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Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Gender, Race, Sexuality, and Ethnicity in Communication

Loneliness In The United States: A 2018 National Panel Survey Of Demographic, Structural, Cognitive, And Behavioral Characteristics, Liana Desharnais Bruce, Joshua S. Wu, Stuart L. Lustig, Daniel W. Rusell, Douglas A. Nemecek Jun 2019

Loneliness In The United States: A 2018 National Panel Survey Of Demographic, Structural, Cognitive, And Behavioral Characteristics, Liana Desharnais Bruce, Joshua S. Wu, Stuart L. Lustig, Daniel W. Rusell, Douglas A. Nemecek

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Purpose: To inform health behavior intervention design, we sought to quantify loneliness and its correlates, including social media use, among adults in the United States. Design: Cross-sectional research panel questionnaire. Setting: Responses were gathered from individuals in all 50 states surveyed via Internet from February 2018 to March 2018. Participants: A total of 20 096 US panel respondents aged 18þ. Measures: The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale (theoretical score range ¼ 20-80) was administered along with demographic, structural, cognitive, and behavioral items. Analysis: After calibrating the sample to population norms, we conducted multivariable linear regression analysis ...


Radical Rejections Of Violence: Resisting Anti-Muslim Racism, Umaymah Mohammad, Isa Naveed, Dennis L. Rudnick May 2019

Radical Rejections Of Violence: Resisting Anti-Muslim Racism, Umaymah Mohammad, Isa Naveed, Dennis L. Rudnick

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This paper argues that by expanding and critiquing the definition of violence with relation to Islamophobia, implicit manifestations of Islamophobia, anti-Muslim Racism, and structural violence can be exposed. Through the work of the Muslim Youth Collective, we frame anti-Muslim racism as structural violence, and provide considerations for how Muslim communities may actualize resistance in response.


Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph Nov 2018

Writing Ourselves Into Existence: Healing Through Collaborative Curriculum Development, Bianca Ivette Laureano, Sara C. Flowers Drph

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Here we offer an open exchange / evaluation of our experience as facilitator and editor (Bianca) and writer and collaborator (Sara) during the inaugural Women of Color Sexual Health Network Curriculum Lab which took place November 2017 in New Orleans, LA. In two months, 7 women and femmes of color who are sexuality educators wrote a robust curriculum for our communities that centers pleasure, social emotional learning competencies as early Freedom Schools implemented, sex and pleasure positive, using an intersectional framework and praxis, disability justice framework, inclusive of LGBTQ communities, and does not assume HIV negative status. This is one of ...


Perceptions Of Heart-Healthy Behaviors Among African American Adults: A Mixed Methods Study, Cheryl Der Ananian, Donna M. Winham, Sharon V. Thompson, Megan E. Tisue Nov 2018

Perceptions Of Heart-Healthy Behaviors Among African American Adults: A Mixed Methods Study, Cheryl Der Ananian, Donna M. Winham, Sharon V. Thompson, Megan E. Tisue

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

African Americans have a disproportionately higher risk of chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes, and hypertension than other ethnic or racial groups. Data regarding CVD-related perceptions and beliefs among African Americans are limited, particularly in the Southwest US. Assessment of current views regarding health and health behaviors is needed to tailor interventions to meet the unique needs of specific populations. We sought to examine knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of African Americans living in Arizona toward CVD and etiological factors associated with health behaviors and chronic disease development to inform state health agency program development. Transcripts from ...


#Letthemstay: Visual Representations Of Protests And Community Mobilization For Asylum Seekers In Australia, Shirley Hall, Caroline Lenette, Samantha Murray, Connie Chan, Ashley Flannery, Kate Vickery Mar 2018

#Letthemstay: Visual Representations Of Protests And Community Mobilization For Asylum Seekers In Australia, Shirley Hall, Caroline Lenette, Samantha Murray, Connie Chan, Ashley Flannery, Kate Vickery

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The indefinite mandatory detention on the mainland and in offshore processing centers of asylum seekers applying for protection in Australia is particularly controversial due to the government’s notoriously harsh policy. In response, large-scale public protests have been staged across the country in recent years to register popular dissent and convey concerns to decision-makers. However, dominant media representations of protests have historically been largely negative, often cast as ineffectual at best, and at worst, violent clashes that alienate the broader population from the cause in question. This paper outlines a visual analysis of media representations of protests that took place ...


“No More Blackface!” How Can We Get People To Change Their Minds About Zwarte Piet?, Janelle Ward, Renata Rocha Mar 2018

“No More Blackface!” How Can We Get People To Change Their Minds About Zwarte Piet?, Janelle Ward, Renata Rocha

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

When Sinterklaas arrives in the Netherlands in December, he is accompanied by Zwarte Pieten made up in blackface, with afro wigs and bright red lips. Zwarte Piet, translated as “Black Pete,” has created growing controversy as a hurtful, racist caricature. Increasing voices demand change, but most of the population is opposed to altering the tradition. One way forward is to examine attitude change, and gain insight into how we can facilitate this process. This paper introduces the topic and reviews recent academic work on the controversy. Then, using autoethnographic vignettes (Humphreys, 2005), we explore our experiences with the tradition, weaving ...


Beyond The Battle Lines: Channeling Curiosity, Humility, And Platinum During Racial Strife, Tiye Sherrod Feb 2018

Beyond The Battle Lines: Channeling Curiosity, Humility, And Platinum During Racial Strife, Tiye Sherrod

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

The goal of this program is to discuss how curiosity, humility, and platinum empathy can be used to discuss racial issues, particularly when emotions are running high. Often times, individuals who identify as white make honest attempts to be allies and often get blindsided by things like white guilt, white obliviousness, etc. that derail their efforts. In addition, people of color who are attempting to express their frustration with interpersonal microaggressions find themselves having difficulty being heard through their hurt and discontent. Although these miscommunications are not intentional, they can still do harm to everyone involved in the exchange. Learning ...


Male–Female Relationship Labels, Information Sharing (Disclosures), And Expectations, Mark V. Redmond Jan 2018

Male–Female Relationship Labels, Information Sharing (Disclosures), And Expectations, Mark V. Redmond

English Technical Reports and White Papers

College students responded to a survey of on the communication behaviors and information sharing expected in male-female relationships labeled friends, hanging-out, talking, casual dating, dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship. Results show specific relationship differences and suggest expectations fall into three relational categories: nonromantic (friend), preromantic (talking, hanging-out, and casual dating), and romantic (dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship). Ambiguity about the expectations for sharing information was high for the relationships in the preromantic category and low for the romantic.


Content Adaptation In Everyday Interactions, Mark V. Redmond Jan 2018

Content Adaptation In Everyday Interactions, Mark V. Redmond

English Technical Reports and White Papers

Six forms of content adaptation in everyday interactions were studied: topical adaptation including self-disclosures; explanatory or elaborated adaptation, adaptation by with-holding or avoiding explanation and information; adaptation through examples, comparisons, and analogies; adapting vernacular/language; and personal referencing. Significant content adaptation was found for all items. Adaptation was examined in response to four activators: knowledge of the partner, nature and history of the relationship, partner’s mood and behaviors, and location/circumstances. The nature and history of the relationship was the most significant activator. Additional analysis of several independent variables revealed that the nature of the interaction occurring in private ...


“That Was What I Had To Use”: Social And Cultural Capital In The Careers Of Women Broadcasters, Tracy Lucht, Kelsey Batschelet Jan 2018

“That Was What I Had To Use”: Social And Cultural Capital In The Careers Of Women Broadcasters, Tracy Lucht, Kelsey Batschelet

Journalism Publications

This study uses in-depth, biographical interviews to understand a range of historical experiences in the careers of individual women broadcasters in the Midwest, a region of the United States that has received relatively little attention from media scholars. The findings demonstrate the barriers these women faced as well as the social and cultural capital available to them as they pursued diverse roles in an industry that did not welcome their full participation. The study contributes to scholars’ understanding of women’s participation in the public sphere during the 1950s to 1970s.


“We’Re Not Dating. We’Re Just ‘Talking’.” Expectations Associated With Male–Female Relationship Labels, Mark V. Redmond Jan 2018

“We’Re Not Dating. We’Re Just ‘Talking’.” Expectations Associated With Male–Female Relationship Labels, Mark V. Redmond

English Technical Reports and White Papers

College students responded to a survey of their expectations for communication behaviors, qualities, activities, and personal disclosures they associate with male-female relationships labeled friends, hanging-out, talking, casual dating, dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship. The results show specific relationship differences and suggest three relational categories: nonromantic (friend), preromantic (talking, hanging-out, and casual dating), and romantic (dating, boyfriend/girlfriend, and romantic relationship). Of the 23 activities evaluated, 17 significantly differed among the relationships. Although this study finds specific differences between relationship labels and categories, it also found a core set of expectations that exists across all relationships that might be regarded ...


Mindfulness, Mindlessness, And Adaptation, Mark V. Redmond Jan 2018

Mindfulness, Mindlessness, And Adaptation, Mark V. Redmond

English Technical Reports and White Papers

The contention of this article is that human communication is by its very nature mindful and that many communication behaviors have been mistakenly labeled as mindless. Paramount to this case is that rather than being a bipolar construct, mindfulness occurs in degrees such that communication can be viewed as having greater or lesser degrees of mindfulness. This contention is supported by arguing that adaptation in interactions occurs because of mindfulness, and that adaptation is pervasive in communication. The review of how adaptation is mindful includes a discussion of adaptive complexity, adaptive consciousness, scripted adaptations, and evaluation of adaptation for its ...


Sexual Goals, Plans, And Actions: Toward A Sexual Script Emerging Adults Use To Delay Or Abstain From Sexual Intercourse, Tina A. Coffelt Nov 2017

Sexual Goals, Plans, And Actions: Toward A Sexual Script Emerging Adults Use To Delay Or Abstain From Sexual Intercourse, Tina A. Coffelt

English Publications

This mixed-methods study of emerging adults investigates the messages asserted to delay or abstain from sexual intercourse. Goals-plans-action theory and sexual script theory inform the investigation of 192 survey participants and 27 interview participants. Results confirm that when emerging adults aspire to abstain or delay from intercourse, they enact a sexual script that includes communicative actions taken to reach their goal during conversations. This study identifies phrases used to initiate a conversation, recommends the inclusion of a rationale, provides the primary and secondary goals that inform message construction, and shows three primary ways conversations unfold.


Revealing Sexual Information In Mother‐Daughter Relationships, Tina Coffelt Mar 2017

Revealing Sexual Information In Mother‐Daughter Relationships, Tina Coffelt

English Publications

Communication privacy management theory informed this study of nine mothers and their 18 or 19‐ year‐old daughters who were interviewed to understand privacy rule foundations that influence their decisions to reveal or conceal sexual information. This study shows the salience of motivation and the risk‐benefit ratio when making decisions about revealing or concealing private information. Namely, mothers may have many motivations to talk to their daughters, whereas daughters are motivated to discuss sex with a trusted source. Mothers’ perceived risks of talking about sex included judgement from other parents and daughters were concerned about disappointing their parents. Additionally ...


Covering Diversity: The Media’S Role In The Conversation, Emily Barske, Nik Heftman Mar 2017

Covering Diversity: The Media’S Role In The Conversation, Emily Barske, Nik Heftman

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Diversity and inclusion is a huge topic on college campuses around the country—Iowa State is no exception. For good reason, the media has been under criticism for lack of coverage of underrepresented groups. This presentation will focus on how the Iowa State Daily has tried to address these issues, while also having a discussion the Daily’s shortcomings and how we can continue to improve. Where does the community fit in this conversation? How do we give a voice to all members of the community while still upholding journalistic principles?


How Community Colleges In Texas Prioritize Resources For Latino Men, Sarah L. Rodriguez-Jones, Kelty T. Garbee, Ryan A. Miller, Victor B. Saenz Feb 2017

How Community Colleges In Texas Prioritize Resources For Latino Men, Sarah L. Rodriguez-Jones, Kelty T. Garbee, Ryan A. Miller, Victor B. Saenz

Education Publications

This study explored how administrators at community colleges conceptualized change related to resource allocation and managing competing priorities to support targeted programming for Latino men. The study included the perspectives of 39 administrators from seven community colleges across Texas using concepts associated with institutional change to ground our analysis. Findings revealed that state and national initiatives, particularly those concerned with enhancing success for students of color, influenced how community college administrators approached change on their campuses. In addition, community college institutional mission, leadership, and a desire for data-informed resource management influenced the approach to resource allocation for Latino men.


What A Scientist Looks Like: How Community Colleges Can Utilize And Enhance Science Identity Development As A Means To Improve Success For Women Of Color, Sarah Rodriguez-Jones, Kelly J. Cunningham, Alec Jordan Dec 2016

What A Scientist Looks Like: How Community Colleges Can Utilize And Enhance Science Identity Development As A Means To Improve Success For Women Of Color, Sarah Rodriguez-Jones, Kelly J. Cunningham, Alec Jordan

Education Publications

This article explores the application of science identity development theory for women of color interested in the science disciplines; and it advocates for taking an intersectional approach to understanding how women of color form science identities. The article also challenges community college administrators and scholars to focus on redefining science identity development theory within the community college setting as a means to enhance success for women of color pursuing academic work in scientific disciplines.

Women of color are severely underrepresented in science and engineering occupations; they make up approximately 5% of employed scientists and engineers (2% Black, 2% Hispanic, 1 ...


Determinants And Long‐Term Effects Of Attendance Levels In A Marital Enrichment Program For African American Couples, Allen W. Barton, Steven R. H. Beach, Tera R. Hurt, Frank D. Fincham, Scott M. Stanley, Steven M. Kogan, Gene H. Brody Apr 2016

Determinants And Long‐Term Effects Of Attendance Levels In A Marital Enrichment Program For African American Couples, Allen W. Barton, Steven R. H. Beach, Tera R. Hurt, Frank D. Fincham, Scott M. Stanley, Steven M. Kogan, Gene H. Brody

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Although most efficacious marital enrichment programs are multisession, few studies have explored whether outcomes differ according to session attendance, particularly among minority groups with lower than average participation in prevention programs. This study therefore investigates attendance levels and long‐term improvements in couple functioning among 164 couples participating in the Promoting Strong African American Families program. Structural equation models indicated session attendance predicted 2‐year changes for men's reports of communication, commitment, and spousal support (marginally) but not for women's. Individual and couple characteristics that predicted attendance levels were also identified. Results highlight distinct gender differences in the ...


"If I Can’T Bake, I Don’T Want To Be Part Of Your Revolution": Codepink’S Activist Literacies Of Peace And Pie, Abby Dubisar Jan 2016

"If I Can’T Bake, I Don’T Want To Be Part Of Your Revolution": Codepink’S Activist Literacies Of Peace And Pie, Abby Dubisar

English Publications

By focusing on the cookbook Peace Never Tasted So Sweet, this article argues that CODEPINK strategically combines peace activist and food literacies to engage audiences in their antiwar efforts, strategies that take on benefits and drawbacks. Although feminist scholars from a variety of disciplines have studied cookbooks, researchers have yet to fully analyze the intersections of gendered activist literacies and cookbooks. Expanding upon arguments promoting food literacies as well as feminist analyses of cookbooks, this article illuminates CODEPINK’s efforts to teach readers how to critique military action, recruit peace-workers, build a movement, and bake pie.


He Said, Ze Said, Rachel Vipond, Nailah Fitzgerald, Isaac Biehl Jul 2015

He Said, Ze Said, Rachel Vipond, Nailah Fitzgerald, Isaac Biehl

Ethos

Thrust into the chaos of freshman orientation, you met more people than you could remember. You tried to remember their name, major, hometown…and preferred personal pronoun? Chances are, probably not.


Sexual Goals-Plans-Actions: Toward A Sexual Script In Marriage, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess Apr 2015

Sexual Goals-Plans-Actions: Toward A Sexual Script In Marriage, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess

English Publications

This study introduces a sexual script in heterosexual marriage, based on interviews with 12 married women and 13 married men. The qualitative data analysis revealed a two-phase sexual script, beginning with priming messages and culminating in synchronizing messages. Synchronizing messages took one of three forms—in-synch, token acceptance, or out-of-synch. In-synch messages showed alignment between an initiation message and an acceptance message such that a sexual episode occurred. Token acceptance messages, made by women, conveyed compliance with a sexual episode despite low desire. Out-of-synch messages rejected an initiation message.


High On Passion, Low On Pay: Women’S Job Satisfaction At Iowa Newspapers, Tracy Lucht Jan 2015

High On Passion, Low On Pay: Women’S Job Satisfaction At Iowa Newspapers, Tracy Lucht

Journalism Publications

This study examines the job satisfaction of women at Iowa newspapers by assessing women’s attitudes and perceptions in three distinct areas: job quality, work-life balance, and organizational support. The findings indicate that job quality is an important and positive aspect of women’s job satisfaction while organizational support offers room for improvement. The respondents generally were satisfied with their jobs and work-life balance, but low salaries emerged as a significant problem. The respondents also expressed a desire for consistent personnel policies and greater opportunities for advancement. The results are intended to help community newspapers in their efforts to recruit ...


Job Satisfaction And Gender: Qualitative Differences At Iowa Newspapers, Tracy Lucht Jan 2015

Job Satisfaction And Gender: Qualitative Differences At Iowa Newspapers, Tracy Lucht

Journalism Publications

This study uses quantitative and qualitative survey data to examine the job satisfaction of male and female employees at Iowa newspapers. Responses to open-ended questions indicated qualitative differences in the issues men and women considered salient and in the discourses they used to talk about their work. Male respondents were more likely to use language that evoked professional efficacy and emphasized presence. Female respondents more likely to use language that related to production and emphasized position. The findings also indicate a gender discrepancy related to income and financial status; men reported higher salaries and indicated greater financial security than women ...


Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self Jan 2015

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of University Lgbt Center Theoretical Foundations, Jen M. Self

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Queering Center: A Critical Discourse Analysis of University LGBT Center Theoretical Foundations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the framing discourse of theorization and practice surrounding university-based Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) resource centers. Building on interdisciplinary work by critical feminist, race, and queer scholars in sociology, social work, education, and political science, this study proposed a vital shift from identity politics (Combahee River Collective, 1977) and multicultural (Jay, 1994; Ward, 2008) theorizing and practice frameworks to praxis grounded in intersectional understandings of identity and resistance to interlocking systems of oppression (Razack, 1999) which (re ...


The Effect Of Communication Change On Long‐Term Reductions In Child Exposure To Conflict: Impact Of The Promoting Strong African American Families (Prosaaf) Program, Steven R. H. Beach, Allen W. Barton, Man Kit Lei, Gene H. Brody, Tera R. Hurt, Frank D. Fincham, Scott M. Stanley Dec 2014

The Effect Of Communication Change On Long‐Term Reductions In Child Exposure To Conflict: Impact Of The Promoting Strong African American Families (Prosaaf) Program, Steven R. H. Beach, Allen W. Barton, Man Kit Lei, Gene H. Brody, Tera R. Hurt, Frank D. Fincham, Scott M. Stanley

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

African American couples (n = 331) with children, 89% of whom were married, were assigned to either (a) a culturally sensitive couple‐ and parenting‐enhancement program (ProSAAF) or (b) an information‐only control condition in which couples received self‐help materials. Husbands averaged 41 years of age and wives averaged 39 years. We found significant effects of program participation in the short term on couple communication, which was targeted by the intervention, as well as over the long term, on self‐reported arguing in front of children. Long‐term parenting outcomes were fully mediated by changes in communication for wives, but ...


No More Birds And Bees: A Process Approach To Parent-Child Sexual Communication, Tina A. Coffelt, Loreen N. Olson May 2014

No More Birds And Bees: A Process Approach To Parent-Child Sexual Communication, Tina A. Coffelt, Loreen N. Olson

English Publications

In this chapter, we present conjoined models of parent-child sexual communication. These models rely on communication privacy management theory to show how sexual information is contained within individual privacy boundaries and shared when a question is asked. Information is revealed in little bits and pieces over the course of a child’s development. Privacy boundary permeability opens, and the circumference of privacy boundaries expands over time. During a specific interaction, parents and children regulate how much information they share. These models apply to parent-child relationships where sexual communication is accomplished, recognizing that many parents and children never or rarely talk ...


Sisterhood In The '60s: Joan, Peggy, And A Feminist Awakening, Tracy Lucht Jan 2014

Sisterhood In The '60s: Joan, Peggy, And A Feminist Awakening, Tracy Lucht

Journalism Publications

The period between World War II and the women's liberation movement was marked by palpable tension over social changes and gender ideology-an aspect of the postwar era well-known to historians but usually overlooked in the mass media. Television shows such as Leave It to Beaver (1957-1963), Father Knows Best (1954-1960), and The Adventures ofOzzie and Harriet (1952-1966) imagined a time that never existed, presenting the nation's women as domestic and suburban, happily embracing their roles as homemakers and submitting to their husband's authority (Coontz, 2000). This idyllic media memory, bequeathed to subsequent generations by reruns of these ...


Race, Religion, And Rights: Otherness Gone Mad, Tracy Lucht Jan 2014

Race, Religion, And Rights: Otherness Gone Mad, Tracy Lucht

Journalism Publications

Inevitable yet often unnamed, the looming political radicalism of the late 1960s acts as something like a silent partner in the Mad Men narrative, relying on viewers' historical knowledge of the social tension outside Sterling Cooper to underscore the contrived nature of the world within it. Just as the series spans the period between the emergence of liberal and radical white feminist discourses, it also bridges key moments in the civil rights movement, from the boycotts, voter registration drives, and sweeping oratory of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., to the assassinations of civil rights leaders and activists; rioting in ...


Sexual Disclosures: Connections To Relational Satisfaction And Closeness, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess Oct 2013

Sexual Disclosures: Connections To Relational Satisfaction And Closeness, Tina Coffelt, Jon A. Hess

English Publications

This study examines sexual communication by describing the content of sexual disclosures within marital relationships and assessing the association between sexual disclosures and relational outcomes, specifically relational satisfaction and closeness. A survey administered to 293 married individuals (58% female) who had an average age of 40 years (range = 20–73), 13.7 years of marriage (range = 1 month to 54 years), and who reported high levels of relational satisfaction assessed the relation between the content of sexual disclosures and satisfaction and closeness. While sexual disclosures are made infrequently, positive affect and sexual preferences are disclosed more than negative topics and ...


Using Blogs To Promote Literary Response During Professional Development, Jamie Colwell, Amy C. Hutchison, David Reinking Mar 2012

Using Blogs To Promote Literary Response During Professional Development, Jamie Colwell, Amy C. Hutchison, David Reinking

Education Publications

The blogging has, I don’t want to say forced, but kind of made me read books that I haven’t necessarily read before, and I don’t think I would have. I’ve read lots of children’s books just through student teaching and everything, but it makes me look outside the box and maybe at other genres that I wouldn’t look at necessarily. (Sam, a preservice teacher, blogging in a children’s literature course)