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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Role Of Pain-Related Catastrophizing In Outcomes And Recovery From Minimally Invasive And Surgical Procedures For Treating Temporomandibular Disorders, Aaron Martin Aug 2013

The Role Of Pain-Related Catastrophizing In Outcomes And Recovery From Minimally Invasive And Surgical Procedures For Treating Temporomandibular Disorders, Aaron Martin

Theses and Dissertations

The current study examined the ability of pain-related catastrophizing to predict outcomes following non-surgical and surgical intervention for temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). The interpersonal context of pain-related catastrophizing, referred to as the communal coping model, was also examined to determine if patient perceptions of punishing and solicitous responses from significant others would moderate or mediate relations between pain catastrophizing and outcomes. The role of pain duration as a moderator of the relation between pain-related catastrophizing and perceived significant other responding was also examined. A total of 94 patients were identified for which 65 had follow-up outcomes that could be examined. Patient ...


Evaluating A Mind-Body Approach For Military Veterans With Chronic Pain, Leah M. Martin Jan 2013

Evaluating A Mind-Body Approach For Military Veterans With Chronic Pain, Leah M. Martin

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an eight-week Mind-Body Pain Management group at a VA Health Care System in the Midwest. The Mind-Body Pain Management group is offered to Veterans who exhibit symptoms of chronic physical pain. Effectiveness was determined by examining Veterans’ pretest, posttest, and follow-up responses to the Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI), Pain Rating Scale, and the VA Pain Outcomes Questionnaire (VA-POQ). A secondary objective of this study was to investigate potential relationships between Veterans’ demographic information (gender, age, combat history, and service-connected disability status), as well as access to prescription ...


Effects Of Mindfulness Meditation On Degree Of Pain Experienced In Chronic Pain Patients, Melissa B. Irisarri Jan 2013

Effects Of Mindfulness Meditation On Degree Of Pain Experienced In Chronic Pain Patients, Melissa B. Irisarri

Social Work Master’s Clinical Research Papers

Chronic pain affects one-third to one-half of individuals living in the United States. Individuals with chronic pain incur billions of dollars in healthcare costs annually, and as a result of reduced productivity and sick days taken because of pain, companies lose billions of dollars annually. Chronic pain results in a decrease in quality of life, including limited physical functioning, compromised relationships, difficulty sleeping, and psychological issues. Chronic pain is both a physical and psychological issue, and the current biomedical approach falls short in addressing the intricate psychological components. This study investigated the impact of a half-day mindfulness meditation workshop on ...


Chronic Pain In Entertainment Media: Using Empathy To Reduce Stigma, Rebecca Lang Jan 2013

Chronic Pain In Entertainment Media: Using Empathy To Reduce Stigma, Rebecca Lang

LSU Master's Theses

Entertainment media represent a primary source of health information, making it a prime area of research for wide-spread health issues such as chronic pain. Chronic pain conditions can elicit stigmatization due to pain representing a subjective experience; coming to understand the experience of a person in pain can reduce stigma for that person as well as the entire group of people with chronic pain. Entertainment media, through the use of an engaging narrative and characters, can portray an illness experience that potentially elicits empathy and reduces stigma for chronic pain conditions. This study is among the few to employ empathy ...