...


They See Us As Less Than Human: Metadehumanization Predicts Intergroup Conflict Via Reciprocal Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Gordon Hodson, Emile Bruneau Mar 2016

They See Us As Less Than Human: Metadehumanization Predicts Intergroup Conflict Via Reciprocal Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Gordon Hodson, Emile Bruneau

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Although the act of dehumanizing an outgroup is a pervasive and potent intergroup process that drives discrimination and conflict, no formal research has examined the consequences of being dehumanized by an outgroup—that is, “metadehumanization.” Across 10 studies (N = 3,440) involving several real-world conflicts spanning 3 continents, we provide the first empirical evidence that metadehumanization (a) plays a central role in outgroup aggression that is (b) mediated by outgroup dehumanization, and (c) distinct from metaprejudice. Studies 1a and 1b demonstrate experimentally that Americans who learn that Arabs (Study 1a) or Muslims (Study 1b) blatantly dehumanize Americans are more likely ...


The Ascent Of Man: Theoretical And Empirical Evidence For Blatant Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau, Adam Waytz, Sarah Cotterill Nov 2015

The Ascent Of Man: Theoretical And Empirical Evidence For Blatant Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau, Adam Waytz, Sarah Cotterill

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Dehumanization is a central concept in the study of intergroup relations. Yet although theoretical and methodological advances in subtle, “everyday” dehumanization have progressed rapidly, blatant dehumanization remains understudied. The present research attempts to refocus theoretical and empirical attention on blatant dehumanization, examining when and why it provides explanatory power beyond subtle dehumanization. To accomplish this, we introduce and validate a blatant measure of dehumanization based on the popular depiction of evolutionary progress in the “Ascent of Man.” We compare blatant dehumanization to established conceptualizations of subtle and implicit dehumanization, including infrahumanization, perceptions of human nature and human uniqueness, and implicit ...


Review Of The Book Not Even Past: Barack Obama And The Burden Of Race By T. J. Sugrue, John L. Jackson Jr Sep 2011

Review Of The Book Not Even Past: Barack Obama And The Burden Of Race By T. J. Sugrue, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Us And Them: Intergroup Failures Of Empathy, Mina Cikara, Emile Bruneau, Rebecca Saxe Jun 2011

Us And Them: Intergroup Failures Of Empathy, Mina Cikara, Emile Bruneau, Rebecca Saxe

Departmental Papers (ASC)

People are often motivated to increase others' positive experiences and to alleviate others' suffering. These tendencies to care about and help one another form the foundation of human society. When the target is an outgroup member, however, people may have powerful motivations not to care about or help that “other.” In such cases, empathic responses are rare and fragile; it is easy to disrupt the chain from perception of suffering to motivation to alleviate the suffering to actual helping. We highlight recent interdisciplinary research demonstrating that outgroup members' suffering elicits dampened empathic responses as compared to ingroup members' suffering. We ...


In Medias Race (And Class): Post-Jim Crow Ethnographies Of Black Middleclassdom, John L. Jackson Jr Mar 2010

In Medias Race (And Class): Post-Jim Crow Ethnographies Of Black Middleclassdom, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

“Race is the modality in which class is lived” (Hall et al., 1978, p. 394). That's how Stuart Hall evocatively put it, emphasizing the extent to which class relations can actually and substantively “function as race relations” for working class Black Brits (and others). He was arguing, amongst other things, against the neatly reified distinctions scholars traditionally policed between class-based analyses and racial ones.


Review Of The Book The Minds Of Marginalized Black Men: Making Sense Of Mobility, Opportunity, And Future Life Chances By A. Young, John L. Jackson Jr Sep 2007

Review Of The Book The Minds Of Marginalized Black Men: Making Sense Of Mobility, Opportunity, And Future Life Chances By A. Young, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Race, Ethnicity And Global Communication Studies, Marwan M. Kraidy Jan 2007

Race, Ethnicity And Global Communication Studies, Marwan M. Kraidy

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Race, as Downing and Husband (2005) remind us, is a ‘social category’ without a ‘scientific basis’ (p. 2). And yet, for better or worse, race is a fundamental dimension of contemporary life, one of the few master tropes that define identities, elicit solidarities and operate as an instrument of othering. Though ‘more inclusive and less objectifying’ (Spencer, p. 45), ethnicity is a ‘transient concept’ (p. 47) that, perhaps more so than ‘race’, reflects public and scholarly understandings of difference. They can also be burning issues in the life of nations and regions. As I am writing these words, public discourse ...


Postrace 101: Teaching And Unteaching Race In America's High Schools, John L. Jackson Jr Sep 2006

Postrace 101: Teaching And Unteaching Race In America's High Schools, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

There are some telltale signs that we might really be living in the kind of moment that academic provocateurs have labeled “postracial” (i.e., indifferent to historically self-evident expectations about race relations and race-based identifications): Duke lacrosse players, all of them White, who taunt a Black collegian-cum-stripper with carefully crafted quips better suited for a comedy club than a Klan rally (“Thank your grandpa for my cotton shirt”); a Black Ivy League professor testifying under oath that a baseball bat-wielding White vigilante who begins pummeling a Black man in Brooklyn by calling his victim a “nigger” does not necessarily harbor ...


Queens For A Day: Queer Eye For The Straight Guy And The Neoliberal Project, Katherine Sender Jan 2005

Queens For A Day: Queer Eye For The Straight Guy And The Neoliberal Project, Katherine Sender

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This paper moves beyond a conventional critique of Bravo's popular makeover show Queer Eye for the Straight Guy that focuses on gay stereotyping to consider how the show puts gay cultural expertise to work to reform a heterosexual masculinity that is compatible with the neoliberal moment. By analyzing 40 episodes of the show, in addition to a number of related texts, the author considers the newly public acknowledgement of gay taste and consumer expertise; the "crisis of masculinity" that requires that heterosexual men must now attend to their relationships, image, and domestic habitus; and the remaking of the straight ...


Review Of The Book Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy Of Disaster In Chicago By E. Klinenberg, John L. Jackson Jr Mar 2003

Review Of The Book Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy Of Disaster In Chicago By E. Klinenberg, John L. Jackson Jr

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.


Sex Sells: Sex, Class, And Taste In Commercial Gay And Lesbian Media, Katherine Sender Jan 2003

Sex Sells: Sex, Class, And Taste In Commercial Gay And Lesbian Media, Katherine Sender

Departmental Papers (ASC)

A teenage girl kneels on the backseat of a car in short shorts, turning toward the camera with a look both innocent and wanton. A young man lounges shirtless, his top fly button open, gazing with lazy invitation through the frame. "What’s the story in these ads?" I ask students. "Well, you know," they shrug, "sex sells." Frustrated at how this aphorism closes down discussion, I have begun to consider its status as a commonsense response to some advertising. Antonio Gramsci and others have written about how "commonsense" beliefs become naturalized, taken for granted as "the way things are ...


Business, Not Politics: Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals, Transgender People And The Consumer Sphere, Katherine Sender Feb 2002

Business, Not Politics: Gays, Lesbians, Bisexuals, Transgender People And The Consumer Sphere, Katherine Sender

Departmental Papers (ASC)

In mainstream and gay media gay consumers are becoming big business. Within the last year, Queer as Folk, Showtime's serialized version of gay life, showed bad boy Brian helping a homophobic businessman turn a failing product around by marketing to gay consumers; Miller Lite brought us a television commercial showing two handsome gay men; Procter & Gamble placed ads in gay and lesbian publications; and Showtime and MTV announced they were developing the first, partly ad-supported, gay cable channel. This growing media and marketing attention to lesbians and gays has been consistently framed by marketers as a matter of "business, not politics": as a spokesperson from Naya said ...


Segmenting, Signalling And Tailoring: Probing The Dark Side Of Target Marketing, Joseph Turow Jan 2000

Segmenting, Signalling And Tailoring: Probing The Dark Side Of Target Marketing, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Book description:

Intense commercialism has been a perennial hallmark of the mass media ever since its inception and throughout the twentieth century the techniques and strategies of the dominant players in the world of media and advertising have become increasingly sophisticated, with the development of multinational media corporations and electronic media opportunities. Developments have been so rapid that scholars are only now beginning to come to terms with the full impact of media commercialization as a global phenomenon cutting across traditional cultural, economic, and social boundaries.

Critical Studies in Media Commercialism brings together an impressive collection of essays that explore ...


The Binds That Tie, Kathleen Hall Jamieson Jan 1995

The Binds That Tie, Kathleen Hall Jamieson

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.