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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Computational Thinking (Ct): On Weaving It In, Paul Curzon, Joan Peckham, Harriet G. Taylor, Amber Settle, Eric Roberts Jul 2009

Computational Thinking (Ct): On Weaving It In, Paul Curzon, Joan Peckham, Harriet G. Taylor, Amber Settle, Eric Roberts

Amber Settle

Computing offers essential problem-solving tools needed for contemporary challenges. The role of computing in education, and appropriate pathways for modern students, are of concern [10]. Educators recognize the importance of improving information technology (IT) skills and fluency, and studies have developed guidelines [7][8], but the analytical concepts and tools of computing have benefits beyond IT fluency. CT [12] continues earlier discussions on the nature of computing, [3][9]. This has helped the computing community to strengthen definition of the problem solving skills that computing brings to society, through education, outreach, and research. Recently, CT has served as a basis ...


Family Types And The Persistence Of Regional Disparities In Europe, Gilles Duranton, Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, Richard Sandall Jan 2009

Family Types And The Persistence Of Regional Disparities In Europe, Gilles Duranton, Andrés Rodríguez-Pose, Richard Sandall

Real Estate Papers

This article examines the association between one of the most basic institutional forms, the family, and a series of demographic, educational, social, and economic indicators across regions in Europe. Using Emmanuel Todd's classification of medieval European family systems, we identify potential links between family types and regional disparities in household size, educational attainment, social capital, labor participation, sectoral structure, wealth, and inequality. The results indicate that medieval family structures seem to have influenced European regional disparities in virtually every indicator that we considered. That these links remain, despite the influence of the modern state and population migration, suggests that ...


The Role Of Higher Education And Industry In Supporting Career Goals And Decision-Making, Yolanda Jordaan Jan 2009

The Role Of Higher Education And Industry In Supporting Career Goals And Decision-Making, Yolanda Jordaan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Both higher education institutions and employers need to evaluate the factors that influence students' career goals and career-related decisions because of their importance to and impact on career management and decision making. The objective of this study is to identify the importance of career goals and factors influencing students' career decision making in South Africa. A non-probability sample was selected, with 488 completed responses. The findings indicate that there are significant differences between gender and ethnic groups in terms of the importance of career goals and career influencing factors. The results suggest that high-quality education is needed in conjunction with ...


The Role Of Education In Economic Growth, Arusha V. Cooray Jan 2009

The Role Of Education In Economic Growth, Arusha V. Cooray

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study examines the effect of the quantity and quality of education on economic growth. Using a number of proxy variables for the quantity and quality of education in a cross section of low and medium income countries, this study finds that education quantity when measured by enrolment ratios, unambiguously influences economic growth. The effect of government expenditure on economic growth is largely indirect through its impact on improved education quality.


Does Democracy Explain Gender Differentials In Education?, Arusha V. Cooray Jan 2009

Does Democracy Explain Gender Differentials In Education?, Arusha V. Cooray

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study shows that despite a strong empirical association between gender differentials in enrolment ratios and democracy, that democracy alone does not explain gender differentials in education in Africa and Asia. The results indicate that income, employment in agriculture, religious heterogeneity and colonialism also help explain the under-representation of girls in education in these regions. Countries in which the duration of suffrage has been longer tend to perform better on average in terms of gender equality in education.


A Marketing Perspective On Choice Factors Considered By South African First-Year Students In Selecting A Higher Education Institution, Melanie Wiese, C H Van Heerden, Yolanda Jordaan, E North Jan 2009

A Marketing Perspective On Choice Factors Considered By South African First-Year Students In Selecting A Higher Education Institution, Melanie Wiese, C H Van Heerden, Yolanda Jordaan, E North

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The unstable and turbulent environment in which higher education institutions all over the world currently have to operate poses many management and marketing challenges to such institutions. As non-profit organisations, the ability of higher education institutions to survive and grow would be enhanced by up-to-date knowledge and information regarding the higher education environment, and more specifically by having marketing and communication strategies that might influence students making decisions on which university to enrol at. The main goal of this study was to investigate the relevant importance of the choice factors that prospective students considered, as well as the sources of ...


Encouraging And Evaluating The First Year Experience, Kevin Griffin Jan 2009

Encouraging And Evaluating The First Year Experience, Kevin Griffin

Other resources

No abstract provided.


Homeland Security: Fostering Public-Private Partnerships, George H. Baker, Cheryl J. Elliott Dec 2008

Homeland Security: Fostering Public-Private Partnerships, George H. Baker, Cheryl J. Elliott

George H Baker

Recent U.S. high consequence events have clarified the importance of government collaboration with industry. The benefit of such collaboration was one of the most important lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina. The resources owned and controlled by American industry dwarf those available to local, state and even the federal government departments. Better agreements and incentives to bring the full capabilities of industry squarely into the national response agenda will be indispensable in effectively responding to large-scale catastrophes. At our 2007 Symposium, General Russel Honoré, who led the National Guard response to Katrina stated, “We need the partnering between local, state ...