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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Education

Business

1980

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Education And Income Distribution In Developing Countries: A Review Of The Literature, Gary S. Fields Jul 1980

Education And Income Distribution In Developing Countries: A Review Of The Literature, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper is a survey of the available literature on education and income distribution in developing countries. Education may affect the distribution of income in a variety of ways: by raising the level of income; by changing, for better or worse, the dispersion of income; by opening up new opportunities for the children of the poor and thereby serving as a vehicle for social mobility and/or, by limiting participation to the children of the well-to-do, transmitting intergenerational inequality; by offering greater access to favored segments of the population (boys, city-dwellers, certain racial groups); by rewarding differently the education ...


Assessing Progress Toward Greater Equality Of Income Distribution, Gary S. Fields Jan 1980

Assessing Progress Toward Greater Equality Of Income Distribution, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Income distribution is only one indicator of economic well-being useful in gauging improvements in the economic position of the poor; change in income distribution, appropriately conceived and measured, is as good a criterion as any for assessing progress toward the alleviation of poverty. Income is intimately bound up with a family's command over economic resources. Rising modern-sector employment or reduced infant mortality might be suggestive of improvements in the economic position of the poor; gains in real income among low-income groups provide direct evidence that poverty is being alleviated.

This chapter answers the following questions:

What are the ...