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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 25400

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

College As Capability Enhancement, Cristina Lee Dec 2017

College As Capability Enhancement, Cristina Lee

CMC Senior Theses

In this thesis I wanted to apply the Sen’s framework in Development as Freedom to college campuses. In my experience at Claremont McKenna College, I have seen how some students are able to take advantage of the resources better than others. Given that we were all accepted by the same admissions office, I always questioned why did some students know how to take advantage of the system. In order to explore this, I first discuss Sen’s capability approach. Then, I show how the capability approach is more comprehensive than social networking theory and William Deresiewicz’s account on ...


Caffeine Withdrawal And Dependence: A Review, Alexander Roberts Dec 2017

Caffeine Withdrawal And Dependence: A Review, Alexander Roberts

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

With the prevalence of caffeine use increasing in modern lifestyles, it is important to look at the symptoms of caffeine use, including withdrawal and dependence, and whether these symptoms have implications for addiction. A limited number of assessments have been developed to assess caffeine withdrawal. In order to make a call for more assessments and programs to be developed to assist with healthy caffeine use, this literature review observed recent studies focusing on withdrawal and dependence. Ozsunger et al. (2009) classified caffeine withdrawal into three categories of symptoms. Three years later, Juliano et al. (2012) used an experimental approach to ...


Eyewitness Identification Performance On Showups Improves With An Additional-Opportunities Instruction: Evidence For Present–Absent Criteria Discrepancy, Andrew M. Smith, Gary L. Wells, R. C. L. Lindsay, Tiffany Myerson Dec 2017

Eyewitness Identification Performance On Showups Improves With An Additional-Opportunities Instruction: Evidence For Present–Absent Criteria Discrepancy, Andrew M. Smith, Gary L. Wells, R. C. L. Lindsay, Tiffany Myerson

Psychology Publications

We tested the proposition that when eyewitnesses find it difficult to recognize a suspect (as in a culprit-absent showup), eyewitnesses accept a weaker match to memory for making an identification. We tie this proposition to the basic recognition memory literature, which shows people use lower decision criteria when recognition is made difficult so as to not miss their chance of getting a hit on the target. We randomly assigned participant–witnesses (N = 610) to a condition in which they were told that if they did not believe the suspect was the culprit, they would have additional opportunities to make an ...


Digitalcommons@Lesley Quarterly Report & Impact Infographic - December 2017, Philip M. Siblo-Landsman Dec 2017

Digitalcommons@Lesley Quarterly Report & Impact Infographic - December 2017, Philip M. Siblo-Landsman

Library Reports

Lesley University's institutional repository (IR) continues to grow since it's launch in May 2017. This report discusses the addition of new collections including the migration of an academic journal, and the addition of two conferences. It also discusses the outreach efforts of the digital team and comments on the download metrics and how they indicate the demographics of users accessing Lesley scholarly and creative works. An infographic is included to provide a visual report of these metrics and to highlight the impact of Lesley scholarship.


Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2017, Cedarville University Dec 2017

Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2017, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Repository Additions, December 2017, Cedarville University Dec 2017

Repository Additions, December 2017, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Centennial Library E-News, November/December 2017, Cedarville University Dec 2017

Centennial Library E-News, November/December 2017, Cedarville University

Centennial Library E-News

Articles in this issue: Staff retirements announced, Second year of undergraduate research journal launched with the fall issue, 12th Annual Library Careers Dinner held, Library sponsors successful fall photo contest, Recognizing Faculty Scholarship, Highlighting Alumni Publishing


What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler Dec 2017

What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Major legislative actions during the early part of the 115th Congress have undermined the central argument for regulatory reform measures such as the REINS Act, a bill that would require congressional approval of all new major regulations. Proponents of the REINS Act argue that it would make the federal regulatory system more democratic by shifting responsibility for regulatory decisions away from unelected bureaucrats and toward the people’s representatives in Congress. But separate legislative actions in the opening of the 115th Congress only call this argument into question. Congress’s most significant initiatives during this period — its derailed attempts to ...


Household Activities And Areas: A Reanalysis Of The John And Priscilla Alden First Home Site, Caroline Gardiner Dec 2017

Household Activities And Areas: A Reanalysis Of The John And Priscilla Alden First Home Site, Caroline Gardiner

Graduate Masters Theses

This thesis seeks to further understanding of early colonial life within New England through an examination of the John and Priscilla Alden First Home site in Duxbury, MA, excavated in 1960 by Roland Robbins. It specifically focuses on the composition and spatial distribution of the ceramic assemblage to discuss household activities and the spaces in which they were performed. The findings of the ceramic analysis detail a collection composed primarily of utilitarian vessels that indicate multiple subsistence farming activities including dairying. The spatial study reveals the significant patterning of these artifacts. It is proposed that these denote specific activity areas ...


Examining Attentional Control And Processing Speed Deficits As Underlying Mechanisms Of Neuropsychological Impairment In Schizophrenia, Mayte Forte Dec 2017

Examining Attentional Control And Processing Speed Deficits As Underlying Mechanisms Of Neuropsychological Impairment In Schizophrenia, Mayte Forte

Graduate Masters Theses

Neuropsychological impairment is a key characteristic of schizophrenia (SZ), but its cognitive profile and underlying information processing mechanisms are not yet well understood. We compare patterns of neuropsychological functioning in 85 persons with SZ and 76 healthy controls across measures of intelligence, memory, and executive function. We then test the hypothesis that neuropsychological impairment in SZ is related to dual deficits in two related but distinct information processes: processing speed and attentional control. All research participants completed Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III), Wechsler Memory Scale Third Edition (WMS-III), and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), all of which provided measures ...


Whether Or Not 'It Gets Better'…Coping With Parental Heterosexist Rejection, Cara Herbitter Dec 2017

Whether Or Not 'It Gets Better'…Coping With Parental Heterosexist Rejection, Cara Herbitter

Graduate Masters Theses

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people face the burden of additional stressors as a result of their experiences of stigma and discrimination regarding their sexual minority status. Parental rejection of LGB people in the context of heterosexism serves as a powerful minority stressor associated with poorer mental health (e.g., Bouris et al., 2010; Ryan, Huebner, Diaz, & Sanchez, 2009). Few contemporary theories exist to describe the experience of parental rejection. In addition, the extant empirical research has focused primarily on youth experiences among White and urban LGB samples, signaling the need for research across the lifespan investigating more diverse samples. Moreover, prior published studies have not focused directly on how LGB people cope with parental rejection, but rather on the negative consequences associated with the rejection more generally. For the current study, I conducted semi-structured interviews with 15 LGB and queer (LGBQ) people about their experiences coping with parental rejection using retrospective recall questions. I sought to maximize diversity in the realms of experiences of parental rejection, race, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation, gender, age, and U.S. regions. I analyzed the data using an adaptation of grounded theory methodology based upon the work of psychologist David Rennie (e.g., Rennie, Phillips, & Quartaro, 1988). The core category that emerged was: Parental rejection was experienced as harmfully corrective and then internalized; reframing the rejection as heterosexism mitigated internalized heterosexism and enabled adaptive acceptance strategies. The findings documented the common experiences shared by participants, which led to an original stage model of coping with heterosexism parental rejection, a central contribution of this study. In addition ...


Observing The Experience Of Racism Through Social Background, Leïla J. Dieye Dec 2017

Observing The Experience Of Racism Through Social Background, Leïla J. Dieye

Graduate Masters Theses

This study explores racism through the eyes of the one that experiences it. If different types of racism have already been established, the initial premise of the study is that some factors make its experience unique, such as one individual’s markers of identity and his history.

Data have been collected from in-depth interviews with ten participants belonging to five ethnic groups (Latino, African American, Asian, African and Middle Eastern). Those participants were asked to reflect on a specific moment when they witnessed racism, and on why it made them think that event in particular was racist. Then, they were ...


Intergenerational Financial Exchange And Cognitive Well-Being Among Older Adults In China, Ping Xu Dec 2017

Intergenerational Financial Exchange And Cognitive Well-Being Among Older Adults In China, Ping Xu

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Although cognitive loss is part of normal aging, it has unfavorable consequences for older individuals, their family, as well as society. The prevalence of mild cognition impairment is expected to go up in China. How to maintain normal cognition for a longer period of time and to delay impair process is an emerging concern for older Chinese adults. Unlike Western countries, China lacks of formal support system. Intergenerational support between older parents and adult children is a predominant resource when they are in need. This study examines how intergenerational financial exchanges between older parents and their adult children is related ...


Phase 1 Project Report. Social Networks And Norms: Sanitation In Bihar And Tamil Nadu, India, Cristina Bicchieri, Sania Ashraf, Upasak Das, Hans-Peter Kohler, Jinyi Kuang, Peter Mcnally, Alexey Shpenev, Erik Thulin Dec 2017

Phase 1 Project Report. Social Networks And Norms: Sanitation In Bihar And Tamil Nadu, India, Cristina Bicchieri, Sania Ashraf, Upasak Das, Hans-Peter Kohler, Jinyi Kuang, Peter Mcnally, Alexey Shpenev, Erik Thulin

Penn Social Norms Group (PennSoNG)

No abstract provided.


Vol. 20 Editor's Note, Rachel Leket-Mor Dec 2017

Vol. 20 Editor's Note, Rachel Leket-Mor

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Zachary Baker, Editor Of Judaica Librarianship (2005–2012), On The Occasion Of His Retirement, Arthur Kiron Dec 2017

Tribute To Zachary Baker, Editor Of Judaica Librarianship (2005–2012), On The Occasion Of His Retirement, Arthur Kiron

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Pearl Berger: The Consummate Librarian, Mentor, Colleague, And Friend, Zachary M. Baker Dec 2017

Pearl Berger: The Consummate Librarian, Mentor, Colleague, And Friend, Zachary M. Baker

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


“And Let Her Works Praise Her In The Gates”: A Tribute To Pearl Berger, Edith Lubetski Dec 2017

“And Let Her Works Praise Her In The Gates”: A Tribute To Pearl Berger, Edith Lubetski

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Barry Dov Walfish, The Cataloger-Bibliographer-Scholar Librarian, Rachel Leket-Mor Dec 2017

Barry Dov Walfish, The Cataloger-Bibliographer-Scholar Librarian, Rachel Leket-Mor

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


A Jewish National Collection For A Jewish National Library: The Abraham Schwadron Collection, Past And Present, Rachel Misrati Dec 2017

A Jewish National Collection For A Jewish National Library: The Abraham Schwadron Collection, Past And Present, Rachel Misrati

Judaica Librarianship

The fascinating story of the creation and development of this unique collection is matched only by the collection's importance as a resource of primary material for research in the social sciences, the humanities, and even the exact sciences. With over five and a half thousand leading Jewish personalities represented in their original handwriting, Abraham Schwadron's autograph collection is more than just the first Jewish Who's Who. The inscribed visiting cards, literary manuscripts, handwritten letters, and even musical scores are all evidence of a Jewish social milieu and cultural enterprise that stretches from the sixteenth century to the ...


Dangerous Liaisons In Cairo: Reginald Q. Henriques And The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Manuscript Collection, Rebecca J. W. Jefferson Dec 2017

Dangerous Liaisons In Cairo: Reginald Q. Henriques And The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Manuscript Collection, Rebecca J. W. Jefferson

Judaica Librarianship

When Solomon Schechter published his opus magnum, the co-edited volume of The Wisdom of Ben Sira, in 1899, he took the trouble to express his gratitude towards one Reginald Q. Henriques for his help in the past and still ongoing. This article attempts to answer the question: who was this Mr. Henriques and what was the nature of his connection to Schechter? Using previously unpublished archival evidence, this question is explored in depth, as well as the question of why Schechter chose to acknowledge this individual precisely at that point. It also provides an in-depth account, together with transcriptions of ...


The Odessa Years: Shoshana Persitz And The Gamliel Library Of Omanut Press (1918–1920), Ann Brener Dec 2017

The Odessa Years: Shoshana Persitz And The Gamliel Library Of Omanut Press (1918–1920), Ann Brener

Judaica Librarianship

Shoshana Zlatopolsky Persitz (1893-1969) was only 24-years old when she founded Omanut Press in Moscow, 1917, during that brief but heady period of Jewish cultural renaissance following the February Revolution. The daughter of one of the wealthiest Jews in Russia, Shoshana originally created Omanut as a means of bringing world literature into the treasury of the Hebrew language, but when her four-year-old son Gamliel died, she introduced a series of picture-books for children named the “Gamliel Library” after her son. Forced to move several times over the course of the next few years, from Moscow to Odessa and from Odessa ...


Moyshe Levin (Ber Sarin) Of Yung-Vilne And His Solo Publishing Venture For Children, Shulamith Berger Dec 2017

Moyshe Levin (Ber Sarin) Of Yung-Vilne And His Solo Publishing Venture For Children, Shulamith Berger

Judaica Librarianship

Moshe [Moyshe] Levin, talented author and artist, was better known by his pseudonym Ber Sarin, the pen name he used when he wrote short Yiddish books in rhyme for children who were just beginning to read. He wrote the lively texts, illustrated them in color and black and white, and self-published many of them in Vilnius (Vilna) Lithuania in the 1930s. The books were popular and successful with teachers and children. He was a graduate of the Vladimir Medem Teachers’ Seminary, a teacher in the TSYSHO school system, and a member of Yung-Vilne .2017 is the 75th anniversary of ...


Hebraica Catalogers And Cataloging Roles In North America: Today And Tomorrow, Heidi G. Lerner Dec 2017

Hebraica Catalogers And Cataloging Roles In North America: Today And Tomorrow, Heidi G. Lerner

Judaica Librarianship

This study looks at current workflows, practices and preparations for the future among North American Hebraica catalogers in academic, government and other special libraries and archives, The survey explores the demographics of the Hebraica cataloging community. Questions were asked about what types of materials this group processes, workplace responsibilities, and metadata practices and trends. The author was very interested to know what steps and types of training Hebraica catalogers are undertaking to learn about new technologies and tools being developed to describe bibliographic and digital resources.


Istanbul’S Jewish Bookstores: Monuments To A Bygone Era, Rifat Bali Dec 2017

Istanbul’S Jewish Bookstores: Monuments To A Bygone Era, Rifat Bali

Judaica Librarianship

In the Turkish cultural sphere there is very limited information available on the history of bookstores, although they are considered among the most important places of Istanbul’s cultural life. One can come across scraps of information either in recollections on Babıâli or in some memoirs devoted to the history of the rare books trade in Turkey. Traditionally the rare books trade and bookstores were mostly in the hands of Armenians, Greeks and Jews in the Ottoman Empire and early Republican years. However there is not much information available on these dealers and store owners. Not holding broader information about ...


“A Library Is Not A Museum”?, Yigal Zalmona Dec 2017

“A Library Is Not A Museum”?, Yigal Zalmona

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Mintz, Sharon Liberman, Shaul Seidler-Feller, David Wachtel, Eds. The Writing On The Wall: A Catalogue Of Judaica Broadsides From The Valmadonna Trust Library. London; New York: Valmadonna Trust Library, 2015. 320 P., $75.00. Isbn: 9780692453032, Barry D. Walfish Dec 2017

Mintz, Sharon Liberman, Shaul Seidler-Feller, David Wachtel, Eds. The Writing On The Wall: A Catalogue Of Judaica Broadsides From The Valmadonna Trust Library. London; New York: Valmadonna Trust Library, 2015. 320 P., $75.00. Isbn: 9780692453032, Barry D. Walfish

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Campbell, Heidi A. (Ed.) Digital Judaism: Jewish Negotiations With Digital Media And Culture. Routledge Studies In Religion And Digital Culture 2. New York And London: Routledge, 2015. Vi, 213 P., $148. Isbn: 9780415736244, Arthur Kiron Dec 2017

Campbell, Heidi A. (Ed.) Digital Judaism: Jewish Negotiations With Digital Media And Culture. Routledge Studies In Religion And Digital Culture 2. New York And London: Routledge, 2015. Vi, 213 P., $148. Isbn: 9780415736244, Arthur Kiron

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Js/Dh: An Introduction To Jewish Studies/ Digital Humanities Resources, Michelle Chesner Dec 2017

Js/Dh: An Introduction To Jewish Studies/ Digital Humanities Resources, Michelle Chesner

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Scatter Of The Literature, June 2016–December 2017, Haim Gottschalk Dec 2017

Scatter Of The Literature, June 2016–December 2017, Haim Gottschalk

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.