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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2013

Sustainability

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Articles 1 - 30 of 156

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Building Sustainable Societies: Exploring Sustainability Policy And Practice In The Age Of High Consumption, Cindy Isenhour Dec 2013

Building Sustainable Societies: Exploring Sustainability Policy And Practice In The Age Of High Consumption, Cindy Isenhour

Cindy Isenhour

This dissertation is an attempt to examine how humans in wealthy, post-industrial urban contexts understand sustainability and respond to their concerns given their sphere of influence. I focus specifically on sustainable consumption policy and practice in Sweden, where concerns for sustainability and consumer-based responses are strong. This case raises interesting questions about the relative strength of sustainability movements in different cultural and geo-political contexts as well as the specific factors that have motivated the movement toward sustainable living in Sweden.

The data presented here supports the need for multigenic theories of sustainable consumerism. Rather than relying on dominant theories of ...


Sustainable Tourism Norm Transfer And The Case Of Monteverde, Costa Rica, Ashley Gora Dec 2013

Sustainable Tourism Norm Transfer And The Case Of Monteverde, Costa Rica, Ashley Gora

Senior Theses

Tourism is of economic importance, but can be very damaging to the natural and human environments at destinations that tourists choose to visit. A solution for this issue is to guide touristic businesses towards more sustainable forms of operation. International organizations may promote sustainable tourism at small destinations via norm transfer, but is this process successful? What motivates it? This thesis examines how norms related to sustainable tourism are transferred from the international level to destination-level businesses in the tourism sector, and whether the transfer process is purely social or influenced by material gains. A case study, carried out in ...


Spatial Hyperdynamism In A Post-Disturbance Simulated Forest, Qian Wang, George Malanson Dec 2013

Spatial Hyperdynamism In A Post-Disturbance Simulated Forest, Qian Wang, George Malanson

George P Malanson

Spatial hyperdynamism in a post-disturbance simulated forest is studied. When the cutting rate is high and if the cutting pattern is scattered or involving a larger area, the two landscape metrics have much greater variance after cutting. After cutting the potential interaction between different species is more dynamic than that before the cutting, which can be detected from the variation of the proximity measure. These dynamics are primarily driven by the appearance and disappearance of single cell patches as colonizers temporarily occupy cells vacated by the deaths of better competitors. Boundary cells are most likely to be dynamic because their ...


Post-Fire Succession In Californian Coastal Sage Scrub: The Role Of Continual Basal Sprouting., George P. Malanson, W. E. Westman Dec 2013

Post-Fire Succession In Californian Coastal Sage Scrub: The Role Of Continual Basal Sprouting., George P. Malanson, W. E. Westman

George P Malanson

Dominant shrub species of coastal sage scrub in coastal southern Cali- fornia are able to produce shoots from their base on a continual basis in the absence of fire or other major defoliation. As a result, each shrub becomes a population of mixed-aged branches (ramets) and extends its duration in the canopy beyond the age of any of its above-ground phytomass, reduces the incidence of senescence, and per- mits an individual (genet) to survive during long fire-free intervals. A computer sim- ulation of succession in coastal sage scrub under differing fire intervals shows that continual basal sprouting may be significant ...


Comment On Modeling Ecological Response To Climatic Change, George Malanson Dec 2013

Comment On Modeling Ecological Response To Climatic Change, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Terrain On Excessive Travel Distance By Snow Avalanches, George P. Malanson Dec 2013

Effects Of Terrain On Excessive Travel Distance By Snow Avalanches, George P. Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Canadian Landform Examples; 27, Beaver Landforms, David Butler, George Malanson Dec 2013

Canadian Landform Examples; 27, Beaver Landforms, David Butler, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Ecological Processes And Spatial Patterns Before, During And After Simulated Deforestation, George Malanson, Qian Wang, John Kupfer Dec 2013

Ecological Processes And Spatial Patterns Before, During And After Simulated Deforestation, George Malanson, Qian Wang, John Kupfer

George P Malanson

Ecological processes and spatial patterns, before, during and after simulated deforestation are examined. A competition-colonization simulation, in which the primary trade offs are represented in a spatially explicit model, is used to explore the consequences of additional aspects of landscape dynamics following deforestation for plant diversity and community structure. Deforestation changes the spatial pattern of the landscape, and species respond differently because of their different dispersal abilities. The basic lessons of competition-colonization models for deforestation stand, but the ensured extinction implied by the extinction debt concept is further ameliorated as more realistic pattern-process relations are theorized.


Geomorphological Limits To Self-Organization Of Alpine Forest-Tundra Ecotone Vegetation, Yu Zeng, George Malanson, David Butler Dec 2013

Geomorphological Limits To Self-Organization Of Alpine Forest-Tundra Ecotone Vegetation, Yu Zeng, George Malanson, David Butler

George P Malanson

Feedback in the establishment of vegetation has been shown to produce spatial patterns that differ from the geomorphological basis for resources. The dynamics of these spatial patterns have been characterized as self-organization because local processes produce them at landscape scales. Geomorphic patterns could, however, enhance or disrupt the processes that lead to patterns and the interpretation of self-organization. A simulation model that showed such indication of self-organization at alpine forest-tundra ecotones is modified to incorporate a geomorphic feature commonly seen in this environment - solifluction steps - as an exogenous condition in the model. Analyses linking spatial patterns and rates of advance ...


Nearest Neighbor Analysis Of Miniature Polygonal Patterned Ground, Eastern Glacier National Park, Montana, David Butler, George Malanson, Thomas Wilbanks Dec 2013

Nearest Neighbor Analysis Of Miniature Polygonal Patterned Ground, Eastern Glacier National Park, Montana, David Butler, George Malanson, Thomas Wilbanks

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Dispersal, Population Delays, And Forest Fragmentation On Tree Migration Rates, George Malanson, David Cairns Dec 2013

Effects Of Dispersal, Population Delays, And Forest Fragmentation On Tree Migration Rates, George Malanson, David Cairns

George P Malanson

Examining the relation between the dispersal of seeds across landscapes and the migration of species can inform studies of processes such as invasions and response to climatic change. In this research a spatially explicit model is used to analyze the effects of dispersal probability, limits on establishment, generation time, seed crop probability, and varying proportions and patterns of landscape fragmentation on migration rate. Comparisons are made with rates inferred for migrations based on isopols of species range changes in the Holocene (20–200 km/century). The effects of the parameters on migration rate in the model are additive. Dispersal probability ...


Turf-Banked Terrace Treads And Risers, Turf Exfoliation And Possible Relationships With Advancing Treeline, David Butler, George Malanson, Lynn Resler Dec 2013

Turf-Banked Terrace Treads And Risers, Turf Exfoliation And Possible Relationships With Advancing Treeline, David Butler, George Malanson, Lynn Resler

George P Malanson

Fine-scale geomorphic/pedogenic processes at alpine treeline may facilitate the initial stages of conifer invasion of alpine tundra. Turf-banked terraces and turf exfoliation associated with solifluction may provide both the topographic protection and the seedbed necessary for conifer establishment above treeline. The morphometry, stoniness and surface penetrability of turf-banked terraces were recorded. Whereas differences among sites exist due to topographic constraints, differences in soil penetrability depend on turf exfoliation. Exfoliated turf risers are significantly more penetrable than non-exfoliated solifluction risers and adjacent treads. These penetrable microsites provide favorable conditions for seed germination. The process of turf exfoliation may play a ...


Fire History And Patterns Of Venturan Subassociations Of Californian Coastal Sage Scrub, George Malanson Dec 2013

Fire History And Patterns Of Venturan Subassociations Of Californian Coastal Sage Scrub, George Malanson

George P Malanson

Californian coastal sage scrub has floristically distinct subassociations with sharp boundaries in the Santa Monica Mountains. This mesoscale biogeographic pattern has been variously attributed to the timing and pattern of fire and to differences in the moisture availability on sites. An examination of the actual fire history of sites reveals that recent fire events are unlikely to have caused the observed patterns. Sites with similar fire histories are not as similar in vegetation as sites with different fire histories but similar aspect. Single short fire intervals do not result in dissimilar communities; fires are unlikely to recur with the same ...


Effects Of Feedbacks And Seed Rain On Ecotone Patterns, George Malanson Dec 2013

Effects Of Feedbacks And Seed Rain On Ecotone Patterns, George Malanson

George P Malanson

Ecotones can be abrupt changes in vegetation on gradual abiotic gradients, such as some treelines, and so have been considered as potential indicators of response to climatic change and regulators of fluxes across landscapes. Factors of positive feedback for growth and establishment and seed rain from source areas have been suggested as playing a role in such patterns and dynamics. The effects of variation in feedback strength and seed rain on the abrupt pattern have not, however, been assessed. A spatially explicit computer simulation is used to represent an ecotone as might occur at a mountain treeline. The steepness of ...


Geomorphic And Biogeographic Setting Of The Rocky Mountains; Rocky Mountain Futures; An Ecological Perspective, David Cairns, David Butler, George Malanson Dec 2013

Geomorphic And Biogeographic Setting Of The Rocky Mountains; Rocky Mountain Futures; An Ecological Perspective, David Cairns, David Butler, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Topographic Shelter And Conifer Establishment And Mortality In An Alpine Environment, Glacier National Park, Montana, Lynn Resler, David Butler, George Malanson Dec 2013

Topographic Shelter And Conifer Establishment And Mortality In An Alpine Environment, Glacier National Park, Montana, Lynn Resler, David Butler, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Linear Forest Patterns In Subalpine Environments, Matthew Bekker, George Malanson Dec 2013

Linear Forest Patterns In Subalpine Environments, Matthew Bekker, George Malanson

George P Malanson

Studies of feedback between ecological pattern and process can benefit from the analysis of visually striking patterns, as they may reveal underlying processes and clarify the relative role of exogenous versus endogenous factors in driving vegetation change. Roughly linear forest patches are common in subalpine environments, including `hedges', `ribbon forest', and `Shimagare' or `wave regenerated forests' (waves). The influence of wind is common among these patterns, but the role of positive feedback, the most important component of self-organization in biological systems, varies. Hedges are orientated parallel to prevailing winds in several mid-latitude mountain ranges worldwide. Desiccation and ice-particle abrasion kills ...


Geomorphic Patterns And Processes At Alpine Tree Line, David Butler, George Malanson, Lynn Resler, Stephen Walsh Dec 2013

Geomorphic Patterns And Processes At Alpine Tree Line, David Butler, George Malanson, Lynn Resler, Stephen Walsh

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Spatial Representations Of Habitat In Competition-Colonization Models, George Malanson Dec 2013

Spatial Representations Of Habitat In Competition-Colonization Models, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Transverse Pattern Of Vegetation On Avalanche Paths In The Northern Rocky Mountains, Montana., George P. Malanson, D. R. Butler Dec 2013

Transverse Pattern Of Vegetation On Avalanche Paths In The Northern Rocky Mountains, Montana., George P. Malanson, D. R. Butler

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Natural Areas Facing Climate Change, George Malanson Dec 2013

Natural Areas Facing Climate Change, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Extinction-Debt Trajectories And Spatial Patterns Of Habitat Destruction, George Malanson Dec 2013

Extinction-Debt Trajectories And Spatial Patterns Of Habitat Destruction, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Tree-Ring Analysis And Natural Hazard Chronologies; Minimum Sample Sizes And Index Values, David Butler, George Malanson, Jack Oelfke Dec 2013

Tree-Ring Analysis And Natural Hazard Chronologies; Minimum Sample Sizes And Index Values, David Butler, George Malanson, Jack Oelfke

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Dispersal Across Continuous And Binary Representations Of Landscapes, George Malanson Dec 2013

Dispersal Across Continuous And Binary Representations Of Landscapes, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Mapping, Modeling, And Visualization Of The Influences Of Geomorphic Processes On The Alpine Treeline Ecotone, Glacier National Park, Mt, Usa, Stephen Walsh, David Butler, George Malanson, Kelley Crews-Meyer Dec 2013

Mapping, Modeling, And Visualization Of The Influences Of Geomorphic Processes On The Alpine Treeline Ecotone, Glacier National Park, Mt, Usa, Stephen Walsh, David Butler, George Malanson, Kelley Crews-Meyer

George P Malanson

Spatially explicit digital technologies are integrated within a geographic information science (GISc) context to map, model, and visualize selected direct and indirect geomorphic processes that influence the spatial organization of the alpine treeline ecotone (ATE) in Glacier National Park (GNP), MT. GISc is used to examine alpine treeline and its biotic and abiotic controls through the application of multi-resolution remote sensing systems, geospatial information and product derivatives, and simulations of treeline spatial organization. Three geomorphic features are examined: relict solifluction terraces, evidence of nonlinearity in the development of a catena, and the locations of isolated boulders. The significance of these ...


Beaver, Treefall, And Cutbank Erosion In Midwestern Rivers, David Butler, George Malanson, John Kupfer, Philip Pryde Dec 2013

Beaver, Treefall, And Cutbank Erosion In Midwestern Rivers, David Butler, George Malanson, John Kupfer, Philip Pryde

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Adding Ecosystem Function To Agent-Based Land Use Models, V. Yadav, S. Del Grosso, W. Parton, George Malanson Dec 2013

Adding Ecosystem Function To Agent-Based Land Use Models, V. Yadav, S. Del Grosso, W. Parton, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Alpine Treeline, Climate, And Environmental Changes, George Malanson, David Butler Dec 2013

Alpine Treeline, Climate, And Environmental Changes, George Malanson, David Butler

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Spatially Explicit Historical Land Use Land Cover And Soil Organic Carbon Transformations In Southern Illinois, Vineet Yadav, George Malanson Dec 2013

Spatially Explicit Historical Land Use Land Cover And Soil Organic Carbon Transformations In Southern Illinois, Vineet Yadav, George Malanson

George P Malanson

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Landscape Position On The Sediment Chemistry Of Abandoned-Channel Wetlands, W. Schwarz, George Malanson, F. Weirich Dec 2013

Effect Of Landscape Position On The Sediment Chemistry Of Abandoned-Channel Wetlands, W. Schwarz, George Malanson, F. Weirich

George P Malanson

The nature of sediments in abandoned channels is an important component of their development as floodplain wetlands. The texture, organic matter, phosphorous, potassium, and nitrogen content of sediments were determined for abandoned channels along the Iowa and Cedar Rivers near their confluence in Iowa. Differences in the levels of these constituents were examined among categories of three landscape gradients: present connectivity to the river, time since abandonment, and proximity to agricultural land use. Local scale processes of ecological development are seen in the importance of time for increased organic matter and nitrogen. Basin scale processes of sediment transport and deposition ...