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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

There Is A Secret Heart, Dru Farro Apr 2019

There Is A Secret Heart, Dru Farro

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

late 14c., originally in grammar (in reference to certain nouns that do not name concrete things), from Latin abstractus "drawn away," past participle of abstrahere "to drag away, detach, pull away, divert;" also figuratively, from assimilated form of ab "off, away from" (see ab-) + trahere "to draw," from PIE root *tragh- "to draw, drag, move."

“To drag away” I find particularly evocative.

“The candidate must ensure that the abstract refers to all the elements that would make the thesis worth consulting.”

I find this, of course, to be a paralyzing requirement. This thesis is not worth “consulting,” I don’t ...


Adolescents With Fasd: Education-Based Strategies For Social Skills Development, Samantha Louise Wiendels Feb 2019

Adolescents With Fasd: Education-Based Strategies For Social Skills Development, Samantha Louise Wiendels

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a permanent neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by physical, mental, and learning disabilities. Despite variability, individuals with FASD consistently struggle with acquiring appropriate social skills. Limited research has explored educational strategies that facilitate or hinder the development of social skills acquisition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether secondary schools have or plan to implement social skills training programs, and whether or not they are effectively targeting areas of vulnerability. In addition, the study hoped to produce recommendations for forming a successful social skills program. Nine semi-structured interviews were conducted with caregivers and service ...


Preparing Police Leaders Of The Future: An Educational Needs Assessment, Laura Huey, Hina Kalyal, Hillary Peladeau Jan 2019

Preparing Police Leaders Of The Future: An Educational Needs Assessment, Laura Huey, Hina Kalyal, Hillary Peladeau

Sociology Publications

Given that there is very little research available – in Canada or elsewhere – on police leadership education and training, and police are being challenged to work in increasingly complex decision and task environments, an empirical analysis in this area is both timely and of significance utility for shaping both public policy and police practice. This study answers the following research questions:

RQ1. What forms of police leader education and training currently exist for Canadian police leaders?

RQ2. Are these courses and/or programs suitable for the needs of police leaders given the demands they face?

To answer these questions, we conducted ...


Essays On Crime, Education, And Employment, Maria Antonella Mancino Sep 2018

Essays On Crime, Education, And Employment, Maria Antonella Mancino

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis consists of three chapters that are motivated by policy-relevance and contribute to the study of crime choices among young individuals.

Chapter 2 studies the determinants of youth crime using a dynamic discrete choice model of crime and education. We allow past education and criminal activities to affect current crime and educational decisions. We take advantage of a rich panel dataset on serious juvenile offenders, the Pathways to Desistance. Using a series of psychometric tests, we estimate a model of cognitive and social/emotional skills which feed into the crime and education model. This allows us to separately identify ...


Measuring Mental Health Literacy In Education, Amy K. Hatcher Apr 2018

Measuring Mental Health Literacy In Education, Amy K. Hatcher

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As part of a larger project to evaluate the efficacy of a program designed to increase the mental health literacy (MHL) of pre-service teachers, we developed the MHL Questionnaire for Education (MHLQ). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the scale, ensure that it represents the evolving definition of MHL, and demonstrate that the MHLQ is appropriate for pre-service teachers. Factor analysis was used to identify the underlying themes in the scale that yielded four subscales; Teaching and Leading in a Mentally Healthy Classroom, 26 items (α = .941), Expectancies, 6 items (α = .959); Professional Relational ...


A Foucauldian Genealogical Analysis Of Healthy Eating Education Materials In Ontario 1942-2015, Janet N. Loughheed Feb 2018

A Foucauldian Genealogical Analysis Of Healthy Eating Education Materials In Ontario 1942-2015, Janet N. Loughheed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study examines the introduction of the Official Food Rules in 1942 and the formation of subsequent dietary self-analysis practices in Ontario curriculum and textbooks. Examination of the influences of nutrition science, Ontario education policy and politics, and Canadian health policies are combined with Foucauldian critical discourse analysis of selected classroom materials. The Grade 4 dietary self-analysis, based on the various forms of the food guide, from 1946, 1974 and 2011 are analysed and compared. Themes of truth, power and identity within this regime of truth are examined. The ordering of food in the Food Rules was a discursive event ...


The Rural Effect On School Closures And The Limitations Within The Provincial Policy Framework, Shannon Geraghty Jul 2017

The Rural Effect On School Closures And The Limitations Within The Provincial Policy Framework, Shannon Geraghty

MPA Major Research Papers

As costs rise, the Ministry of Education and school boards have cut costs by closing schools. The social fabric and economic growth of rural areas are negatively affected by school closures. On the basis of an examination of recent school closure processes in the Upper Canada District School Board in eastern Ontario, this paper recommends explicit incorporation of economic impacts in closure studies, reform to the distribution of provincial education funding, and greater public engagement.


Parental Support For Newcomer Children’S Education In A Smaller Centre, Xuemei Li, Antoinette Doyle, Maureen Lymburner, Needal Yasin Ghadi Dec 2016

Parental Support For Newcomer Children’S Education In A Smaller Centre, Xuemei Li, Antoinette Doyle, Maureen Lymburner, Needal Yasin Ghadi

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This study explored the issues around parental support for newcomer children’s transition to school in a smaller urban centre in Atlantic Canada where newcomer support is relatively limited. Data were drawn from semi-structured interviews with 11 newcomer parents, five children, and one settlement worker. The findings revealed newcomer parents’ difficulties in understanding the school system, limited engagement with the school community, isolation from other parents, and barriers to understanding and connecting with other parents. Among these newcomers, refugee parents are particularly challenged. We conclude that newcomer children’s parental involvement need to be viewed multi-dimensionally, and that the creation ...


Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman Dec 2016

Staying Current In Your Field Of Interest: Tips For Aspiring Students As Researchers, Dor D. Abelman

Health Studies Publications

Undergraduate students are becoming increasingly involved in research. They already posses the skills required to make meaningful contributions to their field of interest. Some important components of their success relates to a student's ability to stay up to date in the research of their field, and to learn practical skills pertaining to the publishing process. This article hopes to help with this through presenting easy-to-follow summary tables and short paragraphs on tips for success. Topics include staying up to date in a practical way, getting involved, reaching out for help, and publication. For students, by students, this report is ...


Transnational Engagement And Immigrants’ Well-Being In Canada, Jonathan Anim Amoyaw Nov 2016

Transnational Engagement And Immigrants’ Well-Being In Canada, Jonathan Anim Amoyaw

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

After migration, most immigrants do not dissociate themselves from their relational networks in their homeland. Instead, they nourish, reproduce, and maintain ties with their non-migrant relatives and friends by engaging in various forms of transnational activities. Within the transnational paradigm, remittances are central to maintaining transnational relationships. Immigrants’ demonstration of affection and solidarity in the absence of physical propinquity and intimacy is highly contingent on their remittance transfers. Over the years, the motives, determinants, benefits, and consequences of these financial flows on the well-being of recipients in origin communities have been extensively studied. However, the existing literature is mainly informed ...


Physical Culture As Citizenship Education At Pelican Lake Indian Residential School, 1926-1970, Braden Paora Te Hiwi Oct 2015

Physical Culture As Citizenship Education At Pelican Lake Indian Residential School, 1926-1970, Braden Paora Te Hiwi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Pelican Lake Indian residential school, also known as Sioux Lookout Indian residential school, was an Anglican run institution that was a part of the Canadian residential school system; the school operated from 1926 to 1970. It is well established in the literature that the Department of Indian Affairs intended to evangelize, assimilate, and civilize its students, but the function of citizenship in the residential schools is less well known. The focus of this study was to examine physical culture activities, specifically sport, exercise, and recreation as a form of training for citizenship. In particular, I centered this research on the ...


Keeping Crm Archaeology Relevant: Presenting An Archaeology Of Children And Childhood In The Past, Katelyn E. Mather Jul 2015

Keeping Crm Archaeology Relevant: Presenting An Archaeology Of Children And Childhood In The Past, Katelyn E. Mather

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

The industry of cultural resource management (CRM) has been criticized for its failure to communicate research results publicly, and to make contributions on a local and global scale. In this paper, I suggest that school-based archaeology programs – either through mock archaeological digs, participation in actual excavations, or the use of specific material culture types to tell stories about the past – provide a means to make CRM archaeology relevant to a wider audience. I also propose that an effective teaching tool about local archaeology would be to create a program on the archaeology of children and childhood. This would be an ...


Teaching Restless Bodies: Teachers’ Negotiations Of Adhd In Sarnia, Ontario, Patrick Galler Apr 2015

Teaching Restless Bodies: Teachers’ Negotiations Of Adhd In Sarnia, Ontario, Patrick Galler

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has come to be a way of being a person. In practical activities, concepts from various scientific paradigms come to be embodied. The categorical, yet historically transient, 'reality' of ADHD emerges from people's use of the classification to organize experiences of the behaviours, emotions and drugs associated with the category. This thesis explores how a group of teachers and principals from Sarnia, Ontario make sense of their role in the medicalization of childhood behaviours in relation to the classification ADHD. Previous studies have examined the perspectives of patients, parents, and physicians regarding ADHD, but despite ...


2015-1 Separating State Dependence, Experience, And Heterogeneity In A Model Of Youth Crime And Education, Maria Antonella Mancino, Salvador Navarro, David A. Rivers Jan 2015

2015-1 Separating State Dependence, Experience, And Heterogeneity In A Model Of Youth Crime And Education, Maria Antonella Mancino, Salvador Navarro, David A. Rivers

Centre for Human Capital and Productivity. CHCP Working Papers

No abstract provided.


A Collaborative Approach To Improving Information Ethics Education, Alissa Centivany, Michael Zimmer, Melissa Chalmers, Rebecca Frank Jan 2015

A Collaborative Approach To Improving Information Ethics Education, Alissa Centivany, Michael Zimmer, Melissa Chalmers, Rebecca Frank

FIMS Publications

Abstract Information professionals manage, organize, preserve, create, design, implement, and control the information systems, services, goods, and devices that are both ubiquitous in and essential to our daily existence. But where there is great power, there is also great responsibility. Recent events suggest that information professionals may benefit from enhanced education and training to prepare them to respond to the ethical challenges they will encounter in their work in socially responsible ways. Improving information ethics education is one step toward beginning to build a strong foundation in this space moving forward. Participants in this workshop will explore and identify key ...


Post-Secondary Promises: What Do Ontario Municipalities Expect To Realize From University Satellite Campuses?, Brittney Yeats Aug 2014

Post-Secondary Promises: What Do Ontario Municipalities Expect To Realize From University Satellite Campuses?, Brittney Yeats

MPA Major Research Papers

This paper examines the local impact of university satellite campuses by focusing on the factors that motivate municipalities to pursue a satellite campus and the benefits they intend to realize with these developments. It uses four case studies – Laurier Brantford, Lakehead Orillia, McMaster Burlington, and University of Waterloo Stratford – as well as a diverse range of literature to gain further insight on the motivations and expected benefits that municipalities seek to accomplish. The findings reveal that municipalities pursue university satellite campuses as a form of development policy, with the expected benefits far exceeding the perceived costs to the community. Furthermore ...


Technology Based Mental Health Support Strategies For Youth, Kathleen S. Larion Mar 2014

Technology Based Mental Health Support Strategies For Youth, Kathleen S. Larion

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to investigate youth mental health concerns and technology based support strategies from the perspective of local youth. Semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with a group of youth who attend area high schools and postsecondary institutions. The youth were asked two main questions: 1) What mental health problems do you think youth are experiencing? 2) What are some support strategies that youth can use, particularly in the school system, that are technology based? During the second focus group interview the youth were given a list of their responses and asked to organize them into ...


Selected Cases On The Continuum Of First Nations Learning, Julie Peters Dec 2013

Selected Cases On The Continuum Of First Nations Learning, Julie Peters

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Each of the articles in this dissertation addresses a policy or theoretical issue at a different point on the learning continuum. Chapter 2, First Nations Early Learning and Child Care in Canada, examines federal policy specific to First Nations early learning and child care (ELCC). This article contributes to our understanding of ELCC by examining the historical role and relationship of the federal government in the financing and delivery of ELCC, outlining the current state of federal early learning policy related to First Nations, and presenting national data on First Nations ELCC to assess how it can inform policy and ...


Why Do Women Earn Less Than Men, Carole Vincent Sep 2013

Why Do Women Earn Less Than Men, Carole Vincent

CRDCN Research Highlight/RCCDR en évidence

Two of the most important socioeconomic changes over the last few decades are the massive influx of women into the workforce and the remarkable progress that they have made in educational attainment. In spite of these developments, women still earn less than men. Why is it the case?
Is it because women are overrepresented in professions that are at the lower end of the pay scale? Because they place a greater value on non-pecuniary aspects of a job? Because they have greater family responsibilities? Or yet again, because of gender stereotypes in the workplace?
The evidence resulting from an important ...


Access Copyright & Technology: Legal And Policy Issues In Education, Lisa Di Valentino Mar 2013

Access Copyright & Technology: Legal And Policy Issues In Education, Lisa Di Valentino

FIMS Presentations

Access Copyright is a collective organization representing the
copyright interests of publishers and creators. The collective offers
copyright licences that allow certain limited uses of works in the
collective's repertoire. The use of collective licences as part of
copyright management policy was common in post-secondary education
administration until 2010, when many universities opted out of a
contractual relationship with Access Copyright.

The growing movement towards online open access publishing and
Creative Commons public licensing has made information more widely
available without requiring payment and with fewer restrictions on
use. The addition of education to the list of fair dealing ...


2013-4 A Major In Science? Initial Beliefs And Final Outcomes For College Major And Dropout, Ralph Stinebrickner, Todd R. Stinebrickner Jan 2013

2013-4 A Major In Science? Initial Beliefs And Final Outcomes For College Major And Dropout, Ralph Stinebrickner, Todd R. Stinebrickner

Centre for Human Capital and Productivity. CHCP Working Papers

No abstract provided.


Gender, Culture And Intervention: Exploring Differences Between Aboriginal And Non-Aboriginal Children’S Responses To An Early Intervention Programme, Gary W. Robinson, William B. Tyler, Sven R. Silburn, Stephen R. Zubrick Jan 2012

Gender, Culture And Intervention: Exploring Differences Between Aboriginal And Non-Aboriginal Children’S Responses To An Early Intervention Programme, Gary W. Robinson, William B. Tyler, Sven R. Silburn, Stephen R. Zubrick

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

Evaluation of a group parenting programme in the Northern Territory of Australia showed significant differences in benefits for Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal boys and girls. The analysis considers whether boys and girls from different cultural backgrounds present with different problems; whether parental expectations for boys and girls differ and whether the intervention activates different responses in different settings. Conclusions suggest that there is a need to closely examine the ‘cultural logic’ of interventions, the appropriateness of their assumptions about child development and hypothesised mechanisms of change in different settings.


Native Education: In The Best Interest Of The Children, Adrienne Lamb Jun 2011

Native Education: In The Best Interest Of The Children, Adrienne Lamb

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

No abstract provided.


2011-01 Math Or Science? Using Longitudinal Expectations Data To Examine The Process Of Choosing A College Major, Todd R. Stinebrickner, Ralph Stinebrickner Jan 2011

2011-01 Math Or Science? Using Longitudinal Expectations Data To Examine The Process Of Choosing A College Major, Todd R. Stinebrickner, Ralph Stinebrickner

Centre for Human Capital and Productivity. CHCP Working Papers

No abstract provided.


A Graduate Degree In Library Or Information Science Is Required, But Not Sufficient, To Enter The Profession, Nazi Torabi Jan 2011

A Graduate Degree In Library Or Information Science Is Required, But Not Sufficient, To Enter The Profession, Nazi Torabi

Western Libraries Publications

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Jerry White, Julie Peters, Peter Dinsdale, Dan Beavon Jan 2010

Introduction, Jerry White, Julie Peters, Peter Dinsdale, Dan Beavon

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

No abstract provided.


Reflections Of Indian Teacher Education Program Graduates: Considerations For Educational Policy And Research, Randolph Wimmer, Louise Legare, Yvette Arcand, Michael Cottrell Jan 2010

Reflections Of Indian Teacher Education Program Graduates: Considerations For Educational Policy And Research, Randolph Wimmer, Louise Legare, Yvette Arcand, Michael Cottrell

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

No abstract provided.


Forging Partners, Opening Doors: Community School Case Studies From Manitoba And Saskatchewan, Susan Phillips Jan 2010

Forging Partners, Opening Doors: Community School Case Studies From Manitoba And Saskatchewan, Susan Phillips

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

No abstract provided.


First Nations Schoolnet And The Migration Of Broadband And Community-Based Ict Applications, Tim Whiteduck Jan 2010

First Nations Schoolnet And The Migration Of Broadband And Community-Based Ict Applications, Tim Whiteduck

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

No abstract provided.


Library School Curricula In The Us Should Address Liaison Responsibilities For Students Interested In Academic Librarianship, Nazi Torabi Jan 2010

Library School Curricula In The Us Should Address Liaison Responsibilities For Students Interested In Academic Librarianship, Nazi Torabi

Western Libraries Publications

No abstract provided.