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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Education

1994

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Attitudes Of Elementary Principals Toward Parent Involvement In Schools In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Linda V. Brittle Dec 1994

Attitudes Of Elementary Principals Toward Parent Involvement In Schools In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Linda V. Brittle

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the attitudes of principals toward parent involvement in schools. The population for the study consisted of all public school elementary principals in the Commonwealth of Virginia. A random sample procedure was employed and an instrument was developed specifically for the study. An initial and second mailing resulted in an overall response rate of 53%. Factor analysis identified 5 groupings in parent involvement. Factors were labeled: Decision-Making, Policy-Making, Home Tutor/Co-Learner, Socio-Economic Status, and Parent Desire and Expertise. Seven null hypotheses were formulated and tested for the study. It was found ...


Effect Of Leadership Style On Work Climate And Program Completion In Domiciliary Addiction Programs, Patricia L. Johnson Dec 1994

Effect Of Leadership Style On Work Climate And Program Completion In Domiciliary Addiction Programs, Patricia L. Johnson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Addiction leads to homelessness, AIDS, other health problems, crimes, financial burdens, family conflict and many social and psychological problems. Relapse rates remain very high in addiction programs and employees are frustrated by the poor response of clients to treatment and to the bureaucratic style of management often found in hospitals and clinics. Relapse rates are due to stress factors, respondent conditioning processes, and lack of focus on techniques of relapse prevention. One approach to overcoming the morale problem could be a more participatory style of management to improve the work climate. This study was completed in response to the lack ...


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 1, Charles L. Blockson, Roland C. Barksdale-Hall, Jerrilyn Mcgregory, Terry G. Jordan Oct 1994

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 44, No. 1, Charles L. Blockson, Roland C. Barksdale-Hall, Jerrilyn Mcgregory, Terry G. Jordan

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• "A Missing Link": The History of African Americans in Pennsylvania
• The Twin City Elks Lodge: A Unifying Force in Farrell's African American Community
• The Greening of Philadelphia
• The "Saddlebag" House Type and Pennsylvania Extended


Education And Falling Wages, Lester C. Thurow Jun 1994

Education And Falling Wages, Lester C. Thurow

New England Journal of Public Policy

Start with a statistic that should be burned into the brain of every American. If one looks at young males eighteen to twenty-five years of age who work full-time for a full year — eight hours a day, five days a week, fifty-two weeks a year — 18 percent of them could not earn a poverty-line income ($12,183 in 1990 dollars) in 1980. Ten years later, in 1990, that number had risen to 40 percent. Among young female workers eighteen to twenty-four years of age, the percentage unable to earn a poverty-line income despite full-time, full-year work rises from 29 to ...


Inclusion: Educating Students With And Without Disabilities, Bill Henderson Jun 1994

Inclusion: Educating Students With And Without Disabilities, Bill Henderson

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article presents an overview of inclusion, a practice that is being utilized increasingly in schools across the country. In inclusive schools, students who have disabilities learn together with their nondisabled peers. Teachers and support staff collaborate to serve all students in integrated classes. After reviewing the social and legal background of inclusion, Henderson describes specific strategies for designing and implementing successful programs. He outlines organizational change, curriculum and instruction modification, and school culture transformation.


A Correlational Study Of Hardiness, Health, And Burnout Among Teachers In The Sullivan County School System, Deborah F. Morelock May 1994

A Correlational Study Of Hardiness, Health, And Burnout Among Teachers In The Sullivan County School System, Deborah F. Morelock

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among hardiness, health and burnout and to investigate the relationships of the subscales of hardiness to health and to the subscales of burnout among teachers in the Sullivan County School System. The Hardiness Test was used to measure hardiness and the Maslach Burnout Inventory Form Ed to measure burnout. Results of the Health Evaluation and Risk Test was reported on the Educators Demographic Data Survey. The study sample consisted of 501 teachers. A statistically significant relationship was revealed between hardiness and health; among the hardiness subscales, commitment accounted for the ...


The Creation Of Education By Hispanic Women, Heidi Howarth Jan 1994

The Creation Of Education By Hispanic Women, Heidi Howarth

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

This paper examines the experience of Hispanic females in the public school in relation to how alternative learning, which takes place outside of classroom activities and discussions, generates a distinct method by which to gain an education. Four major frameworks utilized in discussing minority participation in education are presented and a focus on gender differences in education is submitted. This is followed by information obtained through an in-depth interview process. Analysis of the information shows the failure to account for differentiation between male and female Hispanics presents an assimilationist posturing of research. By placing race/ethnicity, class, and gender on ...


Annual Report 1991, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Jan 1994

Annual Report 1991, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Annual Reports

The review presented in this Report is for 1991 and summarizes the ongoing research, public service, and educational benefits of the Institute's programs.

Contents:

Table of Contents.....p. 1
Introduction.....p. 2
Division Synopsis.....p. 4
Research.....p. 6
Office of the State Archaeologist.....p. 12
Savannah River Archaeological Research Program.....p. 16
Underwater Archaeology.....p. 18
Archaeological Research Trust.....p. 22
Archaeological Society of South Carolina.....p. 24
Staff.....p. 26
Appendix A - Publications.....p. 28
Appendix B - Editorships.....p. 32
Appendix C - Papers Presented.....p. 33
Appendix D - Courses Taught.....p. 36
Appendix E - Theses and Dissertations ...


1992 Annual Report, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Jan 1994

1992 Annual Report, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

Annual Reports

The review presented in this Report is for 1992 and summarizes the ongoing research, public service, and educational benefits of the Institute's programs.

Contents:

Table of Contents.....p. 1
Introduction.....p. 2
Robert L. Stephenson in Memorium.....p. 4
Division Synopsis.....p. 6
Office of the State Archaeologist.....p. 8
Research Division.....p. 12
Underwater Archaeology Division.....p. 20
Savannah River Archaeological Research Program.....p. 32
Archaeology Week.....p. 34
Archaeological Society of South Carolina.....p. 38
Archaeological Research Trust.....p. 41
Staff.....p. 42
Appendix A - Publications.....p. 44
Appendix B - Editorships.....p. 47
Appendix C - Papers Presented ...


Reuse Potential Industrial Mill Complexes For Springfield, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1994

Reuse Potential Industrial Mill Complexes For Springfield, Massachusetts, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report provided a cross-section of mill buildings in the Springfield, Massachusetts area. These are representative in terms of location, past and present use and surrounding activities. The analysis of the mill buildings provides an inventory of each site, and when taken together, give an overall picture of the existing condition and potential of mill buildings.


Resource Inventory And Preliminary Marketing Strategy For Economic Development, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1994

Resource Inventory And Preliminary Marketing Strategy For Economic Development, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this studio project is to inventory the resources and create a preliminary marketing strategy for the Town of Berre. A community wide survey was to be designed to gain insights on the perspectives and strengths of the community, but it was decided that citizen feeling could be more effectively and practically determined through focus groups.


Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West Jan 1994

Quantitative Economic Evaluations Of Hiv-Related Prevention And Treatment Services: A Review, David R. Holtgrave, Ronald O. Valdiserri, Gary A. West

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Dr. Holtgrave and colleagues at the CDC set forth an extensive taxonomy of HIV prevention and treatment services and review reports of efforts to subject some of those services to formal economic evaluation. They find few services thus far to have been so evaluated, no evaluation to have focused solely upon behavioral outcomes and most economic evaluations to lack formal quantitative analyses.


Perspectives On The Integration Of Wilderness Research, Education And Management, Christopher Monz, C. Henderson, R. A. Brame Jan 1994

Perspectives On The Integration Of Wilderness Research, Education And Management, Christopher Monz, C. Henderson, R. A. Brame

Christopher Monz

No abstract provided.


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen Jan 1994

Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In recent years there has been a growing interest in the faith and spirituality of the college student. James Fowler introduced his theory of faith development in 1978 claiming that every person has a faith which develops in ways similar to other forms of human development. Does James Fowler's theory provide significant information for a further understanding of the spiritual development of the college student? Does higher education need to be concerned with the faith development of its students?;This dissertation is made up of four articles dealing with each question. The study begins with an article presenting the ...


Barriers To Work Place Advancement Experienced By Women In Low-Paying Occupations, Sharon L. Harlan, Catherine White Berheide Jan 1994

Barriers To Work Place Advancement Experienced By Women In Low-Paying Occupations, Sharon L. Harlan, Catherine White Berheide

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.


A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock Jan 1994

A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted at Northwest Iowa Community College (NCC), located in Sheldon, Iowa. Northwest Iowa Community College serves a 4 1/2 county rural area. In December of 1992 NCC placed a seven million dollar bond issue before the voters. This referendum which needed a 60% plus one voter approval received a 36.41% approval. Campaign strategies for the 1992 referendum included a targeting of possible affirmative voters. This research identified six subgroups of constituents--five subgroups affiliated with the college (college advisory committee members, credit students and alumni, employees, continuing education participants and senior citizens who had taken classes ...


Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call): The Effect Of Esl Students' Use Of Interactional Modifications On Listening Comprehension , Jing-Fong Jane Hsu Jan 1994

Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call): The Effect Of Esl Students' Use Of Interactional Modifications On Listening Comprehension , Jing-Fong Jane Hsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Theory and research on second language acquisition (SLA) indicates that modification in the interactions between second language (L2) students and native speakers may have a positive influence on their acquisition of language (Long, 1983; Allright, 1991; Larsen-Freeman & Long, 1991). However, there is not enough opportunity for interactional modifications in the L2 classroom because there is only one native speaker for many students, making it impossible for teachers to engage in numerous interactional modifications with individual students.;CALL developers claim that CALL offers an environment in which an L2 student can participate in interactive learning (Ahmad, 1985; Kenning, 1990). In particular some computer software provides comprehension tools which allow L2 students to request modification of the input they receive in order to aid their comprehension. In theory, such tools are ideal for SLA; however, in practice, little is known about ...